Leavenworth is the largest city in and the county seat of Leavenworth County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 35,251, located on the west bank of the Missouri River 25 mi northwest of Kansas City, Missouri, it is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. The site of Fort Leavenworth, built in 1827, the city known in American history for its role as a key supply base in the settlement of the American West. It is important in nineteenth-century African-American history, during the American Civil War, it was the destination of numerous African-American refugee slaves who escaped from Missouri and other slave states. The city has been notable as the location of several prisons, particularly the United States Disciplinary Barracks and United States Penitentiary, founded in 1854, was the first city incorporated in the territory of Kansas. The city developed south of Fort Leavenworth, which was established as Cantonment Leavenworth in 1827 by Colonel Henry Leavenworth and its location on the Missouri River made it a destination for refugee African-American slaves seeking freedom from the slave state of Missouri in the antebellum years.
Abolition supporters helped them find refuge, in the years before the American Civil War, Leavenworth was a hotbed of anti-slavery and pro-slavery agitation, often leading to open physical confrontations on the street and in public meetings. On April 3,1858, it was in Leavenworth, Kansas that the Leavenworth Constitution for the state of Kansas was adopted, refugee African Americans continued to settle in the city during the war. By 1865 it had attracted nearly one-fifth of the 12,000 blacks in the state, charles Henry Langston was an important African-American leader in Leavenworth and northeast Kansas in the Reconstruction era and afterward. In Kansas, Langston worked for suffrage and the right to sit on juries, testify in court. African Americans gained suffrage in 1870 after passage of the federal 15th constitutional amendment, and the legislature voted for their right to sit on juries in 1874. African Americans continued to migrate to the state after the war, there were a total of 17,108 blacks in Kansas in 1870, with 43,107 in 1880, and 52,003 by 1900.
Fort Leavenworth was located outside the city limits until its territory was annexed by the city on April 12,1977, in 2008, an underground series of vaults was found in the city, apparently built during the late 19th century. Leavenworth is located at 39°18′40″N 94°55′21″W at an elevation of 840 feet, the city lies on the west bank of the Missouri River in the Dissected Till Plains region of North Americas Central Lowlands. Four small tributaries of the river flow generally east through the city, from north to south, these are Quarry Creek, Corral Creek, Three Mile Creek, and Five Mile Creek. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 24.06 square miles. Fort Leavenworth occupies the half of the citys area. Leavenworth, along with the rest of Leavenworth County, lies within the Kansas City metropolitan area, Kansas, is located to the south
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City is the capital of the State of Missouri and the fifteenth most populous city in the state. It is the county seat of Cole County and the city of the Jefferson City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jefferson City is named for Thomas Jefferson, the president of the United States. Jefferson City currently holds the title of Americas Most Beautiful Small Town, Jefferson City is on the northern edge of the Ozark Plateau on the southern side of the Missouri River in a region known as Mid-Missouri. It is at the edge of one of the major wine-producing regions of the Midwest. Often referred to as Jeff, many of Jefferson Citys primary employers fall within the service and manufacturing industries, Jefferson City is home to Lincoln University, a public historically black land-grant university founded in 1866 by the 62nd Regiment of U. S. Colored Troops with additional support from the 65th Regiment of U. S, in pre-Columbian times, this region was home of an ancient people known only as the Mound Builders.
They were no longer present by the time of the first white settlers, when the Missouri Territory was organized in 1812, St. Louis was Missouris seat of government, and St. Charles would serve as the next capital. In the middle of the state, Jefferson City was chosen as the new capital in 1821 when Thomas Jefferson was still living, the village first was called Lohmans Landing, and when the legislature decided to relocate there, they proposed the name Missouriopolis before settling on Jefferson City. For years, this village was more than a trading post located in the wilderness about midway between St. Louis and Kansas City. In 1825, the settlement was incorporated as a city and a year later, Jefferson City was chosen as the site of a state prison. This prison, named the Missouri State Penitentiary, opened in 1836 and this prison was home to multiple infamous Americans, including former heavyweight champion Sonny Liston, assassin James Earl Ray, and bank robber Charles Pretty Boy Floyd. During the Civil War, Jefferson City was occupied by Union troops, some of the legislators reconvened in Neosho and passed an ordinance of secession.
