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Mitchell River National Park (Victoria)

The Mitchell River National Park is a national park located in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia. The 14,250-hectare national park is situated 320 kilometres east of Melbourne via the Princes Highway, 25 kilometres northwest of Bairnsdale; the northern portion of the park may be accessed via Dargo. The park's central feature is the Mitchell River, the largest unregulated river in Victoria and provides a unique example of riparian ecology. According to a Land Conservation Council Rivers & Streams Special Investigation completed in 1990, "It is an important example of the large-scale biological systems that were once widespread in south-eastern Australia." In 1992 the Mitchell River was listed as a Heritage River. The national park surrounds the spectacular Mitchell River where it has cut its way through rock strata creating high cliffs and several gorges; the park originated as the Glenaladale National Park in 1963 following a donation of 163 hectares of land from Australian Paper Manufacturers Ltd.

An addition of 112.7 hectares was made in 1986 at which time the name was changed to the Mitchell River National Park. The park was further extended in 2003 by 2,375 hectares to bring the total area to 14,250 hectares. In some of the gorges are found remnants of warm-temperate rainforest, the southernmost occurrence of this type of forest in the world, it can survive here as the steep walls of the gorges protect it from the annual drying summer winds and the bushfires that rage through the area. There are recorded 25 mammal species in the park. Vegetation in the park includes papery-barked kanooka trees, lilly-pillys, ferns, mosses and lianas. In the drier areas, typical Australian species such as wattle and eucalypt dominate; the Mitchell River was an important location to the Gunai/Kurnai nation the Brabuwooloong and the Brayakuloong people of central Gippsland. One of the features of the park is the Den of Nargun mentioned in Aboriginal legends. Gold was discovered in the area in 1857. Alluvial fields along the Mitchell River and its tributaries were worked into the early twentieth century, while there was some reef mining from the 1860s.

Use by Europeans involved timber and farming. According to Gunai tribal legends, the Nargun is a fierce half-human half-stone creature that lived in the den, a cave under a rock overhang behind a small waterfall; the Den of Nargun, is found on Woolshed Creek, a small tributary of the Mitchell River, about 1 kilometre upstream from where the creek joins the river. In the legend the Nargun would abduct children, it was said the Nargun could not be harmed with boomerangs or spears, as they would be reflected back to the thrower. The Den of Nargun was considered a special place for women of the Gunai tribe, being used for women's initiation and learning ceremonies, thus the stories would have served the purpose of keeping children away from the sacred area, as well as keeping them near the campsite. The den was once rimmed with stalactites, but these have been broken off as souvenirs by visitors over the years. A similar, though less well known site, called Deadcock Den is situated on Woolshed Creek downstream from the Den of Nargun, only about 200 metres from where it joins the Mitchell River.

This site was of great cultural significance to the Gunai people, in particular the women. Protected areas of Victoria Moon, R.. Discover Australia: National Parks. Sydney: Global Book Publishing Pty Ltd. Mitchell River Management Plan. Parks Victoria. Government of Victoria. October 1998. ISBN 0-7306-6258-6

Bethel Air Force Station

Bethel Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It was located 402 miles west of Alaska. Bethel AFS was a continental defense radar station constructed to provide the United States Air Force early warning of an attack by the Soviet Union on Alaska. A radar site was activated in September 1951 at Bethel, manned by Federalized Alaska Air National Guardsmen and equipped with a World War II AN/TPS-1B radar as a result of the Korean War and the threat of a communist attack on Alaska; the guardsmen were designated as Detachment "C-3", 626th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, commanded by the 10th Air Division at Fire Island AFS near Anchorage. The guardsmen were returned to state control in March 1952 and the provisional station was closed. Plans were made for a permanent radar site beginning in late 1956. In 1957, acreage was acquired 5 miles west of Bethel, Alaska for construction of the station. Using the existing port facilities at Bethel on the Kuskokwim River, Towed barges were able to land construction equipment and material at the town, transported along a gravel road to the construction site.

In addition, an airstrip 60°46′50″N 161°50′09″W was constructed near the site, about halfway between the station and Bethel, allowing cargo transports and personnel to fly into and out of the area. The station and radar site was constructed on a flat area just to the west of some hills; the buildings were, except for the civil engineering building connected by heated hallways. As a result, personnel stationed there, with only few exceptions, were able to wear "summer" uniforms year round, unless they had a need to go outside during the winter season; the coverings of the station's three radar towers were heated from within to keep the covering from becoming brittle from extreme cold, thus subject to being damaged or destroyed by high winds. Tours at the station were limited to one year because of the psychological strain and physical hardships; the 713th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron operated AN/FPS-8, AN/FPS-4, AN/FPS-6, AN/FPS-6B radars. As a surveillance station, its mission was to monitor the airspace for aircraft activity and provide information 24/7 to the air defense Direction Center at Fire Island AFS near Anchorage, where it was analyzed to determine range, direction altitude speed and whether or not aircraft were friendly or hostile.

