Cross Ange: Rondo of Angel and Dragon known as Cross Ange is a Japanese mecha anime television series produced by Sunrise and aired from October 2014 to March 2015. A manga adaptation began publication in August 2014. Through the development of groundbreaking information transfer and material generation technology called "Mana", various problems, such as pollution and war have disappeared, days of peace have arrived in the world. However, the people who receive the benefit of the Mana live in a false peace; those who cannot use the Mana, referred to by the derogatory term "Norma", who are seen as an opposition to structures of society, live in oppression. Because this is the norm, the people who use Mana do not question it; the first princess of the Misurugi Empire, Angelise Ikaruga Misurugi, was convinced of the belief of exterminating the Norma. But when she turned 16, was baptised, her elder brother Julio, exposed her as a Norma to the public. Angelise, bewildered by the revelation that she herself was a Norma all along, turns into a target of hate of the people in the blink of an eye.
Ange is exiled to Arzenal, an isolated military base where Norma are conscripted into service, starts her new life as a Norma soldier. As she struggles to adjust to her new identity, Ange's now stormy life takes one surprising turn after another and she embarks on her quest to correct the world she lives in. A manga adaptation drawn by Kenjirō Takeshita was published between August 3, 2014 and June 28, 2015 on the Japanese ComicWalker website and collected in three volumes. A light-hearted high-school-themed 4koma parody manga drawn by Osaji was published on ComicWalker between October 5, 2014 and March 29, 2015; each strip followed an anime episode. The manga was compiled in two volumes; the anime series is produced by Sunrise and aired between October 5, 2014 and March 29, 2015 on Tokyo MX, MBS, TVA, BS11. The first opening theme is "Kindan no Resistance" by Nana Mizuki, the first ending theme is "Rinrei" by Eri Kitamura; the second opening theme is "Shinjitsu no Mokushiroku" by Yoko Takahashi, the second ending theme is "Shūmatsu no Love Song" by Mizuki.
The insert song featured in episodes five and twenty-two is "Necessary" by Mizuki. The series was licensed by Sentai Filmworks for a digital and home media release in North America. Madman Entertainment licensed the series for streaming in Australia and New Zealand; the series was picked up by Crunchyroll for streaming in North America and other select parts of the world. An action shooter game for the PlayStation Vita titled Cross Ange: Rondo of Angels and Dragons tr. was released on May 28, 2015. Official anime website Manga profile at Comic Walker Cross Ange Rondo of Angel and Dragon at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
National Diet Library
The National Diet Library is the national library of Japan and among the largest libraries in the world. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet of Japan in researching matters of public policy; the library is similar in scope to the United States Library of Congress. The National Diet Library consists of two main facilities in Tōkyō and Kyōtō, several other branch libraries throughout Japan; the National Diet Library is the successor of three separate libraries: the library of the House of Peers, the library of the House of Representatives, both of which were established at the creation of Japan's Imperial Diet in 1890. The Diet's power in prewar Japan was limited, its need for information was "correspondingly small"; the original Diet libraries "never developed either the collections or the services which might have made them vital adjuncts of genuinely responsible legislative activity". Until Japan's defeat, the executive had controlled all political documents, depriving the people and the Diet of access to vital information.
The U. S. occupation forces under General Douglas MacArthur deemed reform of the Diet library system to be an important part of the democratization of Japan after its defeat in World War II. In 1946, each house of the Diet formed its own National Diet Library Standing Committee. Hani Gorō, a Marxist historian, imprisoned during the war for thought crimes and had been elected to the House of Councillors after the war, spearheaded the reform efforts. Hani envisioned the new body as "both a'citadel of popular sovereignty'", the means of realizing a "peaceful revolution"; the Occupation officers responsible for overseeing library reforms reported that, although the Occupation was a catalyst for change, local initiative pre-existed the Occupation, the successful reforms were due to dedicated Japanese like Hani. The National Diet Library opened in June 1948 in the present-day State Guest-House with an initial collection of 100,000 volumes; the first Librarian of the Diet Library was the politician Tokujirō Kanamori.
