Moledet was a minor right-wing political party in Israel. Moledet was established by Rehavam Ze'evi in 1988, it won two seats in the Knesset elections that year, taken by Ze'evi and Yair Sprinzak. It joined Yitzhak Shamir's government in February 1991 and Ze'evi was appointed Minister without Portfolio. However, he resigned from the cabinet on 21 January the following year. In the 1992 elections it won three seats, with Yosef Ba-Gad and Shaul Gutman joining Ze'evi in the Knesset. However, Gutman left the party to establish Yamin Yisrael on 27 July 1995, whilst Ba-Gad left to sit as an independent on 12 March 1996; the party won two seats in the 1996 elections, taken by Ze'evi and Binyamin Elon, supported Benjamin Netanyahu's government, although it did not join it. On 4 March 1999 the party gained a third MK when Moshe Peled left Tzomet to found Mehora, which he merged into Moledet. Prior to the 1999 elections the party joined the National Union alliance alongside Herut – The National Movement and Tkuma.
The Union won four seats, with two taken by Moledet members Ze'evi. The alliance joined the government formed by Ariel Sharon on 7 March 2001 after he had won elections for Prime Minister, Ze'evi was appointed Minister of Tourism. However, he was assassinated by the PFLP on 17 October 2001, his seat taken by Uri Ariel of Tkuma. Elon was elected party leader and assumed Ze'evi's place in the cabinet until 14 March 2002. Prior to the 2006 elections the National Union formed an alliance with the National Religious Party, which went on to win nine seats. On 3 November 2008 the party announced a merger with other members of the National Union, the National Religious Party and Tkuma to form a new right-wing party named the Jewish Home. However, the Jewish Home excluded ex-Moledet members from the top slots of the candidate list for the 2009 elections. Moledet rejected the merger and joined the revived National Union. Although the Union won four seats, the highest place Moledet candidate was fifth-placed Uri Bank, who failed to enter the Knesset.
In the lead up to the 2013 elections Tkuma merged with the Jewish Home. Bank allowed Tkuma to continue using the letter ` Tet' on the ballot; the party advocated encouraging voluntary population transfer of the Arab population of the West Bank. While other parties advocated transfer, Moledet was the party most associated with the concept in Israel and the dearth of other elements within its platform and Ze'evi's success in bringing together opposing elements under the transfer flag. In contrast to Kach and the ideas of Meir Kahane, Moledet advocated only voluntary transfer. 1988−2001: Rehavam Ze'evi 2001−2008: Binyamin Elon 2008−2013: Uri Bank Elon Peace Plan Kach Party history
"Fight Like a Girl" is a song recorded by American country music duo Bomshel. It was released in February 2009 as the second single and title track from their debut album Fight Like a Girl, released on October 20, 2009 via Curb Records. Co-written by the duo's Kristy Osmunson and Kelley Shepard, along with Bob Regan; the song received mixed reviews from critics who found the lyrical content cliché and indifferent to other similar songs. "Fight Like a Girl" peaked at number 30 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart. The accompanying music video for the song was directed by Eric Welch and features Bombshel performing with their guitars in front of different backgrounds; the song is a mid-tempo accompanied by electric guitar. The song's lyrics tell of a young girl, facing problems in her life, such as being teased on the playground at school, her mother gives her advice by telling her to "fight like a girl." Leeann Ward of Country Universe gave the song a C rating, calling the lyrics "potentially cliched."
