A deluge gun, fire monitor, master stream or deck gun is an aimable controllable high-capacity water jet used for manual firefighting or automatic fire protection systems. Deluge guns are designed to accommodate foam, injected in the upstream piping; the term monitor may be derived from the class of warships known by the same name, that were armed with disproportionately large guns. Deluge guns are fitted to fire boats, tug boats, on top of large fire trucks for use in manual firefighting efforts, where they can be aimed and operated by one firefighter and are used to deliver water or foam from outside the immediate area of the fire. Deluge guns are sometimes installed in fixed fire protection systems to protect high hazards, such as aviation hangars and helicopter landing pads. Facilities with flammable material such as oil refineries may have permanently installed deluge guns. Most apparatus-mounted deluge guns can be directed by a single firefighter, compared to a standard fire hose which requires several.
Deluge guns may have portable designs. The latter option enables a firefighter to set up the gun to apply water to a blaze, before leaving it in place to attend to other tasks. A deluge gun can discharge more. A master stream is a fire service term for a water stream of 350 US gallons per greater, it is delivered by a master stream device, such as deluge gun, or fire monitor. Master streams are found at the end of aerial ladders, tele-squirt nozzles, or monitor nozzles; the high pressure that they require renders them unsuitable for handline use. A master stream brings with it many risks. A master stream should never be fired into a building with people inside, as the force could knock down a supporting wall in a structure and crush victims; the steam resulting from the high volume of water delivered could cause a blowout or displace oxygen from an enclosed area, creating a risk of asphyxiation. Standpipe Water cannon Water gun Hall, Richard. Adams, Barbara, ed. Essentials of Fire Fighting. Stillwater, OK: Fire Protection Publication.
ISBN 0-87939-149-9. US Patent for improved mobile fire apparatus ABS Rules for Steel Vessels 2007 5C.9.11/3 Specific Vessel Types- Chemical Carriers, Fire Protection and Fire Extinction
A computer monitor is an output device that displays information in pictorial form. A monitor comprises the display device, circuitry and power supply; the display device in modern monitors is a thin film transistor liquid crystal display with LED backlighting having replaced cold-cathode fluorescent lamp backlighting. Older monitors used a cathode ray tube. Monitors are connected to the computer via VGA, Digital Visual Interface, HDMI, DisplayPort, low-voltage differential signaling or other proprietary connectors and signals. Computer monitors were used for data processing while television receivers were used for entertainment. From the 1980s onwards, computers have been used for both data processing and entertainment, while televisions have implemented some computer functionality; the common aspect ratio of televisions, computer monitors, has changed from 4:3 to 16:10, to 16:9. Modern computer monitors are interchangeable with conventional television sets. However, as computer monitors do not include components such as a television tuner and speakers, it may not be possible to use a computer monitor as a television without external components.
Early electronic computers were fitted with a panel of light bulbs where the state of each particular bulb would indicate the on/off state of a particular register bit inside the computer. This allowed the engineers operating the computer to monitor the internal state of the machine, so this panel of lights came to be known as the'monitor'; as early monitors were only capable of displaying a limited amount of information and were transient, they were considered for program output. Instead, a line printer was the primary output device, while the monitor was limited to keeping track of the program's operation; as technology developed engineers realized that the output of a CRT display was more flexible than a panel of light bulbs and by giving control of what was displayed in the program itself, the monitor itself became a powerful output device in its own right. Computer monitors were known as visual display units, but this term had fallen out of use by the 1990s. Multiple technologies have been used for computer monitors.
Until the 21st century most used cathode ray tubes but they have been superseded by LCD monitors. The first computer monitors used cathode ray tubes. Prior to the advent of home computers in the late 1970s, it was common for a video display terminal using a CRT to be physically integrated with a keyboard and other components of the system in a single large chassis; the display was monochrome and far less sharp and detailed than on a modern flat-panel monitor, necessitating the use of large text and limiting the amount of information that could be displayed at one time. High-resolution CRT displays were developed for the specialized military and scientific applications but they were far too costly for general use; some of the earliest home computers were limited to monochrome CRT displays, but color display capability was a standard feature of the pioneering Apple II, introduced in 1977, the specialty of the more graphically sophisticated Atari 800, introduced in 1979. Either computer could be connected to the antenna terminals of an ordinary color TV set or used with a purpose-made CRT color monitor for optimum resolution and color quality.
