Kolhapur is a historic city of Maharashtra. It is the district headquarters of Kolhapur district. Prior to Indian Independence, Kolhapur was a nineteen gun salute princely state ruled by the Bhosale Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire. Kolhapur is mentioned in the Devi Gita, the final and key chapter of the Devi-Bhagavata Purana, a special text of Shaktism. Kolhapur is noted as a place of Kollamma worship. In the text, Devi says, "O King of Mountains! Still I am now telling something out of My affection to My Bhaktas. Hear. There is a great place of pilgrimage named Kollapura in the southern country. Here the Devi Ambabai always dwells." The famous Jyotiba temple is located in the Kolhapur. Kolhapur is famous in west Maharashtra for religious accounts; the Shilahara family at Kolhapur was the latest of the three and was founded about the time of the downfall of the Rashtrakuta Empire. They ruled over southern Maharashtra, their family deity was the goddess Ambabai, whose blessing they claimed to have secured in their copperplate grants.
Like their relatives of the northern branch of Konkan, the Shilaharas of Kolhapur claimed to be of the lineage of the Vidyadhara Jimutavahana. They carried the banner of golden Garuda. One of the many titles used by the Shilaharas was Tagarapuravaradhisvara, supreme sovereign ruler of Tagara; the first capital of the Shilaharas was at Karad during the reign of Jatiga-II as known from their copper plate grant of Miraj and'Vikramankadevacharita' of Bilhana. Hence sometimes they are referred as'Shilaharas of Karad'. Although the capital was shifted to Kolhapur, some of their grants mention Valavada, the hill fort of Pranalaka or Padmanala, as the places of royal residence. Though the capital was shifted to Kolhapur, Karhad retained its significance during the Shilahara period; this branch rose to power the latter part of the Rashtrakuta rule and so, unlike the kings of the other two branches, those of this branch do not mention the genealogy of the Rashtrakutas in their early grants. They acknowledged the suzerainty of the Chalukya for some time.
They had used Kannada as the official language. This branch continued to hold the Southern Maharashtra from circa 940 to 1220. From 940 to 1212 CE, Kolhapur was the centre of power of the Shilahara dynasty. An inscription at Teradal states that the king Gonka was bitten by a snake healed by a Jain monk. Gonka built a temple to Lord Neminath, the twenty-second Jain tirthankara. Jain temples in and around Kolhapur from this era are called Gonka-Jinalya, after the king. Around 1055 CE, during the reign of Bhoja I, a dynamic Acharya named Maghanandi, founded a religious institute at the Rupanarayana Jain temple. Maghanandi is known as Siddhanta-chakravarti, that is, the great master of the scriptures. Kings and nobles of the Shilahara dynasty such as Gandaraditya I who succeeded Bhoja I, were disciples of Maghanandi. Kolhapur was the site of intense confrontation between rulers of the Western Chalukya Empire and the rulers of the Chola empire, Rajadhiraja Chola and his younger brother Rajendra Chola II.
In 1052 CE, following the Battle of Koppam, the victor, Rajendra Chola II, marched on to Kolhapur and there he erected a jayastambha. Between 1109 and 1178 CE, the Kopeshwar temple to Lord Shiva was built by the Shilahara kings, Gandaraditya Chola and Bhoja II in Khidrapur, Kolhapur; the state of Kolhapur was established by Tarabai in 1707 because of the succession dispute over the Maratha kingship. The Maratha throne was governed by descendents of Tarabai. One of the prominent Kings was Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj. In his reign he promoted cost free education to people of all casts and fought against untouchability; the state was annexed by the British in the 19th century. After India's independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Kolhapur acceded to the Dominion of India on 14 August 1947 and merged with Bombay State on 1 March 1949. Kolhapur is sometimes found spelled as Colapore. Kolhapur is referred as Dakshin Kashi due to its rich religious history. According to the myth, Kolhapur was named after the demon Kolhasur.