Missouri was claimed by both the Confederacy and the Union, just like the neighboring state Kentucky, German immigrants created vineyards in small towns on either side of the Missouri River, especially on the north from the city east to Marthasville, located outside of St. Louis. Known as the Missouri Rhineland for its vineyards and first established by German immigrants in the mid-1800s, this region has become part of the agricultural and tourist economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 37.58 square miles. Jefferson City has a climate between a humid subtropical and humid continental climate with hot, rainy summers and cold winters. Thunderstorms are common in both the spring and summer, light snow is common during the winter, although about half of wintertime precipitation falls as rain
Coffeyville is a city in southeastern Montgomery County, United States, located along the Verdigris River in the states southeastern region. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 10,295 and it is the most populous city of Montgomery County and with its southeast Kansas location is located in the Tulsa, Oklahoma media market. The town of South Coffeyville, Oklahoma is located approximately 1 mile south of the city and this settlement was founded in 1869 as an Indian trading post by Col. James A. Coffey, serving the population across the border in what was the Indian Territory. The town was stimulated in 1871 by being made a stop on the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad, with the arrival of the railroad, a young surveyor, Napoleon B. Blanton, was dispatched to lay out the town, the naming of the town was left to the toss of a coin between Col. Coffey and U. S. Army Captain Blanton. Coffey won the toss and the town was officially named Coffeyville, the city was first incorporated in 1872, but the charter was voided as illegal, and the city was re-incorporated in March 1873.
As a frontier settlement, Coffeyville had its share of violence, on October 5,1892, four of the Dalton Gang were killed in a shootout during an attempted bank robbery, Emmett Dalton survived with 23 gunshot wounds and convicted at trial for his crimes. He served 14 years before being pardoned, the gang had been trying to rob the First National and Condon banks, located across the street from each other. Residents recognized them under their disguises of fake beards and attacked the members as they fled one of the banks. Four citizens, including a U. S. marshal, Marshal Charles T. Connelly, the town holds an annual celebration each October to commemorate the Dalton Raid and the citizens who were lost. After the discovery of its resources of natural gas and abundant clay, Coffeyville enjoyed rapid growth from 1890 to 1910. From the turn of the 20th century to the 1930s, it was one of the largest glass, during this same period, the development of oil production attracted the founding of several oil field equipment manufacturers, and more workers and residents.
Coffeyville industrialist Douglas Brown founded Coffeyville Multiscope, which produced components of the Norden bombsight and this played a determining role in the perfection of precision daylight bombing during World War II as a result of the bombsights advanced accuracy and drift correction capability. In 1930 residents in Coffeyville organized a Church of Latter Day Saints Sunday School, on July 1,2007, Coffeyville suffered a major flood when the Verdigris River crested at 10 feet above flood stage and flooded approximately a third of the city. The flood topped the local refinery levees by 4 feet, allowing oil to pollute the water, approximately 1700 barrels of crude oil mingled with the already contaminated flood waters. The EPA worked to prevent the oil and flood water mix from continuing downriver, many residential water supplies are drawn from that lake. A minimal amount of oil reached Oolagah Lake, and it did not pose a threat to the supplies of other cities along the Verdigris River or from the lake. A number of animals were dead or injured in flood areas
Springfield is the third largest city in the state of Missouri and the county seat of Greene County. According to the 2010 census data, the population was 159,498, as of 2015, the population is 166,810. Springfields nickname is the Queen City of the Ozarks and is known as the Birthplace of Route 66 and it is home of several universities including Missouri State University, Drury University, and Evangel University. The territory known as Missouri was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, soon after, the Delaware Native Americans received treaty land where Springfields Sequiota Park and the antique stores of its Galloway Village stand today. To the west,500 Kickapoo Native Americans built wickiups on the prairie that still bears their name, Missouri became a state on August 10,1821, and in 1833 the legislature designated most of the southern portion as Greene County. Officially, Springfield was founded in 1830, and was incorporated in 1838, the origin of the name, Springfield is unclear, but the most common view is that the city was named for Springfield, Massachusetts.
One account holds that James Wilson, who lived in the unnamed city, offered free whiskey to anyone who would vote for the name Springfield, after his home town of Springfield. In 1883, the historian R. I, but such is not a correct version. That same year, Cherokee Native Americans were forcibly removed by the U. S. government from their homelands in Tennessee, North Carolina and Georgia to the Indian Territory. Their route became known as the Trail of Tears due to the thousands of Cherokee deaths on the journey, the Trail of Tears passed through the Springfield area via what is known today as the Old Wire Road. The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail auto tour route is along Interstate 44 westward to US160, the Old Wire Road, known as the Military Road, served until the mid-1840s as a connection between Springfield and the garrison at Fort Smith, Arkansas. By 1858, the Butterfield Overland Stage began utilizing the road offering passage to California, two years later, the regions first telegraph line was strung along the road, and it was dubbed the Telegraph or Wire Road.