Lagging several years behind, in 1981 IBM introduced the Color Graphics Adapter, which could display four colors with a resolution of 320 x 200 pixels, or it could produce 640 x 200 pixels with two colors. In 1984 IBM introduced the Enhanced Graphics Adapter, capable of producing 16 colors and had a resolution of 640 x 350. By the end of the 1980s color CRT monitors that could display 1024 x 768 pixels were available and affordable. During the following decade, maximum display resolutions increased and prices continued to fall. CRT technology remained dominant in the PC monitor market into the new millennium because it was cheaper to produce and offered to view angles close to 180 degrees. CRTs still offer some image quality advantages over LCDs but improvements to the latter have made them much less obvious; the dynamic range of early LCD panels was poor, although text and other motionless graphics were sharper than on a CRT, an LCD characteristic known as pixel lag caused moving graphics to appear noticeably smeared and blurry.
There are multiple technologies. Throughout the 1990s, the primary use of LCD technology as computer monitors was in laptops where the lower power consumption, lighter weight, smaller physical size of LCDs justified the higher price versus a CRT; the same laptop would be offered with an assortment of display options at increasing price points: monochrome, passive color, or active matrix color. As volume and manufacturing capability have improved, the monochrome and passive color technologies were dropped from most product lines. TFT-LCD is a variant of LCD, now the dominant technology used for computer monitors; the first standalone LCDs appeared in the mid-1990s selling for high prices. As prices declined over a period of years they became more popular, by 1997 were competing with CRT monitors. Among the first desktop LCD computer monitors was the Eizo L66 in the mid-1990s, the Apple Studio Display in 1998, the Apple Cinema Display in 1999. In 2003, TFT-LCDs outsold CRTs for the first time, becoming the primary technology used for computer monitors.
The main advantages of LCDs over CRT displays are that LC
Monitor (radio program)
Monitor is an American weekend radio program broadcast from June 12, 1955 until January 26, 1975. Airing live and nationwide on the NBC Radio Network, it aired beginning Saturday morning at 8am and continuing through the weekend until 12 midnight on Sunday. However, after the first few months, the full weekend broadcast was shortened when the midnight-to-dawn hours were dropped since few NBC stations carried it; the program offered a magazine-of-the-air mix of news, comedy, music, celebrity interviews and other short segments. Its length and eclectic format were radical departures from the traditional radio programming structure of 30- and 60-minute programs and represented an ambitious attempt to respond to the rise of television as America's major home-entertainment medium; the show was the brainchild of legendary NBC radio and television network president Sylvester Weaver, whose career bridged classic radio and television's infancy and who sought to keep radio alive in a television age. Believing that broadcasting could and should educate as well as entertain, Weaver fashioned a series to do both with some of the best-remembered and best-regarded names in broadcasting, entertainment and literature taking part.
Monitor and the Sunday-afternoon TV documentary series Wide Wide World were Weaver's last two major contributions to NBC, as he left the network within a year of Monitor's premiere. The enduring audio signature of the show was the "Monitor Beacon" - a mix of audio-manipulated telephone tones and the sound of an oscillator emitting the Morse code signal for the letter "M", for "Monitor", it was described by one source as "a tape loop made from a sequence of 1950s AT&T telephone line switching tones generated by analog oscillators". The Beacon introduced the show and was used in transitions, for example, to station breaks, accompanied by the tag line: "You're on the Monitor beacon." When Monitor began on June 12, 1955 at 4pm, the first hour of the program was simulcast on NBC-TV. That initial June 12 broadcast lasted eight hours, from 4pm through 12 midnight. Following the Monitor beacon, Morgan Beatty was the first voice heard on Monitor. After an introduction by Pat Weaver, news headlines by Dave Garroway and a routine by Bob and Ray, Garroway cued Monitor's opening music remote: live jazz by Howard Rumsey and the Lighthouse All-Stars at the Lighthouse Café in Hermosa Beach, California.
