Monkey's Audio

Monkey's Audio is an algorithm and file format for lossless audio data compression. Lossless data compression does not discard data during the process of encoding, unlike lossy compression methods such as AAC, MP3, Vorbis and Musepack. Data file compression is employed in order to reduce bandwidth, file transfer time, or storage requirements. A digital recording encoded to the Monkey's Audio format can be decompressed into an identical copy of the original audio data. Similar to the FLAC and Apple Lossless format, files encoded to Monkey's Audio are reduced to about half of the original size, with data transfer rates and bandwidth requirements being reduced accordingly. Monkey's Audio's advantages are better compression rates compared to FLAC and WavPack, as well as multithreading/multicore support. Monkey's Audio main drawbacks are the fact that it employs a symmetric algorithm, meaning the decoding takes comparable resources to encoding, which makes it unsuitable for all but the fastest portable players, that it has limited support on software platforms other than Windows.

Although the original source code is available, the license is not considered to be open source. A GPL version of the decoder has been independently written for Rockbox and included in ffmpeg. Monkey's Audio files use the filename extension.ape for audio, and.apl for track metadata. Like any lossless compression scheme, Monkey's Audio format takes up several times as much space as lossy compression formats like AAC, MP3 and Vorbis. A Monkey's Audio file is 3–5 times as large as a 192 kbit/s bitrate MP3 file; the Shorten format, popular with live taping enthusiasts for years, is no longer in development, but is still in use on some sites such as etree. FLAC has an active development community; because Monkey's Audio is slow when encoding or decoding files FLAC has eclipsed it as the preferred format for commercial distribution of lossless audio. Although Monkey's Audio is distributed as freeware, the source code includes license terms that prevent most Linux distributions and other free software projects from including it.

In contrast, FLAC has only open source licenses, so it comes pre-installed with most Linux distributions, is preferred by Linux users, enjoys broad support in applications. Monkey's Audio is available only for the Microsoft Windows platform; as of version 4.02 a DirectShow filter is distributed with the installer, allowing for compatibility with most software MP3 players running on the Windows operating system. Monkey's Audio is supported on Linux and OS X using JRiver Media Center; the multi-platform ffmpeg supports decoding Monkey's Audio files since version 0.5. A GStreamer plug-in is available, but only for the older 0.8.x version. A number of Mac OS X players and rippers support the format as well, it is available as a port and package on FreeBSD. While the license text claims to permit using the official Monkey's Audio codec in GPL projects, several Linux distribution maintainers have found the license to be contradictory, it does not permit redistribution or modification, thus is not considered open-source or free software.

Monkey's Audio files can be encoded and decoded on any platform which has a J2SE implementation, by the means of the unofficial JMAC library, Free software licensed under the GNU LGPL. Monkey's Audio is supported natively on all modern Cowon multimedia media players, the FiiO X Series and some Cayin digital audio players. On other hardware platforms, the open source jukebox firmware project Rockbox supports playback of Monkey's Audio-encoded files on most of its supported targets, but many lack sufficient processing power to play the files back in real time on any but the lowest compression settings. Comparison of audio formats APE tag Monkey's Audio Official Website APE Player Play Monkey's Audio files

Derek Mitchell

Derek James Mitchell is an American diplomat with extensive experience in Asia policy. He was appointed by President Barack Obama as the first special representative and policy coordinator for Burma with rank of ambassador, was sworn in by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on October 2, 2011. On June 29, 2012, the U. S. Senate confirmed him as the new United States Ambassador to Burma. On September 4, 2018, Mitchell succeeded Kenneth Wollack as president of the National Democratic Institute. Mitchell was born in Atlanta, Georgia, to Charlotte and Malcolm S. Mitchell, M. D. an academic medical oncologist and tumor immunologist, while his father was serving in the U. S. Public Health Service, his parents settled in Orange, Connecticut, a suburb of New Haven, where he attended elementary and high school. Mitchell graduated with a B. A. in foreign affairs, with a concentration in Soviet studies, from the University of Virginia in 1986. He attended the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Massachusetts, from 1989–1991, where he studied United States and East Asian diplomatic history and public international law, was awarded a foreign language and area studies fellowship for the 1990-91 school year.

He received a Master of Arts degree in law and diplomacy in 1991, earning a certificate for proficiency in Mandarin Chinese. From December 1988 to June 1989, he had worked as copy editor at The China Post, Taiwan, at the time the largest English-language daily newspaper on Taiwan, where he first learned Mandarin Chinese and further studied the language at Nanjing University, China, in the summer of 1990, he served as an aide to Senator Edward M. Kennedy from 1986 to 1988, working on foreign affairs as assistant to Senior Foreign Policy Adviser Gregory Craig White House Counsel under President Barack Obama. An excellent pianist, Mitchell played at social events in and around Washington, including public and private functions for Senator Kennedy. Mitchell worked as senior program officer for Asia and the Former Soviet Union at the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, Washington, D. C. and developed their long-term programmatic approach to Asia. He conceived, organized and conducted training in democratic development programs in new and emerging democracies, including Armenia, Cambodia, Georgia and Thailand.