The philosopher Masakazu Nakai served as the first Vice Librarian. In 1949, the NDL became the only national library in Japan. At this time the collection gained an additional million volumes housed in the former National Library in Ueno. In 1961, the NDL opened at its present location in Nagatachō, adjacent to the National Diet. In 1986, the NDL's Annex was completed to accommodate a combined total of 12 million books and periodicals; the Kansai-kan, which opened in October 2002 in the Kansai Science City, has a collection of 6 million items. In May 2002, the NDL opened a new branch, the International Library of Children's Literature, in the former building of the Imperial Library in Ueno; this branch contains some 400,000 items of children's literature from around the world. Though the NDL's original mandate was to be a research library for the National Diet, the general public is the largest consumer of the library's services. In the fiscal year ending March 2004, for example, the library reported more than 250,000 reference inquiries.
As Japan's national library, the NDL collects copies of all publications published in Japan. Moreover, because the NDL serves as a research library for Diet members, their staffs, the general public, it maintains an extensive collection of materials published in foreign languages on a wide range of topics; the NDL has eight major specialized collections: Modern Political and Constitutional History. The Modern Political and Constitutional History Collection comprises some 300,000 items related to Japan's political and legal modernization in the 19th century, including the original document archives of important Japanese statesmen from the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century like Itō Hirobumi, Iwakura Tomomi, Sanjō Sanetomi, Mutsu Munemitsu, Terauchi Masatake, other influential figures from the Meiji and Taishō periods; the NDL has an extensive microform collection of some 30 million pages of documents relating to the Occupation of Japan after World War II. This collection include the documents prepared by General Headquarters and the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the Far Eastern Commission, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey Team.
The Laws and Preliminary Records Collection consists of some 170,000 Japanese and 200,000 foreign-language documents concerning proceedings of the National Diet and the legislatures of some 70 foreign countries, the official gazettes, judicial opinions, international treaties pertaining to some 150 foreign countries. The NDL maintains a collection of some 530,000 books and booklets and 2 million microform titles relating to the sciences; these materials include, among other things, foreign doctoral dissertations in the sciences, the proceedings and reports of academic societies, catalogues of technical standards, etc. The NDL has a collection of 440,000 maps of Japan and other countries, including the topographica
Animage is a Japanese anime and entertainment magazine which Tokuma Shoten began publishing in July 1978. Hayao Miyazaki's internationally renowned manga, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, was serialized in Animage from 1982 through 1994. Other titles serialized in Animage include Ocean Waves, a novel by Saeko Himuro, made into a television movie by the same title. Animage was established in 1978 as the first magazine devoted to animation and comics aimed at a general public and not professionals. In 2007 the magazine started its online edition. July 1978: First issue January 1980: First Annual Anime Grand Prix July 1982: 50th issue June 1983: 5th anniversary September 1986: 100th issue June 1988: 10th anniversary November 1990: 150th issue June 1993: 15th anniversary January 1995: 200th issue June 1998: 20th anniversary, changed to A4 size for magazine, changed title to English Animage instead of アニメージュ March 1999: 250th issue June 2002: Beginning with July issue, changed title back to katakana アニメージュ May 2003: 300th issue June 2003: 25th anniversary June 2008: 30th anniversary June 2013: 35th anniversary The Anime Grand Prix is the annual prize decided by the readers' votes to the anime of the year.
The Anime Grand Prix started in 1979, the first prize was announced at the issue 1980 January announced at the next year's June issue every year. It's the Animage's Anime Grand Prix Magazine Reader's Choice too. Voice Animage is a sister magazine launched in 1994, it was published irregularly at first settled into a regular release every other month. The magazine was edited by Hideaki Kobayashi together with Takashi Watanabe before Kobayashi moved to work on various Kadokawa Shoten magazines, the magazine suspended publication in February 2002 with its 42nd issue. At Kadokawa and Watanabe helped launch Voice Newtype. Beginning in February 2009, Voice Animage resumed publication as a quarterly magazine; the magazine has focused on male voice actors since relaunching. AniRadi began publishing VoiceRadimage as a play on the name of Voice Animage. Patten, Fred. Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1880656922. Animage Tokuma Shoten
Future GPX Cyber Formula
Future GPX Cyber Formula is a 37-episode anime television series by Sunrise. It aired in Japan between March 15, 1991 and December 20, 1991; the TV series was followed by four OVA series titled: Double One, Zero and Sin. Cyber Formula is a science-fiction story about racing in the future, when race cars are equipped with computer support systems called'Cyber Systems'; the story setting back in the late 80s and early 90s of the 20th century predicted changes in auto-racing in the next century. The first episode disposes the first nine seasons of cyber formula racing and opens the plot in 2015 before the first race of the 10th season. Given such background, the author imagined further development of the telemetry and electronic assistance technologies in Formula 1 racing; the further development focused in several aspects: the computer system, dubbed as "Cyber Systems", its artificial intelligence, has been improved to a level that enables direct linguistic communication and "understands" the user's emotion in such a way that the emotion can be used as an input to cause certain unpredictable output of the computer system.