There are different stories behind the reason he was killed by the Goddess, but it was his dying wish to name the place where he was killed after him. Thus, Kolhapur comes from the name Pur which means a city. Kolhapur is an inland city located in south-west Maharashtra state, 228 km south of Pune, 615 km north-west of Bengaluru and 530 km west of Hyderabad. Within Maharashtra, Kolhapur's nearest cities and towns are Ichalkaranji, Peth Vadgaon Kagal, Kasaba Walva Sangli, Satara. Kolhapur has an elevation of 569 metres, it lies in the Sahayadri mountains in the Western Ghats. Chandgad is the coolest place in the Kolhapur district. Tambraparni river dam is the spectacular place near Umgaon village. Kolhapur's climate is a blend of inland elements common to Maharashtra; the temperature has a narrow range between 10 °C to 35 °C. Summer in Kolhapur is much more humid, than neighbouring inland cities. Maximum temperatures exceed 38 °C and range between 33 and 35 °C. Lows during this season are around 24 °C to 26 °C.
The city receives abundant rainfall from June to September due to its proximity to the Western Ghats. The heavy rains lead to severe flooding during these months. 2005 and 2006 were years when
Kumari Kamala is an Indian dancer and actress. Featured as a child dancer, Kamala appeared in 100 Tamil, Hindi and Kannada films throughout her career. In the 1970s, she became a teacher of the Vazhuvoor style of dance, she was born into a Brahmin family in India. Her sisters Radha and Vasanti are dancers. At an early age Kamala began taking lessons in the Kathak dance style from Lachhu Maharaj in Bombay, she took lessons in Hindustani classical music from Shankar Rao Vyas. She was discovered at age four by Tamil film director A. N. Kalyanasundaram Iyer when he attended a dance recital, he cast her in small roles in his films Valibar Sangam and Ramanama Mahimai where she was billed as Baby Kamala. Her dancing was noticed by other filmmakers and she moved to Hindi films with Kismet and Ram Rajya in 1943. Kamala's mother moved to Madras so her daughter could train under the Bharatanatyam teachers Kattumannarkoil Muthukumara Pillai and Vazhuvoor B. Ramaiyah Pillai. Kamala's first role in a successful Tamil film came in 1944 with Jagathalaprathapan where she performed the Paampu attam.
Kamala played a double role in her next film Sri Valli and played Krishna in the film Meera. However, it was her film Nam Iruvar. Nam Iruvar was full of patriotism and Gandhian songs, its dances helped to revitalize and legitimize Bharatanatyam; the film is credited with sparking a "cultural revolution" throughout the Tamil speaking areas of India. In 1953, Kamala was invited to perform for Queen Elizabeth II during her coronation festivities. In the late 1950s she toured internationally, performing in Japan. In 1970, the government of India awarded her the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, she taught dance for two terms at Colgate University after being awarded its Branta Professorship in 1975. In 1980, Kamala began teaching classical dance, she established a dance school in Shri Bharatha Kamalalaya. In 2010 she received a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts for her contributions to the arts, she was married to cartoonist R. K. Laxman, but the marriage ended in a divorce in 1960.
Her second husband, T. V. Lakshminarayanan, died in 1983, she has one son from Jainand Narayan, an officer in the United States Army. 1967 - Kalaimamani 1968 - Central Sangeet Natak Akademi Award 1970 - Padma Bhushan 1975 - Branta Professorship from Colgate University 1989 - E. Krishna Iyer Medal from the Sruti Foundation 1993 - Sangeeta Ratnakara at the Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana 2002 - Platinum Jubilee award from Madras Music Academy 2010 - National Heritage Fellowship 2012 - Soorya Lifetime Achievement Award in 4th St. Louis Indian Dance Festival 1938 Valibar Sangam 1939 Ramanama Mahimai 1943 Kismet 1943 Ram Rajya 1944 Jagathalaprathapan 1945 Sri Valli 1945 Meera 1945 En magan 1947 Ekambavananan 1947 Katagam 1947 Mahatma Udhangar 1947 Nam Iruvar 1956 Kula Dheivam 1958 Bhookailas 1959 Sivagangai Seemai 1960 Paavai Vilakku 1960 Parthiban Kanavu 1962 Konjum Salangai 1962 Shaadi 1971 Jwala 1973 Chenda Official Website Kumari Kamala on IMDb
All India Radio
All India Radio known since 1956 as Ākāsha Vāṇī is the national public radio broadcaster of India and is a division of Prasar Bharati. It was established in 1930, it is the sister service of an Indian television broadcaster. Headquartered in the Akashvani Bhavan building in New Delhi, it houses the Drama Section, the FM Section, the National Service, is home to the Indian television station Doordarshan Kendra. All India Radio is the largest radio network in the world, one of the largest broadcasting organizations in the world in terms of the number of languages broadcast and the spectrum of socio-economic and cultural diversity it serves. AIR’s home service comprises 420 stations located across the country, reaching nearly 92% of the country’s area and 99.19% of the total population. AIR originates programming in 179 dialects. Ākāśavāni is a Sanskrit word meaning'celestial announcement' or'voice from the sky/heaven'. In Hinduism and Buddhism, Akashvanis are featured in stories as a medium of communication from heaven to mankind.'Akashvani' was first used in the context of radio by M. V. Gopalaswami in 1936 after setting up India's first private radio station in his residence, "Vittal Vihar".