He produced a 10-minute testimonial video on Daw Aung San Suu Kyi for the institute's 1996 W. Averell Harriman Democracy Award luncheon, which honored the Burmese democracy leader, he conceived and directed the project, conducted interviews with her. From 2001 to 2009 he was a senior fellow, director for Asia, director of the Southeast Asia Initiative, at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D. C. as part of the International Security Program. He conceived and implemented a wide variety of programs related to U. S.-Asia and Asian intra-regional affairs, managed a active team of scholars. He established the center's first dedicated Southeast Asian studies program, in 2008-2009 led a major study on the future of U. S. relations with regional allies and other emerging partners. It was his recommendations in a Foreign Affairs article co-authored with Michael Green that led to a new policy towards Burma and to the position he now holds. During this time, Mitchell was a visiting scholar at Peking University, School of International Studies, acting as a researcher and guest lecturer at China's premier academic institution.

Mitchell was appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs in the Office of the United States Secretary of Defense by President Obama, serving from 2009 to 2011. His duties included performing as second-in-command to the Assistant Secretary of Defense, responsible for Asia defense policy and more than 100 personnel encompassing three areas: East Asia and Southeast Asia, Afghanistan/Pakistan/Central Asia, he served as Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense in his absence, when the position was vacant for several months in 2011. Mitchell helped to shape and guide the direction of U. S. defense policy in Asia through regular contact with Secretary of Defense, Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, senior-level dialogues with inter-agency colleagues. Mitchell was the primary author of the Department of Defense's East Asia Strategy Report, still the latest such report, he led the conduct of public outreach and drafted speeches outlining the Department of Defense's strategic approach to East and South Asia.

He traveled extensively in Southeast Asia, including China, Thailand, Viet Nam and Cambodia. On April 14, 2011 President Obama appointed Mitchell to be the first U. S. Special Representative and Policy Coordinator for Burma, with the rank of ambassador, he was charged with negotiating directly with the leaders of a regime, in power for over 40 years and was known for its repressive policies towards its own people, causing the United States to institute sanctions on the country. After his appointment Mitchell renewed his friendship with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, met with leaders in the government, toured the country, at a time when a possible “thaw” in the relationship of the two countries was noted, with the release of a number of political prisoners in the fall of 2011. On January 13, 2012, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that "at the direction of President Obama, we will start the process of exchanging ambassadors with Burma". On April 5, 2012, Foreign Policy magazine cited sour

Charles Baber Cemetery

Charles Baber Cemetery is a cemetery in Pottsville, Pennsylvania. The Cemetery is situated on 25 acres between 12th and 16th Street; the stone wall which surrounds the entire cemetery was built during the 1800s by members of the Madera family, who were known for their stone masonry skills. During the early morning hours of Memorial Day in 1891, Edward Fisher, senior vice commander of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War's Gowen Post led a squad of members from the organization in decorating the graves of fallen soldiers and deceased veterans at the cemetery. During the summer of 1898, a fire destroyed the barn on the cemetery's property, located behind the Chapel of the Resurrection. In 1911, newspapers across Pennsylvania reported that the city of Pottsville was "in the throes of an epidemic of diphtheria," that ll of the cases" were "in the proximity of the open sewer that flows through the Charles Baber Cemetery," that this open sewer was carrying "the sewage of Yorkville beyond Sixteenth street and the north side of Market street," and that this sewage flow was several inches deep.

In 2017, the cemetery hosted the city's 29th annual Arbor Day celebration. The 18th year that the celebration was held at the cemetery, the event featured the dedication and blessing of ten new trees, which included bald cypresses, pin oaks, red buds; the Rev. Clifford B. Carr, the former rector of Pottsville's Trinity Episcopal Church, officiated at the ceremony. According to Carol S. Field, a member of the Charles Baber Preservation Trust, between the years 2000 and 2017, 153 trees had been planted at the cemetery on Arbor Day. In 2018, Trinity Episcopal Church held summer services at the cemetery's Resurrection Chapel on Sunday mornings from June 17 through September 9; the cemetery is managed by a board of trustees from Pottsville's Trinity Episcopal Church and its Charles Baber Cemetery Preservation Trust. A number of former members of the U. S. House of Representatives and Pennsylvania House of Representatives have been buried at the Charles Baber Cemetery, as have been prominent United States business leaders and other social figures and many former soldiers who fought in the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I and World War II.

Among the most notable of those interred here are: Charles Napoleon Brumm: A Greenbacker and a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania George Franklin Brumm: Native of Minersville, Pennsylvania who became a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives Jake Daubert: Major League baseball first baseman from 1910 to 1924 who led the National League in batting average in 1913 and 1914, helped the Dodgers reach their first World Series in 1916, helped the Cincinnati Reds defeat the Chicago White Sox in 1919 World Series Francis Wade Hughes: Pennsylvania Senator for the 8th district from 1843 to 1844, Attorney General of Pennsylvania from 1853 to 1855 Cyrus Maffet Palmer: Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives Henry Clay Pleasants: Coal mining engineer and officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, who organized the construction of a tunnel filled with explosives under the Confederate lines outside Petersburg, which resulted in the Battle of the Crater on July 30, 1864 Jack Quinn: Major League baseball pitcher John Reber: Republican member of the U.

S. House of Representatives Christian Markle Straub: U. S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district from 1853 to 1855 David Gottlob Yuengling: Founder and first president of America's oldest brewery, D. G. Yuengling & Son Frank D. Yuengling: President and owner of the Pottsville, Pennsylvania brewer, Yuengling Cemetery Records of Charles Baber Cemetery. United States:, retrieved online August 1, 2019. Charles Baber Cemetery. Salt Lake City, Utah: Find A Grave, retrieved online August 1, 2019