Second Empire architecture
Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular in the latter half of the 19th century and early years of the 20th century. It was so named for the architectural elements in vogue during the era of the Second French Empire; as the Second Empire style evolved from its 17th-century Renaissance foundations, it acquired a mix of earlier European styles, most notably the Baroque combined with mansard roofs and/or low, square-based domes. The style spread and evolved as Baroque Revival architecture throughout Europe and across the Atlantic, its suitability for super-scaling allowed it to be used in the design of municipal and corporate buildings. In the United States, where one of the leading architects working in the style was Alfred B. Mullett, buildings in the style were closer to their 17th-century roots than examples of the style found in Europe
CIBC Tower is a 187 m forty-five-storey skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec. With the communications antenna on the roof, the total height is 225 m; the International Style office tower was built by Peter Dickinson, with associate architects Ross, Fish and Barrett, was the city's tallest building from 1962 to 1963. The building holds offices for the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, the corporate law firm Stikeman Elliott, as well as numerous other businesses; the building is located at 1155 René Lévesque Boulevard West next to Dorchester Square facing the imposing but dwarfed Sun Life Building. Part of the fire-damaged Windsor Hotel was demolished to make room for construction, with the remaining portion being converted to offices in the 1980s; the project was initiated by the Canadian Bank of Commerce and announced in 1959. While the building was under construction, the Bank of Commerce merged with the Imperial Bank of Canada to form the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, effective June 1, 1961.
The Imperial Bank abandoned its concurrent plan for a new head office at 612 McGill Street. Completed in 1962 only a few months before Place Ville-Marie, the CIBC Tower was the tallest building in Canada and the entire Commonwealth of Nations when it was first built, until being surpassed that year by Place Ville-Marie where a penthouse was added by the competing Royal Bank for that express purpose; the Consulate of Israel was on the 26th floor of the building and as such, it was sometimes the site of demonstrations related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The consulate has since relocated to Westmount Square in Westmount; the tower is exceptionally slender with only 1,400 m2 of gross floor area per floor, because of a zoning regulation limiting the total building floor area to twelve times the property area. Its façade is more ornamental than that of the average International style tower, with horizontal strips of glass curtain wall alternating with spandrels of various types of stone, including green slate, quarried in Wales.
The building was renovated in 1991, the visible CIBC logo at the top was redesigned in 2004 and again in 2013. Inside, levels 15 and 29 are transfer floors. Levels 42-44 are mechanical floors; the top 7 m of the tower are an open-air raised partition, built sometime after construction, that hides the rooftop elevator control rooms. Without this extra structure, the actual roof height is 184 m, 187 m when counting the elevator penthouse, it is the fifth tallest building in Montreal, but an antenna raises the total height to 250 m, the tallest pinnacle in Montreal. French-language radio station CKOI-FM transmits its 307,000 watt signal atop that building. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Euler Hermes Macquarie Group Russell Investments Stikeman Elliott LLP Vilaron Corporation Linkeo.com MNP LLP ACE Aviation Holdings List of tallest buildings in Montreal Old Royal Bank Building, Montreal Molson Bank Building, Montreal Bank of Montreal Head Office, Montreal Old Canadian Bank of Commerce Building, Montreal Commerce Court, Toronto Commerce Place I and Commerce Place II Official website
Bank of Montreal
The Bank of Montreal, doing business as BMO Financial Group, is a Canadian multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in Toronto, Canada. One of the Big Five banks in Canada, it is the fourth-largest bank in Canada by market capitalization and assets, as well as one of the ten largest banks in North America, it is known by its acronym BMO, its stock symbol on both the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. On June 23, 1817, John Richardson and eight merchants signed the Articles of Association to establish the Bank of Montreal in a rented house in Montreal, Quebec; the bank began conducting business on November 3, 1817, making it Canada's oldest bank. BMO's Institution Number is 001. In Canada, the bank operates as BMO Bank of Montreal and has more than 900 branches, serving over seven million customers; the company has substantial operations in the Chicago area and elsewhere in the United States, where it operates as BMO Harris Bank. BMO Capital Markets is BMO's investment and corporate banking division, while the wealth management division is branded as BMO Nesbitt Burns.