Akashvani was adopted as All India Radio's on-air name in 1957. Broadcasting began in June 1923 during the British Raj with programs by the Bombay Presidency Radio Club and other radio clubs. According to an agreement on 23 July 1927, the private Indian Broadcasting Company Ltd was authorized to operate two radio stations: the Bombay station which began on 23 July 1927, the Calcutta station which followed on 26 August 1927; the company went into liquidation on 1 March 1930. The government took over the broadcasting facilities and began the Indian State Broadcasting Service on 1 April 1930 on an experimental basis for two years, permanently in May 1932 it went on to become All India Radio on 8 June 1936. On 1 October 1939, the External Service began with a broadcast in Pushtu, it was intended to counter radio propaganda from Germany directed at Afghanistan and Arab nations. 1939 saw the opening of the Dhaka station of Eastern India, in what is now Bangladesh. This station nurtured the pioneers of Bengali intellectuals.
The foremost among them, Natyaguru Nurul Momen, became the trail-blazer of the talk-show in 1939. He wrote and directed the first modern radio-play for this station in 1942; when India became independent in 1947, the AIR network had only six stations. The three radio stations at Lahore and Dhaka remained in what became Pakistan after the division; the total number of radio sets in India at that time was about 275,000. On 3 October 1957, the Vividh Bharati Service was launched. Television broadcasting began in Delhi in 1959 as part of AIR, but was split off from the radio network as Doordarshan on 1 April 1976. FM broadcasting began on 23 July 1977 in Chennai, expanded during the 1990s. Deccan Radio, the first radio station in Hyderabad State, went live on air on 3 February 1935, it was launched by Mir Osman Ali Khan the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad with a transmitting power of 200 Watts. On 1 April 1950, Deccan Radio was taken over by the Indian Government, in 1956 it was merged with All India Radio. Since it has been known as AIR-Hyderabad.
AIR has many services in a number of each serving different regions across India. Vividh Bharati is one of the best-known services of All India Radio, its name translates as "Diverse Indian". It is known as the Commercial Broadcasting Service or CBS. Commercially, it is popular in Mumbai and other large cities. Vividh Bharati offers a wide range of programs including news, film music, short plays and comedy, it operates on different medium wave-band frequencies in each city. Some programs broadcast on Vividh Bharati are: Hawa-mahal: Radio plays based on novels and plays Santogen ki mehfil: Comedy Primary Channel National Channel The headquarters of the Regional Deputy Directors General are located in Delhi and Chandigarh and Bhopal, Kolkata and Ahmedabad, Chennai and Bangalore. All frequencies are in kHz; the external services of All India Radio are broadcast in 27 languages to countries outside India via high-power shortwave band broadcasts. Medium wave is used to reach neighbouring countries. In addition to broadcasts targeted at specific countries by language, there is a General Overseas Service broadcasting in English with 8¼ hours of programming each day aimed at a general international audience.
