The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of 5 million square kilometres. The Philippine Sea Plate forms the floor of the sea, which forms a portion of the western North Pacific Ocean, it is bordered by the Philippine archipelago on the southwest. The sea has a diverse undersea relief; the floor is formed into a structural basin by a series of geologic faults and fracture zones. Island arcs, which are extended ridges protruding above the ocean surface due to plate tectonic activity in the area, enclose the Philippine Sea to the north and south; the Philippine archipelago, Ryukyu Islands, the Marianas are examples. Another prominent feature of the Philippine Sea is the presence of deep sea trenches, among them the Philippine Trench and the Mariana Trench, containing the deepest point on the planet; the Philippine Sea has the Philippines and Taiwan to the west, Japan to the north, the Marianas to the east and Palau to the south.
Adjacent seas include the Celebes Sea, separated by Mindanao and smaller islands to the south, the South China Sea, separated by Philippines, the East China Sea, separated by the Ryukyu Islands. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Philippine Sea as "that area of the North Pacific Ocean off the Eastern coasts of the Philippine Islands", bounded as follows: On the west. By the eastern limits of the East Indian Archipelago, South China Sea and East China Sea. On the north. By the southeast coast of Kyushu, the southern and eastern limits of the Inland Sea and the south coast of Honshu Island. On the east. By the ridge joining Japan to the Bonin and Ladrone Islands, all these being included in the Philippine Sea. On the south. By a line joining Guam, Yap and Halmahera Islands; the Philippine Sea Plate forms the floor of the Philippine Sea. It subducts under the Philippine Mobile Belt which carries most of the Philippine archipelago and eastern Taiwan. Between the two plates is the Philippine Trench.
The Philippine Sea has a marine territorial scope of over 679,800 square kilometres, an EEZ of 2.2 million km2. Attributed to an extensive vicariance and island integrations, the Philippines contains the highest number of marine species per unit area relative to the countries within the Indo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago, has been identified as the epicenter of marine biodiversity. With its inclusion in the Coral Triangle, the Philippine Sea encompasses over 3,212 fish species, 486 coral species, 800 seaweed species, 820 benthic algae species, wherein the Verde Island Passage is dubbed as “the center of the center of marine fish biodiversity”. Within its territory, thirty-three endemic species of fish have been identified, including the blue-spotted angelfish and the sea catfish; the Philippine marine territory has become a breeding and feeding ground for endangered marine species, such as the whale shark, the dugong, the megamouth shark. The Coral Triangle, or the Indo-Malayan Triangle, is considered as the global center of marine biodiversity, its total oceanic area 2 million square kilometers.
It encompasses the tropical waters of Malaysia, the Philippines, Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. The Philippines is found at the apex of the Coral Triangle, taking up 300,000 square kilometres of the Coral Triangle, with the country's coral reef area in the Coral Triangle ranging from 10,750 square kilometres to 33,500 square kilometres, which has over 500 species of scleractinian or stony corals, 12 endemic coral species have been identified here as well; the Coral Triangle houses 75% of the world's coral species, estimated to be at around 600 different species, along with over 2000 different types of reef fish. It is home to six of the world's seven species of marine turtles, namely hawksbill, leatherback, green turtle, olive ridley, sea turtle. Up until now, there is no single explanation of the diversity found in the Coral Triangle, as most researchers have attributed the diversity to geological occurrences like plate tectonics, it helps in providing and supporting the livelihoods of 120 million people, is able to provide food to the Philippine coastal communities and millions more worldwide.
The whale shark tourism in the Coral Triangle helps provide a steady source of income for the community. Apart from the Philippines, the marine sources found in the Coral Triangle have high economic value across the globe. Countries surrounding the Coral Triangle help provide their locals with technical assistance and capability to build toward conservation and sustainability for food security, livelihoods and economic development. Climate change continuously affects the coastal ecosystem found in the Coral Triangle, as it contributes to rising sea levels and ocean acidification, thus endangering marine animals like fish and turtles; this has a negative effect on local livelihoods such as fishing and tourism. Corals are not able to adapt and survive if water will keep on warming, as this makes the corals absorb more carbon dioxide, altering pH balance making it acidic; the Philippine Sea hosts an exotic marine ecosyst
Asan is a village located on the western shore of the United States territory of Guam. The municipality of Asan-Maina combines Asan with a community in the hills to the east, it was a primary landing site for United States Marines during Guam's liberation from the Japanese during World War II. Asan Beach Park is part of the War in the Pacific National Historic Park. Asan and Maina are located in the Luchan District. Asan derives its name from the Chamorro word hassan meaning rare. One meaning of the word ma’ina refers to an infant who, between the time of birth and baptism, is taken by the mother to Mass before sunrise; this old ritual was considered analogous to and in imitation of the Presentation of Jesus in the Temple. On July 21, 1944 the Americans landed in Asan to recapture the island from occupying Japanese forces during the Battle of Guam; the 3rd Marine Division landed in Asan at 08:28, the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade landed near Agat to the south. Japanese artillery sank 20 Landing Vehicle Trackeds.
