Henry Poole & Co
Henry Poole & Co is a bespoke tailor located at №15 Savile Row in London. The company made the first modern-style dinner jacket based on specifications that the Prince of Wales gave the company in the 1880s; the company advertises its long relationship with the British Royal Family. The business opened first in Brunswick Square, in 1806 specializing in military tailoring, with particular merit at the time of the Battle of Waterloo, their business moved to Savile Row following the death of founder James Poole. Henry Poole ran the business until his death in 1876, was succeeded by cousin Samuel Cundey, whose legacy continued, for five generations, to the present-day owners Angus Cundey and son Simon; the company still holds many royal warrants of appointment, services the Lord Chamberlain's office with court dress, with their livery department creating uniforms for the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. The company are credited with the creation of the dinner suit. In 2006, the company celebrated their bicentennial with a refurbishment of their premises and 2007 saw a re-issue of a suiting material made famous by Winston Churchill, a Henry Poole customer who ordered his first suit 100 years ago.
In 1860, Henry Poole made a short evening or smoking jacket for the Prince of Wales to wear at informal dinner parties at Sandringham. In 1886, a Mr. James Potter of Tuxedo Park, New York, visited London and subsequently was invited by the Prince to spend a weekend at Sandringham House, he was advised that he could have a smoking jacket made by the Prince’s tailors, Henry Poole & Co. When the Potters returned to New York, Mr. Potter proudly wore his new smoking jacket at the Tuxedo Club and fellow members soon started having copies made for themselves which they adopted as their informal uniform for club "stag" dinners; as a result, the dinner jacket became known as a tux in America. Henry Poole has had customers who belonged to the highest aristocracy. Amongst the many customers who issued official warrants or were regulars were: Emperor Napoleon III 1858 The Prince of Wales 1863 The Duke of Edinburgh 1868 The Crown Prince of Prussia 1868 Queen Victoria 1869 The King of the Belgians 1869 The Crown Prince of Denmark 1869 The Prince of Teck 1870 Prince Christian of Schleswig–Holstein 1870 The Khedive of Egypt 1870 Prince Oscar of Sweden & Norway 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain 1871 Prince Louis of Hesse 1871 Crown Prince of Russia 1874 The Emperor Pedro II of Brazil 1874 Tsar Alexander II of Russia 1875 The King of Hellenes 1877 The Crown Prince of Austria 1878 King Umberto I of Italy 1879 Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany Tsar Alexander III of Russia 1881 King David Kalakaua of Hawai'i 1882 The Duke of Genoa 1891 Friedrich, Grossherzog of Baden 1891 The Duke of Aosta 1892 Prince Emanuel of Savoie 1892 The Shah of Persia The King of Denmark 1893 King Edward VII 1902 Prince Albrecht of Prussia 1903 The Maharajah Gaekwar of Baroda 1905 The Shah of Persia 1906 The Khedive of Egypt 1910 Queen Alexandra 1911 The Prince of Wales 1922 The Imperial Household of Japan 1923 King George V 1928 The King of the Bulgarians 1936 King George VI 1940 Emperor Haile Selassie 1959 Queen Elizabeth II 1976 Savile Row tailoring Stephen Howarth: Henry Poole: Founders of Savile Row - The Making of a Legend.
Godalming: Bene Factum, 2003. ISBN 978-1-903071-06-9 Company website Historical background information
Tanqueray is a brand of gin produced by Diageo plc and marketed worldwide. Although originated in London, it is now produced in Scotland, it does not command a sizeable market share in its native market, but its largest market is in the United States, where it is the highest selling gin import, followed by southern Europe. Tanqueray is a London dry gin. London dry gin is made by means of double distillation of grain. Botanicals are added during the second distillation. While the recipe is a guarded trade secret, it is known to contain four botanicals: juniper, angelica root, liquorice, it is one of Diageo's 16 "strategic brands" earmarked for prioritisation in promotion and distribution worldwide. Tanqueray gin was distilled in 1830 by Charles Tanqueray in the Bloomsbury district of London; the retail outlet of Edward & Charles Tanqueray & Co was established on Vine Street, London, in 1838. When Charles died in 1868, his son Charles Waugh Tanqueray inherited the distillery, which continued to operate until it was damaged during World War II.