The Alaskan Air Command, after investigating various options, constructed a White Alice Communications System communications site at the station, operated by the Air Force Communications Service. The Bethel site 60°46′52″N 161°53′10″W was activated in 1958. Bethel Air Force Station was expensive to maintain, was inactivated due to budget reductions on 15 May 1963, its mission being taken over by other AAC surveillance radar sites with upgraded and more capable equipment. Today the site remains abandoned and deteriorating. Aerial imagery shows abandoned buildings, radar towers and communications antennas, all in a deteriorated state. 713th Aircraft Control and Warning SquadronActivated at Elmendorf AFB on 8 February 1957 Moved to Bethel AFS on 1 June 1957 Discontinued and inactivated on 1 October 1963 5039th Air Base Wing, 8 February 1957 5039th Aircraft Control & Warning Group, 1 June 1957 10th Air Division, 1 November 1959 5070th Air Defense Wing, 1 August 1960 Alaskan Air Command, 1 November 1961 - 1 October 1963 Alaskan Air Command This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Alaskan Air Defenses Bethel, AK

Murals from the Nestorian temple at Qocho

The murals from the Nestorian temple at Qocho are three Nestorian Christian mural fragments—Palm Sunday and Entry into Jerusalem—discovered by the German Turpan expedition team, led by two German archaeologists Albert Grünwedel and Albert von Le Coq, in the early 20th century. These murals were painted in the 7th to 9th centuries, belonging to a ruined Nestorian church at Qocho, an ancient oasis city located in present-day Xinjiang, the westernmost region of China; the original Entry into Jerusalem is lost, there is only a copy of line drawing made by Grünwedel. The murals are preserved in the Museum of Asian Art in Berlin; the mural measures 63 cm long and 70 cm wide, shows a man on the left of Near Eastern descent a deacon or a priest. He has aquiline nose, the head surrounded by thick black curls is reminiscent of late antique representations, his clothing consists of a white vestment with a green collar, reaching to the feet, over which he wears a shorter garment of white with green cuffs.

The plump feet are clad in rugged black shoes. In his left hand he wields a golden thurible, the smoke is represented by a swift upward wavy line that dissolves in spirals at the top. In his right hand he holds a bowl-like object, which might be a holy water vessel; the three figures approaching from the right, two men and a woman with bowed heads, are carrying what might be palm branches. The two men are wearing similar hats and coats with wide revers, hung round the shoulders like capes; the long, unicolour coat, brown in the first man, gray-blue in the second, seems to be worn without a belt. The long sleeves of the coats hang empty and they hold their branches in one hand from within their coats; the first male figure wears a turban-like headgear. The second male figure has a large and frustoconical hat worn on his head; the female figure on the right is dressed in banbi and ruqun, the traditional Chinese attires which consist of a short, long-sleeved green jacket, reaching only to the middle of the upper part of the body, a long skirt, which covers the feet.

She wears green shoes with turned-up toes. The dense, black hair is folded on the apex to a spherical structure; the three worshippers may be compared with the figures of Uyghur princes and princesses holding flowers in the cave paintings at Bezeklik. A donkey's hoof visible at the top of the scene is part of the lost fresco Entry into Jerusalem, this has led to the interpretation that the scene portrays a Palm Sunday rite; the Japanese professor Tōru Haneda considers the mural to be a depiction of Palm Sunday. This smaller painting measures 21 cm wide, it represents a young woman in a state of repentance. She is in a long, reddish brown dress with wide, loose sleeves, which conceal the hands folded on the front body; the whitish undergarment reaches to the floor and reveals only the large, upturned ends of the shoes, which rise up under the hem. This lost wall painting was sketched by Grünwedel in 1905, it depicts a bearded figure mounted on a donkey holding a processional cross with arms terminating in pearls and entering Jerusalem, with a female figure dressing in the Tang dynasty costume.

