Centre Island, Hong Kong
For A Chau in North District, see A Chau. Not to be confused with Middle Island, Hong Kong. Centre Island aka. A Chau is a small uninhabited island of Hong Kong located in Tolo Harbour, in the northwestern part of the territory. Administratively, it is part of Tai Po District; the island has an area of 0.035 km2. Its highest point is at 26.8 m. The island has a rugged coastline with sections with sandy beaches; the interior of the island is covered by trees. A mid-Neolithic prehistoric site dating back to about 6,000 years ago has been identified on Centre Island during a survey conducted in 1997-1998. Prehistoric sites have been discovered on two other islands of Tolo Harbour, namely Yuen Chau Tsai and Yim Tin Tsai. Centre Island was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest in 1982; the designation is based on the geological interest of the island. Centre Island is part of the Ma Shi Chau Special Area, together with three other islands in Tolo Harbour, namely Ma Shi Chau, Yeung Chau and an unnamed island located about 100 m northeast of the shore of Yim Tin Tsai near Sam Mun Tsai New Village.
The Special Area was designated in 1999
Sha Lo Tung
Sha Lo Tung is an area of Tai Po District, in the northeastern New Territories of Hong Kong. Sha Lo Tung is located at 3.8 km north-east from the centre of the Tai Po New Town and is bounded by the Tai Po New Town to the south and surrounded by the Pat Sin Leng Country Park to the north and west. More it is located south of the Hok Tau Reservoir and north of Fung Yuen Village. There are two villages in Sha Lo Tung: Lei Uk. Lei Uk is divided into Lo Wai and Sun Wai,'Old Village' and'New Village'. Cheung Uk is a Grade II Historic Building. Sha Lo Tung is an important habitat of damselflies. Historic Building Appraisal Sha Lo Tung Cheung Uk Historic Building Appraisal Sha Lo Tung Lei Uk thaiworldview.com - Sha Lo Tung Pictures of Sha Lo Tung Lisa Hopkinson, Civic Exchange, "Conservation of Sha Lo Tung: A Way Forward", June 2002
Yeung Chau, Tai Po
For other islands called Yeung Chau, see Yeung Chau. Yeung Chau is an uninhabited island of Hong Kong located in Plover Cove, Tolo Harbour, in the northwestern part of the territory. Administratively, it is part of Tai Po District. Yeung Chau is part of the Ma Shi Chau Special Area, together with three other islands in Tolo Harbour, namely Ma Shi Chau, Centre Island and an unnamed island located about 100 m northeast of the shore of Yim Tin Tsai near Sam Mun Tsai New Village; the Special Area was designated in 1999. "Review of Egretries in Hong Kong", in Hong Kong Biodiversity, Issue No. 14 March 2007, pp. 1-6
Hong Kong the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842; the colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997; as a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people identify more as Hongkongers rather than Chinese. A sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, its legal tender is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality; the territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, has the sixth-longest life expectancy in the world. Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates; the name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780 referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between local fishermen. Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng; the name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour".
"Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export. Sir John Davis offered an alternative origin; the simplified name Hong Kong was used by 1810 written as a single word. Hongkong was common until 1926, when the government adopted the two-word name; some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation; the Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom after the Qin collapse, recaptured by China after the Han conquest.
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was located in modern-day Kowloon City before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty; the earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Portuguese merchants established a trading post called in Hong Kong waters, began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were reestablished by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies; the Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant. To counter the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade; the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium, ordering imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade in 1839. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade, forcing a British military response and triggering the First Opium War; the Qing ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. However, both countries did not ratify the agreement. After over a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Administrative infrastructure was built up by early 1842, but piracy and hostile Qing policies towards Hong Kong prevented the government from attracting merchants.
The Taiping Rebellion, when many wealthy Chinese fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colon
Shek Ngau Chau
Shek Ngau Chau is an uninhabited island of Hong Kong, under the administration of Tai Po District. It is located in the North-east of the New Territories. Site of Special Scientific Interest
Hong Kong Japanese School
The Hong Kong Japanese School and Japanese International School is a Japanese international school in Hong Kong. It consists of international section; the Hong Kong Japanese School Limited operates the school system. The primary school is located in Happy Valley; the Japanese secondary school is located in North Point. The international school is in Tai Po; the Tai Po campus opened in 1997. HKJS was established in May 1966; the international school in Tai Po opened in 1997. The funds used to build the campus came from a grant issued by the Hong Kong government; the Japanese division uses the Japanese school calendar and curriculum while the English-medium international division uses Hong Kong's school calendar. The international division has students who will reside in Hong Kong and/or otherwise reside outside of Japan in the long run. Japanese people in Hong Kong Hong Kong Post Kojima, Masaru. "The Hong Kong Japanese School and the Hong Kong Hongwan-ji Temple in the period before the World War II".