The only facility to survive the Axis bombing, now known as "Old Tom", has since been moved to Cameron Bridge, Scotland. According to one report, Tanqueray became the highest selling gin in the world for the first time in 2016, with nearly three million nine-liter cases sold. Tanqueray London Dry Gin is the original product, launched in 1830, it is variously sold as: Special Dry 47.3% ABV Export Strength 43.1% ABV 40% ABV Tanqueray No. Ten is targeted at the martini market, it is distilled four times. Tanqueray Sterling Vodka was introduced in 1989 and is available in both neutral and citrus flavours, its main market is the United States. Tanqueray Rangpur Gin was introduced in Maryland and Washington, D. C. in the summer of 2006. It has a strong citrus flavor, the result of rangpur limes and bay leave being added during the final distillation process, it is now available throughout the United States. Tanqueray Malacca Gin was introduced in 1997 as a "wetter" alternative to the London Dry, with more sweetness and a stronger fruit palate.
Discontinued in 2001, Diageo announced on 12 December 2012 that a 16,000-case limited edition of Tanqueray Malacca would be relaunched in the US, Great Britain, Western Europe for February 2013. Past offerings from Tanqueray include both orange and lemon gins, produced from 1937 until 1957, when both were phased out. Notable spirit ratings for Tanqueray included a string of Double Golds for 2005–2007 from the San Francisco World Spirits Competition. Years' competitions saw Tanqueray win a string of silver medals and another double gold in 2012. Wine Enthusiast rated the London Dry in its "96–100" category in 2007 but gave it a "90–95" in 2011. Tanqueray introduced "Mr. Jenkins," a white-haired, well-dressed spokes-character, in print ads in 1994, he was retired a few years later. In 2004 Tanqueray introduced “Tony Sinclair,” a younger, foppish hipster socialite spokes-character in television ads. Sinclair's catchphrase at the end of every commercial was “Ready to Tanqueray?” Followed by a manic laugh.
He was portrayed by Rodney Mason as a madcap socialite of Black British descent. Williams, Olivia. Gin Glorious Gin: How Mother's Ruin Became the Spirit of London. London: Headline Publishing Group ISBN 978-1-4722-1534-5 Official website of Tanqueray gin Tanqueray on thebar UK, owned by Diageo
John Lewis & Partners
John Lewis & Partners is a chain of high-end department stores operating throughout the United Kingdom. Concessions are located in the Republic of Ireland and Australia; the chain is owned by the John Lewis Partnership, created by Spedan Lewis, son of the founder, John Lewis, in 1929. The chain has promised since 1925 that it is "never knowingly undersold" - it will always at least match a lower price offered by a national high street competitor; the first John Lewis store was opened in 1864 in Oxford Street and there are now 51 stores throughout England and Wales. The first John Lewis concession in the Republic of Ireland opened in Dublin in October 2016; the first Australian John Lewis concession opened in New South Wales, Australia in November 2016. On 1 January 2008, the Oxford Street store was awarded a Royal Warrant from Queen Elizabeth II as "suppliers of haberdashery and household goods". John Lewis & Partners Reading is the holder of a Royal Warrant from the Queen in 2007 as suppliers of household and fancy goods.