The road proved vital during the Civil War, and its most historic connection is to the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas, while portions of the road exist today, the most easily accessible is within Wilsons Creek National Battlefield. The 1849 charter of the Pacific Railroad, established to construct a line from St. Louis westward across central Missouri, was expanded in 1852 to include a Southwest Branch. However, after defaulting on its obligations, the state seized this branch and sold it, thus creating a new company and industrial diversification came with the railroads, and strengthened the City of Springfield and North Springfield when the two towns merged 17 years in 1887. Today visitors can enjoy the view from the Jefferson Avenue Footbridge, with the American Civil War imminent and Missouri a border state, Springfield was divided in its sentiments. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon was killed, the first Union general to die in combat, Union troops fell back to Lebanon and regrouped. When they returned to Springfield, the Confederates had withdrawn, the First Battle of Springfield, or Zagonyis Charge, occurred on October 25,1861
Minor League Baseball
All of the minor leagues are operated as independent businesses. Most are members of the organization known as Minor League Baseball. Several leagues, known as independent baseball leagues, do not have any links to Major League Baseball. Major League Baseball and Minor League Baseball teams may enter into a PDC for a two- or four-year term. At the expiration of a PDC term, teams may renew their affiliation, or sign new PDCs with different clubs, though many relationships are renewed and endure for extended time periods. Minor League teams that are owned directly by the major league club do not have PDCs with each other and are not part of the reaffiliation shuffles that occur every other year, several more independent leagues operate in the United States and Canada. The earliest professional baseball association, the National Association of 1871 to 1875 and this system proved unworkable, however, as there was no way to ensure competitive balance, and financially unsound clubs often failed in midseason.
This problem was solved in 1876 with the formation of the National League, with a membership which excluded less competitive. Professional clubs outside the National League responded by forming regional associations of their own, there was a series of ad hoc groupings, such as the New England Association of 1877 and the Eastern Championship Association of 1881. These were loose groups of independent clubs which agreed to play a series of games for a championship pennant, the first minor league is traditionally considered to be the Northwestern League of 1883 to 1884. Unlike the earlier minor associations, it was conceived as a permanent organization and it also, along with the National League and the American Association, was a party to the National Agreement of 1883. Included in this was the agreement to respect the reserve lists of clubs in each league, teams in the National League and the American Association could only reserve players who had been paid at least $1000. Northwest League teams could reserve players paid merely $750, implicitly establishing the division into major and minor leagues, over the next two decades, more minor leagues signed various versions of the National Agreement.
Eventually, the minor leagues joined together to negotiate jointly, in the late 1890s, the Western League run by the fiery Ban Johnson decided to challenge the National Leagues position. Representatives of the different minor leagues met at the Leland Hotel in Chicago on September 5,1901, in response to the National–American battle, they agreed to form the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, called the NAPBL, or NA for short. The purpose of the NA at the time was to maintain the independence of the leagues involved, several did not sign the agreement and continued to work independently. Powers was made the first president of the NAPBL, whose offices were established in Auburn, in 1903, the conflict between the American and National Leagues ended in the National Agreement of 1903. The NAPBL became involved in the stages of the negotiations to develop rules for the acquisition of players from their leagues by the National
Nevada /nəˈveɪdə/ is a city and a county seat of Vernon County, United States. The population was 8,386 at the 2010 census, and 8,171 in the 2012 estimate, Nevada is the home of Cottey College. Nevada was originally called Hog Eye, and under the name was platted in 1855. The towns name was changed to Nevada after Nevada City, California by circuit, for the city where he had been a miner. Nevada was home of the Weltmer Institute of Suggestive Therapeutics from 1897−1933, during the early 20th century, the business this healing institution generated was a driving force in the growing prosperity of the town. Nevada is located at 37°50′27″N 94°21′20″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles, of which 8.98 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,386 people,3,491 households, the population density was 933.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,018 housing units at a density of 447.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 95. 1% White,1. 1% African American,0. 8% Native American,0. 8% Asian,0. 6% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 2. 0% of the population. 40. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 23. 3% of residents were under the age of 18,11. 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24,22. 6% were from 25 to 44,24. 4% were from 45 to 64, and 18. 2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45. 3% male and 54. 7% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 8,607 people,3,463 households, and 1,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 964.1 people per square mile, there were 3,857 housing units at an average density of 432.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95. 79% White,1. 03% African American,0. 94% Native American,0.