C. M. Wilcox of The 9513, despite saying that "the singing isn't unlikeable and neither is the song," gave it a thumbs-down and compared its theme to Brooks & Dunn's "Cowgirls Don't Cry." Bobby Peacock described the song more positively in his review of the album, saying that it had a more commercial sound than the rest of the album, but adding that it was "an appropriate introduction to the rebooted Bomshel." A music video, directed by Eric Welch, was released for the song on May 20, 2009. The video features scenes of the members of Bomshel performing with their guitars in front of different backgrounds with lights and flowers. Throughout the video, the camera moves out of focus; the video debuted at number 16 on CMT's Top Twenty Countdown for the week of June 19, 2009. "Fight Like a Girl" debuted at number 54 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart dated February 28, 2009, it entered the Top 40 on the chart dated May 16, 2009, went on to peak at number 30 in August 2009, giving Bomshel their first Top 40 and 30 country hit
Hagenberg im Mühlkreis is a town in the district of Freistadt in the Austrian state of Upper Austria 20 km from Linz. Hagenberg became known for Softwarepark Hagenberg a major technology park focusing on IT, with research and business. RISC FLLL Software Competence Center Hagenberg Institute for Application Oriented Knowledge Processing FH OÖ Research & Development GmbH - Research Center Hagenberg Josef Ressel Zentrum - Heureka! Research Studio Austria NiCE Austrian Grid Development Center Johannes Kepler Universität Linz has four institutes in Hagenberg: RISC, FAW, FLLL, GeoGebra University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria - School of Informatics and Media ISI-Hagenberg - The International School for Informatics More than 50 IT companies in the Softwarepark Hagenberg. Sport facilities in Hagenberg include a soccer field, three volleyball fields, a bouldering hall and a fishing pond. FH Hagenberg — University for computer-based studies Hagenberg Web site Softwarepark Hagenberg FH-Studengänge Oberösterreich, Campus Hagenberg Web site RISC Web site ISI Web site Fire Brigade Hagenberg Software Competence Center Hagenberg
Suha is a village just outside Škofja Loka in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia. It is an old settlement, with its earliest mention in documents dating to AD 973. There are a number of interesting architectural monuments in the centre of the village, but Suha is best known for its parish church dedicated to John the Baptist, it has a Gothic star-vaulted chancel. Frescos from the mid-15th century survive, painted by the unnamed painter known as the Master of Suha, known to have worked in a number of other local churches, but named after his work in this church because it is one of the best examples of his work. There are 16th-century frescos by Jernej of Loka in the church; the well-preserved frescos are some of the most important in Slovenia and the church has been listed as a monument of national importance. Notable people that were born or lived in Suha include: Andrej Glavan, the Bishop of Novo Mesto, the first parish priest of the Parish of Suha Janez Kalan, priest and writer Ahacij Stržinar and religious writer Media related to Suha at Wikimedia Commons Suha at Geopedia
In artificial intelligence and related fields, an argumentation framework, or argumentation system, is a way to deal with contentious information and draw conclusions from it. In an abstract argumentation framework, entry-level information is a set of abstract arguments that, for instance, represent data or a proposition. Conflicts between arguments are represented by a binary relation on the set of arguments. In concrete terms, you represent an argumentation framework with a directed graph such that the nodes are the arguments, the arrows represent the attack relation. There exist some extensions of the Dung's framework, like the logic-based argumentation frameworks or the value-based argumentation frameworks. Abstract argumentation frameworks called argumentation frameworks à la Dung, are defined formally as a pair: A set of abstract elements called arguments, denoted A A binary relation on A, called attack relation, denoted R For instance, the argumentation system S = ⟨ A, R ⟩ with A = and R = contains four arguments and three attacks.
Dung defines some notions: an argument a ∈ A is acceptable with respect to E ⊆ A if and only if E defends a, ∀ b ∈ A such that ∈ R, ∃ c ∈ E such that ∈ R, a set of arguments E is conflict-free if there is no attack between its arguments, formally: ∀ a, b ∈ E, ∉ R, a set of arguments E is admissible if and only if it is conflict-free and all its arguments are acceptable with respect to E. To decide if an argument can be accepted or not, or if several arguments can be accepted together, Dung defines several semantics of acceptance that allows, given an argumentation system, sets of arguments to be computed. For instance, given S = ⟨ A, R ⟩, E is a complete extension of S only if it is an admissible set and every acceptable argument with respect to E belongs to E, E is a preferred extension of S only if it is a maximal element among the admissible sets with respect to S, E is a stable extension of S only if it is a conflict-free set that attacks every argument that does not belong in E (formally, ∀ a ∈ A ∖ E, ∃ b ∈ E such that ∈ R, E is the grounded extension of S only if it is the smallest element among the complete extensions of S.
