Moulding known as coving, is a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration. It may be of plastic or reformed wood. In classical architecture and sculpture, the molding is carved in marble or other stones. A "plain" molding has right-angled upper and lower edges. A "sprung" molding has upper and lower edges that bevel towards its rear, allowing mounting between two non-parallel planes, with an open space behind. Moldings may be decorated with paterae as uninterrupted elements may be boring for eyes. Decorative moldings have been made of wood and cement. Moldings have been made of extruded PVC and Expanded Polystyrene as a core with a cement-based protective coating. Synthetic moldings are a cost-effective alternative that rival the aesthetic and function of traditional profiles. Common moldings include: Astragal: Semi-circular molding attached to one of a pair of doors to cover the gap where they meet. Baguette: Thin, half-round molding, smaller than an astragal, sometimes carved, enriched with foliages, ribbands, etc.
When enriched with ornaments, it was called chapelet. Bandelet: Any little band or flat molding, which crowns a Doric architrave, it is called a tenia (from Greek ταινία an article of clothing in the form of a ribbon. Baseboard, "base molding" or "skirting board": Used to conceal the junction of an interior wall and floor, to protect the wall from impacts and to add decorative features. A "speed base" makes use of a base "cap molding" set on top of a plain 1" thick board, however there are hundreds of baseboard profiles. Baton: See Torus Batten or board and batten: Symmetrical molding, placed across a joint where two parallel panels or boards meet Bead molding: Narrow, half-round convex molding, when repeated forms reeding Beading or bead: Molding in the form of a row of half spherical beads, larger than pearling Other forms: Bead and leaf and reel, bead and spindle Beak: Small fillet molding left on the edge of a larmier, which forms a canal, makes a kind of pendant. See also: chin-beak Bed molding: Narrow molding used at the junction of a wall and ceiling.
Bed moldings can be either plain. Bolection: Raised molding projecting proud of a face frame at the intersection of the different levels between the frame and an inset panel on a door or wood panel, it will sometimes have a rabbet on its underside the depth of the lower level so it can lay flat over both. It can leave an inset panel free to contract with temperature and humidity. Cable molding or ropework: Convex molding carved in imitation of a twisted rope or cord, used for decorative moldings of the Romanesque style in England and Spain and adapted for 18th-century silver and furniture design Cabled fluting or cable: Convex circular molding sunk in the concave fluting of a classic column, rising about one-third of the height of the shaft Casing: Finish trim around the sides of a door or window opening covering the gap between finished wall and the jam or frame it is attached to. Cartouche escutcheon: Framed panel in the form of a scroll with an inscribed centre, or surrounded by compound moldings decorated with floral motifs Cavetto: cavare: Concave, quarter-round molding sometimes employed in the place of the cymatium of a cornice, as in the Doric order of the Theatre of Marcellus.
It forms the crowning feature of the Egyptian temples, took the place of the cymatium in many of the Etruscan temples. Chair rail or dado rail: Horizontal molding placed part way up a wall to protect the surface from chair-backs, used as decoration Chamfer: Beveled edge connecting two adjacent surfaces Chin-beak: Concave quarter-round molding, rare in ancient buildings, more common today. Corner guard: Used to protect the edge of the wall at an outside corner, or to cover a joint on an inside corner. Cove molding or coving: Concave-profile molding, used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling Crown molding: Wide, sprung molding, used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling. General term for any molding at the top or "crowning" an architectural element. Cyma: Molding of double curvature, combining the convex ovolo and concave cavetto; when the concave part is uppermost, it is called a cyma recta but if the convex portion is at the top, it is called a Cyma reversa When crowning molding at the entablature is of the cyma form, it is called a cymatium.
Dentils: Small blocks spaced evenly along the bottom edge of the cornice Drip cap: Molding placed over a door or window opening to prevent water from flowing under the siding or across the glass Echinus: Similar to the ovolo molding and found beneath the abacus of the Doric capital or decorated with the egg-and-dart pattern below the Ionic capital Egg-and-dart: egg shapes alternating with V-shapes. Also: Egg and tongue and anchor, egg and star Fillet: Small, flat band separating two surfaces, or between the flutes of a column. Fillet is used on handrail applications when the handrail is "plowed" to accept square shaped balusters; the fillet is used on the bottom side of the handrail between each of the balusters. Fluting: Vertical, half-round grooves cut into the surface of a column in regular intervals, each separated by a flat astragal; this ornament was used for all but the Tuscan order Godroon or Gadroon: Ornamental band with the appearance of beading or reeding frequent in silverwork and molding.
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The Djibouti New European Cemetery is a cemetery in Djibouti City in Djibouti. The cemetery contains 850 graves of Christian people including 13 Commonwealth War Graves Commission gravestones; the majority of CWGC graves in the cemetery commemorate airmen killed in the country in World War II. It is located 150 meters from a dirt road off the N2 from Djibouti–Ambouli International Airport, it is located behind a wall and not visible from the main road. Amongst the graves is that of Humphrey Arthur Gilkes, who received the Military Cross four times for his actions in the First World War, he was one of seven airmen killed in an air crash in Djibouti in 1945. The Royal Canadian Air Force Pilot Officer Lawrence Robert Maguire is buried in the cemetery. Cemetery details. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. New European Cemetery, Djibouti at Find a Grave
Jack Smith was a British realist and abstract artist. Jack Smith was born in 1928 in Yorkshire. Smith studied at Sheffield College of Art, Saint Martin's School of Art and the Royal College of Art. At the RCA, Smith studied under Ruskin Spear and Carel Weight. During the 1950s, Smith's early work was in a neo-realist style known as "The Kitchen Sink School" featuring domestic subjects. In the 1960s Smith abandoned realism and adopted a brightly coloured, abstract style comparable to those of Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian incorporating Constructivism and Biomorphism with elements of hieroglyphic and musical notation. Smith did not return to realism. First prize at the first John Moores Liverpool Exhibition Shown at Venice Biennale Retrospective at the Whitechapel Art Gallery National Prize at Guggenheim International Awards Touring Retrospective organised by Sunderland Arts Centre 80th Birthday Retrospective at the Flowers East gallery 56 paintings by or after Jack Smith at the Art UK site Works in the Tate collection 80th Birthday Retrospective Obituary of Jack Smith, The Daily Telegraph, 20 June, 2011