It was the first of many jazz remotes in the weeks to come. On the following Saturday, June 18, Monitor began broadcasting 40 consecutive hours each weekend, from 8am on Saturday to midnight on Sunday. Monitor aired from a mammoth NBC studio called Radio Central, created for the program, on the fifth floor of the RCA Building in midtown Manhattan. NBC unveiled Radio Central to the national television audience during a segment in the October 16, 1955 premiere of Wide Wide World, including a Monitor interview with Alfred Hitchcock and a Monitor newscast. Built at a cost of $150,000 the glass-enclosed studios of Radio Central were described by Pat Weaver as "a listening post of the world". From Radio Central and hosts dubbed "communicators", presided over three or four-hour segments of the show; as well-known entertainment and broadcasting figures, they gave Monitor an impressive marquee. Cindy Adams, Johnny Andrews, Jim Backus, Red Barber, Frank Blair, Bruce Bradley, David Brinkley, Ed Bryce, Art Buchwald, Al "Jazzbo" Collins, Brad Crandall, Bill Cullen, James Daly, Jerry Damon, Dan Daniel, Hugh Downs, Frank Gallop, Dave Garroway, Peter Hackes, Bill Hanrahan, Bill Hayes, Bob Haymes, Candy Jones, Durward Kirby, Jim Lowe, Frank McGee, Barry Nelson, Leon Pearson, Tony Randall, Peter Roberts, Ted Steele, John Cameron Swayze, Tony Taylor and David Wayne were all communicators during the 20-year run.
Many hosts and announcers of game shows were communicators, including Mel Allen, Ted Brown, Bill Cullen, Hugh Downs, Clifton Fadiman, Art Fleming, Art Ford, Allen Funt, Joe Garagiola, Ben Grauer, Monty Hall, Wayne Howell, Walter Kiernan, Hal March, Ed McMahon, Garry Moore, Henry Morgan, Bert Parks, Gene Rayburn, Don Russell and John Bartholomew Tucker. In years Don Imus, Murray the K, Robert W. Morgan and Wolfman Jack helmed the Saturday evening segment until it was eliminated; the last hosts of Monitor in 1975 were John Bartholomew Tucker. Behind the scenes, Monitor's executive producers included Jim Fleming, Frank Papp, Al Capstaff and Bob Maurer. Remote segments originating from locations around the country were a regular part of Monitor, setting it apart from studio-bound broadcasts and taking advantage of network radio's reach. A weekend might include reports from a festival in Tucson, a golf championship in North Carolina, NBC's correspondent in Moscow, or on preparations for the Olympic Games in Melbourne, Australia.
Regular segments included "Celebrity Chef", "Ring Around the World", "On the Line with Bob Considine". On-the-spot live remote broadcasts from New York City jazz clubs on Saturday evenings included both jazz groups and vocalists, such as Al Hibbler. In the show's early years, weather reports were delivered in a breathy, sexy voice by actress Tedi Thurman in the role of Miss Monitor. Various b
Machine code monitor
A machine code monitor is software that allows a user to enter commands to view and change memory locations on a computer, with options to load and save memory contents from/to secondary storage. Some full-featured machine code monitors provide detailed control of the execution of machine language programs, include absolute-address code assembly and disassembly capabilities. Machine code monitors became popular during the home computer era of the 1970s and 1980s and were sometimes available as resident firmware in some computers, it was not unheard of to perform all of one's programming in a monitor in lieu of a full-fledged symbolic assembler. After full-featured assemblers became available, a machine code monitor was indispensable for debugging programs; the usual technique was to start the program. When the microprocessor encountered a break point the test program would be interrupted and control would be transferred to the machine code monitor; this would trigger a register dump and the monitor would await programmer input.