The external broadcasts were begun on 1 October 1939 by the British government to counter the propaganda of the Nazis directed at the Afghan people. The first broadcasts were in Pushto, beamed to the North-West Frontier Province. Broadcasts soon began in other languages including: Dari, Arabic, Burmese, Chinese and French; the external services broadcast in 16 foreign and 11 Indian languages, with a total program output of 70¼ hours per day on medium and shortwave frequencies. Two high powered FM stations of All India Radio are being installed in Amritsar and Fazilka in the Punjab to supplement the programs broadcast from transmitters operating from Jalandhar, New Delhi and Mumbai and to improve the broadcast services during unfavourable weather conditions in the border regions of Punjab. Today, the External Services
The tola Punjabi: ਤੋਲਾ transliterated as tolah or tole, is a traditional Ancient Indian and South Asian unit of mass, now standardised as 180 troy grains or 3/8 troy ounce. It was the base unit of mass in the British Indian system of weights and measures introduced in 1833, although it had been in use for much longer, it was used in Aden and Zanzibar: in the latter, one tola was equivalent to 175.90 troy grains. The tola is a Vedic measure, with the name derived from the Sanskrit tol meaning "weighing" or "weight". One tola was traditionally the weight of 100 ratti seeds, its exact weight varied according to locality. However, it is a convenient mass for a coin: several pre-colonial coins, including the currency of Akbar the Great, had a mass of "one tola" within slight variation; the first rupee, minted by Sher Shah Suri, had a mass of 178 troy grains, or about 1% less than the British tola. The British East India Company issued a silver rupee coin of 180 troy grains, this became the practical standard mass for the tola well into the 20th century.
The British tola of 180 troy grains can be seen as more of a standardisation than a redefinition: the previous standard in the Bengal Presidency, the system of "sicca weights", was the mass of one Murshidabad rupee, 179.666 troy grains. For the larger weights used in commerce, the variation in the pre-1833 standards was found to be greater than the adjustment; the tola formed the base for units of mass under the British Indian system, was the standard measure of gold and silver bullion. Although the tola has been replaced by metric units since 1956, it is still in current use, is a popular denomination for gold bullion bars in Bangladesh, Nepal and Singapore, with a ten tola bar being the most traded. In Nepal, minting of tola size gold coins continue up to the present though the currency of Nepal is called rupee and has no official connection to the tola, it is used in most gold markets in the United Arab Emirates and in all the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf countries.
Tola is still used as a measure of charas. On the black market, one tola equals a mass of ~10g and not the actual mass of one tola. Troy ounce Dus Tola
Amiya Chandra Chakravarty was an Indian literary critic and Bengali poet. He was a close associate of Rabindranath Tagore, edited several books of his poetry, he was an associate of Gandhi, an expert on the American catholic writer and monk, Thomas Merton. Chakravarty was honoured for his own poetry with the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1963, he taught literature and comparative religion in India for nearly a decade and for more than two decades at universities in England and the U. S. In 1970, he was honoured by the Government of India with the Padma Bhushan award, he studied in Hare School and graduated from St. Columba's College, under Patna University, he joined Visva-Bharati University in 1921 as a student. He became a teacher there, he was literary secretary to Rabindranath Tagore from 1924 to 1933. During this time, he was a close associate of the poet, he was Tagore's travel companion during his tours to Europe and America in 1930 and to Iran and Iraq in 1932. He was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, walking with Gandhi in the Salt March of 1930.
Following his 1933 journey with Tagore, he left India to study at Oxford University, in 1937 earned a D. Phil, he worked at Oxford as a senior research fellow from 1937 to 1940. During this time, he taught in Selly Oak College in Birmingham as a lecturer, he moved back to India in 1940 to become a Professor of English at the University of Calcutta. In 1948, Chakravarty moved to the USA to join the Department of English in Howard University, he was a visiting fellow in English at Yale University, a fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton during 1950-51. In 1953, he became a Professor of Literature, Boston University, he held professorships at Smith College and the State University of New York at New Paltz. He wrote both poetry and prose and a number of articles in journals of India and the United States, he wrote many verse collections in Bengali, most notable among these are Chalo Jai and Ghare Pherar Din. His poetry reflects humanism and a great love of nature and beauty, he was awarded the Unesco Prize for Chalo Jai.
