Jimmy Kimmel Live!
Jimmy Kimmel Live! is an American late-night talk show and hosted by Jimmy Kimmel, broadcast on ABC. The nightly hour-long show made its debut on January 26, 2003 at Hollywood Masonic Temple in Hollywood, California, a suburb of Los Angeles, as part of ABC's lead-out programming for Super Bowl XXXVII. Jimmy Kimmel Live! is produced by Jackhole Productions in association with ABC Studios. Having aired for more than twice as long as either The Dick Cavett Show or Politically Incorrect, it is the longest running late-night talk show on the network. For its first ten years, the show aired at either the midnight or 12:05 am timeslots before moving to 11:35 pm ET beginning on January 8, 2013 to more directly compete with The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and Late Show with David Letterman while bumping the ABC nightly news program Nightline to 12:37 am ET. Following the subsequent retirements of Leno in February 2014, Letterman in May 2015, Jon Stewart in August 2015, Kimmel became the fourth-longest serving current host in network late-night television under Conan O'Brien, Bill Maher, Carson Daly.
Contrary to its name, Jimmy Kimmel Live! does not air live. On occasion it airs a special live edition after major events like the Academy Awards ceremonies and four to seven half-hour episodes with some basketball theming under the title Jimmy Kimmel Game Night airing in primetime that lead into ABC's coverage of the NBA Finals in June each year; until 2009, new episodes aired five nights a week. Starting with the January 2013 move, the Friday episode had been retitled Jimmy Kimmel Live! This Week, which showed highlights from the entire week of shows. However, the show has since reverted to airing a rebroadcast of a recent episode on Fridays, though current events do allow for new occasional Friday episodes. On April 14, 2009, after the March sweeps break, the show began broadcasting in 720p high definition. On April 1–5, 2019, Jimmy Kimmel Live! was aired as a secondary home at Zappos Theater in Paradise, Nevada, a suburb of Las Vegas. The show began on January 2003, replacing Politically Incorrect.
The show, stunted early on by an ABC affiliate body, fulfilling existing syndication contracts for post-local news sitcom and entertainment newsmagazines and thus delaying the show, started behind the ratings of Late Show with David Letterman, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Late Night with Conan O'Brien, The Late Late Show with Craig Kilborn, but moved up in the ratings into 2004, became a strong competitor, capturing about half the audience of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Jimmy Kimmel Live! is ABC's first attempt at a traditional late-night talk show since its attempt to revive The Dick Cavett Show in the 1980s. ABC had earlier attempted to directly compete with NBC's Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson in the 1960s and 1970s with The Les Crane Show, more of a serious interview program than light entertainment, The Joey Bishop Show, featuring Rat Pack member Joey Bishop with Regis Philbin as sidekick, the original Dick Cavett Show with Dick Cavett in a show that featured a mixture of cultural, popular entertainment and intellectual figures and was considered more highbrow than Carson and a short-lived revival of NBC's Tonight Starring Jack Paar under the name Jack Paar Tonite, which alternated weeks with Cavett in 1973.
While Cavett was the longest-lasting and best remembered of these attempts, none threatened the domination of the Tonight Show. ABC's long-running Nightline series which premiered in 1979 during the Iran hostage crisis and continued at 11:30 until 2013 was able to compete with the Tonight Show, however on days when there were major news events or ongoing crises; the growth and development of cable news and the emergence of the internet and the 24-hour news cycle eroded Nightline's unique, preeminent position as a source for late evening national and international news and its value as a counterprogramming against Tonight and other late-night talk shows. As a result, in 2012, Nightline switched places on ABC's schedule with Jimmy Kimmel Live!. At the start of 2019, when Hearst Television's newest affiliation agreement for their ABC affiliates kicked in and forced them to give up their ability to delay the program for extended local newscasts or syndicated programming, the show now airs across the network on most stations at 11:35 p.m. ET/10:35 p.m. CT.
