Mittelschmerz is a medical term for "ovulation pain" or "midcycle pain". About 20 % of women experience some every cycle, some intermittently. Mittelschmerz is characterized by lower abdominal and pelvic pain that occurs midway through a woman's menstrual cycle; the pain can appear and subsides within hours, although it may sometimes last two or three days. In some cases it can last up to the following cycle. In some women, the mittelschmerz is localized enough so that they can tell which of their two ovaries provided the egg in a given month; because ovulation occurs on a random ovary each cycle, the pain may switch sides or stay on the same side from one cycle to another. Women may notice other physical symptoms associated with their mittelschmerz, during or near ovulation; the most common sign is the appearance of fertile cervical mucus in the days leading up to ovulation. Cervical mucus is one of the primary signs used by various fertility awareness methods. Other symptoms are sometimes called secondary fertility signs to distinguish from the three primary signs.
Mid-cycle or ovulatory bleeding is thought to result from the sudden drop in estrogen that occurs just before ovulation. This drop in hormones can trigger withdrawal bleeding in the same way that switching from active to placebo birth control pills does; the rise in hormones that occurs after ovulation prevents such mid-cycle spotting from becoming as heavy or long lasting as a typical menstruation. Spotting is more common in longer cycles. A woman's vulva may swell just prior to ovulation the side on which ovulation will occur. One of the groin lymph nodes will swell to about the size of a pea, may become tender. Mittelschmerz is believed to have a variety of causes: Follicular swelling: The swelling of follicles in the ovaries prior to ovulation. While only one or two eggs mature to the point of being released, a number of follicles grow during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle; because follicles develop on both sides, this theory explains mittelschmerz that occurs on both sides of the abdomen.
Ovarian wall rupture: The ovaries have no openings. This may make ovulation itself painful for some women. Fallopian tube contraction: After ovulation, the fallopian tubes contract, which may cause pain in some women. Smooth muscle cell contraction: At ovulation, this pain may be related to smooth muscle cell contraction in the ovary as well as in its ligaments; these contractions occur in response to an increased level of prostaglandin F2-alpha, itself mediated by the surge of luteinizing hormone. Irritation: At the time of ovulation, blood or other fluid is released from the ruptured egg follicle; this fluid may cause irritation of the abdominal lining. Diagnosis of mittelschmerz is made if a woman is mid-cycle and a pelvic examination shows no abnormalities. If the pain is prolonged and/or severe, other diagnostic procedures such as an abdominal ultrasound may be performed to rule out other causes of abdominal pain; the pain of mittelschmerz is sometimes mistaken for appendicitis and is one of the differential diagnoses for appendicitis in women of child-bearing age.
The pain does not signify the presence of disease. No treatment is necessary. Pain relievers such as NSAIDS may be needed in cases of intense pain. Hormonal forms of contraception can be taken to prevent ovulation—and therefore ovulatory pain—but otherwise there is no known prevention. Women charting with some form of fertility awareness may find mittelschmerz to be a helpful secondary sign in detecting ovulation; because normal sperm life is up to five days, mittelschmerz alone does not provide sufficient advance warning to avoid pregnancy. Because other causes of minor abdominal pain are common, mittelschmerz alone cannot be used to confirm the beginning of the post-ovulatory infertile period
John Dixon was an Australian screenwriter and director best known for his association with Geoff Burrowes. Dixon served in the Australian army as a translator with the occupying forces in Japan, he returned to Melbourne and obtained an Arts Degree at Melbourne University travelled to London, where he trained as a film editor and worked for Technicolour and Elstree Studios. He worked for Channel 7 as a TV director on a number of shows, he started World of Sport with Ron Casey directing the first two hundred episodes. He directed a series of documentaries. In 1963, he was one of the first Westerners allowed to film inside communist China, made a documentary Red China. Dixon made commercials for a number of companies. In 1967 he directed the TV commercial for VB Bitter which used a voice over by John Meillon and theme song from The Magnificent Seven which went on to become one of the longest running ads on Australian TV, he was involved in the establishment of the Sunbury Pop Festival. He had been writing a script about the Anzacs of World War I.
This led to them making a number of mini-series together. Dixon was a friend of Phillip Adams who described him as such: All the years I knew him John talked about Australia with a passion that, sounds anachronistic, he was the sort of patriot. But he wasn't all that interested in multiculturalism, preferring to celebrate a multi-ethnic Australia where people would sign up for the local set of values which he saw as an amalgam of humour and high-mindedness, of democratic spirit and egalitarianism; the sort of Australia that Paul Hogan celebrated before he lost his way in Los Angeles. There's a scene in The Goons where the famous Eccles arrives in London in the middle of summer, surrounded by his own personal snow storm, which enables him to drive his huskies through Trafalgar Square. John Dixon did that with his Australianness. While it wasn't conscious or calculated, wherever he went and whatever he was doing, he brought the whole Dorothea Mackellar, Banjo Paterson, Chips Rafferty, Henry Lawson package with him.
I reckon. Consider Your Verdict – director The Man from Snowy River – writer Anzacs – writer, director Running from the Guns – director, writer The Man from Snowy River II – writer Rose Against the Odds – writer, director A Century of Responsible Government Red China Report On the Wool Track Indonesia after Sukarno Korea Who Defends Australia? Days of Destiny – about the Six-Day War Australians in Vietnam Israel: State Under Siege Muggeridge in Australia David becomes Goliath Sunbury A Toast to Melbourne Shrine Kokoda John Dixon on IMDb John Dixon at Screen Australia John Dixon at National Film and Sound Archive
Unión Esportiva Cornellà, S. A. D. is a Spanish football team based in Cornellà de Llobregat, in the autonomous community of Catalonia. Founded in 1951 it plays in Segunda División B – Group 3, holding home games at Nou Camp Municipal, which has a capacity of 1,500 spectators. Since its foundation, in 1951, the club participated in regional competitions and Tercera División until the season 2013/2014, when it achieved the historic promotion to the Segunda División B. 6 seasons in Segunda División B 11 seasons in Tercera División As of 2 September 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Tercera División: 2013–14 Official website Futbolme team profile Club & stadium history - Estadios de España
Pas de deux is a 1968 short dance film by Norman McLaren, produced by the National Film Board of Canada. The film was photographed on high contrast stock, with optical, step-and-repeat printing, for a sensuous and stroboscopic appearance, it shows a ballerina dancing by herself, before being joined by a male dancer, to perform the pas de deux of the title, as choreographed by Ludmilla Chiriaeff. The film is choreographed to Romanian pan pipe music. Pas de deux received 17 awards, including the 1969 BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film and an Academy Award nomination, as Duo. Collins, Maynard. Norman McLaren: Canadian Film Institute. ASIN B0006CVBIW IMDb entry Watch online at NFB Web site
This article details the qualifying phase for triathlon at the 2016 Summer Olympics. The competition at these Games will comprise a total of 110 athletes coming from their respective NOCs. All athletes must undergo a qualifying process to earn a spot for the Games through the Continental Qualification Events, the World Qualification Event, the Olympic Qualification List that begin on May 15, 2014 and conclude two years on the same date; the winners of each of the five Continental Qualification Events are selected to compete for the Games, followed by the top three finishers at the 2015 ITU World Qualification Event in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Thirty-nine athletes for each gender must directly qualify through the Olympic Qualification List as of May 15, 2016, ensuring that the first eight NOCs qualifying for positions are subjected to a maximum of three, the remaining NOCs to a limit to two. Host nation Brazil has guaranteed a single place for each gender, while further two berths are made available to NOCs through a Tripartite Invitation Commission.
In the end, further five places are distributed to the NOCs without any quota through the ITU Points List. ^ 1. South Africa has awarded a quota place through the continental qualifier, but declined, as SASCOC made an agreement on the Rio 2016 Olympics qualification criteria that the continental route would not be considered
Line S 9 is an S-Bahn line on the Rhine-Ruhr network, operated by DB Regio. It runs from Haltern am See in the north through Essen to Hagen Main Station in the south. During the day three services per hour run between Wuppertal and Bottrop Hauptbahnhof, with one service per hour continuing to Haltern, using class 422 electric multiple units. Line S 9 runs over lines built by various railway companies: from Haltern am See to Marl Lippe junction over the Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway opened by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company on 1 January 1870, from Marl Lippe junction to Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord over the Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord–Marl Lippe railway opened by Deutsche Bundesbahn on 27 September 1968, from Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord to Bottrop over the Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd–Hamm railway, opened by Prussian state railways on 1 May 1905, from Bottrop to Essen-Dellwig Ost over line 2248 opened by Deutsche Bundesbahn on 18 May 1952, from Essen-Dellwig Ost to Schönebeck junction over the Mülheim-Heißen–Oberhausen-Osterfeld Nord railway opened by the Rhenish Railway Company on 1 December 1872, from Schönebeck junction to Essen West over a section of line opened by Prussian state railways on 25 March 1912, from Schönebeck junction to Essen West to Essen-Steele over the Witten/Dortmund–Oberhausen/Duisburg railway opened by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company on 1 March 1862 from Essen-Steele to Essen-Steele Ost junction over line 2193 opened by Deutsche Bundesbahn on 1 February 1978 from Essen-Steele Ost junction to Essen-Überruhr over the Essen-Überruhr–Bochum-Langendreer railway, converted to standard gauge on 1 June 1863 and acquired by the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company in 1870, from Überruhr to Kupferdreh over a section of the Wuppertal-Vohwinkel–Essen-Überruhr line opened by the Prince William Railway Company on 1 December 1847, from Kupferdreh to Nierenhof over a section of the Wuppertal-Vohwinkel–Essen-Überruhr line opened by the Deil Valley Railway Company as a 820 mm gauge, horse-hauled railway on 20 September 1831.
S-Bahn services commenced between Dortmund and Essen on 29 September 1991. Services commenced between Steele Ost and Haltern am See on 24 May 1998. Services were extended to Wuppertal on 14 December 2003