In 1963, he received the Sahitya Akademi Award for Ghare Pherar Din. He authored the book Dynasts and the Post-war Age in Poetry, a critical work on Thomas Hardy's poetry. Chakravarty met with many of the notable figures of his time, including Jawaharlal Nehru, Albert Schweitzer, Boris Pasternak, Albert Einstein and Thomas Merton, he visited Merton in November 1966 at the Abbey of Gethsemani in Kentucky. Merton dedicated his book and the Birds of Appetite, to Chakravarty, he served as a delegate to the United Nations for India Chakaravarty edited a number of English translations of Tagore's works. Most well-known among these are: The Housewarming and other Selected Writings, he was a consulting editor for The Asian journal of Thomas Merton by Thomas Merton. Padma Bhushan from the Govt. of India The Deshikottama from Visva-Bharati Sahitya Akademi Award Visva-bharati page on Amiya Chakravarty Excerpts from a 1993 book on Amiya Chakravarty Influence of Baudelaire on Bengali Poetry William Penn Lecture by Amiya Chakravarty on Gandhi's work and message
Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2011 it is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million. The larger Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016. Mumbai has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city, it is the wealthiest city in India, has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings; the seven islands that constitute Mumbai were home to communities of Koli people, who originated in Gujarat in prehistoric times. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay.
During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. Mumbai is the financial and entertainment capital of India, it is one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16% of India's GDP and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India, 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. The city houses important financial institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India, the SEBI and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations.
It is home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Indian Rare Earths, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic Energy Commission of India, the Department of Atomic Energy. The city houses India's Hindi and Marathi cinema industries. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over India, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures; the name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess Mumbadevi of the native Koli community— and ā'ī meaning "mother" in the Marathi language, the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra. The Koli people originated in Kathiawad and Central Gujarat, according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawad, where she is still worshipped. However, other sources disagree.
The oldest known names for the city are Galajunkja. In 1508, Portuguese writer Gaspar Correia used the name "Bombaim" in his Lendas da Índia; this name originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay", Bombaim is still used in Portuguese. In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana appears to refer to the adjoining town of Thane and Maiambu to Mumbadevi. Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include: Mombayn, Bombain, Monbaym, Mombaym, Bombaiim, Boon Bay, Bon Bahia. After the English gained possession of the city in the 17th century, the Portuguese name was anglicised as Bombay. Ali Muhammad Khan, imperial dewan or revenue minister of the Gujarat province, in the Mirat-i Ahmedi referred to the city as Manbai; the French traveller Louis Rousselet who visited in 1863 and 1868 tells us in his book L’Inde des Rajahs: "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bôa Bahia, or, not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, that she still... possesses a temple".
By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Gujarati and Sindhi, as Bambai in Hindi. The Government of India changed the English name to Mumbai in November 1995; this came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, mirrored similar name changes across the country and in Maharashtra. According to Slate magazine, "they argued that'Bombay' was a corrupted English version of'Mumbai' and an unwanted legacy of British colonial rule." Slate said "The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region." While the city is still referred to as Bombay by some of its residents and by Indians from other regions, mention of the ci
Kolhapur State or Kolhapur Maratha Kingdom was a Maratha princely State of British India, under the Deccan Division of the Bombay Presidency, the Deccan States Agency. It was considered the most important of the Maratha principalities with the others being Baroda State, Gwalior State and Indore State, its rulers, of the Bhonsle dynasty, were entitled to a 19-gun salute – thus Kolhapur was known as a 19-gun state. The state flag was a swallow-tailed saffron pennant. Kolhapur State, together with its jagirs or feudatory vassal estates, covered an area of 3,165 square miles. According to the 1901 census, the state population was 910,011, of which 54,373 resided in Kolhapur Town. In 1901, the state enjoyed an estimated revenue of £300,000; the Maharajas of Kolhapur have a common ancestry with the Bhonsle dynasties of Tanjore and Satara, claiming descent from the Maratha royal clan Bhonslà. The states of Satara and Kolhapur came into being in 1707, because of the succession dispute over the Maratha kingship.