Despite its name, the show has not aired live since 2004, when censors were unable to properly bleep censor a barrage of swearing from actor Thomas Jane. For special nights such as the Oscar show, it does air live, but with a broadcast delay of a few seconds; the show's house band is Cleto and the Cletones, led by saxophonist Cleto Escobedo III, a childhood friend of Kimmel. The other "Cletones" of the band are Cleto Escobedo Jr. the bandleader's father, on tenor and alto saxophone, Jeff Babko on keyboards, Toshi Yanagi on guitar, Jimmy Earl on bass, Jonathan Dresel on drums. Like other talk shows with live bands and the Cletones play the show's opening and closing themes and play into and out of commercial breaks; the show's opening theme was written by Les Pierce, Jonathan Kimmel and Cleto Escobedo III and sung by Robert Goulet. The show had guest co-hosts each week who would sit at t
Talib Kweli Greene is an American hip hop recording artist and social activist. Kweli earned recognition early on through his collaboration with fellow Brooklyn rapper Mos Def, when they formed the group Black Star. Kweli's musical career continued with solo success including collaborations with producers and rappers Kanye West, Just Blaze, Pharrell Williams, his most recent solo album is titled Radio Silence, released in 2017. In 2011, Kweli founded Javotti Media. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Kweli grew up in a household in Park Slope, his mother, Brenda Greene, is an English professor at Medgar Evers College of the City University of New York and his father an administrator at Adelphi University. His younger brother, Jamal Greene, is a professor of constitutional law at Columbia Law School, a graduate of Yale Law School, former clerk to Justice John Paul Stevens on the Supreme Court; as a youth, he was drawn to Afrocentric rappers, such as De La Soul and other members of the Native Tongues Posse whom he had met in high school.
Kweli was a student at a boarding school in Connecticut. He was a student at Brooklyn Technical High School before being academically dismissed, he studied experimental theater at New York University. Kweli made his debut in 1997, with featured five appearances on Doom, an album by Cincinnati, Ohio group Mood. In Cincinnati, Kweli met DJ Hi-Tek and the two collaborated on a few well received underground recordings as Reflection Eternal, including "Fortified Live", "B-Boy Document 99/Chaos". Shortly afterwards, upon returning to New York, he formed Black Star. Kweli brought along Hi-Tek to produce their only album, 1998's Mos Def & Talib Kweli Are Black Star; the album, released amidst a late'90s renaissance of conscious, Afrocentric hip hop, was hailed by critics and achieved modest mainstream success. Kweli and Hi-Tek continued their Reflection Eternal partnership on the 2000 album Train of Thought, met with critical acclaim, but modest sales; the album was recorded at Electric Lady Studios. An EP, Hip Hop for Respect, was organized by Mos Def and Kweli to speak out against police brutality the case of Amadou Diallo.
The project released one EP for Rawkus Entertainment. On February 4, 1999, Amadou Diallo was shot 41 times by four police officers while reaching into his pocket for his wallet. Diallo was unarmed; the project aimed to assemble 41 emcees to represent the 41 shots fired. Rappers featured on the EP include Owen Brown, Evil Dee, Kool G. Rap, Rah Digga, Sporty Thievz, Shabaam Sahdeeq, Pharoahe Monch, Posdonus and Main Flow of Mood, Tiye Phoenix, Breezly Brewn' of the Juggaknots, Imani Uzuri, El-P and Mr. Len of Company Flow, Jah-Born of Medina Green, John Forté, Mr. Khaliyl, Fre, J-Live, Invincible, Wordsworth, A. L. Kofi Taha, Tame One, Jane Doe, Shyheim, Channel Live, Wise Intelligent, Crunch Lo, Nonchalant, Ras Kass, Dead Prez and Parrish Smith. Producers included Mr. Khaliyl, Organized Noize, 88-Keys. In 2001, Kweli and Mos Def, contributed to the Red Hot + Indigo compilation album created by the Red Hot Organization; the compilation was a tribute to Duke Ellington, that raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease.
