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Modern philosophy

Modern philosophy is philosophy developed in the modern era and associated with modernity. It is not a specific doctrine or school, although there are certain assumptions common to much of it, which helps to distinguish it from earlier philosophy; the 17th and early 20th centuries mark the beginning and the end of modern philosophy. How much of the Renaissance should be included is a matter for dispute. How one decides these questions will determine the scope of one's use of the term "modern philosophy." How much of Renaissance intellectual history is part of modern philosophy is disputed: the Early Renaissance is considered less modern and more medieval compared to the High Renaissance. By the 17th and 18th centuries the major figures in philosophy of mind and metaphysics were divided into two main groups; the "Rationalists," in France and Germany, argued all knowledge must begin from certain "innate ideas" in the mind. Major rationalists were Descartes, Baruch Spinoza, Gottfried Leibniz, Nicolas Malebranche.

The "Empiricists," by contrast, held. Major figures in this line of thought are John Locke, George Berkeley, David Hume. Ethics and political philosophy are not subsumed under these categories, though all these philosophers worked in ethics, in their own distinctive styles. Other important figures in political philosophy include Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In the late eighteenth century Immanuel Kant set forth a groundbreaking philosophical system which claimed to bring unity to rationalism and empiricism. Whether or not he was right, he did not succeed in ending philosophical dispute. Kant sparked a storm of philosophical work in Germany in the early nineteenth century, beginning with German idealism; the characteristic theme of idealism was that the world and the mind must be understood according to the same categories. Hegel's work was carried in many directions by his critics. Karl Marx appropriated both Hegel's philosophy of history and the empirical ethics dominant in Britain, transforming Hegel's ideas into a materialist form, setting the grounds for the development of a science of society.

Søren Kierkegaard, in contrast, dismissed all systematic philosophy as an inadequate guide to life and meaning. For Kierkegaard, life is meant to be lived, not a mystery to be solved. Arthur Schopenhauer took idealism to the conclusion that the world was nothing but the futile endless interplay of images and desires, advocated atheism and pessimism. Schopenhauer's ideas were taken up and transformed by Nietzsche, who seized upon their various dismissals of the world to proclaim "God is dead" and to reject all systematic philosophy and all striving for a fixed truth transcending the individual. Nietzsche found in this not the possibility of a new kind of freedom. 19th-century British philosophy came to be dominated by strands of neo-Hegelian thought, as a reaction against this, figures such as Bertrand Russell and George Edward Moore began moving in the direction of analytic philosophy, an updating of traditional empiricism to accommodate the new developments in logic of the German mathematician Gottlob Frege.

Renaissance humanism opposed dogma and scholasticism. This new interest in human activities led to the development of political science with The Prince of Niccolò Machiavelli. Humanists differed from Medieval scholars because they saw the natural world as mathematically ordered and pluralistic, instead of thinking of it in terms of purposes and goals. Renaissance philosophy is best explained by two propositions made by Leonardo da Vinci in his notebooks: All of our knowledge has its origins in our perceptions There is no certainty where one can neither apply any of the mathematical sciences nor any of those which are based upon the mathematical sciences. In a similar way, Galileo Galilei based his scientific method on experiments but developed mathematical methods for application to problems in physics; these two ways to conceive human knowledge formed the background for the principle of Empiricism and Rationalism respectively. Pico della Mirandola Nicolas of Cusa Giordano Bruno Galileo Galilei Niccolò Machiavelli Michel de Montaigne Francisco Suárez Modern philosophy traditionally begins with René Descartes and his dictum "I think, therefore I am".

In the early seventeenth century the bulk of philosophy was dominated by Scholasticism, written by theologians and drawing upon Plato and early Church writings. Descartes argued that many predominant Scholastic metaphysical doctrines were false. In short, he proposed to begin philosophy from scratch. In his most important work, Meditations on First Philosophy, he attempts just this, over six brief essays, he tries to set aside as much as he can of all his beliefs, to determine what if anything he knows for certain. He finds that he can doubt nearly everything: the reality of physical objects, his memories, science mathematics, but he cannot doubt that he is, in fact, doubting, he knows what he is thinking about if it is not true, he knows that he is there thinking about it. From this basis he builds his knowledge back up again, he finds that some of the ideas he ha