Activities at this point might include examining memory contents, patching code and/or altering the processor registers prior to restarting the test program. The general decline of scratch-written assembly language software has made the use of a machine code monitor somewhat of a lost art. In most systems where higher-level languages are employed, debuggers are used to present a more abstract and friendly view of what is happening within a program. However, the use of machine code monitors persists in the area of hobby-built computers
Monitor Deloitte is the multinational strategy consulting practice of Deloitte Consulting. Monitor Deloitte specializes in providing strategy consultation services to the senior management of major organizations and governments, it helps its clients address a variety of management areas, including: Corporate & Business Unit Strategy, Digital Strategy, Demand Analytics, Innovation and Leadership, Economic Development and Security, Pricing & Profitability. Muammar Gaddafi's regime in Libya has been among the firm's most notable clients. Prior to its acquisition by Deloitte in January 2013, Monitor Deloitte was an American strategy consulting practice known as Monitor Group, which filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2012. Monitor Group was founded in 1983 by six entrepreneurs with ties to the Harvard Business School, including Michael Porter; the advisory services now offered by Monitor Deloitte are in line with Monitor Group's legacy expertise, but expanded to a broader set of implementation and capabilities design focused on greater resilience to economic uncertainty.
Today, Monitor Deloitte is a market-facing business transformation practice. At the time of merger with Deloitte, it was led by Bansi Nagji. Prior to the merger with Deloitte, Bansi Nagji was President of Monitor Group and led the firm’s global innovation practice. Monitor Group was founded in 1983 by six entrepreneurs with ties to Harvard Business School, including Michael Porter, Mark B. Fuller, Joseph B. Fuller. In 2008, the Corporation for National and Community Service honored Monitor for outstanding pro bono service for its 10-year partnership with and providing consulting resources for New Profit Inc. a national venture philanthropy fund, as well as its consulting work through Monitor Institute. More than 250 Monitor Group consultants have participated in projects supporting New Profit and its portfolio organizations. Monitor was hit by the 2008 economic crisis; the company closed several small offices. According to co-founder Joe Fuller, 2008 revenue was up on the previous year, but he stated that Monitor continued to anticipate "a demanding and tough market in the short term".
Monitor operated a research captive called Grail Research, sold to Integreon in 2010, a member company of the Ayala Corporation On November 7, 2012, Monitor's US subsidiary filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, it was announced that Deloitte had agreed to acquire Monitor Group. The company was bought out by Deloitte on January 11, 2013. "The new combined practices will operate under the Monitor Deloitte brand, resulting in a new global presence in strategy consulting", according to the Monitor website in February 2013. Monitor was based in Cambridge and has 27 offices in 17 countries. Monitor's consulting areas included: Strategy and Uncertainty and Organization, Economic Development, Marketing Pricing and Sales, Social Action. Monitor had a number of business units that specialize in these areas and work together on client projects and the development of intellectual property, including its own white papers and research reports, they included: experts in scenario planning and experiential learning.
According to Monitor Group, about 85 percent of its revenues came from repeat clients. Monitor Group did not disclose its list of clients; when discussing clients in-house, Monitor used acronyms to protect client's identities, a mark of Monitor's hyper-confidentiality. Some engagements that have appeared in the press due to their public nature include a major initiative with the Libyan government and an organizational effort with the University of California. Monitor Group recruited both at MBA and undergraduate levels, including online recruiting, for the "consultant" position, the title given to all of Monitor's professional staff. Monitor's candidates come from top Ivy League schools and their international equivalents, liberal arts colleges and business schools across the world. Only around 2% of the undergraduate applicant pool received offers. Several authors affiliated with the firm have written business consulting books related to Monitor's work, including Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, by Michael Porter.
Monitor was first hired by the Muammar Gaddafi-led Libyan government in 2005 to assess the state of Libya’s economy, develop plans for economic modernization and reform of the banking system, train leaders from different sectors of society. The work did not involve any wider political reforms in the North African nation. According to a 2007 memo from Monitor to Libya's intelligence chief, subsequently obtained by the National Conference for the Libyan Opposition and posted on the internet in 2009, Monitor entered into further contracts with the Libyan regime in 2006 which were worth at least $3m per year plus expe
The Monitors are a group of fictional comic book characters, who appear in books published by DC Comics. They are based on The Monitor, a character created by comic book writer Marv Wolfman and comic artist George Pérez as one of the main characters of DC Comics' Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series, they are a group that watches all aspects of the Multiverse and present. Most they seek to prevent crossovers between the universes, as was common before "The Crisis." The Monitors first appeared in Brave New World. They are in some respects similar to the Watchers of the Marvel Universe, though they take a more active role as opposed to observing. One of the Monitors appears in shadow on the cover of the DCU: Brave New World Special. In the final pages of the comic, five Monitors are revealed, one of whom calls the group "the Monitors." One of the five is noticeably different from the others. This Monitor is shown in Supergirl to only dress like the Anti-Monitor. In Ion #9, the Monitors are shown to be a society of many different Monitors.
