Modern Library

The Modern Library is an American book publishing imprint and the parent company of Random House. Founded in 1917 by Albert Boni and Horace Liveright as an imprint of their publishing company Boni & Liveright, Modern Library became an independent publishing company in 1925 when Boni & Liveright sold it to Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer. Random House began in 1927 as a subsidiary of the Modern Library and overtook its parent company, with Modern Library becoming an imprint of Random House; the Modern Library published only hardbound books. In 1950, it began publishing the Modern Library College Editions, a forerunner of its current series of paperback classics. From 1955 to 1960, the company published a high quality, numbered paperback series, but discontinued it in 1960, when the series was merged into the newly acquired Vintage paperbacks group; the Modern Library homepage states: In 1992, on the occasion of the Modern Library's seventy-fifth anniversary, Random House embarked on an ambitious project to refurbish the series.

We revived the torchbearer emblem that Klopfer commissioned in 1925 from Lucian Bernhard. The Promethean bearer of enlightenment was redesigned several times over the years, most notably by Rockwell Kent. In 1998, novelist David Ebershoff became the Modern Library's new Publishing Director. Ebershoff managed the imprint until 2005, when he resigned to concentrate on his own writing and to become editor-at-large at Random House. In September 2000, the Modern Library initiated a newly designed Paperback Classics series. Six new titles are published in the series on the second Tuesday of each month. At its onset the Modern Library identified itself as "The Modern Library of the World's Best Books". In keeping with that brand identity, in 1998 the editors created a list they called the "Modern Library List of Best 20th-Century Novels", numbering 100 titles, they conducted an internet poll of public opinion produced a readers' list. The "top ten" of the editors' list is shown here—and the two "100 Best Novels" lists are linked below.

According to a New York Times article about the list, executives at Random House said they hoped that as the century drew to a close their list would encourage public debate about the greatest works of fiction of the last hundred years, thus both increasing awareness of the Modern Library and stimulating sales of novels the group publishes. Both lists have incurred criticism, their ranking system concerned many professional critics. The board members themselves, who did not create the rankings and were unaware of it until the list was published, expressed disappointment and puzzlement. There are only eight or nine women on the list, some influential works are ranked below works of questionable literary merit, the works of major writers from many English-speaking countries apart from the United States and England—such as Australia, Canada and South Africa—have been ignored. There were hypotheses that the Modern Library made a selection based on its stocklist. A. S. Byatt, the well-known English novelist, on the board, called the list "typically American".

The list was compiled via approval voting, by sending each board member a list of 440 pre-selected books from the Modern Library catalogue and asking each member to place a check beside novels they wished to choose. The works with the most votes were ranked the highest, ties were decided arbitrarily by Random House publishers; this explains surprising results like the No. 5 placement of Brave New World, which most of the judges agreed belonged somewhere on the list, but much lower than the top. David Ebershoff, the Modern Library division's publishing director, stated in a follow-up "the people who were drawn to go to the Modern Library Web site and compelled to vote have a certain enthusiasm about books and their favourite books that many people don't, so that the voting population is skewed." In addition, people were allowed to vote once per day, making the poll a measure of how much effort people would put into promoting their favorite books. Others have been more direct in their descriptions of the results.

Lise Jaillant, Modernism and the Literary Canon - the Modern Library Series Gordon B. Neavill, “The Modern Library Series: Format and Design, 1917-1977,” Printing History 1: 26-37. Gordon B. Neavill, “The Modern Library Series and American Cultural Life,” Journal of Library History 16: 241-52. Gordon B. Neavill, “Publishing in Wartime: The Modern Library Series during the Second World War,” Library Trends 55: 583-96. Gordon B. Neavill, “Canonicity, Reprint Publishing, Copyright,” in The Culture of the Publisher’s Series, vol. 1: Authors and the Shaping of Taste, edited by John Spiers, pp. 88–105. Jay Satterfield, The World's Best Books": Taste and the Modern Library. Official website Best Books Modern Library CNN - 100 best novels list draws heavy dose of criticism Collecting the Modern Library History of the Modern Library by Henry Toledano On the Trail of the Torch Bearer: An Interview with Henry Toledano On the Trail of the Torch Bearer: An Interview with Scot Kamins