The TV series focused on the interaction between a special Cyber System called Asurada and its driver Hayato. Asurada helped Hayato winning the 10th Cyber Formula GPX; the first OVA Cyber Formula Double One continued Hayato's story into the next racing season describing the intellectual growth and skill development in Hayato. The second OVA Cyber Formula Zero covered the next two racing seasons, wherein Hayato discovered a mental state "Zero Zone" that enabled him observing and predicting in a super-human manner; the third OVA Cyber Formula SAGA continued the story by posing a situation wherein the superiority of the racing machine dictates a race's outcome. Hayato had to again collaborate with Asurada with new driving skills to challenge and beat a superior racing machine; the final OVA Cyber Formula SIN refreshes the story line by having Hayato's mentor and best friend, Bleed Kaga, came back to beat Hayato. These anime series was followed by a PlayStation game series to further the racing stories.
As explained above, because the racing machine is as important as the driver's ability for a team to win the Grand Prix. The TV series focuses on both elements and their interaction and growth: the cyber system called Asurada and its driver named Hayato Kazami, son of the designer of Asurada. Asurada was developed secretly by MissingLink. Hayato's father, Hiroyuki Kazami, hoped to design the best cyber system in the world in order to build a best racing machine, a dream shared with his friends: Kojiro Sugo and Tetsuichiro Kurumada. Kazami's ideal cyber system is not preloaded with optimal solutions, rather, is a "partner" that learns from and grows with the driver; this is the key distinguishing element from other cyber systems. When Asurada, the cyber system, was near completion, Kazami realized that Smith, a high level executive of Missinglink, wanted to sell Asurada to military for huge profit and making Asurada the ultimate AI in war machines. To avoid Smith's plan, Kazami installed Asurada in a prototype racing machine Asurada GSX with sophisticated encryption and contacted Sugo to have Asurada GSX participate in the 10th Cyber Formula Grand Prix.
The TV series starts with Kurumada and Hayato delivering Asurada GSX to the qualifying round in Fujioka Circuit. During the delivery, Smith sent men to rob Asurada GSX. To complete the delivery mission, Kurumada asked Hayato to drive Asurada GSX to the circuit (because the racing machine can be at least three times faster than its transporter and more capable in avoiding the robbery. Hayato activated Asurada GSX, programmed to lock to the first driver; because of such lock, Hayato became a racer for the Sugo team. Hayato escaped by interacting with Asurada; the chase ended with a big explosion and Hayato safely arriving at the Fujioka Circuit for the qualification races. In the first qualifying round, Hayato races heatedly with Naoki Shinjyo from Team Aoi. Hayato ended up in the third place. In the second qualifying round, Hayato met Johji Ohtomo, a racer from Albatross DDT, they become good friends and Ohtomo. During Hayato's training at night, he is saved by Ohtomo, their frien
Mobile Suit Gundam SEED
Mobile Suit Gundam SEED is an anime series developed by Sunrise and directed by Mitsuo Fukuda. The ninth installment in the Gundam franchise, Gundam SEED takes place in a future calendar era, in this case the Cosmic Era, the first to do so. In this era, mankind has developed into two subspecies: Naturals, who reside on Earth, Coordinators, genetically enhanced humans capable of amazing feats of intellect who emigrate to man-made orbital colonies to escape persecution by natural humans; the story revolves around a young Coordinator Kira Yamato who becomes involved in the war between the two races after a third, neutral faction's space colony is invaded by the Coordinators. The television series was broadcast in Japan between 2002 and 2003, on the Tokyo Broadcasting System and Mainichi Broadcasting System networks, beginning a broadcast partnership with the Gundam franchise; the series was adapted into a manga as well as light novels. A sequel series, Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny followed in 2004.