Sponsored Content

Sponsored Content is the second studio album of Canadian producer Tristan Douglas, known by his stage name as Antwood. Released on September 8, 2017 by the label Planet Mu, Sponsored Content is about "subversive advertising" and how commonplace it is in the media, references to advertising slogans and companies pop up at random to make the listener aware he is being advertised; the album has more content based on Douglas' personal experiences than his previous Antwood album Virtuous.scr. The album was critically well-received for. Douglas' initial plan for a second Antwood album was to approach a similar set of electronic sounds with "different soundscapes, much like opening different corridors," hence why he planned to name it Corridors However, that changed when Douglas subscribed to a popular ASMR channel on YouTube in 2016, he noticed that the content was starting to become more focused on lifestyle videos than actual ASMR content: "It started to affect my life, whereupon I started to sense this phoniness in a lot of it the online content that I trusted and relied upon."

The videos were using "quiet, subtle ads, woven into the content" which appalled him since the channel was "target" people "during times of semi lucid vulnerability."This inspired him to create a concept album regarding "subversive" advertising and how its nearly everywhere in the media, thus the album name changed from Corridors to Sponsored Content. Some critics have described the album. Sponsored Content opens with "Disable Ad Blocker," which deals with websites that force users to turn off their browsers' ad filtering feature in order to access them. "Fiji Water" depicts a water bottle distributor who uses "melodramatic" and "stilted" commercials to advertise their products. The song was based on Fiji Water's advertisements, which Douglas described as "ridiculous," "pretty lofty," and "sensational."Sponsored Content deals with "intentionally devaluing the things" of people, inspired by Douglas "peeking out from behind my self-imposed veil of heavy conceptualization", on his previous Antwood album Virtuous.scr.

Some of the songs were made while he was going through "challenging" experiences: "The New Industry" is about the "physical stress reaction" Douglas dealt with while working at loud industrial places, "Sublingual" is about a time when he drank Wiser's Deluxe and took eleven one-milligram sublingual Ativan pills to get through a performance in Montreal. Douglas explained that the title of the song "ICU" could either mean "I See You" or "Intensive Care Unit," but suggests it's "I See You" since it "sounds like the most horrific version of a FEMA camp routine surveillance check." He said that the tone of "The Hyper Individual" shifts between calm and chaotic to represent "two opposing extremes" in order to question if "a functional person in a constant, steady state of duality" or "save up "prudence points" and use them to vindicate a chaotic, instinctual bender." Sponsored Content is less cluttered in structure than Virtuous.scr. As with Virtuous.scr, Douglas made Sponsored Content with freeware virtual instrument plug-ins, "all FM synthesis and ignorant synthesised stuff" as he put it.

Equipment used on Sponsored Content includes the Ladyada x0xb0x synth on "The New Industry," Alter Ego, a freeware singing synthesizer, used on the album's closing track "Human," and a VHS player that performs a piano software synthesizer on "Human." Writer Luke Pearson noted that on songs like "Fiji Water," the album's digital textures "breath a organic rhythm." A Medium compared sounds of both Sponsored Content and Virtuous.scr to other grime works like Desert Strike by Fatima Al Qadiri and Classical Curves by Jam City. In fleshing out the album's advertising concept, samples of commercials are played at random to make the listener aware they're being advertised to, including whispers of the slogan "I'm Lovin It" and references to Mark Zuckerberg by a digital voice. Categorizing the album as a "glitchy update of The Who Sell Out or the first Sigue Sigue Sputnik album," journalist Paul Simpson described the album as "intense and overwhelming, juxtaposing rapid crashing and whirring noises with sudden, confusing passages of crystalline new age tones throwing in strange samples of tortured screams."Sponsored Content includes samples of a recoding session of a cello performance by one of Douglas' friends.

As Douglas recalled, "I composed the music, but the cello player I had on board was out of practise, so I had to rearrange what he did." "Wait For Yengi" features a finger-picked guitar melody performed by Douglas. "Disable Ad Blocker" includes a set of "memes" in its sound palette such as loud bass sounds, a sample of the PlayStation 2 start-up sound, samples of Rihanna's voice, a "descending, sustained whammy bar note" from the "Eruption" guitar solo by Van Halen. To present the industrial theme, the Aphex Twin-inspired "The New Industry" contains samples of YouTube videos of malfunctioning equipment. "Fiji Water" contains a sample of Mike Paradinas teasing the song in a December 2016 episode of Paradina's podcast Meemo & Mu. "Wait for Yengi" was released as a single on July 10, 2017. On September 5, 2017, self-titled premiered a set of "early prototype" tracks made for Sponsored Content, which includes longer versions of songs from the album and rejected cuts. PopMatters premiered the actual final album via streaming on September 6 before Planet Mu issued it on physical and digital formats on September 8.

