In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Inspire is the thirty-third single released by Ayumi Hamasaki. It came out on July 28, 2004; the single was the number-one single on the Oricon charts for that week. To date, Inspire has sold over 330,000 copies, making it Hamasaki's highest selling single of 2004; the PV for Inspire was filmed in California. "Inspire" – 4:33 "Game" – 4:16 "Inspire" – 4:33 "Game" – 4:16DVD"Inspire" "Game" July 22, 2004 – AX Music – "INSPIRE" July 23, 2004 – PopJam – "GAME" July 23, 2004 – Music Station – "INSPIRE" and "GAME" July 24, 2004 – CDTV – "INSPIRE" July 27, 2004 – CDTV Special – "GAME" August 2, 2004 – Hey! Hey! Hey! – "INSPIRE" August 11, 2004 – Sokuhou Uta no Daijiten – "INSPIRE" December 31, 2004 – CDTV Special 2004-2005 – "INSPIRE" and "GAME" December 31, 2013 – Kouhaku Uta Gassen Oricon Sales Chart Total Sales: 329,145 Total Sales: 420,000 RIAJ certification: Platinum "Inspire" information at Avex Network. "Inspire" CD+DVD information at Avex Network. "Inspire" information at Oricon
"Kanariya" is a song recorded by Japanese recording artist Ayumi Hamasaki for her second studio album, Loveppears. It was released by Avex Trax in Japan and Hong Kong on December 8, 1999, through Avex USA in North America in early 2000; the recording served as Hamasaki's second limited edition single, with limited physical units of 300,000 copies. The track was written by Hamasaki herself, while production was handled by long-time collaborator Max Matsuura. Two versions of "Kanariya" were made available for consumption—a radio edit produced by American disc jockey Jonathan Peters, the album version composed by Yasuhiko Hoshino. Lyrically, the song was written in third person perspective. Upon its release, "Kanariya" received mixed reviews from music critics, with some of them praising the original and radio edit, but criticizing the remixes. Commercially, the single experienced success in Japan, peaking at number one on the Oricon Singles Chart and TBS' Count Down TV chart, it sold just below its 300,000 restricted copies, was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments of 200,000 units.
An accompanying music video for the recording was directed by Wataru Takeishi, with it portraying Hamasaki in a dark laboratory surrounded by keyboards and electronic devices. To promote the single, it appeared on several remix and greatest hits compilation albums released by Hamasaki. "Kanariya" was written by Hamasaki herself, while production was handled by long-time collaborator Max Matsuura. Two versions of "Kanariya" were made available for consumption—a radio edit produced by disc jockey Jonathan Peters, the album version composed by Yasuhiko Hoshino. Peters' remix of the track portrays a dance composition, a genre that influenced Hamasaki's second studio album, Loveppears; the song includes musical elements of house and techno. "Kanariya"'s instrumentation consists of keyboards played by Peters. The track's album version was included as a hidden track with another album entry, "Who...", has been described by members of CD Journal as a pop recording with instrumentation of guitars and a drum kit.
Lyrically, the recording was written in third person perspective, a trait, shared with the rest of the album's tracks. The song was released by Avex Trax in Japan and Hong Kong on December 8, 1999 as a CD single, serving as Hamasaki's second limited edition single with limited physical units of 300,000 copies; the physical format of "Karariya" featured a total of thirteen tracks, of which eleven were remixes and an a cappella of the track incorporating a remix for Hamasaki's tracks "Two of Us" and "From the Letter". While the former appeared on her debut studio album, A Song for ××, the latter was included as a B-side track for her single "Depend on You". On June 12, 2000, "Kanariya" was distributed in North America through Avex USA as a 12" inch vinyl, including three remixes managed by Peters; the single's artwork was photographed by Japanese photographer Toru Kumazawa, featured Hamasaki sitting in a circular pod with rhinestones on her face. The physical version of "Kanariya" failed to include a booklet, which resulted in the cover sleeve being immolated as a picture disc, featuring an emphasised plastic sheet with information on the single.