Black Star collaborated with fellow artists John Patton and Ron Carter to record "Money Jungle". In 2002, Kweli contributed to the critically acclaimed Red Hot + Riot, a compilation CD created by the Red Hot Organization in tribute to the music and work of Nigerian musician Fela Kuti, he collaborated with fellow hip hop artists Dead Prez, Jorge Ben, Bilal to remake the Fela Kuti song "Shuffering and Shmiling", for the album. In 2002, Kweli released his first solo album, a move toward a more mainstream sound. Quality featured production including DJ Quik and Kanye West. Additionally, Dave Chappelle appeared on Quality; the album was met with widespread critical acclaim and received some mainstream attention thanks to the West-produced single "Get By" which peaked at No. 77 on the Billboard Hot 100. Quality peaked at No. 21 at No. 6 on the R&B / Hip-Hop Albums Chart. In February 2004, Kweli featured on Kanye West's "Get'Em High" off of West's debut album The College Dropout. Kweli made a total of three performances on Chappelle's Show.
He was the second musical guest on the show, which aired on January 29, 2003. For his second appearance, Kweli partnered with Yasiin Bey, as Black Star, for the finale of the show's first season on April 9, 2003, his third and final appearance on the show aired one year on April 7, 2004. In the summer of 2004, Kweli Kweli, along with Bob Moore's Amazing Mongrels, supported the Beastie Boys on their "Challah at Your Boy World Tour"; that same summer, appeared on a Dilated Peoples song called "Live on Stage". A live remix was featured on the video game NBA Street Vol. 2. In the summer of 2004, Kweli performed at Dave Chappelle's Block Party and he was featured in the film and soundtrack. In October 2004, Kweli contributed to Zap Mama's Ancestry in Progress along with Common and Questlove to create to track "Yelling Away". In November 2004, he released his second solo album and final Rawkus release, The Beautiful Struggle, which debuted at No. 14 in the Billboard Hot 100. Kweli responded to Jay-Z's 2003 song "Moment of Clarity" in which Jay-Z rapped: "If skills sold, truth be told/I'd be, Talib Kweli", in his own track, "Ghetto Show" by stating "If lyrics sold truth be told/I'd be just as rich and famous as
Hip hop music
Hip hop music called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech, chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records, rhythmic beatboxing. While used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture; the term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became popular in New York City among African-American youth residing in the Bronx; however hip-hop music did not get recorded for the radio or television to play until 1979 due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods.
At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Notable artists at this time include DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Fab Five Freddy, Marley Marl, Afrika Bambaataa, Kool Moe Dee, Kurtis Blow, Doug E. Fresh, Warp 9, The Fat Boys, Spoonie Gee; the Sugarhill Gang's 1979 song "Rapper's Delight" is regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop.
Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D. M. C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the early 1990s. Notable artists from this era include the Juice Crew, Public Enemy, Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions and KRS-One, EPMD, Slick Rick, Beastie Boys, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Ultramagnetic MCs, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that focuses on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth. Schoolly D, N. W. A, Ice-T, Ice Cube, the Geto Boys are key founding artists, known for mixing the political and social commentary of political rap with the criminal elements and crime stories found in gangsta rap.
In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years during the 1990s with artists such as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. East Coast hip hop in the early to mid 1990s was dominated by the Afrocentric jazz rap and alternative hip hop of the Native Tongues posse as well as the hardcore rap of artists such as Mobb Deep, Wu-Tang Clan, Onyx. East Coast hip hop had gangsta rap musicians such as Kool G Rap and the Notorious B. I. G.. In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, examples being neo soul and nu metal. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999; the popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s, with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into mainstream pop. The United States saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics.
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to wane. During the mid-2000s, alternative hip hop secured a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West. During the late 2000s and early 2010s, rappers such as Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, B.o. B were the most popular rappers. During the 2010s, rappers such as Drake, Nicki Minaj, J. Cole, Kendrick Lamar all have been popular. Trap, a subgenre of hip hop has been popular during the 2010s with hip hop artists and hip hop music groups such as Migos, Travis Scott, Kodak Black; the creation of the term hip hop is credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap, it is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.
Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance, used by other artists such as The Sugarhi
Jet Set Radio
Jet Set Radio, titled Jet Grind Radio on the first North American release, is an action game developed by Smilebit and published by Sega for the Dreamcast in 2000. The player controls one of a gang of youths who skate the streets of a fictionalized Tokyo on inline skates, spraying graffiti and evading the authorities, it was one of the first games to use cel-shaded visuals, giving it a cartoon-like appearance. A version by Vicarious Visions was released by THQ for Game Boy Advance on June 26, 2003 in North America and February 20, 2004 in Europe. A sequel, Jet Set Radio Future, was released in 2002 for the Xbox. In 2012, a high-definition port was released for multiple platforms; the player controls one of a gang of graffiti-tagging inline skaters. In a typical stage, the player explores an open 3D environment and must tag every graffiti spot in each area before the timer runs out, while evading the authorities, who pursue on foot, in tanks and in helicopters. New playable characters are unlocked.
The game is controlled with only a few buttons, technical aspects of skating are simplified compared to games such as Tony Hawk's Pro Skater. According to Vice, although Jet Set Radio is "about the fluidity of good skating, the joy of motion and skill... skating is less the focus and more the medium". Jet Set Radio was one of the first games to feature cel-shaded graphics, with exaggerated shapes, thick lines, flat, bright colors. According to Vice, "The whole world feels like it could be scrawled on a wall somewhere, reeking of spray paint fumes." Professor K, DJ of the Jet Set Radio pirate radio station, broadcasts to gangs of youths who roam the streets of Tokyo-to, rollerblading and spraying graffiti. One skater, forms a new gang, the GGs, who compete with rival gangs for turf: the all-female Love Shockers in the shopping districts of Shibuya-Cho; the authorities, led by Captain Onishima, pursue the gangs with riot police and helicopters. The GGs are joined by skaters Combo and Cube, who explain that their hometown, Grind City, has been overtaken by the Rokkaku, a sinister business conglomerate.
They plan to free their friend, captured by the Rokkaku. The GGs confront Goji Rokkaku, atop the Rokkaku building, a giant turntable. Goji plans to conquer the world with The Devil's Contract, a vinyl record which has the power to summon demons; the GGs tag him with graffiti and he falls from the building. Although Coin's fate remains uncertain, freedom is returned to the streets of Tokyo-to. Combo reveals that The Devil's Contract was an old indie record with no demonic powers, that wealth had driven Goji to insanity. Jet Set Radio was developed by Smilebit, a Sega studio formed from members of Team Andromeda, developers of the Panzer Dragoon games for the Sega Saturn; the team was young, with an average age of under 25. Director Masayoshi Kikuchi said the team wanted to create something "cool" that dealt with pop culture and was unlike their previous game, the 1998 RPG Panzer Dragoon Saga. Smilebit drew inspiration from games outside the typical genres of science fantasy. Artist Ryuta Ueda was inspired by a demonstration of the PlayStation rhythm game PaRappa the Rapper at the 1996 Tokyo Game Show: "I think that’s the first game with pop culture like that.
They did it first. After that I decided to make a true game, not just a visual experience, for adults." The anti-establishment themes of the 1999 film Fight Club were another influence. Ueda's drawings of a punky character with headphones and rollerblades became the foundation of the game; the team developed the cel-shading technique, which has no gradations, to recreate Ueda's art with polygons. Jet Set Radio was announced at the 1999 Tokyo Game Show and drew media attention for its cel-shaded style; the game features graffiti by a variety of artists, including Eric Haze, who had designed album art for acts including the Beastie Boys and Public Enemy. Jet Set Radio was one of the earliest games to feature an open 3D world, which presented the team's biggest challenge. Kikuchi said: "Making. It’s not hard with modern hi-spec hardware, but that wasn’t the case back then… It was difficult from a programming standpoint." Another Sega game, Shenmue featured an open world, but Kikuchi felt the games posed different technical challenges, as Shenmue does not allow the player to jump or move at speed.