There exists some inclusions between the sets of extensions built with these semantics: Every stable extension is preferred, Every preferred extension is complete, The grounded extension is complete, If the system is well-founded, all these semantics coincide—only one extension is grounded, stable and complete. Some other semantics have been defined. One introduce the notation E x t σ to note the set of σ -extensions of the system S. I
Mobbing, as a sociological term, means bullying of an individual by a group, in any context, such as a family, peer group, workplace, community, or online. When it occurs as physical and emotional abuse in the workplace, such as "ganging up" by co-workers, subordinates or superiors, to force someone out of the workplace through rumor, intimidation, humiliation and isolation, it is referred to as malicious, non-racial/racial, general harassment. Victims of workplace mobbing suffer from: adjustment disorders, somatic symptoms, psychological trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression. In mobbing targets with PTSD, Leymann notes that the "mental effects were comparable with PTSD from war or prison camp experiences." Some patients may develop other substance abuse disorders. Family relationships suffer and victims sometimes display acts of aggression towards strangers in the street. Workplace targets and witnesses may develop brief psychotic episodes occupational psychosis with paranoid symptoms.
Leymann estimated. Konrad Lorenz, in his book entitled On Aggression, first described mobbing among birds and animals, attributing it to instincts rooted in the Darwinian struggle to thrive. In his view, most humans are subject to similar innate impulses but capable of bringing them under rational control. Lorenz's explanation for his choice of the English word Mobbing was omitted in the English translation by Marjorie Kerr Wilson. According to Kenneth Westhues, Lorenz chose the word mobbing because he remembered in the collective attack by birds, the old German term hassen auf, which means "to hate after" or "to put a hate on" was applied and this emphasised "the depth of antipathy with which the attack is made" rather than the English word mobbing which emphasised the collective aspect of the attack. In the 1970s, the Swedish physician Peter-Paul Heinemann applied Lorenz's conceptualization to the collective aggression of children against a targeted child. In the 1980s, professor and practising psychologist Heinz Leymann applied the term to ganging up in the workplace.
In 2011, anthropologist Janice Harper suggested that some anti-bullying approaches constitute a form of mobbing by using the label "bully" to dehumanize, encouraging people to shun and avoid people labeled bullies, in some cases sabotage their work or refuse to work with them, while always calling for their exclusion and termination from employment. Janice Harper followed her Huffington Post essay with a series of essays in both The Huffington Post and in her column, Beyond Bullying: Peacebuilding at Work and Home in Psychology Today that argued that mobbing is a form of group aggression innate to primates, that those who engage in mobbing are not "evil" or "psychopathic," but responding in a predictable and patterned manner when someone in a position of leadership or influence communicates to the group that someone must go. For that reason, she indicated that anyone can and will engage in mobbing, that once mobbing gets underway, just as in the animal kingdom it will always continue and intensify as long as the target remains with the group.
She subsequently published a book on the topic in which she explored animal behavior, organizational cultures and historical forms of group aggression, suggesting that mobbing is a form of group aggression on a continuum of structural violence with genocide as the most extreme form of mob aggression. British anti-bullying researchers Andrea Adams and Tim Field have used the expression "workplace bullying" instead of what Leymann called "mobbing" in a workplace context, they identify mobbing as a particular type of bullying, not as apparent as most, defining it as "an emotional assault. It begins when an individual becomes the target of harmful behavior. Through innuendo and public discrediting, a hostile environment is created in which one individual gathers others to willingly, or unwillingly, participate in continuous malevolent actions to force a person out of the workplace."Adams and Field believe that mobbing is found in work environments that have poorly organised production or working methods and incapable or inattentive management and that mobbing victims are "exceptional individuals who demonstrated intelligence, creativity, integrity and dedication".
In contrast, Janice Harper suggests that workplace mobbing is found in organizations where there is limited opportunity for employees to exit, whether through tenure systems or contracts that make it difficult to terminate an employee, and/or where finding comparable work in the same community makes it difficult for the employee to voluntarily leave. In these employments, efforts to eliminate the worker will intensify to push the worker out against his or her will through shunning, false accusations and a series of investigations and poor reviews. Another form of employment where workers are mobbed are those that require the use of uniforms or other markers of group inclusion, organizations where a single gender has predominated, but the other gender is beginning to enter, she suggests that organizations where there are limited opportunities for advancement can be prone to mobbing because those who do advance are more to view chall