Upon its release, "Kanariya" received mixed reviews from music critics. A reviewer from Jame World was favourable to the album version of the song, acclaiming the R&B approach and Hamasaki's vocal abilities; when reviewing the CD single, the website stated, "For fans of remixes, it is a great release – however, if you want substantial music with variety and professionalism, you should look elsewhere." A member of CD Journal was positive towards the original and radio edit of the single, but criticized the remixes and labelled the sound "tired". Commercially, the single experienced success in Japan, it debuted at number one on the Oricon Singles Chart, selling 248,070 units in its first week of availability. "Kanariya" lasted six weeks within the top 200, marking one of Hamasaki's lowest-spanning singles on that chart. It opened atop on the Count Down TV chart hosted by Tokyo Broadcasting System, lasting four weeks within the top 100. By the end of 1999, the recording sold over 289,200 units in Japan, but failed to be included on Oricon's Annual Chart for unknown reasons.
The subsequent year, "Karariya" was ranked at number 92 behind five other singles released by Hamasaki. It peaked at number 84 on TBS' Annual Chart in 1999. In February 2000, the track was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments of 200,000 units; as of July 2016, "Kanariya" has been listed as the singer's 29th best-selling single based on Oricon Style's database. An accompanying music video for the single was directed by Wataru Takeishi, uses a shorten version of Peters' remix; the visual portrays Hamasaki in a dark laboratory, being surrounded by keyboards, electronic devices and a black bird. Throughout the music video, several people start to wear headphones and follow Hamasaki, with them starting to listen to the song and observing TV monitors of the singer; each person, including Hamasaki, wears black eye shadow on one eye, a code on their hand. Over the clip, the singer is seen singing to the recording in the laboratory, with interspersed scenes portraying her wearing the outfit used for the single's artwork.
The music video was included on several DVD compilations released by Hamasaki, includingA Clips, A Complete Box Set, the digital release of A Clips Complete."Kanariya" has been promoted through compilation albums relea
A Song Is Born (song)
"A Song Is Born" was a collaboration between Ayumi Hamasaki and Keiko for the Song Nation non-profit project by Avex, created to raise funds to help the victims of the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center. The song was composed by Tetsuya Komuro, but unlike the other two single releases of the project, "The Meaning of Peace" and "Lovin' It", the lyrics were written by Ayumi Hamasaki. Hamasaki went on to record a solo version on this song, which appeared on her fourth studio album, I am.... "A Song Is Born" "A Song Is Born" Oricon Sales Chart
A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9% of all music sales in the US in 2012. By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year. Paid downloads are sometimes encoded with Digital Rights Management that restricts copying the music or playing purchased songs on certain digital audio players, they are always compressed using a lossy codec, which reduces file size and bandwidth requirements. These music resources have been created as a response to expanding technology and needs of customers that wanted easy, quick access to music, their business models respond to the "download revolution" by making legal services attractive for users.
Legal music downloads have faced a number of challenges from artists, record labels and the Recording Industry Association of America. In July 2007, the Universal Music Group decided not to renew their long-term contracts with iTunes; this decision was based upon the issue of pricing of songs, as Universal wanted to be able to charge more or less depending on the artist, a shift away from iTunes' standard—at the time—99 cents per song pricing. Many industry leaders feel that this is only the first of many show-downs between Apple Inc. and the various record labels. According to research by the website TorrentFreak, 38% of Swedish artists support file share downloading and claim that it helps artists in early career stages; the Swedish rock group Lamont has profited from file sharing. The Recording Industry Association of America oversees about 85% of published music production and manufacturing in the United States, they work to protect musicians while supporting the First Amendment rights. Their stated goal is to support artists' creativity and help them not be cheated out of money by illegal downloading.