44% Asian,0. 05% Pacific Islander,0. 49% from other races, and 1. 25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 29% of the population,38. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was out, with 25. 8% under the age of 18,11. 8% from 18 to 24,24. 7% from 25 to 44,18. 8% from 45 to 64
Chanute is a city in Neosho County, United States. Founded on January 1,1873, it was named after railroad engineer, as of the 2010 census, the city population was 9,119. Chanute is home of Neosho County Community College, two years of the most bitter animosity ensued until the four were consolidated in 1872, and the name of Chanute given it in honor of Octave Chanute, a railroad civil engineer. Though Chanute was not founded until 1873, settlers had begun populating the area as early as 1856, the towns were unable to settle their differences until an individual by the name of Octave Chanute came to town. Octave was the Chief Engineer and General Superintendent of the LL&G Railroad, in 1872, he suggested the towns merge to end the bickering. On January 1,1873 the towns merged and became chartered as the City of Chanute, with the Southern Kansas Railroad locating a division headquarters in Chanute, the city began to flourish. In 1887, Chanute boasted a rapid growth in flourmills, grain elevators, banks and hardware stores, in 1903, the City of Chanute established the electric utility, and in the years to follow, established the gas, wastewater, refuse utilities.
Ash Grove Cement Company, the sixth largest cement manufacturer in North America, in September 2011 Spirit AeroSystems announced the expansion of an assembly facility which will grow to 150 employees in five years and boost the local economy. Chanute is one of only a handful of remaining full-service cities in the State of Kansas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 7.15 square miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 9,119 people,3,720 households, the population density was 1,297.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,178 housing units at a density of 594.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92. 4% White,1. 9% African American,1. 2% Native American,0. 8% Asian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,1. 4% from other races, and 2. 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5. 4% of the population,33. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 25. 3% of residents were under the age of 18,10. 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24, 23% were from 25 to 44,24. 5% were from 45 to 64, and 16. 8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48. 0% male and 52. 0% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 9,411 people,3,864 households, and 2,496 families residing in the city
Fort Scott, Kansas
Fort Scott is a city in and the county seat of Bourbon County, Kansas,88 miles south of Kansas City, on the Marmaton River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 8,087 and it is the home of the Fort Scott National Historic Site and the Fort Scott National Cemetery. Fort Scott is named for Gen. Winfield Scott and garrisoned by the U. S. Army from 1842–1853, soldiers at Fort Scott assisted with the protection of the Permanent Indian Frontier. After the army abandoned the fort in 1853, the buildings were purchased by settlers at a government auction in 1855. Fort Scott was laid out as a town in 1857, between 1855 and 1861, the citizens of Fort Scott experienced the violent unrest that preceded the American Civil War on the Kansas and Missouri border. Eastern newspapers described this violence as Bleeding Kansas, a result of the controversy concerning the extension of slavery into the new territories. Murder, mayhem and arson were committed by bold free-state, on January 29,1861, Kansas entered the union as a free state, but the turmoil of Bleeding Kansas continued throughout the Civil War.
During the Civil War, Fort Scott was a U. S Army district Headquarters, quartermaster depot, training center. It was strategically vital to the defense of Kansas and the Midwest, a battle over the fort occurred in August 1861 just across the Missouri line in the Battle of Dry Wood Creek. The battle was a victory for Sterling Price and his Missouri State Guard. Price did not hold the fort and instead continued a northern push into Missouri in an attempt to recapture the state, james H. Lane was to launch a Jayhawker offensive behind Price from Fort Scott that led to the Sacking of Osceola. The ill will of these actions was to be the basis for the 1976 Clint Eastwood film The Outlaw Josey Wales, after the Civil War, Fort Scott was a premier city of the frontier, one of the largest cities in eastern Kansas. On three different occasions, between 1870 and 1900, Fort Scott was in competition with Kansas City to become the largest railroad center west of the Mississippi. During the first half of the 20th century, Fort Scott became an agricultural, on March 11,2005, a fire destroyed several historic buildings in Fort Scotts downtown.