The team implemented grinding to allow players to enjoy speed without worrying about colliding with obstacles. The settings were inspired by Japanese locations such as the Tokyo shopping district of Shibuya. Sega feared that the game's style might alienate players outside Japan, requested changes for the international versions; the team added stages modelled after New York’s Times Square and the south Bronx, made story changes, such as changing the nationality of two characters to American. The interactive credits sequence of the Japanese version was cut, as localizing it would have meant rebuilding the stage with names written in English; the game was retitled Jet Grind Radio in the United States, though this was not retained for its sequel, Jet Set Radio Future. Sega sold the international version in Japan as De La Jet Set Radio. Ueda was unhappy about the changes, which he felt diminished the essential Japanese elements of the game; the Jet Set Radio soundtrack includes original and licensed songs combining J-pop, hip hop, electronic dance, acid jazz, trip hop.
The North American version and internationa
Ahmet Emuukha Rodan Zappa is an American musician and writer, executor of the Zappa Family Trust. Ahmet Zappa was born in Los Angeles, the third of four children born to musician Frank Zappa and businesswoman Gail Zappa, his father was of Italian, Greek and French descent, his mother was of French and Danish ancestry. He is said to be named after music executive Ahmet Ertegün, whom his father admired; this is contradicted by Neil Slaven in Electric Don Quixote: The Definitive Story Of Frank Zappa, who notes: "His first name was that of an imaginary person we always had hanging around back when we had no one on our payroll," Gail told Victoria Balfour. "We'd snap our fingers and say,'Ahmet? Dishes. Coffee, please.' He was named after a giant pterodactyl that would have ravaged the world if the Japanese film director Ishiro Honda hadn't destroyed it in 1957." His older brother and sister are Dweezil Zappa and Moon Zappa, his younger sister is Diva Zappa. Ahmet Zappa has released several albums with his brother Dweezil, wrote the song "Frogs with Dirty Little Lips" with his father.
He has appeared in several feature films and television programs. In the late 1990s, he appeared on Channel 4 UK's The Adam and Joe Show, in a regular segment called "Vinyl Justice", in which hosts Adam Buxton and Joe Cornish, dressed as policemen, examined his vinyl collection for "criminal records". In 2000, he appeared in the film Ready to Rumble. With his brother Dweezil, he performed a cover of Britney Spears' song "... Baby One More Time" for the film's soundtrack. Other appearances include hosting the TV shows Robotica and But Can They Sing?. In July 2006, Zappa saw the release of his debut novel, entitled The Monstrous Memoirs of a Mighty McFearless, aimed at younger readers; the rights to a movie were purchased by Bruckheimer Disney. The movie is in production with screenwriter Tim Firth assisting, no release date has been announced. On October 19, 2006, The Jim Henson Company announced it had hired Zappa to write a treatment for a feature film version of the hit 1980s television show Fraggle Rock.
He is writing a sequel to The Monstrous Memoirs of a Mighty McFearless, optioned to adapt to a screenplay. Zappa proposed to Disney's studio head Bob Iger that the company form a graphic novel-to-film division. Zappa was given a first-look deal at Walt Disney Studios for motion picture productions, his company is called Monsterfoot Productions. His first film, The Odd Life of Timothy Green, was released in 2012 by Walt Disney Pictures, starred Jennifer Garner and Joel Edgerton. Following the death of Zappa's mother, Gail, in October 2015, it was revealed that Ahmet and his sister Diva were given control of the Zappa Family Trust with shares of 30% each, while his siblings Moon and Dweezil were given smaller shares of 20% each; as beneficiaries only and Dweezil will not see any money from the trust until it is profitable—in 2016, it was "millions of dollars in debt"—and must seek permission from Ahmet, the trustee, to make money off of their father's music or merchandise bearing his name. The uneven divide of the trust has resulted in several conflicts between Zappa's children, including a feud between Dweezil and Ahmet over Dweezil's use of his father's music in live performances.