The Recording Industry Association of America launched its first lawsuits on 8 September 2003, against individuals who illegally downloaded music files from the Kazaa FastTrack network. Two years after it began, the campaign survived at least one major legal challenge; the RIAA said it filed 750 suits in February 2006 against individuals downloading music files without paying for them in hopes of putting an end to Internet music piracy. The RIAA hopes their campaign will force people to respect the copyrights of music labels and minimize the number of illegal downloads; the Official Charts Company began to incorporate downloads in the UK Singles Chart on 17 April 2005, at which time Radio 1 stopped broadcasting the separate download chart, although the chart is still compiled. This was on condition that the song must have a physical media release at the same time. Music downloads have been measured by the Official Charts Company since 2004 and included in the main UK Singles Chart from 2005.
The most downloaded song in the UK is "Happy" by Pharrell Williams with over 1.8 million downloads. In November 2005, the record for the best-selling downloaded single in the United States was held by Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl", which sold over one million downloads, making it the first song to achieve platinum download status; as of July 2012, the record for the best-selling downloaded single in the United States on the iTunes Store is held by The Black Eyed Peas's "I Gotta Feeling", which has sold over 8 million downloads. Soon after his death in 2009, Michael Jackson became the first artist to sell over one million songs downloaded via the Internet in one week. However, Adele marks the most downloads sold by a single song in a week, with "Hello" selling 1.12 million copies in November 2015. Eminem's seventh studio album, became the first album to sell one million digital copies. Beyoncé's self-titled fifth studio album became the fastest-selling album within 24 hours in iTunes history after its release in December 2013.
Within 24 hours of availability, the album sold 430,000 digital copies. Adele's third studio album 25 became the fastest-selling album in a week iTunes history after it was released on 20 November 2015, it sold 1.64 million digital copies in its first week. In 2006, the Recording Industry Association of Japan began issuing certifications for digitally released music in Japan, compiling data from the early 2000s onwards; the best-selling song is Fukushima-based vocal group Greeeen's song "Kiseki", certified for being downloaded four million times between 2008 and 2015, followed by R&B singer Thelma Aoyama's "Soba ni Iru ne" featuring rapper SoulJa, certified for three million downloads between 2008 and 2014. Greeeen's song "Ai Uta" ranks as the third highest certified song, with 2.5 million downloads tracked between 2007 and 2009. Two more songs have sold more than two million paid downloads: Ayaka's "Mikazuki" and Kobukuro's "Tsubomi"; the most successful ringtone in Japan is Moldovan-Romanian band O-Zone's "Dragostea din tei", known locally as "Koi no Maiahi", certified as having four million units sold.
In Japan, only two albums have received digital certifications by the RIAJ. The first was Songs for Japan, a charity compilation album raising profits for the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, certified gold for 100,000 downloa
Ayumi Hamasaki is a Japanese singer, record producer, model and entrepreneur. Through her entire career, she has written all her lyrical content, has sometimes composed her music. Born and raised in Fukuoka, Hamasaki moved to Tokyo at fourteen in 1993 to pursue a career in singing and acting. In 1998, under the tutelage of Avex CEO Max Matsuura, Hamasaki released her debut single "Poker Face" and debut major-label album A Song for XX; the album debuted at the top of the Oricon charts and remained there for five weeks, selling over a million copies. Her next ten albums shipped over a million copies in Japan, with her third, selling nearly three million. A Best, her first compilation album, is her best-selling album, with more than four million copies sold in Japan. Since 2006, after her album Secret was released and single sales have declined. Hamasaki has sold over 50 million records, making her the best-selling Japanese solo artist of all time. Hamasaki has several domestic record achievements for her singles, such as the most number-one hits by a female artist.