The video for "Don't Go" was written and directed by Douglas and UNICORN, a Paris company whose artistic director Paulin Ro

Hydroxylamine

Hydroxylamine is an inorganic compound with the formula NH2OH. The pure material is a white, unstable hygroscopic compound. However, hydroxylamine is always provided and used as an aqueous solution, it is used to prepare an important functional group. It is an intermediate in biological nitrification. In biological nitrification, the oxidation of NH3 to hydroxylamine is mediated by the enzyme ammonia monooxygenase. Hydroxylamine oxidoreductase further oxidizes hydroxylamine to nitrite. Hydroxylamine was first prepared as hydroxylamine hydrochloride in 1865 by the German chemist Wilhelm Clemens Lossen, it was first prepared in pure form in 1891 by the Dutch chemist Lobry de Bruyn and by the French chemist Léon Maurice Crismer. NH2OH can be produced via several routes; the main route is via the Raschig process: aqueous ammonium nitrite is reduced by HSO3− and SO2 at 0 °C to yield a hydroxylamido-N,N-disulfonate anion: NH4NO2 + 2 SO2 + NH3 + H2O → 2 NH4+ + N22−This anion is hydrolyzed to give 2SO4: N22− + H2O → NH− + HSO4− 2 NH− + 2 H2O → 2SO4 + SO2−4Solid NH2OH can be collected by treatment with liquid ammonia.

Ammonium sulfate, 2SO4, a side-product insoluble in liquid ammonia, is removed by filtration. The net reaction is: 2NO−2 + 4SO2 + 6H2O + 6NH3 → 4SO2−4 + 6NH+4 + 2NH2OHHydroxylammonium salts can be converted to hydroxylamine by neutralization: Cl + NaOBu → NH2OH + NaCl + BuOHJulius Tafel discovered that hydroxylamine hydrochloride or sulfate salts can be produced by electrolytic reduction of nitric acid with HCl or H2SO4 respectively: HNO3 + 3H2 → NH2OH + 2H2OHydroxylamine can be produced by the reduction of nitrous acid or potassium nitrite with bisulfite: HNO2 + 2 HSO3− → N22− + H2O → NH− + HSO4− NH− + H3O+ → NH3+ + HSO4− Hydroxylamine reacts with electrophiles, such as alkylating agents, which can attach to either the oxygen or the nitrogen atoms: R-X + NH2OH → R-ONH2 + HX R-X + NH2OH → R-NHOH + HXThe reaction of NH2OH with an aldehyde or ketone produces an oxime. R2C=O + NH2OH∙HCl, NaOH → R2C=NOH + NaCl + H2OThis reaction is useful in the purification of ketones and aldehydes: if hydroxylamine is added to an aldehyde or ketone in solution, an oxime forms, which precipitates from solution.

Oximes, e.g. dimethylglyoxime, are employed as ligands. NH2OH reacts with chlorosulfonic acid to give hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid, a useful reagent for the synthesis of caprolactam. HOSO2Cl + NH2OH → NH2OSO2OH + HClThe hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid, which should be stored at 0 °C to prevent decomposition, can be checked by iodometric titration. Hydroxylamine, or hydroxylamines can be reduced to amines. NH2OH → NH3 R-NHOH → R-NH2Hydroxylamine explodes with heat: 4 NH2OH + O2 → 2 N2 + 6 H2OThe high reactivity comes in part from the partial isomerisation of the NH2OH structure to ammonia oxide, with structure NH3+O−. Substituted derivatives of hydroxylamine are known. If the hydroxyl hydrogen is substituted, this is called an O-hydroxylamine, if one of the amine hydrogens is substituted, this is called an N-hydroxylamine. In general N-hydroxylamines are the more common. To ordinary amines, one can distinguish primary and tertiary hydroxylamines, the latter two referring to compounds where two or three hydrogens are substituted, respectively.

Examples of compounds containing a hydroxylamine functional group are N-tert-butyl-hydroxylamine or the glycosidic bond in calicheamicin. N,O-Dimethylhydroxylamine is a coupling agent, used to synthesize Weinreb amides. SynthesisThe most common method for the synthesis of substituted hydroxylamines is the oxidation of an amine with benzoyl peroxide; some care must be taken to prevent over-oxidation to a nitrone. Other methods include: Hydrogenation of an oxime Alkylation of hydroxylamine The thermal degradation of amine oxides via the Cope reaction Hydroxylamine and its salts are used as reducing agents in myriad organic and inorganic reactions, they can act as antioxidants for fatty acids. In the synthesis of nylon 6, cyclohexanone is first converted to its oxime; this has been used in the past by biologists to introduce random mutations by switching base pairs from G to A, or from C to T. This is to probe functional areas of genes to elucidate. Nowadays other mutagens are used. Hydroxylamine can be used to selectively cleave asparaginyl-glycine peptide bonds in peptides and proteins.

It bonds to and permanently disables heme-containing enzymes. It is used as an irreversible inhibitor of the oxygen-evolving complex of photosynthesis on account of its similar structure to water. An alternative industrial synthesis of paracetamol developed by Hoechst–Celanese involves the conversion of ketone to a ketoxime with hydroxylamine; some non-chemical uses include removal of hair from animal hides and photographic developing solutions. In the semiconductor industry, hydroxylamine is a component in the "resist stripper", which removes photoresist after lithography. Hydroxylamine may explode on heating; the nature of the explosive hazard is not well understood. At least two factories dealin

Adelaide Rams

The Adelaide Rams were an Australian professional rugby league football club based in Adelaide, South Australia. The team was formed in 1995 for the planned rebel Super League competition, which ran parallel to the rival Australian Rugby League competition in 1997; the Rams lasted two seasons, the first in the Super League competition in 1997 and the second in the first season of the National Rugby League in 1998. The Rams were not a successful club, winning only 13 out of 42 games; however crowd numbers in the first season were the fifth highest of any first-grade club that year, but dwindled to sixteenth in the second season. The Adelaide club was shut down at the end of the 1998 season as a result of poor on-field performances, dwindling crowd numbers, financial losses and a reduction in the number of teams in the NRL, they remain the only team from the state of South Australia to have participated in top-level rugby league in Australia. The Australian rules football code, with origins as far back as 1843, had long dominated sport in the state.

South Australia had two teams competing in the national Australian rules competition, the Australian Football League: the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power, the latter starting in the AFL in the same year as the Rams first season in Super League while the Crows won their first two AFL premierships in the same two years the Rams played. The new team from Port Adelaide, who had a large fan base in the local South Australian National Football League competition, the Crows successes in 1997–98 made it much harder for the Rams to compete for fan support, they were competing against the popular Adelaide 36ers who played in the National Basketball League which at the time ran a winter season. Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, was considered an Aussie rules stronghold, in the SANFL had the oldest Aussie Rules Football league, indeed the oldest league of any code, in Australia, as well as a viable Rugby Union competition, running since 1932; the South Australian Rugby League had a First Grade Premiership competition in place since 1976, while league been played competitively in Adelaide since the late 1940s.

The New South Wales Rugby League premiership begun in 1908, as a rugby league competition for clubs in the Sydney region of Australia, a situation that lasted until 1982. The competition expanded outside of NSW to Canberra, to outside of Sydney with a team from Wollongong, in 1988 to Brisbane and the Gold Coast in Queensland, plus a new team from Newcastle. In 1992 the NSWRL decided to extend the competition further, by admitting four new teams for the 1995 competition, one from Western Australia, one from New Zealand and two from Queensland; the NSWRL decided to test the viability of a rugby league team from the South Australian capital, between 1991 and 1995 programmed five matches to be played in Adelaide at the famous Adelaide Oval. In 1991, the St. George Dragons and Balmain Tigers match attracted 28,884 people, the largest attendance for any rugby league game in South Australia and the largest of the entire minor round of the 1991 NSWRL season. Around 20,000 attended the two matches in 1992 and 1993, around 10,000 in 1994 and 1995.

Despite this evidence of popular appeal, the NSWRL in the process of setting up a 20-team competition, could not see their way to admitting a team from Adelaide and their preferred option outside of rugby league strongholds of NSW, Qld and New Zealand was to have a team from Melbourne and another in Perth. By the end of 1995, this was apparent as the ARL had played two international Test matches involving the Australian Kangaroos in Melbourne, as well as three State of Origin games, with Game 2 of the 1994 State of Origin series attracting a Australian record rugby league crowd of 87,161 to the Melbourne Cricket Ground. In 1994, the media company News Limited began developing a rival competition to the long-established NSWRL premiership: the "Super League" premiership. In response to this move the Australian Rugby League, the governing body of rugby league in Australia, took over the NSWRL. After 8 of the 20 teams in the ARL competition signed with News Limited to play in the proposed Super League competition in 1996 the organization began looking for further teams to make the new competition viable.