United States Marines fought Japanese forces fortified in the hills above the shore after establishing a beach head. During the following week, Americans pursued retreating Japanese forces northward and won the battle. From April to November 1975 the former Camp Asan was used as a refugee camp for South Vietnamese refugees during Operation New Life. On August 6, 1997, Korean Air Flight 801 crashed on Nimitz Hill in Asan. A memorial was constructed. Guam Public School System serves the island. Southern High School in Santa Rita serves the village; every year the island's largest Easter egg hunt is at the War in the Pacific National Park with over 10,000 eggs. The village hosts the yearly International Kite Flying Competitions with people from South Korea, China and the Northern Mariana Islands competing for the championship. Enrique S. Cruz Santiago A. Limtiaco Joaquin L. Jesus Santiago A. Limtiaco Joaquin S. Santos Jose S. Quitugua Daniel L. Guerrero Frank A. Acfalle Vicente L. San Nicolas Joana Margaret C.
Blas Frank "Frankie" A. Salas Villages of Guam
Mangilao is a village on the eastern shore of the United States territory of Guam. The village's population has increased following the island's 2000 census. Cliffs lie along much of the village's shoreline providing dramatic views, but few of Mangilao's beaches are available for recreational uses; the island's main prison is in Mangilao. The Guam Department of Corrections operates the Adult Correctional Facility, the Community Corrections Center, the Women's Facility in Mangilao; the Guam Department of Youth Affairs has its headquarters in Mangilao. The Guam Youth Correctional Facility, operated by the department, is in Mangilao; the Guam Department of Agriculture has its headquarters in Mangilao. The Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services has its headquarters in Mangilao; the University of Guam, Guam Community College, Pacific Islands University are in the village. The Guam Public School System serves the island; some Mangilao residents are zoned to Captain Henry B. Price Elementary School, located in Mangilao.
Other residents are zoned to Pedro C. Lujan Elementary School in Barrigada; some Mangilao residents are zoned to Agueda I. Johnston Middle School in Chalan-Pago-Ordot, while others are zoned to Luis P. Untalan Middle School in Barrigada. All of Mangilao is zoned to George Washington High School, in Mangilao. A Roman Catholic high school, Father Dueñas Memorial School, is in Mangilao. In addition, the Japanese School of Guam, which has day school and weekend supplementary school components, is in Mangilao. Francisco P. Pangelinan Manuel T. Sablan Jesus T. Pereira Jesus D. L. R. Santos Nicolas D. Francisco Nonito C. Blas Allan R. G. Ungacta Allan R. G. Ungacta Thomas J. F. Duenas Adacao - census designated place Asbeco - populated place Latte Heights - census designated place Villages of Guam
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Merizo, is the southernmost village in the United States territory of Guam. Cocos Island is a part of the municipality; the village's population has decreased since the island's 2000 census. During the first Spanish missionary efforts on Guam, Merizo was the site of resistance encouraged by Choco, a Chinese resident of the village; the parish of Merizo was the second established by the Spanish on Guam. A large population of Chamorros from the Mariana Islands were relocated to the village during Spanish rule; the village covers an area of 6 square miles and is located on the shore below the volcanic hills of southern Guam. Places of interest for visitors include Southern Comfort Ranch and Merizo Pier where ferries can be taken to Cocos Island Resort. Several popular dive sites are located off Merizo's coast. Officials from the Guam Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Public Health and Social Services and the Coast Guard announced findings of major polychlorinated biphenyl contamination in the Cocos Lagoon on February 20, 2006 and warned people not to eat fish caught there.
