TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum
The TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum is a railroad museum in Ankara, which traces the history of steam locomotives. Due to the construction of the new Railway Station, the Museum was closed in March 2014, the museum is owned and operated by the Turkish State Railways. It is part of the Ankara Railway Museum, which consists of Ankara Railway History Museum, Atatürks Car, exhibits on display,1909 Beuchelt & Co. Wooden Passenger carriage Restaurant carriage Çamlık Railway Museum, another open air steam locomotive museum in Selçuk, Izmir Province Istanbul Railway Museum
Ethnography Museum of Ankara
The Ethnography Museum of Ankara is a museum of ethnography dedicated to the cultures of Turkic civilizations. The building was designed by architect Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu and was built between 1925 and 1928, the museum temporarily hosted the sarcophagus of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk from November 21,1938 until November 10,1953, during the period of the construction of Anıtkabir, its final resting place. The casket was placed on a catafalque in the front of the Turkish Grand National Assembly building for Atatürks state funeral, on November 21,1938, his body was transported on a horse-drawn caisson to the Ethnography Museum of Ankara. British and Yugoslavian guards of honor escorted the cortège to the museum, Atatürks mahogany casket was placed inside a white marble sarcophagus where it remained for nearly 15 years. The casket was removed and placed on a catafalque in the museum and it was transferred to Anıtkabir on the same day, escorted by military honors on a caisson in a cortège
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is located on the south side of Ankara Castle in the Atpazarı area in Ankara, Turkey. It consists of the old Ottoman Mahmut Paşa bazaar storage building, after the remodelling and repairs were completed, the building was opened to the public as the Ankara Archaeological Museum. Today, Kurşunlu Han, used as a building, houses the work rooms, conference hall, laboratory. The old bazaar building houses the exhibits, within this Ottoman building, the museum has a number of exhibits of Anatolian archeology. The exhibits of gold, glass and bronze works date back as far as the half of the first millennium BC. The coin collections, with examples ranging from the first minted money to modern times, the first museum in Ankara was established by Mübarek Galip Bey, Directorate of Culture, in 1921, in the section of the Castle of Ankara called Akkale. In addition to museum, artifacts from the Augustus Temple. Upon recommendation of Atatürk and from the view of establishing an Eti Museum in the center, the Director of Culture at that time, Hamit Zübeyir Koşay and Saffet Arıkan, Minister of Education recommended that the Mahmut Paşa Bazaar and the Inn be repaired and converted into a museum.
This recommendation was accepted and restoration continued from 1938 to 1968, upon the completion of repairs of the bazaar, where the domed structure is, in 1940, a committee chaired by German Archaeologist H. G. Guterbock arranged the museum. In 1943, while the repairs of the building were still in progress, repair projects of this part were carried out by Architect Macit Kural and repair work upon tender was performed by Architect Zühtü Bey. In 1948 the museum administration left Akkale as a house. Restoration and exhibition projects of the part around the structure were prepared and applied by Architect İhsan Kıygı. Five shops were left in their form, and the walls between the shops were destroyed and thus a large location was provided for exhibition. The museum building reached its present structure in 1968, the Anatolian Civilizations Museum is in two Ottoman buildings located near Ankara Castle, in the historical Atpazarı district of Ankara. One of the buildings is Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni and the other is Kurşunlu Han, the Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni was built by Mahmut Pasha, one of the ministers of Mehmed II the Conqueror during 1464-1471.
The building does not have any inscriptions, in some sources, it is recorded that pure Angora garments were distributed here. The design of the building is of the classical type, there are 10 domes covering a rectangle designed to enclose the location, and there are 102 shops facing each other. According to historical records and registry books, the Kurşunlu Han was built as a foundation to finance Mehmet Pashas alms giving in Üsküdar and it does not have any inscriptions either
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, unitary, parliamentary republic with a cultural heritage. The country is encircled by seas on three sides, the Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, Ankara is the capital while Istanbul is the countrys largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Approximately 70-80% of the countrys citizens identify themselves as ethnic Turks, other ethnic groups include legally recognised and unrecognised minorities. Kurds are the largest ethnic minority group, making up approximately 20% of the population, the area of Turkey has been inhabited since the Paleolithic by various ancient Anatolian civilisations, as well as Assyrians, Thracians, Phrygians and Armenians. After Alexander the Greats conquest, the area was Hellenized, a process continued under the Roman Empire.
The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, the empire reached the peak of its power in the 16th century, especially during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the war, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. Turkey is a member of the UN, an early member of NATO. Turkeys growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power while her location has given it geopolitical, the name of Turkey is based on the ethnonym Türk. The first recorded use of the term Türk or Türük as an autonym is contained in the Old Turkic inscriptions of the Göktürks of Central Asia, the English name Turkey first appeared in the late 14th century and is derived from Medieval Latin Turchia. Similarly, the medieval Khazar Empire, a Turkic state on the shores of the Black.
The medieval Arabs referred to the Mamluk Sultanate as al-Dawla al-Turkiyya, the Ottoman Empire was sometimes referred to as Turkey or the Turkish Empire among its European contemporaries. The Anatolian peninsula, comprising most of modern Turkey, is one of the oldest permanently settled regions in the world, various ancient Anatolian populations have lived in Anatolia, from at least the Neolithic period until the Hellenistic period. Many of these peoples spoke the Anatolian languages, a branch of the larger Indo-European language family, in fact, given the antiquity of the Indo-European Hittite and Luwian languages, some scholars have proposed Anatolia as the hypothetical centre from which the Indo-European languages radiated. The European part of Turkey, called Eastern Thrace, has been inhabited since at least forty years ago. It is the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date, the settlement of Troy started in the Neolithic Age and continued into the Iron Age
Timeline of Ankara
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Ankara, Ankara Province, Turkey. 546 BCE – Achaemenid Persians in power,334 BCE – City taken by forces of Alexander III of Macedon. 278 BCE – Celtic Galatians in power,25 BCE – City taken by forces of Augustus and becomes part of the Roman Empire. 20 BCE – Monumentum Ancyranum built, 3rd century CE – City besieged by Gothic forces. 272 CE – City becomes part of Roman Empire again,362 – Julian of Roman Empire visits city, Column of Julian erected. 7th century – City becomes capital of the Opsician Theme, 8th century – City becomes capital of the Bucellarian Theme. 1073 – City becomes part of the Seljuq Empire,1101 – Ankara Castle captured by the Crusaders. 1227 – Ankara Castle captured by the Seljuqs,1356 – City taken by forces of Ottoman Orhan I.1402 –20 July, Battle of Ankara fought at Çubuk, Turkic Timur takes city. 1403 – Ottomans in power again,1471 – Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni built. 1566 – Cenabi Ahmed Pasa Mosque built,1864 – City becomes capital of the Ankara Vilayet.
192023 April, Government of the Grand National Assembly established,192313 October, City becomes capital of the Republic of Turkey. Presidential Symphony Orchestra headquartered in Ankara, pembe Köşk becomes Turkish presidential residence. State Art and Sculpture Museum built,1935 – Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium built. 1937 – Ankara Central Station inaugurated,1938 – November, State funeral of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk held. 1943 – Gençlik Parkı and Museum of Anatolian Civilizations opens,1946 – University of Ankara founded. 1948 – Ankara Opera House inaugurated,1953 – Anıtkabir mausoleum of Atatürk erected. 1955 – Esenboğa Airport begins operating,1956 – Middle East Technical University. 1961 – Turkish Grand National Assembly Museum opens,1971 – Barıṣ newspaper begins publication