Mohammad Taqi Mirza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mohammad Taqi Mirza
Mohammad Taghi Mirza reverse.jpg
Portrait of Prince Mohammad Taqi Mirza Qajar "Hessam os-Saltaneh, 7th son of Fath Ali Shah.
Born(1791-10-05)5 October 1791
Tehran
Died1853 (aged 61–62)
DynastyQajar
FatherFath Ali Shah Qajar
MotherZeynab Khanom

Mohammad Taqi Mirza "Hessam os-Saltaneh (5 October 1791 – 1853) was a Persian Prince of the Qajar Dynasty, son of Fath Ali Shah. He was Governor-General (beglerbegi) of Kermanshah and of Boroujerd.

Life[edit]

Mohammad Taqi Mirza also written Mohammad Taghi Mirza was born 5 October 1791 at Tehran as Fath Ali Shah's 7th son by the latter's temporary (sighe) wife Zeynab Khanom, daughter of Ali Mardan Khan Bakhtiari, supreme chief of the Chahar Lang division of the Bakhtiari tribe. Thus, he was one of the shah's twelve senior sons attending the official receptions at court depicted in several portraits, his only full sister was Princess Maryam Khanom (Fath Ali Shah's 5th daughter). In 1818 he commanded the attack on the Castle of Shirvan and his imperial father entitled him Hessam os-Saltaneh (lit. "Saber of the Monarchy"). After his eldest brother Mohammad Ali Mirza, the governor-general of Kermanshah, died from cholera in 1823 Mohammad Taqi Mirza was made 1826-1829 governor of that province. 1831-1834 he was made governor of Boroujerd. At his father's death in 1834 he was with some brothers imprisoned in the Ardabil citadel by the prime minister to avoid any attempts against the succession of the princes' nephew Mohammad Shah Qajar, he was released in 1848 by the next Qajar ruler Nasir al-Din Shah. Mohammad Taqi Mirza was also a poet under the pen name "Shokat".[1][2][3]

Fath Ali Shah enthroned on the Peacock Throne with his twelve senior sons. At the shah's left hand side, upper row, third person is Mohammad Taqi Mirza.

Family[edit]

Marriages[edit]

Mohammad Taqi Mirza married four wives: His first wife was the daughter of Hajji Mirza Ebrahim Khan "Mirza Shafi", sometimes prime minister to Fath Ali Shah, his chief and most prominent wife according to tribal customs of the Qajar house (galin khanom) was a daughter of Hossein Qoli Khan Donboli, the Khan of Khoy Khanate. Additionally he married a Turkmen lady, and the daughter of Mirza Ahmad Khalifeh Soltani.[4]

Offspring[edit]

Sons[edit]

  • Abolfath Mirza
  • Shoja ol-Molk Mirza
  • Aurangzeb Mirza "Zibul 'Ulama"
  • Abusaid Mirza
  • Tahmoures Mirza
  • Amir Teymur Mirza, his daughter married her cousin Prince Anoushiravan Mirza "Zia' od-Dowleh" eldest son of Bahman Mirza.
  • Mohammad Safi Mirza
  • Alamgir Mirza
  • Jalal od-Din Mirza
  • Sanjar Mirza
  • Darab Mirza
  • Amir Sheikh Mirza
  • Eshaq Mirza
  • Kamran Mirza
  • Abolhassan Mirza( Sheikh Reis Qajar)
  • Habib Allah Mirza ( ? - oct. 1908, assassinated in Sari by Khalatbari rebels)
  • Amir Hossein Mirza
  • Haidar Mirza
  • Ali Morad Mirza

Daughters[edit]

  • Jahan Soltan Khanom, married her paternal cousin Prince Badi os-Zaman Mirza and had issued.
  • Malek Soltan Khanom, married her paternal cousin Prince Bahman Mirza son of crown prince Abbas Mirza and had issued.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmad Mirza Azod al-Dawleh: Tarikh-e Azodi, transl. by Manouchehr M. Eskandari-Qajar, 2014, p. 31 ff.
  2. ^ Manouchehr M. Eskandari-Qajar: "The Negarestan Mural", in: Qajar Studies, Vol VIII, 2008
  3. ^ Fereydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn, "The Fath Ali Shah Project", in: Qajar Studies, Vol IV, 2004, p. 181.
  4. ^ Fereydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn, "The Fath Ali Shah Project", in: Qajar Studies, Vol IV, 2004, p. 181.
  5. ^ Fereydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn, "The Fath Ali Shah Project", in: Qajar Studies, Vol IV, 2004, p. 181.

Sources[edit]

  • Azod al-Dawleh, Soltan Ahmad Mirza (2014). Tarikh-e Azodi: Life at the Court of the Early Qajar Shahs, transl. by M. Eskandari-Qajar. Washington DC: Mage Publishers.
  • Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn, Fereydoun (2004). Qajar Studies - Journal of the International Qajar Studies Association, Vol IV: "The Fath Ali Shah Project", pp. 165-213. Rotterdam: Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn.
  • Eskandari-Qajar, Manouchehr M. (2008). Qajar Studies - Journal of the International Qajar Studies Association, Vol VIII: "The Message of the Negarestan Mural of Fath Ali Shah and His Sons: Snapshot of Court Protocol or Determination of Dynastic Succession", pp 17-41. Rotterdam: Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn.