Moncure, North Carolina

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Moncure, North Carolina
Census-designated place
Moncure is located in North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°37′22″N 79°4′42″W / 35.62278°N 79.07833°W / 35.62278; -79.07833Coordinates: 35°37′22″N 79°4′42″W / 35.62278°N 79.07833°W / 35.62278; -79.07833
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Chatham
 • Total 4.9 sq mi (12.8 km2)
 • Land 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 213 ft (65 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 711
 • Density 151/sq mi (58.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 27559
FIPS code 37-43880[1]
GNIS feature ID 1021511[2]

Moncure, founded in 1881, is a small rural unincorporated community in southeastern Chatham County, North Carolina, United States. Moncure and the neighboring community of Haywood form the Moncure census-designated place (CDP), which had a population of 711 at the 2010 census.[3] The community is located near the confluence of the Deep and Haw rivers, which forms the Cape Fear River. Moncure once served as the westernmost inland port in the state, linked to the Atlantic Ocean by steamships.[4]


Moncure is located in southeastern Chatham County, at 35.622N latitude and -79.078W longitude, and at an elevation of approximately 213 feet (65 m). It is bordered on the south by the Deep River, which forms the boundary with Lee County to the south. The Moncure CDP includes the village of Moncure, plus the smaller community of Haywood to the east; both are located along Old US Highway 1. The CDP extends as far east as the Haw River and as far south as the junction of the Haw with the Deep River to form the Cape Fear River. U.S. Route 1, a four-lane expressway, passes through Moncure north of the village center, with access from Exit 79. US 1 leads northeast 28 miles (45 km) to Raleigh, the state capital, and southwest 12 miles (19 km) to Sanford. The area forms a salient or panhandle of Chatham County, lying between Wake and Lee Counties.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Moncure CDP has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.8 km2), of which 4.7 square miles (12.2 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 4.61%, is water.[3]

The B. Everett Jordan Lake Dam is located just north of Moncure, and the area is home to much of Chatham County's heavy industry, including Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant 8 miles (13 km) to the east, and several plywood and lumber plants.


Moncure is home to a post office (ZIP code 27559), two convenience stores and an ABC store. The Moncure Volunteer Fire Department provides fire protection for the area. The department was founded May 4, 1966. There are two stations: Station 8 in Moncure at 2389 Old US 1 and Station 14 on Corinth Road at the intersection of Highway 42. The Moncure Fire Department Ladies auxiliary is the only active auxiliary in Chatham County.

Moncure and the nearby town of Pittsboro have an active artistic community. The defunct Moncure Museum of Modern Art is located within Moncure.


Moncure was founded in 1881 by Thomas Jefferson Moncure, Benjamin Gunter Womble (February 17, 1841 – February 15, 1916), Jake Wisseler, and James Everett Bryan. Thomas Moncure was an engineer for what became the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. Benjamin Womble was a Confederate veteran, owner of the Womble Hotel, and first[citation needed] postmaster of Moncure for 30 years. The old post office now resides on the Womble property that has been continuously owned by his family.[5]

The Newkirk State (Site 3lCH366) and Lockville Dam, Canal and Powerhouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]


  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Moncure CDP, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Interesting Facts & Tidbits". County of Chatham, North Carolina. Retrieved April 23, 2012. 
  5. ^ Pendergrass, Esther Womble, "History of Moncure", The Sanford Herald, March 26, 1969.
  6. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.