The John Lewis & Partners Christmas advert was first launched in 2007 and it has since become something of an annual tradition in British culture, one of the signals that the countdown to Christmas has begun in the UK. The flagship store on Oxford Street began as a drapery shop, opened by John Lewis in 1864. In 1905 Lewis acquired a second store, Peter Jones in Sloane Square, London, his eldest son, John Spedan Lewis, began the John Lewis Partnership in 1920 after thinking up the idea during his days in charge of Peter Jones. John Spedan Lewis thought up the idea of the Gazette, the partnership's in-house magazine, first published in 1918. In 1933 the partnership purchased its first store outside London, the long established Jessop & Son in Nottingham. Jessops only rebranded itself as John Lewis on 27 October 2002. In 1940 the partnership bought Selfridge Provincial Stores; this group of sixteen suburban and provincial department stores included Sheffield. In 1949, it was reported that London branches included Peter Jones, John Barnes, John Pound and Bon Marche.
The "provincial branches" were Robert Sayle, of Cambridge and Peterborough, Tyrrell & Green, of Southampton and Lance & Lance of Weston-super-Mare. They had "silk shops" at Edinburgh and Newcastle upon Tyne. In 1953 the Reading department store Heelas became part of the John Lewis group, retaining its original name until 2001, when it adopted the John Lewis name. In 1953, the partnership bought Herbert Parkinson, a textile manufacturer, a business which still makes duvets and furnishings for John Lewis; the first John Lewis store constructed as part of a shopping centre was the relocated Jessops, in Nottingham, in the Victoria Centre since it opened in 1972. The announcement of an anchor tenant such as John Lewis contributes to the certainty of developers' proposals, so attracts other retailers to the area. Before the relaxation of UK Sunday trading laws in 1994, John Lewis stores closed on Mondays to allow staff a full two-day "weekend"; the John Lewis Partnership were the first department store group in the UK to adopt central buying, launching the'Jonell' name for own-brand merchandise in 1937.
That brand name has been replaced with the'John Lewis' name since 2001. Additional own brands include Collection by John Lewis as well as John Lewis & Co. and Collection Weekend by John Lewis. Several Waitrose own-brand products, such as cleaning materials and party stationery, are available from John Lewis. Many stores acquired by the Partnership retained their original names for many years, including Tyrrell & Green in Southampton until 2000, Bonds in Norwich until 2001, Trewins in Watford until 2001, Jessops in Nottingham until 2002, Bainbridge's in Newcastle until 2002, Robert Sayle in Cambridge and Cole Brothers in Sheffield until 2002. All have now been rebranded John Lewis, with the exception of Peter Jones in south west London and Knight & Lee in Southsea. Investment has been made across the group in the twenty first century; this has included the renovation of Peter Jones at a cost of £107 million, completed in 2004. The original Oxford Street shop is still the largest branch in the partnership.
A complete refurbishment of the building was completed in late 2007 at a cost of £60 million. This introduced a brasserie and bistro in the store. A'John Lewis Food Hall from Waitrose' opened in the shop's basement on 3 October 2007. A second Food Hall opened at the John Lewis Bluewater store on 6 August 2009. On 4 September 2018, John Lewis underwent a major rebrand to become John Partners. Waitrose underwent a similar rebrand. In October 2018, recruitment website Indeed named John Lewis & Partners as the UK's eighth best private sector employer. Based on millions of employee ratings and reviews; as of October 2018, the John Lewis Partnership operated 52 John Lewis stores throughout Great Britain. The Oxford Street store opened in 1864, is the largest operated by the partnership. 35 of the stores are 12 are'John Lewis at home' stores. In 2009, John Lewis announced a new format of "John Lewis at home" stores, the first of which opened in Poole in October 2009; the "at home" stores are located within pre-existing shopping regions, focus on electrical and technology products.
The store in Poole opened on 22 October 2009 at the former Courts site at the Commerce Centre retail park
Steinway & Sons
Steinway & Sons known as Steinway, is an American-German piano company, founded in 1853 in Manhattan by German piano builder Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg. The company's growth led to the opening of a factory in New York City, United States, a factory in Hamburg, Germany; the factory in the Queens borough of New York City supplies the Americas and the factory in Hamburg supplies the rest of the world. Along with C. Bechstein, Bösendorfer and Blüthner, Steinway is referred to as one of the "Big Four" piano manufacturers. Steinway has been described as a prominent piano company, known for making pianos of high quality and for inventions within the area of piano development. Steinway has been granted 126 patents in piano making; the company's share of the high-end grand piano market exceeds 80 percent. The dominant position has been criticized, with some musicians and writers arguing that it has blocked innovation and led to a homogenization of the sound favored by pianists. Steinway pianos have received numerous awards.
