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Mohammed Omar

Mullah Mohammed Omar known as Mullah Omar, was an Afghan mujahideen commander who founded the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in 1996. The Taliban recognized him as the Commander of the Faithful or the Supreme Leader of the Muslims until being succeeded by Mullah Akhtar Mansour in 2015; some sources described Mullah Omar as "Head of the Supreme Council of Afghanistan". The Supreme Council was established at Kandahar in 1994. Born into a poor family with no political connections, Omar joined the Afghan mujahideen in their war against the Soviet Union and the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan during the 1980s, he by 1995 had captured much of southern Afghanistan. During his tenure as Emir of Afghanistan, Omar left the city of Kandahar and met with outsiders, he was known for living in austere conditions. He ordered the destruction of the Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan in 2001, he became wanted by the U. S. Government after being accused of harbouring Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda militants after the September 11 attacks.

He fled the American invasion of Afghanistan and directed the Taliban insurgency against NATO-led forces and the new government of Afghanistan. Omar died in April 2013 of tuberculosis, his death was kept secret by the Taliban for two years until it was revealed in July 2015 by Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security. According to most sources, Omar was born sometime between 1950 and 1962 in a village in Kandahar Province, Kingdom of Afghanistan; some suggest his birth year as 1950 or 1953, or as late as around 1966. According to a "surprise biography" published by the Taliban in April 2015, he was born in 1960, his exact place of birth is uncertain. Matinuddin writes that he was born in 1961 in Panjwai District, Kandahar Province. Others say. In Omar's entry in the UNSC's Taliban Sanctions List, "Nodeh village, Deh Rahwod District, Uruzgan Province" is given as a possible birthplace. Other reports say Omar was born in 1960 in Noori village near Kandahar.'Noori village, Maiwand District, Kandahar Province' is a second location suggested in Omar's entry in the Sanctions List.

According to a biography of Mullah Omar published online by the Taliban in April 2015, he was born in 1960 in the village of Chah-i-Himmat, in Khakrez District, Kandahar Province. It has been mentioned that Sangasar was his home village. Better established than Omar's place of birth is that his childhood home was in Deh Rahwod District, Uruzgan Province, having moved to a village there with his uncle after the death of his father, he attended Darul Uloom Haqqania. An ethnic Pashtun, he was born in conservative rural Afghanistan to a poor landless family of the Hotak tribe, part of the larger Ghilzai branch. According to Hamid Karzai, "Omar's father was a local religious leader, but the family was poor and had no political links in Kandahar or Kabul, they were lower middle class Afghans and were not members of the elite." His father Mawlawi Ghulam Nabi Akhund died. According to Omar's own words he was 3 years old when his father died, thereafter he was raised by his uncles. One of his uncles married Omar's mother, the family moved to a village in the poor Deh Rawod District, where the uncle was a religious teacher.

It is reported. After the 1978 Saur Revolution in Afghanistan, Omar went to Karachi, Pakistan, in 1979 to study at the Jamia Uloom-ul-Islamia, the city's premier seminary for orthodox Sunni Muslims. After the Soviet invasion, the family moved to Tarinkot in Urozgan province. Young Mohammed was left to fend for his family. Unemployed, Omar moved to Singesar village in Kandahar province and became the mullah, where he established a madrassa in a mud hut, he returned to Afghanistan in 1982 to fight with Hizb-e-Islami party, one of seven such parties training across the Afghan province. Omar fought as a rebel soldier with the anti-Soviet Mujahideen under the command of Nek Mohammed of the Hizb-e-Islami Khalis, but he did not fight against the communist regime of Najibullah between 1989 and 1992, it was reported that he was "a crack marksman who had destroyed many Soviet tanks during the Afghan War". Omar was wounded four times. Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef claims to have been present when exploding shrapnel destroyed one of Omar's eyes during a battle in Sangsar, Panjwaye District shortly before the 1987 Battle of Arghandab.