In June 1995 the South Australian Rugby League, which governs the game of rugby league in South Australia signed with Super League, who subsequently gave it a licence to form a franchise which would allow the SARL to create a Super League team. Another leading factor in the SARL's decision to sign with SL was the promise of greater financial assistance than they were receiving from the ARL; the team was supported by News Limited. Former Australian representatives Tim Pickup and Rod Reddy were named inaugural CEO and head coach respectively. On 13 December 1995, the SARL launched the'Adelaide Rams', the tenth and final team to join the Super League competition. In early March 1996, the ARL were successful in gaining a federal court injunction, a legal ruling that prevented the Super League from beginning competition in 1996 and the Rams were put on hold causing Tim Pickup to stand down from his post in the ensuing months. In mid-1996, News Limited appealed this ruling, which enabled the competition to proceed.

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Richard E. Lawyer

Richard Earl "Dick" Lawyer was a USAF astronaut, test pilot, combat veteran. Although he trained for the USAF Manned Orbital Laboratory, the program was cancelled before any of the MOL crews reached space. Lawyer was born November 1932, in Los Angeles, California, he attended the University of California and received a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1955. After graduating from college, Lawyer joined the U. S. Air trained as a fighter pilot, he was a distinguished graduate of the Air Force Fighter Weapons School and served two combat tours during the Vietnam War. On his first tour early in the conflict, Lawyer served as a forward air controller directing air strikes against enemy troops, he served his second tour in the war as an F-4 pilot and fought in Operation Linebacker. Lawyer became involved in flight test in 1958 when his squadron was selected to test the F-105B, he attended the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB and graduated with class 63A receiving the school's A.

B. Honts Award as the outstanding member of his class for academic achievement and flying excellence. In 1965, Lawyer was selected as one of the first astronauts to the Air Force's classified Manned Orbital Laboratory; the MOL program, canceled in 1969 before sending any astronauts into space, was to man a military space station with Air Force astronauts using a modified Gemini spacecraft. Unable to transfer to NASA due to age restrictions, Lawyer did not achieve his goal of space flight, but continued flying for the Air Force, he retired from USAF service in 1982 as a Colonel. In June 2005, security officers examining a long-unused room at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5/6 museum discovered two spacesuits; the suits were not the usual NASA white but were instead a pale blue color used by the short-lived U. S. Air Force space program; the first suit was labeled 007, the second had both a label, 008, a name, "Lawyer". Investigators determined the second spacesuit was one used by Lawyer, assigned to evaluate spacesuits for the MOL program.

The story of the recovered spacesuits and the history of the MOL program was presented in the Public Television series NOVA episode called Astrospies which aired February 12, 2008. One spacesuit was sent to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum and the other to Florida for exhibition at the U. S. Astronaut Hall of Fame. After retiring from the Air Force, Lawyer worked as a commercial test pilot for a number of firms at the Mojave Airport & Spaceport including the National Test Pilot School, he remained an active pilot up to the time of his death on November 12, 2005. Lawyer had just returned from a hunting trip when he died unexpectedly in his Palmdale, California home of a suspected blood clot, he was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery on January 5, 2006. Lawyer is survived by his wife, five children, nine grandchildren. Hansen, Cathy. "Dick Lawyer Biography". As the Prop Turns. Mojave Airport, California: Mojo Jets. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007.

Retrieved July 3, 2009. Hansen, Cathy. "Dick Lawyer Burial". As the Prop Turns. Mojave Airport, California: Mojo Jets. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved July 3, 2009. Arlington National Cemetery biography of Richard Lawyer. Retrieved July 27, 2008. Spacefacts biography of Richard Lawyer. Retrieved July 27, 2008

Anton Murray

Anton Ronald Andrew Murray was a South African cricketer who played in 10 Test matches in a little over a year from December 1952 to February 1954, appearing four times against Australia and six times against New Zealand. He toured England as a member of the 1955 South African side but did not appear in any of the Tests there. Outside cricket, he was a schoolmaster. Anton Murray was a tall and athletic cricketer: a useful middle or lower order right-handed batsman and a right-arm slow-to-medium-pace bowler who used a lot of variations of pace, he played South African domestic first-class cricket from the 1947–48 season, had a sensational first season for Eastern Province, scoring 133, which proved to be his highest first-class score, in only his second match, the game against Western Province at Cape Town. In the same season, he took seven wickets for 30 runs, his best single-innings haul, in the match against Orange Free State at Bloemfontein; the suspension of the Currie Cup competition over the next two seasons while first England and Australia toured South Africa limited Murray's first-class cricket to just two matches in the first season.