Merchandise has been released, including CD soundtracks and video games. Gundam SEED was licensed by Bandai Entertainment for broadcast in North America, began airing in the United States and Canada in 2004 and 2005 respectively; the films and the sequel were licensed by Bandai. The manga and light novels as well as the spin-off series, Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Astray, were licensed. Video games were released in North America. Mobile Suit Gundam SEED was popular with the public in Japan, winning numerous awards, with high sales of the series DVD and music; the character development and animation has gained praise, but similarities with previous Gundam series have drawn both comparisons and criticism from Gundam fans. The series is the first of the Gundam franchise set in the "Cosmic Era" in which mankind is divided between normal Earth dwelling humans, known as "Naturals", the genetically altered super-humans known as "Coordinators"; the primary conflict of the story plot derives from jealous hatred by Naturals of the abilities of Coordinators, leading to hate crimes, the emigration of all Coordinators who flee into space to live idyllic lives on giant orbital space colonies called PLANTS of their own design.
War breaks out between Earth and the Plants. The Earth is divided between two major factions, the Earth Forces formed from most of the natural born human nations the Eurasians and the Atlantic Federation, a natural human supremacist group known as Blue Cosmos with its slogan, "For the preservation of our blue and pure world"; the Earth Forces are not a unified alliance, infighting and mistrust exist between their various nation states. The second major Earth nation is the Orb Union, a staunchly politically neutral and isolationist nation located on small Pacific Ocean islands ruled by a hereditary monarchy and still contains Coordinator citizens. Two major events precede the story, known as the Bloody Valentine tragedy that initiated war between the PLANTS and the Earth Forces when one of the PLANT space stations, Junius-7, is destroyed by a nuclear bomb; the second event is the counterattack by the PLANTS that buries Neutron Jammers deep into Earth's crust that halts all nuclear reactions and long range radar and radio, causing most areas of earth to go without electricity or communication, requiring mobile suits to rely on rechargeable batteries.
The PLANTS are a technological power house, developing many new technologies that give them equal power to Earth despite their small population. It is the invention of the Mobile Suits that give their military the edge in the beginning of the war; the story begins in the neutral Orb Union owned space colony Heliopolis, where secret development of 5 advanced mobile suits for the Earth Forces war effort in exchange for their technical data to be shared with the neutral Orb Union military. Additionally Heliopolis constructs a unique carrier battleship, the Archangel to base the five mobile suits from for the Earth Forces; the colony is attacked by ZAFT forces, the military of the Coordinators, with the objective of stealing the new units. During the incursion an Orb union student and Coordinator named Kira Yamato, upon seeing his friends in danger, pilots the GAT-X105 Strike mobile suit to fend off the invaders but the colony is critically damaged in the ensuing fight; as Heliopolis disintegrates, the survivors board the Archangel, begin their journey to the Alliance base in Alaska.
During the journey to Earth, Kira pilots the Strike to counter a series of attacks by ZAFT but is killed by his childhood friend, ZAFT soldier Athrun Zala, during one of their battles in which he is nearly killed. Kira survives the attack and is taken by a blind priest to one of the PLANT space colonies, home to the Coordinators to recover; the Archangel arrives in Alaska but ZAFT launches a full-scale attack on the base overpowering their enemies. Kira goes to Alaska with the ZGMF-X10A Freedom, a advanced, nuclear powered, Neutron Jammer proof ZAFT mobile suit stolen by the PLANT pop star Coordinator Lacus Clyne daughter of Siegel Clyne, President of the Supreme Council of PLANT. Using Freedom, Kira ends the battle between the two armies, but the Alaska base is subsequently destroyed; the Archangel flees to the neutral country of the Orb Union. The Archangel and a new ship, the Orb Union ship Kusanagi leave Earth for space where they join Lacus Clyne's rebel faction and their stolen ZAFT battleship, the Eternal to form the Three Ships Alliance with the common goal of ending the war between the Naturals and Coordinators.