From 1999 to 2010, Hamasaki had at least two singles each year topping the charts. Hamasaki is the first female recording artist to have ten studio albums since her debut to top the Oricon and the first artist to have a number-one album for 13 consecutive years since her debut. Hamasaki's second remix album, Super Eurobeat Presents Ayu-ro Mix, is recognized as one of the best selling remix albums of all time and remains her only album to be recognized in a worldwide accreditation. During the height of her career, Hamasaki has been dubbed as the "Empress of J-pop" because of her popularity in Japan and Asia. Following an ear infection in 2000, she has suffered worsening hearing loss and is deaf in one ear. Born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Hamasaki was raised as an only child by her grandmother, her father had left the family and never again came into contact with her. Hamasaki's mother worked to support the family, so Hamasaki was taken care of by her grandmother, she described herself as a "tomboy" when she was a teenager, as a “strange kid” who “liked to be alone”.
At age seven, Hamasaki began modeling for local institutions, such as banks, in order to supplement the family's income. She continued this career path by leaving her family at fourteen and moving to Tokyo as a model under SOS, a talent agency, her modeling career did not last long. Under the name of "Ayumi", Hamasaki released a rap EP, Nothing from Nothing, on the Nippon Columbia label in 1995, she was dismissed from the label. After this failure, Hamasaki took up acting and starred in B-movies such as Ladys Ladys!! Sōcho Saigo no television dramas such as Miseinen, which were poorly received by the public. From August 1995 to March 1996, Hamasaki co-hosted the SoundLink "magazine" Hōkago no Ōsama for the Nintendo Satellaview once a week with Shigeru Izumiya. Growing dissatisfied with her job, Hamasaki quit acting and moved in with her mother, who had moved to Tokyo. Hamasaki was a good student, earning good grades in junior high school, she lost faith in the curriculum, thinking that the subjects taught were of no use to her.
Her grades worsened. While living in Tokyo, she attempted to further her studies at Horikoshi Gakuen, a high school for the arts, but dropped out in the first year. Hamasaki did not attend school or have a job, so she spent much of her time shopping at Shibuya boutiques and dancing at Velfarre, an Avex-owned disco club. At Velfarre, she was introduced to Max Matsuura, through a friend. After hearing Hamasaki sing karaoke, Matsuura offered her a recording deal, but Hamasaki suspected ulterior motives and turned the offer down, he succeeded in recruiting her for the Avex label in the following year. Hamasaki started vocal training, but skipped most of her classes after finding her instructors to be too rigid and the classes dull; when she confessed this to Matsuura, he sent her to New York to train her vocals under another method. During her foreign sojourn, Hamasaki corresponded with Matsuura and impressed him with her style of writing. On her return to Japan, he suggested. Hamasaki made her debut under Avex at 19 on April 8, 1998 with the single "Poker Face".
It—and the following four singles—were not major hits, however each release was better than the last, thus increasing her exposure and presence on the market. Hamasaki's debut album, A Song for ××, was "unassuming": the tracks, composed by Yasuhiko Hoshino, Akio Togashi, Mitsuru Igarashi, were "cautious" pop-rock songs. However, Hamasaki's lyrics, introspective observations about her feelings and experiences that focused on loneliness and individualism, resonated with the Japanese public; the songs gained Hamasaki a growing following, the release of the album was a success: it topped the Oricon charts for five weeks and sold over a million copies. For her achievements, she earned a Japan Gold Disc Award for "Best New Artist of the Year". With Ayu-mi-x, the first of a series of remix albums, Hamasaki began moving beyond the pop-rock of A Song for ×× and began to incorporate different styles including trance and orchestra. Hamasaki began to experiment with different musical styles in her singles as well, releasing dance
Connected (Ayumi Hamasaki song)
"Connected" is a song recorded by Japanese recording artist and lyricist Ayumi Hamasaki for her fourth studio album I Am... released on January 1, 2002. The song was written by Hamasaki herself; the song was first conceived when Corsten had developed a track in Europe entitled "The Lost of Love". Despite him playing it at several events and shows throughout Europe, he did not release the track. After this and Corsten had started to collaborate and the pair had changed and used the finishing result to create "Connected". Musically, "Connected" is a trance song that utilizes electro and dance music, a prominent musical genre during early 2000s; the song achieved favorable reception from most music critics, who had praised the musical collaboration and electronic influence within the album. However, some critics were divided by Hamasaki's vocal abilities. Being released in Europe in April 2003 as her first European single, the song did not chart in any important record charts neither did it chart on Oricon.