One of the first is a gold medal in 1855 at the American Institute Fair at the New York Crystal Palace. From 1855 to 1862, Steinway pianos received 35 gold medals. More awards and recognitions followed, including three medals at the International Exposition of 1867 in Paris; the European part of the company holds a royal warrant of appointment to Queen Elizabeth II. In addition to the flagship Steinway piano line, Steinway markets two other, lower priced brands of piano sold under the secondary brand names Boston and Essex; the Boston brand is for the mid-level market and the Essex brand is for the entry-level market. Boston and Essex pianos are designed by Steinway engineers and produced in Asia at other piano makers' factories under the supervision of Steinway employees to utilize a lower cost of parts and labor. Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg first made pianos in the 1820s from his house in Germany, he made pianos under the Steinweg brand until he emigrated from Germany to America in 1850 with his wife and eight of his nine children.
The eldest son, C. F. Theodor Steinweg, remained in Germany, continued making the Steinweg brand of pianos, partnering with Friedrich Grotrian, a piano dealer, from 1856 to 1865. In 1853, Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg founded Sons, his first workshop in America was in a small loft at the back of 85 Varick Street in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. The first piano made by Steinway & Sons was given the number 483 because Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg had built 482 pianos in Germany. Number 483 was sold to a New York family for $500, is now on display at the German museum Städtisches Museum Seesen in Seesen, the town in which Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg began his career as a piano maker. A year demand was such that the company moved to larger premises at 82–88 Walker Street, it was not until 1864. By the 1860s, Steinway had built a new factory at Park Avenue between 52nd and 53rd Street where it covered a whole block. With a workforce of 350 men, production increased from 500 to nearly 1,800 pianos per year.
The employees were German immigrants and the official language of the company was German. The pianos themselves underwent numerous substantial improvements through innovations made both at the Steinway factory and elsewhere in the industry based on emerging engineering and scientific research, including developments in the understanding of acoustics. Half of the company's 126 patented inventions were developed by the first and second generations of the Steinway family. Steinway's pianos won prizes at exhibitions in New York City and Paris. By 1862, Steinway pianos had received more than 35 medals. Part of Steinway's early reputation arose from its successes in trade fairs. In 1865, the Steinway family sent a letter to C. F. Theodor Steinweg asking that he leave the German Steinweg factory and travel to New York City to take over the leadership of the family firm due to the deaths of his brothers Henry and Charles from disease. C. F. Theodor Steinweg obeyed, selling his share of the German piano company to his partner, Wilhelm Grotrian, two other workmen, Adolph Helfferich and H.
G. W. Schulz; the German factory changed its name from C. F. Theodor Steinweg to Grotrian, Schulz, Th. Steinweg Nachf. Shortened to Grotrian-Steinweg. In New York City, C. F. Theodor Steinweg anglicized his name to C. F. Theodore Steinway. During the next 15 years of his leadership, he kept a home in Braunschweig and traveled between Germany and the United States. Around 1870–80, William Steinway established a professional community, the company town Steinway Village, in what is now the Astoria neighborhood of Queens in New York City. Steinway Village was built as its own town, included a new factory with its own foundry and sawmill, houses for employees, lending library, post office, volunteer fire department, parks. Steinway Village became part of Long Island City. Steinway Street, one of the major streets in the Astoria and Long Island City neighborhoods of Queens, is named after the company. In 1876, Steinway participated in the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia; the competition was principally between Steinway and Weber.