The company is ranked at number 131 on the Forbes Global 2000 list. The company has not missed a dividend payment since 1829, paying dividends through major world crises such as World War I, the Great Depression, World War II, the 2008 financial crisis; the Bank of Montreal was founded in 1817 as the first bank in Canada. The Bank of Montreal established branches in Newfoundland on January 31, 1895, following the collapse of the Newfoundland Commercial Bank and Union Bank of Newfoundland on December 10, 1894. In 1925, Bank of Montreal merged with the Molson Bank. BMO's operational head office moved to First Canadian Place on Bay Street in Toronto in 1977, while its legal headquarters remains at the historic Montreal structure it has occupied since 1847. Bank of Montreal, like the other Canadian chartered banks, issued its own paper money from 1817 until 1942. Though the last notes were issued during that year, they may have circulated for some time after. In 1944, the Bank of Canada became the sole issuer of currency in Canada, notes from private banks were withdrawn.
Today, the Bank of Montreal goes by the brand name BMO. It is a major international bank with subsidiaries operating in the United States and other countries around the world. BMO and Simplii Financial were the targets of hackers in May 2018, who claimed to have compromised the systems of both banks and stolen information on a combined 90,000 customers. An email sent from a Russian address and attributed to the hackers demanded a ransom of US$1 million from each company paid via Ripple by 11:59 pm on May 28, 2018 or the information would be released on "fraud forum and fraud community." A number of buildings in which Bank of Montreal operates branches are designated by various levels of government as being of historic importance. These include: The Bank of Montreal, 4896 Delta Street, British Columbia The Bank of Montreal, 511 Columbia Street, New Westminster, British Columbia The Bank of Montreal, 322 Curling Street, Corner Brook and Labrador The Bank of Montreal, 426 Portage Avenue, Manitoba The "Old Bank of Montreal", 100 Victoria Street East known as the "Heritage Court", Nova Scotia The Bank of Montreal, 1 Main Street West, Ontario The Bank of Montreal, 144 Wellington Street, Ontario built by Ernest Barott of Barott and Blackader, architects, of Montreal The Bank of Montreal, 3 King Street, Ontario known as the Molson's Bank, by architect Andrew Taylor A number of branches were designed by Andrew Taylor including: The Bank of Montreal in West End, Ste.
Catherine Street West at Mansfield Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal in Notre Dame Street West Seigneurs Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal in Point St. Charles Branch, Wellington Street at Magdalen Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal, St. Catherine Street West at Papineau Street, Montreal The Bank of Montreal, Ontario The Bank of Montreal, Alberta, Stephen Avenue at Scarth Street Manager's residence for the Bank of Montreal, Quebec City, Grande Allee The Bank of Montreal in Sydney, Nova Scotia; the building was modelled after a Georgian townhouse with a small portico of Corinthian columns supporting a classical pediment and remains the bank's legal headquarters. The Bank of Montreal's operational head office is located at First Canadian Place in Toronto, designed by Edward Durrell Stone; the Bank of Montreal, Front & Yonge Streets, Ontario. The 1885 Beaux-Arts styled building designed by the Toronto firm of Darling & Curry has been the site of the Hockey Hall of Fame since 1993. During its history, Bank of Montreal has merged with or acquired several other Canadian banks: Commercial Bank of Canada of Kingston, Ontario – acquired through Merchants Bank Exchange Bank of Yarmouth People's Bank of Halifax People's Bank of New Brunswick Bank of British North America Merchants Bank of Canada, as well as several investment banking firms.