Under Ahmet's direction, the trust proposed a trademark on the name Zappa, which would prevent Dweezil from using the name for commercial purposes without authorization. Since 2006, Dweezil toured with an act called playing his father's music; the trust sought to collect a fee from Dweezil for continued use of the name, as well as proceeds from merchandise sold at Zappa Plays Zappa concerts. In response to the trust's action, Dweezil renamed his performance series "50 Years of Frank: Dweezil Zappa Plays Whatever the F@%k He Wants—the Cease and Desist Tour. Zappa married actress Selma Blair on January 24, 2004, at Carrie Fisher's mansion in Beverly Hills, California. Blair filed for divorce at the Los Angeles Superior Court on June 21, 2006, citing irreconcilable differences. In a statement to People, a spokesman for the couple said, "Selma and Ahmet have decided to divorce but love each other much and will continue to be close friends". Zappa is now married to Shana Muldoon—designer and creator of Disney Star Darlings and the sister of actor Patrick Muldoon.
They have a daughter, Halo Violetta Zappa, born in 2010. Confessions Shampoohorn Music for Pets Pump Up the Volume – Jaime Anarchy TV Jack Frost – Snow plow driver Children of the Corn V: Fields of Terror – Lazlo Ready to Rumble – Cashier Gen¹³ – Additional Voices Fraggle Rock: The Movie – producer The Odd Life of Timothy Green – story by and producer 2 Hip 4 Tv – Host Robotica – host for three seasons webRIOT – host Happy Hour – host But Can They Sing? – host Head Case Ep No. 105 – Starz Channel Original Series – self Roseanne Ahmet Zappa on IMDb
Frederick Jay Rubin is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records. Along with Russell Simmons, he is the co-founder of Def Jam Recordings and established American Recordings. With the Beastie Boys, LL Cool J, Public Enemy, Geto Boys, Run-DMC, Rubin helped popularize hip hop music. Rubin has worked with artists such as AC/DC, Aerosmith, At The Drive-In, Black Sabbath, Coheed And Cambria, Damien Rice, Dixie Chicks, Ed Sheeran, Frank Ocean, Gogol Bordello, Jakob Dylan, Jay Z, Jake Bugg, James Blake, Joe Strummer, Johnny Cash, Justin Timberlake, Kanye West, Kid Rock, Lady Gaga, Lana Del Rey, Led Zeppelin, Linkin Park, Melanie C, Mick Jagger, Neil Diamond, Rage Against the Machine, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Sheryl Crow, Slipknot, System of a Down, The Avett Brothers, The Black Crowes, The Cult, The Four Horsemen, The Mars Volta, The Smashing Pumpkins, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Type O Negative, Dan Auerbach, The Black Keys and ZZ Top. In 2007, MTV called him "the most important producer of the last 20 years", the same year Rubin appeared on Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World.
Frederick Jay Rubin grew up in Lido Beach, New York. His father, Michael was a shoe wholesaler and his mother, Linda, a housewife, he is of Jewish descent. While a student at Long Beach High School he befriended the school's audiovisual department director Steve Freeman who gave him a few lessons in guitar playing and songwriting, he played in a band with childhood friends Marc Greenhut, Carlos Ferreiro, Joey Ferrante doing garage and school shows for town friends until Steve, an AV teacher, helped him create a punk band called The Pricks. Their biggest claim to fame was being thrown off the stage at CBGB after two songs for brawling with the heckling audience; these hecklers were friends of the band instructed to instigate a confrontation so as to get the show shut down and create a buzz. Somewhat anecdotally, this story was confirmed in an interview with music journalist Zane Lowe. Although he had no authority in New York City, Rubin's father traveled from Nassau County, New York, to Manhattan wearing his Long Beach auxiliary police uniform as he attempted to "shut down" the show.