Other sources place this event in the 1989 Battle of Jalalabad. Unlike many Afghan mujaheddin, Omar spoke Arabic, he was devoted to the lectures of Sheikh Abdullah Azzam and took a job teaching in a madrassa in Quetta, Pakistan. He moved to a mosque in Karachi where he led prayers and met with Osama bin Laden for the first time. Following the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan in 1989 and the collapse of Najibullah's regime in 1992, the country fell into chaos as various mujahideen factions fought for control. Mullah Omar went back to the madrassa at Singesar, although when he returned to religious teaching is unclear. According to one legend, in 1994, he had a dream. You must end the chaos. Allah will help you." Mullah Omar started his movement with less than 50 armed madrassah students who were known as the Taliban (Pashtun for'stu

Barratry (common law)

Barratry is a legal term with several meanings. In common law, barratry is the offense committed by people who are "overly officious in instigating or encouraging prosecution of groundless litigation" or who bring "repeated or persistent acts of litigation" for the purposes of profit or harassment. Although it remains a crime in some jurisdictions, barratry has been abolished as being anachronistic and obsolete. If barratrous litigation is deemed to be for the purpose of silencing critics, it is known as a strategic lawsuit against public participation. Jurisdictions that otherwise have no barratry laws may have SLAPP laws. In admiralty law, barratry is misconduct by the master or crew of a vessel against the shipowner, such misconduct damaging the ship or its cargo. In Australia, the term barratry is predominantly used in the first sense of a frivolous or harassing litigant; the concept has fallen into disuse in Australia. The offence of being a common barrator was abolished in New South Wales by Section 4A of the Maintenance and Barratry Abolition Act 1993.

In Canada, alongside all common law offences except contempt of court, were abolished by the 1953 consolidation of the Criminal Code. In England and Wales the common law offence of being a common barrator was abolished by section 13 of the Criminal Law Act 1967. Being a common barrator was an offence under the common law of England, it was classified as a misdemeanor. It consisted of "persistently stirring up quarrels in the Courts or out of them", it is uncertain whether, in the ordinary way, persons charged with commission of the offence were dealt with by indictment. There were two such cases tried at the Old Bailey, one in 1735 and the other in 1741. In both cases, the finding was not guilty. In 1966, the Law Commission recommended for the offence to be abolished, it said that there had been no indictments for this offence for "many years" and that, as an indictable misdemeanor, it was "wholly obsolete". Its recommendation was implemented by the Criminal Law Act 1967. In Scots law, barratry referred to the crime committed by a judge, induced by bribery to pronounce judgment.

Several jurisdictions in the United States have declared barratry to be a crime as part of their tort reform efforts. For example, in the U. S. states of California, Pennsylvania and Washington, barratry is a misdemeanor. In Texas, barratry is a felony on subsequent convictions. California Penal Code Section 158: "Common barratry is the practice of exciting groundless judicial proceedings, is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months and by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars." California Penal Code Section 159: "No person can be convicted of common barratry except upon proof that he has excited suits or proceedings at law in at least three instances, with a corrupt or malicious intent to vex and annoy." Revised Code of Washington 9.12.010: "Every person who brings on his or her own behalf, or instigates, incites, or encourages another to bring, any false suit at law or in equity in any court of this state, with intent thereby to distress or harass a defendant in the suit, or who serves or sends any paper or document purporting to be or resembling a judicial process, not in fact a judicial process, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

Virginia laws on barratry and maintenance were overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States in NAACP v. Button 371 U. S. 415. Vermont Statutes Title 13, § 701: "A person, a common barrator shall be fined not more than $50.00 and become bound with sufficient surety for his or her good behavior for not less than one year." In his Inferno, Canto XXI, Dante places barrators in fifth bolgia of Hell. Abuse of process Ambulance chasing Bleak House Champerty Collegatary Forum shopping In terrorem Legal threat Legal advertising Malicious prosecution Vexatious litigation frivolous or vexatious Isaac Wunder order NAACP v. Button