According to journalist James Barron's account of Steinway's participation in the competition, the company was able to secure success by bribing one of the judges. William Steinway denied to
Roberts Radio is a consumer electronics limited company based in Mexborough, South Yorkshire, England. It has been producing radios for over 80 years; the company only traded in the United Kingdom, but now exports worldwide. The company was based in central London, near Oxford Circus and at Rathbone Place, but moved to East Molesey in 1941. In 1962, the company had a purpose built factory constructed in West Molesey; the company has been granted three Royal warrants in its own right, one via the purchase of Dynatron Radio Ltd, in 1981. The company was founded in 1932 by Harry Roberts and Leslie Bidmead They financed the down payment on a small factory, by selling Bidmead's motorbike. Roberts produced their first DAB digital radio in 1999; the company was struggling in the 1980s until one of its transistor radios appeared in an advert in 1989 for Martini, reviving interest in the product. Two limited edition product runs sold out, led to the reissue of the original design as the Revival model, inspired by a handbag belonging to Harry Roberts' wife Elsie.
Roberts Radio has been a subsidiary since 1994 of the owned GlenDimplex Group, which operates from the Republic of Ireland. The company's current CEO is Owen Watters. Roberts Radio website
Britvic plc is a British producer of soft drinks based in Hemel Hempstead. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index, it produces soft drinks under its own name. The company was founded in the mid-twentieth century in Chelmsford as the British Vitamin Products Company, it started producing fruit juices in 1938 and started marketing them under the Britvic name in 1949. Acquired by Showerings of Shepton Mallet, subsequently a division of Allied Breweries from 1968, the company changed its name to Britvic in 1971. In 1986 it acquired the R. White's Lemonade brand, it acquired Tango and the Corona brand from Beechams in 1987 and since that year it has owned the UK franchise for Pepsi and 7 Up. In 1995 it bought Robinson's from Colman. In December 2005 the company underwent an initial public offering allowing its main shareholders to realise their investments. In May 2007 the Company went on to buy the soft drinks and distribution businesses of Ireland's Cantrell & Cochrane for £169.5m. On 14 November 2012 the company announced plans to merge with Scotland's soft drink's producer A.
G. Barr, whose brands include Irn-Bru, Tizer and D'n'B, which would have created one of Europe's largest soft drinks companies; the merger was put into serious doubt after the Office of Fair Trading referred the merger to the Competition Commission. On 11 July 2013, A. G. Barr Chairman Ronnie Hanna announced that the proposed merger of Britvic and A. G. Barr had been abandoned. In May 2017, PepsiCo announced that it had decided to sell up to all of its long-held 4.5 per cent stake in Britvic. Although most of its operations are concentrated in the United Kingdom and Ireland, the company's international arm is expanding and it now exports to over 50 countries. Corporate headquarters moved from Chelmsford, Essex to Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, in March 2012; the company owns a number of leading brands in the UK including Britvic itself, R. White's Lemonade, Robinson's and J2O – as well as being the licensed bottler for PepsiCo products within the UK. In 2008 Britvic launched Gatorade in the UK, after securing the rights to do so from PepsiCo.
In May 2010, Britvic launched. It has a higher caffeine and sugar content. After their failed IPO C&C's sold their soft drink brands to Britvic, resulting in the company now owning a number of leading brands in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Ballygowan water, Cidona, MiWadi, Energise Sport as well as the rights to Pepsi and 7 Up brands in the territory through its bottling agreements with PepsiCo. Britvic bought Fruité Entreprises in May 2010 for £298 million, it has since renamed the business Britvic France. It is a fruit juice business, unlike the GB&I businesses that focus on soft drinks. In 2015 Britvic acquired ebba, located in São Paulo, in 2017 Bela Ischia, located in Rio de Janeiro. Current brands are as follows: Official site
H. P. Bulmer
H. P. Bulmer is a cider-making company founded in 1887 in England; the company's two principal brands are its own Bulmers cider, sold worldwide, Strongbow, sold across Europe, the US, Australasia and the Far East. The company is owned by Heineken International. HP Bulmer makes 65% of the five hundred million litres of cider sold annually in the United Kingdom and the bulk of the UK's cider exports; the firm's primary competitor is its Magners brand. The founder was Henry Percival "Percy" Bulmer, the twenty-year-old son of the rector at Credenhill, the Reverend Charles H. Bulmer and his wife Mary, he is said to have taken his mother's advice to make a career in food or drink, "because neither go out of fashion". Using apples from the orchard at his father's rectory and an old stone press on the farm next door, Percy Bulmer made the first cider, upon which the family fortune would be made. In 1889, his elder brother Fred, coming down from King's College, turned down the offer of a post as tutor to the children of the King of Siam to join Percy in his fledgling cider business.