During his senior year, Rubin founded Def Jam Records using the school's four-track recorder. He moved on to form Hose, influenced by San Francisco's Flipper. In 1982, a Hose track became Def Jam's first release, a 45 rpm 7" vinyl single in a brown paper bag, no label; the band played in and around the NYC punk scene, toured the Midwest and California, played with seminal hardcore bands like Meat Puppets, Hüsker Dü, Circle Jerks, Butthole Surfers, Minor Threat, becoming friends with frontman and Dischord Records owner Ian MacKaye. The band broke up in 1984. Having befriended Zulu Nation's DJ Jazzy Jay, Rubin began to learn about hip hop production. By 1983, the two had produced "It's Yours" for rapper T La Rock, released it on their independent label, Def Jam Records. Producer Arthur Baker helped to distribute the record worldwide on Baker's Streetwise Records in 1984. Jazzy Jay introduced Rubin to concert promoter/artist manager Russell Simmons in a club, Rubin explained he needed help getting Def Jam off the ground.
Simmons and Rubin edged out Jazzy Jay and the official Def Jam record label was founded while Rubin was attending New York University in 1984. Their first record released was LL Cool J's "I Need a Beat". Rubin went on to find more hip-hop acts outside The Bronx and Harlem including rappers from Queens, Staten Island, Long Island, which led to Def Jam's signing of Public Enemy. Rubin was instrumental in pointing the members of the Beastie Boys away from their punk roots and into rap, resulting in the exit of Kate Schellenbach from the group. 1985's "Rock Hard"/"Party's Gettin' Rough"/"Beastie Groove" EP by the Beastie Boys came out on the success of Rubin's production work with breakthrough act Run-DMC, of which previous recordings were produced by Russell Simmons and Orange Krush's musician Larry Smith. His productions were characterized by fusing rap with heavy rock. Rubin tapped Adam Dubin and Ric Menello to co-direct the music videos for the Beastie Boys' " Fight for Your Right" and "No Sleep till Brooklyn" launching the band's mainstream hip hop careers.
It was the idea of Rick Rubin's friend Sue Cummings, an editor at Spin magazine, to have Run–D. M. C. and Aerosmith collaborate on a cover of Aerosmith's "Walk This Way". This 1986 production is credited with both introducing rap hard rock to mainstream ears, revitalizing Aerosmith's career. In 1986, he worked with Aerosmith again on demos for their forthcoming album, but their collaboration ended early and resulted in only rough studio jams. In the same year, Rubin began his long musical partnership with Slayer, producing Reign in Blood, considered a classic of the heavy metal genre; this was his first work with a metal band. In 1987, The Cult released Electric. Produced by Rubin, the album remains one of classic works. Rubin would work with The Cult again for the single "The Witch", in 1992. Rubin is credited as music supervisor in the movie Less Than Zero and is the producer of its soundtrack. Rubin portrayed a character based upon himself in the 1985 hip-hop motion picture Krush Groove, inspired by the early days of Russell Simmons' career as an artist management and music producer.
He directed and co-wrote a second Run–D. M. C. Film, Tougher Than Leather in 1988. In 1988, Rubin and Simmons went thei
Travis Landon Barker is an American musician and record producer, best known as the drummer for the rock band Blink-182. Barker has performed as a frequent collaborator with hip hop artists, is a member of the rap rock group Transplants, founded the rock bands +44 and Box Car Racer, most joined Antemasque and Goldfinger, he was a frequent collaborator with the now-late DJ AM, together they formed TRV$DJAM. Due to his fame, Rolling Stone referred to him as "punk's first superstar drummer" as well as one of the 100 Greatest Drummers of All Time. Born in Fontana, Barker began drumming at an early age, he began playing for the Aquabats in 1996, but left to join Blink-182 in 1998, which encountered mainstream success with Enema of the State. Barker established himself as a versatile drummer and making guest appearances in music projects of numerous music genres including hip hop, alternative rock and country, he starred in an MTV reality series named Meet the Barkers. He was involved in a plane crash in 2008, but he recovered and released his debut solo album, Give the Drummer Some, in 2011.