There are 52 in one from each of the new universes. In Countdown to Final Crisis #48, when a large group of Monitors gather together, it is shown that each of them is physically different from the others in at least a small way; the most extreme example, apart from the one dressed like the Anti-Monitor, is one who appears to be a humanoid giraffe, suggesting he is the Monitor of a modern equivalent of Captain Carrot's Earth-26. When the tower that Alexander Luthor used to recreate the original Multiverse during the events of Infinite Crisis was destroyed, a "seed programming" was activated that created a Monitor for each of the 52 Earths of the new Multiverse born in that moment. Since this new Multiverse consisted of 52 identical Earths at the time of its forming, all 52 Monitors would have been identical. However, following the events of 52, the Monitors began to evolve and acquire divergent identities in physicality and disposition; as the Monitors evolved, their story became more complex, a "self-assembling hyper story".
In the end, the revised origin of the Monitors took this form: in the beginning, a gigantic vast intelligence named Monitor, but referred to in places as "Overmonitor" or "Overvoid", discovered the Bleed and the Multiverse within, a'flaw' at its heart. Disturbed, it sent out a probe in a similar form to that of the original "Monitor" from Crisis on Infinite Earths that fed back the chaos of every story of the Infinite Earths all at once. In interviews, the author of this revised origin of the Monitor race, Grant Morrison, explained it as a metafictional comment on the DC Multiverse as both a living being and a fictional creation, with the Overvoid as a single or multiple pieces of blank white paper, reacting to the ink stories being forced upon it: The Monitors have made the following additional appearances: Throughout the 2007-2008 series Countdown to Final Crisis. In the final installment of the History of the DCU, one of the Monitors confronts Donna Troy and informs her that she should have died during the Crisis.
Jade, a member of the team of heroes that Donna recruited to operate in deep space, was killed during Infinite Crisis in her place. In Nightwing #125, a Monitor stalks Dick Grayson, informing him that he is supposed to be dead, the Monitors will fix the fact that he is not. A Monitor makes a cameo appearance in "The Secret Origin of Nightwing" backup in 52 #25. In Ion #6, a Monitor appears in Kyle Rayner's apartment and tells him that " supposed to be dead." In Ion #7, the Monitor indicates that " will require continued monitoring... and the others". In Ion #8, the Monitors decide that "it remains unclear...whether Kyle Rayner must live or die." In Ion #9, after the Green Lantern of the Tangent Universe breaches the boundaries of the Multiverse to the New Earth of the DCU, the Monitors conclude that "for the survival of the universe... Kyle Rayner must be eliminated." In Ion #10, Monarch indicates that the Monitors have been keeping tabs on him as well, necessitating his use of a region known as the Bleed to conduct activities away from their reach.
In Ion #11, the Monitors plan an intervention after two of their quarries—Kyle Rayner and Donna Troy—team up. In World War III #4: United We Stand, the Monitors make an appearance at the end and state that although the war is over, the superheroes need to evolve for upcoming events. In Supergirl #18, one of the 52 Monitors stops Dark Angel from erasing Supergirl, it is revealed here that Dark Angel is now an agent of the Monitors, sent to poke and prod certain anomalies in New Earth to see if they belong. In Stormwatch: PHD #5, Stormwatch admits that three of its members - Fahrenheit and Hellstrike - were resurrected through some unknown means. However, one mystic character who investigates the matter has a vision of a Monitor, though they have no idea what the being is. In Countdown to Final Crisis, one of the storylines follows the Monitors in their headquarters. One Monitor has taken it upon himself to eradicate inconsistencies within the universes, characters such as D
The monitor lizards are large lizards in the genus Varanus. They are native to Africa and Oceania, but are now found in the Americas as an invasive species. A total of 79 species are recognized. Monitor lizards have long necks, powerful tails and claws, well-developed limbs; the adult length of extant species ranges from 20 cm in some species, to over 3 m in the case of the Komodo dragon, though the extinct varanid known as megalania may have been capable of reaching lengths of more than 7 m. Most monitor species are terrestrial, but arboreal and semiaquatic monitors are known. While most monitor lizards are carnivorous, eating eggs, smaller reptiles, fish and small mammals, some eat fruit and vegetation, depending on where they live; the various species cover a vast area, occurring through Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, to China, Ryukyu Islands in southern Japan, down Southeast Asia to Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea and islands of the Indian Ocean, the South China Sea. The West Nile monitor is now found in Singapore.
