Mohammad Akram Khan

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Mohammad Akram Khan
MohammadAkramKhan.jpg
Khan (before 1947)
Native name
মওলানা মুহাম্মদ আকরাম খাঁ
Bornc. 1868
Died18 August 1969(1969-08-18) (aged 100–101)
Dhaka, East Pakistan, Pakistan
Alma materCalcutta Madrasah (present Aliah University)

Mohammad Akram Khan (c. 1868 – August 18, 1969) was a Bengali journalist, politician and Islamic scholar. He was the founder of Dhaka's first Bengali newspaper, The Azad.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Khan was born in Hakimpur, 24 Parganas district of Bengal Presidency, British India (in present-day West Bengal) in 1868, he did not have a British education but studied at Calcutta Madrasah (now Aliah University).[1] He entered the journalism profession at a very young age before becoming involved in politics.

Career[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Early in his career, he worked at newspapers Ahl-i-Hadith and Mohammadi Akhbar. Between 1908 and 1921, he worked as the editor of the Mohammadi and the Al-Islam. He published the Zamana and the Sebak between 1920 and 1922. Sebak was banned and Akram Khan was arrested on the basis that his anti-government editorials supported the Non-cooperation Movement and the Swadeshi movement.

From October 1936, Akram Khan began publishing the newspaper The Azad, which generated support for the Muslim League in Bengal.[2]

Political career[edit]

Before joining politics, while as a student of Calcutta Alia Madrasa, Khan formed a movement in favour of teaching all subjects in Bangladesh. Akram Khan was also one of the founding members of the Muslim League in 1906, he was involved in the Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movement from 1918 to 1924. He was elected secretary of the All India Khilafat Committee at the conference held at Ahsan Manzil in Dhaka in 1920, which was attended by other eminent Khilafat Movement leaders like Abul Kalam Azad, Maniruzzaman Islamabadi and Mujibur Rahman.[1] Akram was responsible for collecting funds for the Ottoman caliphate. During 1920–1923, he organised public meetings in different parts of Bengal to propagate the cause of the Khilafat and the Non-cooperation Movement; as a believer in Hindu-Muslim amity, Akram Khan supported Chitta Ranjan Das's Swaraj Party in Kolkata in 1922, and also the Bengal pact in 1923.[1] But due to the communal riots of 1926–1927 and other contemporary political developments, Akram Khan lost his faith in Indian nationalist politics and left both the Swaraj Party and Congress.[1]

From 1929 to 1935, Khan was deeply involved in the Krishak Praja Party. However, he left peasant politics in 1936 and became an activist for the Muslim League, he was a member of the central working committee of the League until 1947. After the partition of India in 1947, he opted for East Bengal and settled in Dhaka, he was the President of Muslim League (East Pakistan) until he retired from politics in 1960.[1]

Akram Khan was also involved in the Bengali Language Movement of 1952,[3] he was also a founding member of Pakistan's Council of Islamic Ideology, a constitutional body formed in 1962.[4]

Death[edit]

Khan died on 18 August 1969,[5] he was buried at the Ahl-i-Hadith Bangshal mosque at Lalbagh PS in Dhaka.

Literary works[edit]

  • Samasya O Samadhan
  • Mostafa Charit
  • Amparar Tafseer
  • Tafser-a-Quran
  • Muslim Banglar Samajik Itihas

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Razzaq, Rana. "Khan, Mohammad Akram". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  2. ^ Yusuf, Ananta (20 February 2015). "Story of the Bangla press". The Daily Star. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Maulana Akram Khan: Pioneer of Bengali Muslim journalism". The New Nation. 26 August 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Advisory body of Islamic ideology set up". Dawn. 31 July 2012 [Originally published 1962]. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Death anniversary of Maulana Akram Khan Friday". bdnew24.com. 16 August 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2014.

External links[edit]

  • Akram Khan: Journalist and litterateur; The New Nation
  • বৃহস্পতিবার মাওলানা মোহাম্মদ আকরম খাঁ’র ৪৩তম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী; brahmanbaria24.com