Molson Bank Nesbitt and Company - stock brokers Standard Chartered Bank of Canada 2 retail branches (1990
Royal Bank Tower (Montreal)
The Royal Bank Tower is a skyscraper at 360 Saint-Jacques Street in Montreal, Quebec. The 22-storey 121 m neo-classical tower was designed by the firm of York and Sawyer with the bank's Chief Architect Sumner Godfrey Davenport of Montreal. Upon completion in 1928, it was the tallest building in the entire British Empire, the tallest structure in all of Canada and the first building in the city, taller than Montréal's Notre-Dame Basilica built nearly a century before; the bank's first official head office was at Hollis and George in Halifax in 1879. In 1907 the Royal Bank of Canada moved its head office from Halifax to Montreal As the building at Saint-Jacques Street turned out to be too small, in 1926 the board of directors of the biggest bank in Canada hired New York architects York and Sawyer to build a prestigious new building a short distance westward on Saint-Jacques Street. Between 1920 and 1926 the bank had bought up all the property between Saint-Jacques, Saint-Pierre, Notre-Dame and Dollard Streets to demolish all the buildings there including the old Mechanics' Institute and the ten-storey Bank of Ottawa building in order to make space for the new 22-storey building.
In 1962, the Royal Bank moved its main office to another famous Montreal building, Place Ville-Marie, however kept a branch in the impressive main hall of the old building, situated in Old Montreal. That branch relocated to the nearby Tour de la Bourse in July 2012. Bank of Montreal Head Office, Montreal Molson Bank Building, Montreal Tour CIBC Old Canadian Bank of Commerce Building, Montreal Royal Bank Plaza - RBC corporate offices in Toronto Vieux-Montréal – Fiche d'un bâtiment: Banque Royale 360 Saint-Jacques - Technical Specifications
The Molson Bank was a Canadian bank founded in Montreal, Quebec, by brothers William and John Molson, Jr. the sons of brewery magnate John Molson. In 1850, it was constituted under the Free Banking Act passed by the parliament of the Province of Canada. To increase its powers and its revenue, the bank was incorporated in 1855, it was granted a charter on May 19, 1855 in Montreal allowing it to operate its bank in the same way as other banks. With its head office at the corner of St. James & St. Peter streets in Montreal, it continued in operation until 1925 when it merged with the Bank of Montreal; the bank operated 125 branches in Quebec and Ontario. It had branches in western Canada and agents in the US and UK; the Bank of Montreal at 3 King Street South in Waterloo, Ontario known as the Molson's Bank, built in 1914 is on the Registry of Historical Places of Canada. William Molson was the first brother John Molson Jr. as vice-president. Other Molsons to work at the bank included: John Thomas Molson was President in 1875 John Henry Robinson Molson, President 1889-1897 Frederick William Molson was President of the bank from 1921 to 1924.
List of banks in Canada Molson Bank Building, Montreal Denison, Merrill, 1893–1975. Canada's first bank: a history of the Bank of Montreal. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, c1966. 2 v.: ill. Maps, ports...
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Bank of Montreal Head Office, Montreal
The Bank of Montreal's Head Office is located on Saint Jacques Street in Montreal, Canada, across the Place d'Armes from the Notre-Dame Basilica in the Old Montreal neighbourhood. The Bank of Montreal is the oldest bank in Canada, founded in 1817. Although it still remains the bank's legal headquarters, its operational head office was moved to First Canadian Place in Toronto in 1977 due to political instability in Quebec; the centrepiece of the complex is the Bank of Montreal Main Branch, a Pantheon-like building built by John Wells in 1847. The building was inspired by the design of the former headquarters of the Commercial Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh; the building is in neoclassical style. The sculpted pediment of the building was done by Sir John Steell. Enlargements to the building were made in 1901–1905 by the New York City firm of McKim and White; the Bank of Montreal Museum features exhibits about the history of the bank, including a 19th-century teller's window, photos and banknotes, cheques and mechanical piggybanks.
The displays are located in the passage between the current head office. The museum is open during regular bank hours and admission is free. Other bank buildings in Montreal: Old Canadian Bank of Commerce Building, Montreal Old Royal Bank Building, Montreal Molson Bank Building, Montreal Tour CIBCOther BMO buildings: First Canadian Place - operational head office of BMO in Toronto Rémillard, François, Old Montreal — A Walking Tour, Ministère des Affaires culturelles du Québec, 1992 Bank of Montreal Head Office, Montreal information from Vieux-Montréal Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, circa 1860 - McCord Museum Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, circa 1871 - McCord Museum Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, circa 1880 - McCord Museum Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, 1890 - McCord Museum Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, circa 1906 - McCord Museum Photograph:Bank of Montreal Building, 1911 - McCord Museum