The contamination is believed to have come from a United States Coast Guard station which operated on Cocos Island from 1944-1963. Guam Public School System serves the island. Merizo Martyrs Elementary School in Merizo and Inarajan Middle School in Inarajan serve Merizo. Southern High School in Santa Rita serves the village. Guam Public Library System operates the Merizo Library at 376 Cruz Avenue. Water sport crafts can be rented near Merizo Pier; the pier is a great fishing spot. Jose T. Tajalle Joaquin Q. Acfalle Ignacio S. Cruz Rita A. Tainatongo Ernest T. Chargualaf Villages of Guam Dive Sites of Guam Rogers, Robert F. Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 0-8248-1678-1 Carter, Lee D. ISBN 1-878453-28-9 Sanchez, Pedro C. Guahan, Guam: The History of our Island: Sanchez Publishing House. Merizo Guam at Guam Portal http://www.guampdn.com/communities/maps/merizo.html
Hagåtña is the capital village of the United States territory of Guam. From the 18th through mid-20th century, it was Guam's population center, but today it is the second smallest of the island's 19 villages in both area and population. However, it remains one of the island's major commercial districts in addition to being the seat of government. "Hagåt" means "blood" in the Chamorro language. The suffix "-ña" can be translated as either the possessive pronouns his, hers or its in English, or a signification of greater comparative degree, similar to some uses of the English suffix "-er". There is much speculation that the natives migrated from the village of Agat/Hagåt. Therefore, "Hagåtña" can be translated "his or her blood" meaning "related to him, her or it", or it could be translated to what might mean "more Hagåt", as in, an extension of the village of Hagåt, it could mean "better Hagåt", or "more than, surpassing or superior to Hagåt" in a sense of being "more Hagåt than Hagåt itself".
In 1998, the Guam Legislature changed the name from "Agana" back to the original Chamorro/Chamoru form. However, the name of the neighboring village Agana Heights remains unchanged. Hagåtña is located at the mouth of the Hagåtña River on Guam's west coast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1 square mile; the village is bounded by the sandy beaches of Agana Bay to the north, the Agana River and associated wetlands to the east, a cliff to the South. Several high-rise office buildings are in the center of the village, while the western portion of the city known as Anigua is more residential. Unlike many villages, central Hagåtña is divided into city blocks with shops and small restaurants throughout the center of the village. Populated residential areas in the villages of Mongmong-Toto-Maite and Agana Heights surround Hagåtña. Hagåtña was a prominent village before Guam's colonization by the Spanish. In 1668, the first Spanish missionary, Padre San Vitores arrived on the island.
The family of Chief Kepuha donated land in Hagåtña enabling San Vitores to build the first church on Guam. Under Spanish rule, much of the indigenous population of Guam and other Mariana Islands was forced to relocate to the city; the remains of buildings from the Spanish administration can be seen in the Plaza de España located beside the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Agana. The remains of the Spanish Governor's Palace is here and is closer to the Department of Education than the Cathedral. After Guam was ceded by Spain to the United States in the Spanish–American War of 1898,'Agana' remained the seat of government under U. S. Naval Administration. By 1940, the city's population had grown to about 10,000 containing nearly half of the island's residents. Villages had been established nearby for immigrants from the Caroline Islands. Guam was captured by Japanese forces on December 8, 1941, it was an insult to the Guamanians when their new landlords, the Japanese, renamed Guam Ōmiya-jima or Great Shrine Island, Agana Akashi or Red or Bright Stone.
Relations with the Japanese went downhill, but life for the easygoing 20,000 Guamanians still was tolerable. During Guam's 1944 liberation from the Japanese during World War II, the city was damaged by U. S. naval bombardment. Many former residents settled in other parts of Guam after the war; as part of Guam's reconstruction plan, the U. S. Navy constructed new straight city streets that passed through existing lots and created many plots of land with multiple owners; this has hindered the development of the city to the present day. In December 1944 Guam was the scene of the Agana race riot, between black and white servicemen stationed on the island. Today, despite a resident population of only 1,100, the city remains the seat of the territorial government, its historic sites are major attractions for visitors. Hagåtña is served by Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport in Tamuning and Barrigada; as Guam's historic population and administrative center, many traditional celebrations take place in Hagåtña.