2010 Tanzania music awards

The 11th edition of the Tanzania Music Awards took place at the Diamond Jubilee Hall in Dar es Salaam, on Friday 14 May 2010. The event was anchored by Jokate Mwegelo. Bongo Flava singer Diamond was the big winner of the night with three awards out of four nominations, a remarkable result for a newcomer. Winners are in bold text. Banana Zorro Ali Kiba Christian Bella Marlow Mzee Yusuph Lady Jaydee Khadija Yusuph Maunda Zoro Mwasiti Vumilia Mzee Yusuf Banana Zorro Fid Q Lady Jaydee Mrisho Mpoto Mzee Abuu Diamond Amini Barnaba Belle 9 Quick Racka Chid Benzi Fid Q Joh Makini Mangwea Professor J Kitokololo Chokoraa Diouf Ferguson Totoo Ze Bingwa Diamond -'Kamwambie' Banana Zorro -'Zoba' Hussein M -'Kwa Ajili Yako' Marlow -'Pii Pii' Mrisho Mpoto -'Nikipata Nauli' CPwaa -'Problems' AY -'Leo' Banana Zorro -'Zoba' Diamond -'Kamwambie' Lady Jaydee -'Natamani Kuwa Malaika' Marlaw -'Pii Pii' Ali Kiba -'Usiniseme' Banana Zorro -'Zoba' Chege -'Karibu Kiumeni' Mataluma -'Mama Ubaya' Diamond -'Kamwambie' AT featuring Stara Thomas -'Nipigie' Belle 9 -'Masogange' Maunda Zoro -'Mapenzi ya Wawili' Steve -'Sogea Karibu' Joh Makini -'Stimu Zimelipiwa' Chid Benz -'Pom Pom Pisha' Fid Q -'Im a professional' Mangwea -'CNN' Quick Racka -'Bullet' AT ft Stara Thomas -'Nipigie' Barnaba/Pipi -'Njia Panda' FA/Prof Jay/Sugu -'Nazeeka Sana' Hussein M/Joh Makini -'Utaipenda' Mangwea/Fid Q -'CNN' African Stars Band -'Mwana Dar es Salaam' African Stars B -'Shida Darasa' Extra Bongo -'Mjini Mipango' FM Academia -'Vuta Nikuvute' K-Mondo -'Magambo' Machozi Band -'Nilizama' Wahapahapa -'Chei Chei' African Stars Band -'Mwana Dar es Salaam' Kalunde Band -'Hilda' Msondo Ngoma -'Huna Shukurani' Bwana Misosi -'Mungu Yuko Bize' Benjamini wa Mambo J -'Fly' Drezzy Chief -'Wasanii' Dully Sykes -'Shikide' AY ft Wahu -'Leo' Dabo ft Mwasiti -'Don't Let I Go' Hemedi -'Alcohol' Matonya/Bella -'Umoja ni nguvu' Man Snepa -'Barua' Jahazi Modern Taraab -'Daktari wa Mapenzi' 5 Star -'Wapambe Msitujadili' 5 Star -'Riziki Mwanzo wa chuki' Coast -'Kukupenda isiwe taabu' Jahazi Modern Taraab -'Roho Mbaya Haijengi' Jahazi Modern Taraab -'Daktari wa Mapenzi' 5 Stars -'Riziki Mwanzo wa chuki' Coast -'Kukupenda isiwe taabu' EA Melody -'Kilamtu kivyakevyake' New ZNZ Stars -'Poa Mpenzi' / Kidum and Juliana -'Haturudi Nyuma' Blu*3, Radio & Weasel -'Where you are' Cindy -'Na wewe' Kidum -'Umenikosea' Radio & Weasel -'Bread and Butter' Mrisho Mpoto -'Nikipata Nauli' Machozi Band -'Mtarimbo' Offside Trick -'Samaki' Omari Omari -'Kupata Majaliwa' Wahapahapa Band -'Chei Chei' Lamar Man Water Marco Chali Hermy B to an individual: Zahir Zorro to an institution: Clouds FM Tanzania Music Awards Tanzania Music Awards Official website Retrieved 30 September 2012 Tanzania Music Awards Official website