In 1950–51, when the domestic competition resumed, Murray had an unspectacular batting season and, except in one innings, a modest bowling season too: the exception was the match against Transvaal, when he took seven for 109, the second seven-wicket haul of his career. These were seven of only eight Transvaal wickets that fell to bowlers in the match, which Eastern Province lost by 10 wickets. There were more runs and more wickets in the 1951–52 season, but no more centuries or five-wicket innings hauls, but at the end of the South African domestic season he was selected for the match between J. E. Cheetham's XI and D. J. McGlew's XI, used by the South African Test selectors to pick the team to tour Australia and New Zealand the following winter; the first two days of the match were lost to rain, but Murray took four wickets for 36 runs, the best bowling figures of the match, to win a place on the tour. The 1952–53 South African cricket tour to Australia and New Zealand surpassed previous South African Test efforts, with the series against the Australians drawn – all previous series had been lost – and that against New Zealand won.

If the outstanding player for South Africa was the spin bowler Hugh Tayfield many of the others, Murray included, contributed runs, high-class fielding and occasional wickets. Murray made his Test debut in the first Test of the tour, such were the numbers of all-rounders played by South Africa that he batted at No 9, making 18 and an unbeaten 11. In the one match of the series where Australian spin, in the person of Doug Ring, more than matched South African, Murray failed to take a wicket. Packing the side with batsmen paid off for the South Africans in the second Test: Murray, again batting at No 9, joined Percy Mansell with the score at 126 for seven wickets, proceeded to make 51, the highest score in the innings. Fibrositis limited his bowling in the first Australian innings to just three overs. In the second innings, he made 23, he took the wicket of Colin McDonald in Australia's second innings before Tayfield polished off the match by taking seven wickets to finish with 13 wickets in the match.

The Third Test proved to be the South Africans' least successful of the entire tour. Ray Lindwall and Keith Miller were the main reasons for a first innings total of just 177, to which Murray, promoted to bat at No 7, contributed just 4; when the Australians batted, Neil Harvey made 190 and Tayfield broke his left thumb which, though not his bowling hand, restricted his effectiveness. In the event, Murray proved the South Africans' leading wicket taker, but his four wickets, including Harvey, cost him 169 runs in 51.2 eight-ball overs. The figures remained the best of his Test career. Batting again, the South Africans totalled 232 to lose by an innings, Murray made 17. Murray missed the next three weeks of cricket, including the fourth Test match, but resumed his place in the side for fifth Test, which South Africa won to square the series, his own contribution was limited: one wicket and 17 runs in his single innings. The tour moved on to New Zealand, where there were two first-class matches before the two Test matches.

Murray did not play in the first game, but in the second, batting at No 10, he came to the wicket with the South Africans at 155 for eight, 190 behind Canterbury's score. He shared a partnership of 121 with Cheetham, who made 64, an unbroken tenth wicket partnership of 80 with Michael Melle; the innings was declared with Murray 100 not out. The first Test against a weak New Zealand side was dominated by a score of 255 not out by McGlew, the highest individual score for South Africa in Tests to that date. Murray, batting at No 8, joined McGlew with the score at 238 for six and proceeded to hit 109, his first and only Test century, sharing a partnership of 246 which doubled the previous record for the seventh wicket for South Africa in Tests, it was, at the time, the highest seventh wicket partnership in all Test cricket and remains, as of 2009, the fourth highest in all Tests. Murray proved useful with the ball in this Test, taking three for 30 and two for 19 in a total of 51 overs, as New Zealand lost by an innings.

The second Test of the series on a slow pitch at Auckland, was an anticlimax: Murray made six and took one wicket for 29 runs off 31 overs. In the 1953–54 South African domestic season, New Zealand toured for a full series of five Test matches, the domestic Currie Cup competition was suspended for the season. Murray played in four of the five Tests, missing the fourth Test, but was not at all successful: in five innings