On December 8, Santa Marian Kamalen, Patroness of the Mariana Islands, is honored by a procession where a statue of the patroness is pulled on a cart amid the prayers of thousands of the island's Catholics. Guam's most celebrated patriotic holiday, Liberation Day is on July 21; the annual Liberation Day Parade takes place on Marine Corps Drive in Hagåtña. In addition to the historic sites at the Plaza de España and the Basilica, Latte Stone Park and the Chamorro Village shopping area offer further information about the island's history and culture; the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, of the Republic of China, is in Suite 505 of the Bank of Guam Building. The island's capital, the legislature, the governor's office and other government offices are in Hagåtña; the Government House, traditionally the governor's official residence, is situated above the cliff but technically within the city limit of Hagåtña. Adelup, home of the Ricardo J. Bordallo Governor’s Complex since 1990, was once part of Asan-Maina before being annexed into Hagåtña so that Hagåtña remains the seat of the Government of Guam.
Adelup is used as a metonym in reference to Guam's government. The Guam Department of Corrections operates the Hagåtña Detention Facility in Hagåtña. Notable federal government agencies in Hagåtña include the District Court of Guam at 520 West Soledad Avenue, the United States Attorney at Si
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. Its recommended unit symbol is MB; the unit prefix mega is a multiplier of 1000000 in the International System of Units. Therefore, one megabyte is one million bytes of information; this definition has been incorporated into the International System of Quantities. However, in the computer and information technology fields, several other definitions are used that arose for historical reasons of convenience. A common usage has been to designate one megabyte as 1048576bytes, a measurement that conveniently expresses the binary multiples inherent in digital computer memory architectures. However, most standards bodies have deprecated this usage in favor of a set of binary prefixes, in which this quantity is designated by the unit mebibyte. Less common is a convention that used the megabyte to mean 1000×1024 bytes; the megabyte is used to measure either 10002 bytes or 10242 bytes. The interpretation of using base 1024 originated as a compromise technical jargon for the byte multiples that needed to be expressed by the powers of 2 but lacked a convenient name.
As 1024 approximates 1000 corresponding to the SI prefix kilo-, it was a convenient term to denote the binary multiple. In 1998 the International Electrotechnical Commission proposed standards for binary prefixes requiring the use of megabyte to denote 10002 bytes and mebibyte to denote 10242 bytes. By the end of 2009, the IEC Standard had been adopted by the IEEE, EU, ISO and NIST; the term megabyte continues to be used with different meanings: Base 10 1 MB = 1000000 bytes is the definition recommended by the International System of Units and the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC. This definition is used in networking contexts and most storage media hard drives, flash-based storage, DVDs, is consistent with the other uses of the SI prefix in computing, such as CPU clock speeds or measures of performance; the Mac OS X 10.6 file manager is a notable example of this usage in software. Since Snow Leopard, file sizes are reported in decimal units. In this convention, one thousand megabytes is equal to one gigabyte, where 1 GB is one billion bytes.
Base 2 1 MB = 1048576 bytes is the definition used by Microsoft Windows in reference to computer memory, such as RAM. This definition is synonymous with the unambiguous binary prefix mebibyte. In this convention, one thousand and twenty-four megabytes is equal to one gigabyte, where 1 GB is 10243 bytes. Mixed 1 MB = 1024000 bytes is the definition used to describe the formatted capacity of the 1.44 MB 3.5-inch HD floppy disk, which has a capacity of 1474560bytes. Semiconductor memory doubles in size for each address lane added to an integrated circuit package, which favors counts that are powers of two; the capacity of a disk drive is the product of the sector size, number of sectors per track, number of tracks per side, the number of disk platters in the drive. Changes in any of these factors would not double the size. Sector sizes were set as powers of two for convenience in processing, it was a natural extension to give the capacity of a disk drive in multiples of the sector size, giving a mix of decimal and binary multiples when expressing total disk capacity.
Depending on compression methods and file format, a megabyte of data can be: a 1 megapixel bitmap image with 256 colors stored without any compression. A 4 megapixel JPEG image with normal compression. 1 minute of 128 kbit/s MP3 compressed music. 6 seconds of uncompressed CD audio. A typical English book volume in plain text format; the human genome consists of DNA representing 800 MB of data. The parts that differentiate one person from another can be compressed to 4 MB. Timeline of binary prefixes Gigabyte § Consumer confusion Historical Notes About The Cost Of Hard Drive Storage Space the megabyte International Electrotechnical Commission definitions IEC prefixes and symbols for binary multiples