A. Jean de Grandpré

Albert Jean de Grandpré is a Canadian retired lawyer and businessman who served as the president and chief executive officer of Bell Canada Enterprises Inc. Born in Montreal, Quebec, he was educated at Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf and received a BCL from McGill University in 1943, he joined Bell Canada as a general counsel in 1966 and was made president in 1973. He became chairman and CEO in 1976 and was the first chairman and CEO when the BCE holding company was created in 1983, he retired from the company in 1989. From 1984 until 1991, he was the fifteenth Chancellor of McGill University. Since 1996, he has been chairman of the board of Theratechnologies, a Canadian biopharmaceutical company. In 1981, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada, he was promoted to Companion in 1987. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Quebec, McGill University, Université de Montréal, the University of Ottawa, Bishop's University

Ogemaw Hills Pathway

Ogemaw Hills Pathway is a foot-travel pathway located north of West Branch, Michigan within the Au Sable State Forest in Ogemaw County, Michigan. The Pathway offers 15 miles of trails open to hiking, cross country skiing, biking; the Ogemaw Hills Pathway Council non-profit manages the trail system and grooms the trails for cross country skiing. Ogemaw Hills Pathway foot-travel pathway designation bans all motorized vehicle travel and equine use of the trail system; the Ogemaw Hills Pathway trail system traverses a well defined ridge of hills north of West Branch, Michigan referred to by geologists as the West Branch Moraine, a recessional moraine outwash formed by the Saginaw Lobe of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. The West Branch Moraine marks a norther border of the Pleistocene proglacial Lake Saginaw that formed in front of the melting Saginaw Lobe and retreated into present day Saginaw Bay. Ogemaw State Forest was administratively created in 1914 under the leadership of Michigan State Forester Marcus Schaaf and consisted of 4,160 acres.

A fifty-foot steel fire lookout tower was constructed in the fall of 1914 and the footings are still visible. Grover Zettle was named superintendent of the Ogemaw State Forest in 1914. Pioneer farmers found the glacial outwash sandy soil poor for farming and many farms were abandoned, reverting to state ownership for non-payment of taxes. Many clearings within the Ogemaw Hills Pathway trail system are old farm fields being reclaimed by the forest and fence lines, rock piles, foundations can be found. In 1978 the fifty three state forests were consolidated into six forest Districts and the Ogemaw State Forest became part of the Au Sable State Forest; the trail system is blazed by blue triangle markers. The trail system features 26 intersection posts consisting of location number, a trail map, direction of travel arrows, trail difficulty markers from easiest to most difficult of green circle, blue square, black diamonds. Ogemaw Hills Pathway Trail Map, West Branch, Michigan Visitors Bureau Ogemaw Hills Pathway, Michigan Department of Natural Resources Ogemaw Hills Pathway, Up North Trails

Émile Louis Picault

Émile Louis Picault was a French sculptor, best known for works depicting allegorical and patriotic subjects, mythological heroes. Picault was a prolific artist, producing sculptures in abundance—over 500 models in total—during his long sculpting career, he began to show his artwork at the Salon beginning in 1863. He signed the majority of his work as "E. Picault".: Le Supplice de Tantale Persée délivrant Andromède Le Génie du progrès et Nicolas Flamel Le Cid La Naissance de Pégase La Force Domtée Le Génie des sciences Le Génie des arts Le Livre Le Drapeau "ad unum" Vox progressi Belléphoron: Joseph expliquant les songes du Pharaon L'Agriculture: Jason Andromède Prométhée dérobant le feu du ciel La Vaillance Vertus civiques Le Minerai La Forge Science et Industrie Propter gloriam:Picault's work can be seen in museums in the following cities: Chambéry Clermont-Ferrand Maubeuge Troyes Émile Louis Picault in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website