The Victorian-era buildings were among many that are a symbol of the town, Fort Scott is located at 37°50′7″N 94°42′7″W at an elevation of 846 feet. It lies on the Osage Plains on the side of the Marmaton River. Located at the intersection of U. S, routes 54 and 69 in southeast Kansas, Fort Scott is approximately 54 miles north of Joplin, Missouri,92 miles south of Kansas City, and 143 miles east of Wichita. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 5.59 square miles
Topeka is the capital city of the U. S. state of Kansas and the seat of Shawnee County. It is situated along the Kansas River in the part of Shawnee County, located in northeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 127,473, the Topeka Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Shawnee, Jefferson and Wabaunsee counties, had a population of 233,870 in the 2010 census. The name Topeka is a Kansa-Osage sentence that means place where we dug potatoes, as a placename, Topeka was first recorded in 1826 as the Kansa name for what is now called the Kansas River. Topekas founders chose the name in 1855 because it was novel, of Indian origin, the mixed-blood Kansa Native American, Joseph James, called Jojim, is credited with suggesting the name of Topeka. The city, laid out in 1854, was one of the Free-State towns founded by Eastern antislavery men immediately after the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Bill, in 1857, Topeka was chartered as a city. Three ships of the U. S. Navy have been named USS Topeka after the city, for many millennia, the Great Plains of North America were inhabited by Native Americans.
From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, in 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In the 1840s, wagon trains made their way west from Independence, Missouri, on a journey of 2,000 miles, during the 1840s and into the 1850s, travelers could reliably find a way across the river, but little else was in the area. In the early 1850s, traffic along the Oregon Trail was supplemented by trade on a new military road stretching from Fort Leavenworth through Topeka to the newly established Fort Riley, in 1854, after completion of the first cabin, nine men established the Topeka Town Association. Included among them was Cyrus K.
Holliday, an man who would become mayor of Topeka and founder of the Atchison. Soon, steamboats were regularly docking at the Topeka landing, depositing meat and flour and returning eastward with potatoes, corn, by the late 1860s, Topeka had become a commercial hub providing many Victorian era comforts. Topeka was a free-state center during the problems in Kansas Territory between free-staters and southerners, who for a period controlled the legal government of Kansas. After southern forces barricaded Topeka in 1856, Topeka’s leaders took actions to defend the town from invasion. A militia was organized and fortifications were built on Quincy Street, the fortifications seemed to consist of low-lying earthwork levies strengthened by the presence of at least one cannon. There was stone in the fortifications, the militia manned the fortifications until at least September 1856, when the siege around the town was lifted
Pittsburg is a city in Crawford County, United States, located in Southeast Kansas near the Missouri state border. It is the most populous city in Crawford County and southeastern Kansas, as of the 2010 census, the city population was 20,233. On October 23,1864, a train of refugees had come from Fort Smith, Arkansas. These were local men from Cherokee and Bourbon counties and their enlistment was over, and they were on their way to Fort Leavenworth to be dismissed from service. They ran into the 1st Indian Brigade led by Maj. Andrew Jackson Piercy near the current Pittsburg Waste Water Treatment Plant and they continued to the north when a small group of wagons broke away in an unsuccessful rush to safety. The Confederate troops caught up with them and burned the wagons, the death toll was three Union soldiers and 13 civilian men who had been with the wagon train. It was likely one of the Confederates had been killed. A granite marker memorial for the Cow Creek Skirmish was placed near the Crawford County Historical Museum on October 30,2011, Pittsburg sprang up in the fall of 1876 on a railroad line being built through the neighborhood.
It was named after Pittsburgh and maps of the give the towns name as New Pittsburgh. George Hobson and Franklin Playter are credited with being the citys founders, the city was incorporated in 1879. The “New” was dropped upon incorporation of the City as a third city on June 21,1880. In 1892 it was advanced to a city of the second class, during this period, the h was dropped from the official spelling, as the name was pronounced with a berg ending, and not a burra ending. For this reason, the United States Board on Geographic Names altered the official name as part of a country-wide standardization effort. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania similarly lost its h from 1891 to 1911, the first dwelling was built by J. T. Roach in July 1876. The first post office in Pittsburg was established in August,1876, the post offices name was spelled as Pittsburgh and New Pittsburgh for some time before 1894. In 1910, the population of Pittsburg was over 14,000, Pittsburg is the home to Pittsburg State University, founded in 1903 as a normal training institution.
Through the years the College became more diversified in its aims and goals and it has always had a strong manual and industrial arts program and has trained many of the areas public and private school teachers. In 1879, two miners from Joplin began the first commercial attempts at mining in close proximity of Broadway Street