An accompanying music video was shot for the single by Kouji Morimoto and featured anime inspired themes and features people in a futuristic city. The song was performed live on her New Year's Eve Countdown Live 2001-2002 and on her Premium Showcase: Feel the Love tour in Nagoya and Tokyo, the first in 13 years since she performed the song live. During the early 2000s era, Hamasaki had received massive attention and commercial commendation for her musical efforts, her third studio album Duty sold nearly three million copies and was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of Japan and the third single"Seasons" became Hamasaki's third million selling single, having sold over 1.3 million units in Japan and was certified Million by RIAJ. The success continued on with the work off I Am..., released on New Years Day, 2002 and received favorable reception from most Japanese critics. The album was a commercial success, selling over 2.3 million units in Japan and was certified triple platinum by RIAJ.
With countless singles being released throughout the album, the lead single "M" became her fourth million selling single and sold 1.32 million units in Japan."Connected" was a trance composition made by Ferry Corsten, who went under the name "East West", called "The Love I Lost". Although Corsten had played the song live in several events and shows, he never released it as a single; when Corsten collaborated with Hamasaki he altered the riff for "The Love I Lost" and let her write lyrics for it. "Connected" was included on Hamasaki's album I Am... and on The Very Best Of Ferry Corsten, compilation released by the Avex label in Japan and other Asian countries. Written by Hamasaki herself, "Connected" became her first song from her discography to have been produced and composed by someone outside off her native Japan, was her only song during the time to be produced by someone else apart from Max Matsuura. Musically, "Connected" is a trance-inspired song that incorporates contemporary dance music and electro music.
During the song, Hamasaki's vocals hit higher notes than other tracks on her I Am... album and were noted as "strained". Under the alias "Ayu", Drizzly Records in Germany and Lightning Records in Belgium got the rights to release some of Ayumi Hamasaki's trance material. On November 15, 2002, a first vinyl containing unreleased versions of the song was released in Germany. On December 6, 2002, a vinyl was released in Belgium. On April 7, 2003 a maxi CD single was released in Germany, which included several remixes and alternate versions of the song. Hamasaki continued to release singles in Germany on Drizzly until 2005. "Connected" was her last single released from her I Am... album and was released after her 2002 single "Voyage". "Connected" received favorable reception from most music critics. Jeff from Random. Access gave the song a positive comment, stating "It's pretty good, but only because I like trance music and Ferry Corsten's music too; this was composed prior to Corsten's electro days, so you can only expect pure trance " Jeff had selected "Connected" as the best track and "Choice Cut" from the parent album.
Yolanda from the online publication Music Addiction was positive towards the track, stating "In fact, I think I like this song more than I am… and it may turn out to be one of the best songs on this album " Although she felt she favored the song due to Yolanda's influence in Hamasaki's "rock music", she felt the song was too short and was a letdown because off it. However, a reviewer from the publication Sputnikmusic was negative towards the song, felling it lacked progression and criticized her vocals for being too high pitched; the music video was directed by Kouji Morimoto and the key animation direction was handled by Shinya Ohira. Studio 4 °C. had handled the production off the video and was created by them. The video features people in a futuristic city, it features the city destroying other parts of the city, while mysterious space orbs create new buildings and the people watch upon the cities growing. The song was first performed by Hamasaki at her New Year's Eve concert Countdown Live 2001-2002.
In 2014, she performed a rearranged version of the song on her Premium Showcase: Feel the Love tour in Nagoya and Tokyo. This was the first time in 13 years that the song was performed live