Bulletin of Buddhist Cultural Institute, Ryukoku University. 43, A42-A61, 2004-11-30. See profile at CiNii. Osaki, Hirofumi. "中国・広州日本人学校,香港・香港日本人学校小学部香港校,台湾・台北日本人学校における特別支援教育の実情と教育相談支援". 世界の特殊教育 21, 57-63, 2007-03. National Institute of Special Needs Education. - See profile at CiNii. 今田 好彦. "香港日本人学校". アジア經濟旬報, 1-2, 1975-02-21. Institute of Chinese Affairs. See profile at CiNii. 鈴木 哲明. "世界に羽ばたく国際人の育成: 香港日本人学校での実践". 創大教育研究 14, 37-39, 2005-03. Soka University. See profile at CiNii. 中野 佐江子 and 小林 倫代. "香港日本人学校における特別支援教育の実際: 児童一人ひとりに応じた支援・指導を目指して". 国立特別支援教育総合研究所教育相談年報 31, 13-18, 2010-06. National Institute of Special Needs Education. - See profile at CiNii. 高羅 富彦. "香港日本人学校大埔校での教育実践." 在外教育施設における指導実践記録 28, 63-65, 2005. Tokyo Gakugei University. See profile at CiNii. 丸山 実子. 内外教育, 6, 2001-08-03. 時事通信社. See profile at CiNii. 椛沢 克彦. 時事評論 31, 16, 1999-06. 外交知識普及会. See profile at CiNii. Hong Kong Japanese School and Japanese International School - Japanese section site in Japanese, international section site in English
Lam Tsuen is an area in Tai Po District, Hong Kong, noted for its Lam Tsuen Wishing Trees. The nearby Lam Tsuen River, empties into Tai Po Hoi. Lam Tsuen is not a village in the political sense but rather a union of the 23 villages scattered across the Lam Tsuen Valley along with five indigenous villages and 18 Hakka villages. Today, Lam Tsuen spreads over an area covering 26 villages: Pak Ngau Shek Sheung Tsuen Pak Ngau Shek Ha Tsuen Ng Tung Chai Chai Kek Tai Yeung Che Ma Po Mei Shui Wo Tsuen Ping Long Tai Om Shan Siu Om Shan Tai Om Lung A Pai, a Hakka village Tin Liu Ha, a Hakka village, subdivided into 2 villages: Sheung Tin Liu Ha and Ha Tin Liu Ha San Tong San Tsuen She Shan Tsuen Tong Sheung Tsuen Chung Uk Tsuen, the oldest village in Lam Tsuen, was established more than 600 years ago. San Uk Tsai Fong Ma Po, a Punti village, where the Tin Hau Temple and the Lam Tsuen Wishing Trees are located Hang Ha Po Kau Liu Ha Wai Tau Tsuen Nam Wa Po Lin Au Lei Uk Lin Au Cheng Uk Wishing Tree is two camphor trees which were seen as "god" by the inhabitant.
Traditionally, the villagers used to burn the joss paper and light up the candle under the trees for making wishes. In the legend, a woman who fell in ill dreamed that a god told her to visit Lam Tsuen and throw a piece of joss paper to the great tree, she followed the women recovered. Afterwards, the people changed to toss the joss paper to the trees with their blessings written on it. Tin Hau Temple at Lam Tsuen was built in 1768 to honour the Tin Hau, the goddess of the sea, who calmed the sea to protect the fishermen. In the beginning, the villagers had inadequate capital to construct the temple but a rich man, paid for the construction cost after he knew the situation; the villagers put Tang's monument into the temple for worship. The villagers see the temple as the most sacred place in their village and the Bun Festival is held in there in every nine years; the regular worship and ceremony are held in the Tin Hau Temple in normal days. Well-Wishing Festival was developed from traditional ritual for the inhabitant to the most representative ritual for making wishes in Hong Kong.
The festival is held in the first couple of weeks of Chinese New Year. In the festival, the people can make wishes by tossing the joss paper, making lotus lanterns and doing other interesting activities. To attract more visitors, the Well-Wishing Carnival is developed and people can enjoy the cultural performance such as lion dance, food stalls and game booths in the festival. In Da Jiu Festival, people pray for good weather and peace in their village; this festival is held in Lam Tsuen in every 10 years. It lasts for six nights. List of villages in Hong Kong "Review of Egretries in Hong Kong", in Hong Kong Biodiversity, Issue No. 14 March 2007, pp. 1-6