In the midst of the conflict, Athrun learns that Kira survived
Anime is hand-drawn and computer animation originating from or associated with Japan. The word anime is the Japanese term for animation. Outside Japan, anime refers to animation from Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated animation style characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes; the culturally abstract approach to the word's meaning may open up the possibility of anime produced in countries other than Japan. For simplicity, many Westerners view anime as a Japanese animation product; some scholars suggest defining anime as or quintessentially Japanese may be related to a new form of Orientalism. The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917, Japanese anime production has since continued to increase steadily; the characteristic anime art style emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread internationally in the late twentieth century, developing a large domestic and international audience. Anime is distributed theatrically, by way of television broadcasts, directly to home media, over the Internet.
It is classified into numerous genres targeting diverse broad and niche audiences. Anime is a diverse art form with distinctive production methods and techniques that have been adapted over time in response to emergent technologies, it consists of an ideal story-telling mechanism, combining graphic art, characterization and other forms of imaginative and individualistic techniques. The production of anime focuses less on the animation of movement and more on the realism of settings as well as the use of camera effects, including panning and angle shots. Being hand-drawn, anime is separated from reality by a crucial gap of fiction that provides an ideal path for escapism that audiences can immerse themselves into with relative ease. Diverse art styles are used and character proportions and features can be quite varied, including characteristically large emotive or realistically sized eyes; the anime industry consists of over 430 production studios, including major names like Studio Ghibli and Toei Animation.
Despite comprising only a fraction of Japan's domestic film market, anime makes up a majority of Japanese DVD sales. It has seen international success after the rise of English-dubbed programming; this rise in international popularity has resulted in non-Japanese productions using the anime art style. Whether these works are anime-influenced animation or proper anime is a subject for debate amongst fans. Japanese anime accounts for 60% of the world's animated cartoon television shows, as of 2016. Anime is an art form animation, that includes all genres found in cinema, but it can be mistakenly classified as a genre. In Japanese, the term anime is used as a blanket term to refer to all forms of animation from around the world. In English, anime is more restrictively used to denote a "Japanese-style animated film or television entertainment" or as "a style of animation created in Japan"; the etymology of the word anime is disputed. The English term "animation" is written in Japanese katakana as アニメーション and is アニメ in its shortened form.
The pronunciation of anime in Japanese differs from pronunciations in other languages such as Standard English, which has different vowels and stress with regards to Japanese, where each mora carries equal stress. As with a few other Japanese words such as saké, Pokémon, Kobo Abé, English-language texts sometimes spell anime as animé, with an acute accent over the final e, to cue the reader to pronounce the letter, not to leave it silent as Standard English orthography may suggest; some sources claim that anime derives from the French term for animation dessin animé, but others believe this to be a myth derived from the French popularity of the medium in the late 1970s and 1980s. In English, anime—when used as a common noun—normally functions as a mass noun. Prior to the widespread use of anime, the term Japanimation was prevalent throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In the mid-1980s, the term anime began to supplant Japanimation. In general, the latter term now only appears in period works where it is used to distinguish and identify Japanese animation.
The word anime has been criticised, e.g. in 1987, when Hayao Miyazaki stated that he despised the truncated word anime because to him it represented the desolation of the Japanese animation industry. He equated the desolation with animators lacking motivation and with mass-produced, overly expressionistic products relying upon a fixed iconography of facial expressions and protracted and exaggerated action scenes but lacking depth and sophistication in that they do not attempt to convey emotion or thought; the first format of anime was theatrical viewing which began with commercial productions in 1917. The animated flips were crude and required played musical components before adding sound and vocal components to the production. On July 14, 1958, Nippon Television aired Mogura no Abanchūru, both the first televised and first color anime to debut, it wasn't until the 1960s when the first televised series were broadcast and it has remained a popular medium since. Works released in a direct to video format are called "original video animation" or "original animation video".
The emergence of the Internet has led some animators to distribute works online in a format called "original net anime". The home distribution of anime releases were