Monitor lizards are entirely carnivorous, consuming prey as varied as insects, arachnids, mollusks, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. Most species feed on invertebrates as juveniles and shift to feeding on vertebrates as adults. Deer make up about 50% of the diet of adults of the largest species, Varanus komodoensis. In contrast, three arboreal species from the Philippines, Varanus bitatawa, Varanus mabitang, Varanus olivaceus, are fruit eaters. Although solitary, groups as large as 25 individual monitor lizards are common in ecosystems that have limited water resources; the genus Varanus is considered unique among animals in that its members are morphologically conservative and yet show a range in size, equivalent to a mouse and an elephant. Finer morphological features such as the shape of the skull and limbs do vary though, are related to the ecology of each species. Monitor lizards maintain large territories and employ active pursuit hunting techniques that are reminiscent of similar sized mammals.
The active nature of monitor lizards has led to numerous studies on the metabolic capacities of these lizards. The general consensus is that monitor lizards have the highest standard metabolic rates of all extant reptiles. Monitor lizards have a high aerobic scope, afforded, in part, by their heart anatomy. Whereas most reptiles are considered to have three chambered hearts, the hearts of monitor lizards — as with those of boas and pythons — have a well developed ventricular septum that separates the pulmonary and systemic sides of the circulatory system during systole; this allows monitor lizards to create mammalian-equivalent pressure differentials between the pulmonary and systemic circuits, which in turn ensures that oxygenated blood is distributed to the body without flooding the lungs with high pressure blood. Anatomical and molecular studies indicate that all varanids are venomous. Monitor lizards are oviparous, laying from 7 to 37 eggs, which they cover with soil or protect in a hollow tree stump.
Some monitor lizards, including the Komodo dragon, are capable of parthenogenesis. The family Varanidae originated in Asia at least 65 million years ago, although some estimates are as early as the late Mesozoic. Monitor lizards expanded their geographic range into Africa between 49 and 33 million years ago via Iran, to Australia and the Indonesian archipelago between 39 and 26 million years ago. Varanids last shared a common ancestor with their closest living relatives, earless "monitors", during the Late Cretaceous. During the Late Cretaceous era, monitor lizards or their close relatives are believed to have evolved into amphibious and fully marine forms, the mosasaurs, some of which reached lengths of 12 m or more. Snakes were believed to be more related to monitor lizards than any other type of extant reptile. Like snakes, monitor lizards have forked tongues. During the Pleistocene epoch, giant monitor lizards lived in Southeast Asia and Australasia, the best known fossil being the megalania.
This species is an iconic member of the Pleistocene megafauna of Australia, thought to have survived up until around 50,000 years ago. The generic name Varanus is derived from the Arabic word waral/waran ورن/ورل, from a common Semitic root ouran, waran, or waral, meaning "dragon" or "lizard beast". In English, they are known as "monitors" or "monitor lizards"; the earlier term "monitory lizard" became rare by about 1920. The name may have been suggested by the occasional habit of varanids to stand on their two hind legs and to appear to "monitor", or from their supposed habit of "warning persons of the approach of venomous animals". In Austronesia, where varanids are common, they are known under a large number of local names, they are known as biawak, binjawak or minjawak, or variations thereof. Other names include hokai, bwo or puo, galuf or kaluf, batua or butaan, hora or ghora and guibang. In South Asia, they are known as hangkok in Meitei, udumbu in Tamil and Malayalam, goih in Maithili, ghorpad घोरपड in Marathi, uda in Kannada, in Sinhalese as kabaragoya