With a £1,760 loan from their father, the brothers bought an 8 acres field just outside the city and built their first cider mill. It was little more than a barn compared to the huge modern stainless-steel computer-controlled cider-making plant that has grown up on a 75 acres site nearby. Cider-making was an unpredictable activity, the natural fermentation process being achieved by yeast contained within apples, it was a college friend of Fred's, Dr Herbert Durham, who, in the 1890s, isolated a wild yeast to create the first pure cider yeast culture, which would ensure that fermentations were consistent. This was the start of commercial cider-making. Bulmers was first granted the Royal Warrant in 1911 and continues today as Cider Maker to Her Majesty the Queen, it was incorporated as a private company on 27 June 1918. It described its cider as "The White Wine of England". Percy Bulmer died in 1919, aged 52. Strongbow was brought in from 1960. Shares were offered in the company on the Stock Exchange on 7 December 1970.
At this point, it was the world's largest producer of cider. In 2003, the company was bought for £278 million by Scottish & Newcastle with the loss of some 200 jobs initially. In 2008, S&N was bought for £7.8 billion by the Heineken group. Its Australia and New Zealand business interests were sold to Australian brewer Foster's. Bulmers now survives only as a brand name, with operations in Hereford scaled back principally producing cider. Apart from the 200 initial administrative jobs lost in 2003 after the initial S&N merger, more losses were announced in 2008 when bottling ceased, although after the last batch of 65 job cuts it was pledged that there would be site production and investment of around £7.5m, including a second can line to be installed by 2011. In 2006, the company relaunched Bulmers Original in the UK, a premium packaged cider aimed at the "served over ice" market, which grew in popularity. Bulmers Original is a 4.5% ABV cider sold in pint bottles, but on draught, in 1 litre bottles and in a 500 ml can.
In 2007,the Bulmers range was joined by Bulmers Pear cider, in Spring 2008 by Bulmers Light, with the same ABV as the Original but with 30% fewer calories. However, this was delisted a year later. Amongst the other brands produced by Bulmers is a 5.5 % ABV cider. This is available in Fruit De Bois and Jacques Orchard Fruits, launched in 2008. In 2010, a limited edition Summer Blend of Bulmers was made, combining apple and pear flavours, another limited edition version of Bulmers using specially selected red Katy Apples which are allowed to ripen in the orchards before harvesting, named Red Apple. In 2011, Bulmer's released the limited edition Crisp Blend, made from sharper tasting apples, delivering a crisp and drier flavour than the Original. Bulmers rebranded themselves with a new look and new bottles; the Bulmers naming tradition dates back to the early 1900s. They number-coded the different varieties, with Original №9, Pear №10 and Crisp Blend №15. At the same time, № 17 was made with the addition of crushed red berries and lime.
It is based off the A438 in the west of Hereford, directly south of Hereford Racecourse. The site covers around 95 acres, it once contained a pectin factory. It used to be the main provider of pectin in the UK. Apples for the cider are grown in France. In 2014 it was reported. Bulmers Strongbow Scrumpy Jack Woodpecker Cider Jacques Cider with fruit Pomagne Blind Pig, whiskey- and rum-flavoured ciders List of cider brands Bulmers official company website Strongbow Website Jacques Website Bulmers YouTube channel