The cross which the figure holding is similar to the processional cross depicted on a lost Manichean banner from Qocho. The rider has a headdress with a cross set in it and he wears a short upper garment which appears to billow out. Painting of a Nestorian Christian figure

Court Farmhouse, Llanover

Court Farmhouse and the attached Court Farm Cottage, Monmouthshire is a country house dating from the early 16th century. Two houses, which became the East and West wings of a larger house, with a connecting hall constructed in the 17th century, it is now again sub-divided; the house is aGrade II* listed building. The architectural historian John Newman records that the origins of the house are "two small early houses" of the 16th century which were joined by a hall-range in the 17th century. Kelly's Directory of 1901 records the farm as being in the possession of a David Robert; the farm remains a private building and is the estate office for the Llanover and Coldbrook Estate, as well as providing space for small businesses. The house is constructed of stone, with stone tiling roofs. John Newman notes the "splendid 17th century hall" with contemporary panelling; the Farm, the attached cottage are a Grade II* listed building, its listing describing it as a "fine house with early 16th century origins and well-preserved 16th and 17th century detailing".

Newman, John. Gwent/Monmouthshire; the Buildings of Wales. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-071053-1

2011 Australian Open – Women's Singles

Kim Clijsters won her first Australian Open title and her fourth Grand Slam overall by beating Li Na 3–6, 6–3, 6–3 in the final to capture the Women's Singles tennis title at the 2011 Australian Open. Li became the first Asian player to make the final of a Grand Slam in singles. Though she lost in the final, she would go on to win the French Open a few months later. Serena Williams was the two-time defending champion, but a foot injury during the middle of the 2010 season prevented her defending the title; the fourth round match between Svetlana Kuznetsova and Francesca Schiavone, which lasted 4 hours and 44 minutes, was the longest women's singles match in Grand Slam, with Schiavone winning it in the third set, 16–14. Notably this was the last Grand Slam that two former world No. 1 players Justine Henin and Dinara Safina would play, being forced into Henin's second retirement due to an elbow injury and Safina's back injury. This was the first Grand Slam that Caroline Wozniacki competed as the World No. 1.

Click on the seed number of a player to go to their draw section. Source for the draw at australianopen.com 2011 Australian Open – Women's Singles at the International Tennis Federation

Canary Islands derby

The Canary Islands derby is the name given to football matches contesting Spanish sides UD Las Palmas and C. D. Tenerife, who are regarded as the top two sides in the Canary Islands; the Canary Islands derby is a match with a lot of rivalry and intensity that has always faced the islands of Gran Canaria and Tenerife and its inhabitants. According to World Soccer Magazine, the Canary Islands derby is on the list of the 50 greatest rivalries in the world and is considered one of the most important and spectacular derbies in Spain. Las Palmas have been more successful in derby matches; the two teams are on different islands, but have been the Canary Islands' top two sides since their establishment. Both sides have endured spells in La Liga. Whilst UD Las Palmas' greatest successes came in the 1960s and 70s, in a period when they came runners-up in La Liga just behind Real Madrid and in the Spanish Cup, competing in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in 1969, UEFA cup two times in 1972 and 1977. Tenerife's greatest successes came in the 1990s.

They recorded their best league finish in 1992-93 and in 1995-96, in which they finished 5th. In fact, in 1996-97 they reached the semi finals of the UEFA Cup, losing to eventual winners Schalke 04. UD Las Palmas play their home games at the Estadio Gran Canaria. Located in the island's capital city of Las Palmas, the stadium is the biggest in the Canary Islands. In 2007 it hosted a Spain international friendly against Northern Ireland, which Spain won 1-0 with a goal from Xavi. C. D. Tenerife play their home games at the Estadio Heliodoro Rodríguez López. Located in the island's capital city of Santa Cruz, it hosted four Spain internationals, against Germany, Switzerland and Slovakia respectively. There have been sixty-four Canary Island derbies. UD Las Palmas have won twenty-nine of them, CD Tenerife have won thirteen and the other twenty-one have been draws. Wins: 24 Draws: 23 Defeats: 13 Goals scored: 78 Goals conceded: 57 Wins: 14 Draws: 23 Defeats: 30 Goals scored: 57 Goals conceded: 78 League The Copa de Canarias is a friendly tournament played between Las Palmas and Tenerife since 2011 in a double-leg format.

Since 2012, the tournament receives the name of Copa Mahou Canarias. In 2018, it was approved to reduce the tournament to a single game. UD Las Palmas play in yellow shirts with blue socks. C. D. Tenerife play in white shirts with blue shorts and white socks. Http://www.worldfootball.net/teams/cd-tenerife/ud-las-palmas/11/ http://www.spanishfootball.info/2011/01/in-focus-the-canary-islands-derby/