Traveling in Sin

Traveling in Sin is a memoir by American authors Lisa Ellen Niver and George Rajna of We Said Go Travel, written in the voices of the story’s two leading protagonists who met on-line in January 2007. After exchanging emails and dating, the couple travels to Fiji over the summer of 2008 where George reveals his lifelong dream to travel the world for a year and urges Lisa to join him. With much convincing, the duo embarks on a journey that takes them from French Polynesia to New Zealand and Australia. From that point on, the "true" adventure begins as they journey by land across vast portions of Asia covering Indonesia to Mongolia. During these adventures, Lisa shrinks down her waist size while developing her inner courage and belief in herself. Peppered with humorous characters, tears of joy and disaster, different realities related to their varied social strata and travel style and Rajna meander around Asia seeing the sights, building their relationship and returning triumphant to the United States in love and excited about their imminent wedding.

They both took a leap when leaving their jobs, home and cultural clutter, land together as a team with a new life. It has been said that "the book is a must read for anyone who dreams of traveling the world." We Said Go Travel website

Law of Oklahoma

Oklahoma law is the state law of Oklahoma. Oklahoma law is based on the Oklahoma Constitution, which defines how the statutes must be passed into law, defines the limits of authority and basic law that the Oklahoma Statutes must comply with. Oklahoma Statutes are the statutory laws of the state. There are has 90 titles though some titles do not have any active laws. Laws are signed into law by the governor of Oklahoma. Certain types of laws are prohibited by the state Constitution, could be struck down by the Oklahoma Supreme Court. Title 1. Abstracting Title 2. Agriculture Title 3. Aircraft and Airports Title 3A. Amusements and Sports Title 4. Animals Title 5. Attorneys and the State Bar Title 6. Banks and Trust Companies Title 7. Blind Persons Title 8. Cemeteries Title 9. Census Title 10. Children Title 11. Cities and Towns Title 12. Civil Procedure Title 12A. Uniform Commercial Code Title 13. Common Carriers Title 14. Congressional and Legislative Districts Title 14A. Consumer Credit Code Title 15. Contracts Title 16.

Conveyances Title 17. Corporation Commission Title 18. Corporations Title 19. Counties and County Officers Title 20. Courts Title 21. Crimes and Punishments Title 22. Criminal Procedure Title 23. Damages Title 24. Debtor and Creditor Title 25. Definitions and General Provisions Title 26. Elections Title 27. Eminent Domain Title 27A. Environment and Natural Resources Title 28. Fees Title 29. Game and Fish Title 30. Guardian and Ward Title 31. Homestead and Exemptions Title 32. Husband and Wife Title 33. Inebriates Title 34. Initiative and Referendum Title 35. Insane and Feeble Minded Persons Title 36. Insurance Title 37. Intoxicating Liquors Title 38. Jurors Title 39. Justices and Constables Title 40. Labor Title 41. Landlord and Tenant Title 42. Liens Title 43. Marriage Title 43A. Mental Health Title 44. Militia Title 45. Mines and Mining Title 46. Mortgages Title 47. Motor Vehicles Title 48. Negotiable Instruments Title 49. Notaries Public Title 50. Nuisances Title 51. Officers Title 52. Oil and Gas Title 53. Oklahoma Historical Societies and AssociationsTitle 68.

Revenue and Taxation Title 69. Roads and Ferries Title 70. SchoolsTitle 85. Workers' Compensation Oklahoma Statutes at the Oklahoma Supreme Court website Case law: "Oklahoma", Caselaw Access Project, Harvard Law School, OCLC 1078785565, Court decisions available to the public online, in a consistent format, digitized from the collection of the Harvard Law Library