He has continued to work with rappers, releasing extended plays with Yelawolf and Asher Roth and Nottz, as well as with Blink-182 and the Transplants. Aside from drumming, he founded clothing company Famous Stars and Straps in 1999 and LaSalle Records in 2004. Companies such as DC Shoes and Zildjian cymbals have co-designed products in his name, he released a memoir, Can I Say: Living Large, Cheating Death, Drums, Drums, in 2015. Barker was born to Randy and Gloria Barker in Fontana, California on November 14, 1975, the youngest of three children and the only boy, his father worked as his mother babysat. He is of English and Italian descent; when Barker was four, his mother gave him his first kit, the only one he would have until he was fifteen. Barker began taking drum lessons at age five with a drummer named Michael Mai, who would expose young Barker to many different playing styles. At this time, he began taking trumpet lessons. In junior high, Barker learned to play the piano and tried singing, joining the madrigals men and women's choir.
In addition, Barker had non-musical aspirations. However, Barker states; that was the one direction that kind of felt like I was connected to and I could kind of understand. I could express myself better through my drums than I could anything else."Barker has described himself as a stoner during his tenure at Fontana High School. His mother, diagnosed with Sjögren syndrome three months earlier, died the day before he started going to high school, she told him to follow his dreams. Barker attended Fontana High School, where he played the drum set in the jazz ensemble and snare drum in the marching band. While attending FOHI, he and his best friend Manuel Solorzano decided to enter the school talent show in a drum-off battle between the two of them, he gained a lot of experience performing at regional festivals. Barker employed a variety of styles including military and jazz rhythms, but was attracted to the driving rhythms of hip-hop and punk rock. After graduating Fontana High School, Barker worked as a trash man in Laguna Beach and played with the punk rock bands Snot, Feeble, a Fontana-based band where he met Chad Larson.
Larson went on to co-found the ska punk group the Aquabats in 1994. After local shows and demo tapes, the band recruited Barker through Larson's connection. Barker, "sleeping on friend's couch" and still working as a trash man, only intended to fill-in for a few days but ended up joining the band; the group went into the studio with veteran producer Jim Goodwin to record The Fury of the Aquabats!. Barker's speed and accuracy meant that once his parts were recorded he was free to head off and rehearse, he had picked up a nickname with the Aquabats—Baron Von Tito—the reasons for which are lost to history as none of the members recall why. After the October 1997 release of The Fury of the Aquabats!, the group toured nationwide with San Diego-based Blink-182, who had completed their second album Dude Ranch. The trio's drummer, Scott Raynor, announced to his fellow members that he would depart following the SnoCore Tour in February 1998; the ensemble enlisted Barker to fill in for Raynor. Barker, who had not had time to prepare or practice with the duo, learned the drum tracks for the 20-song setlist in only 45 minutes before the first show and performed them flawlessly thereafter.
Raynor returned that arguments only grew worse. Raynor was fired by DeLonge and Hoppus, ostensibly over a drinking problem, the band recruited Barker once more. "I remember Travis rehearsing backstage for an hour or two playing with them during sound-check," recalled Aquabats member Adam Deibert. "A few of us were standing by the stage and I vividly remember the feeling of this is the new Blink. We should have looked for a new drummer right because it was so obvious what band he belonged in." The addition of Barker inspired DeLonge and Hoppus to "play better" and keep up with their new member, whom DeLonge called "perfect." Barker continued playing with Blink-182 throughout 1998 and stepped in to play with the Vandals, where he filled in for Josh Freese as the year closed. Barker's first effort with Blink—Enema of the State—was released in June 1999 and catapulted the trio to stardom, becoming the biggest pop punk band of the era. Three singles were released from the record—"What's My Age Again?", "All the Small Things", "Adam's Song"—that cro