Shahuji, the heir apparent to the Maratha kingdom, captured by the Mughals at the age of nine, remained their prisoner at the death of his father Sambhaji, the elder son of Shivaji Maharaj the founder of the Maratha Empire in 1689. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed her son Shivaji II, as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency; the Mughals released Shahu under certain conditions in 1707, he returned to claim his inheritance. He defeated the regent at the Battle of Khed and established himself at Satara, forcing her to retire with her son to Kolhapur. By 1710 two separate principalities had become an established fact. Shivaji II and Tarabai were soon deposed by the other widow of Rajasbai, she installed Sambhaji II as the new ruler of Kolhapur. Sambhaji II signed the Treaty of Warana in 1731 with his cousin Shahu to formalize the two separate seats of Bhonsle family; the British sent expeditions against Kolhapur in 1765 and 1792. In the early years of the 19th century the British invaded again, appointed a political officer to temporarily manage the state.
A Brahmin regent called Daji Krishna Pandit was installed by the British to govern the state in 1843 at a time when the natural heir to the throne was underage. He took direction from a political agent of the East India Company and among their actions were reforms to the tax of land; these reforms caused much resentment and, despite Kolhapur having refrained from involvement in the previous Anglo-Maratha Wars, a revolt against the British began in 1844. The rebellion began with soldiers locking themselves into hill-forts such as those as Panhala and Vishalgad, spread to Kolhapur itself. Both the regent and the political agent were captured by the militia forces led by Babaji Ahirekar; the last ruler of Kolhapur was HH Maharaja Chhatrapati Shahaji II. After Indian independence in 1947, Kolhapur acceded to the Dominion of India on 14 August 1947 and merged into Bombay State on 1 March 1949. In 1960 Bombay state was divided by languages into the states of Gujarat; the boundaries of former Kolhapur state correspond closely with those of modern-day Kolhapur district in Maharashtra state.
1710 – 2 Aug 1714 Shivaji II 2 Aug 1714 – 18 Dec 1760 Sambhaji II 20 Dec 1760 – 17 Feb 1773 Rani Jiji Bai – Regent 22 Sep 1762 – 24 Apr 1813 Shivaji III 24 Apr 1813 – 2 Jul 1821 Sambhaji III 2 Jul 1821 – 3 Jan 1822 Shivaji IV 2 Jul 1821 – 3 Jan 1822 Shahaji -Regent 3 Jan 1822 – 29 Nov 1838 Shahaji 29 Nov 1838 – 4 Aug 1866 Shivaji V 29 Nov 1838 – 1845 Rani Sai Bai -Regent 4 Aug 1866 – 30 Nov 1870 Rajaram II Nagaji Rao 30 Nov 1870 – 12 Oct 1871 Rani Tara Bai – Regent 12 Oct 1871 – 25 Dec 1883 Shivaji VI Chhatrapati Narayana Rao 25 Dec 1883 – 17 Mar 1884 Rani Anand Bai – Regent 17 Mar 1884 – 1900 Shahu Chhatrapati Jashwant 1900 – 6 May 1922 Shahu Chhatrapati 17 Mar 1884 – 20 Mar 1885 Jaisinhrao Ghatge -Regent 6 May 1922 – 26 Nov 1940 Rajaram III Chhatrapati 26 Nov 1940 – 18 Nov 1942 Tara Bai -Regent 18 Nov 1942 – 28 Sep 1946 Shivaji VII Chhatrapati 22 Nov 1942 – 31 Mar 1947 Tara Bai -Regent 31 Mar 1947 – 15 Aug 1947 Shahaji II Chhatrapati Maratha Maratha Empire List of Maratha dynasties and states List of princely states of British India Maharajas of Kolhapur Panhala Fort Copland, Ian.
"The Maharaja of Kolhapur and the Non-Brahmin Movement 1902-10". Modern Asian Studies. 7: 209–225. JSTOR 311776.. Media related to Kolhapur State at Wikimedia Commons Kolhapur History and Genealogy royalark Mumbai and Princely States Heraldry