Venus Ebony Starr Williams is an American professional tennis player, ranked world No. 36 in the WTA singles rankings. She is regarded as one of the all-time greats of women's tennis and, along with younger sister Serena Williams, is credited with ushering in a new era of power and athleticism on the women's professional tennis tour. Williams has been ranked world No. 1 by the Women's Tennis Association on three occasions, for a total of 11 weeks. She first reached the No. 1 ranking on February 25, 2002, the first African American woman to do so in the Open Era, the second all time since Althea Gibson. Williams' seven Grand Slam singles titles are tied for 12th on the all-time list, 8th on the Open Era list, more than any other active female player except Serena, she has reached 16 Grand Slam finals, most at Wimbledon in 2017. She has won 14 Grand Slam Women's doubles titles, all with Serena. Williams has two Mixed Doubles titles, her five Wimbledon singles titles tie her with two other women for eighth place on the all-time list, but gives her sole possession of No. 4 on the Open Era List, trailing only the nine titles of Martina Navratilova and the seven of Serena and Steffi Graf.
From the 2000 Wimbledon Championships to the 2001 US Open, Williams won four of the six Grand Slam singles tournaments in that span. At the 2018 US Open, Williams extended her record as the all-time leader, male or female, in Grand Slams played, with 80. With her run to the 2017 Wimbledon singles final, she broke the record for longest time between first and most recent grand slam singles finals appearances. Williams has won four Olympic gold medals, one in singles and three in women's doubles, along with a silver medal in mixed doubles, pulling with Kathleen McKane Godfree for the most Olympic medals won by a male or female tennis player, she is the only tennis player to have won a medal at four Olympic Games. At the 2000 Sydney Olympics, Williams became only the second player to win Olympic gold medals in both singles and doubles at the same Olympic Games, after Helen Wills Moody in 1924. With 49 singles titles, Williams trails only Serena among active players on the WTA Tour with most singles titles.
Her 35-match winning streak from the 2000 Wimbledon Championships to the 2000 Generali Ladies Linz tournament final is the longest since January 1, 2000. She is one of only three active WTA players to have reached the finals of all four Grand Slams, along with Serena and Maria Sharapova. Williams was born in California, to Richard Williams and Oracene Price, her talents were apparent at the age of seven when a professional local tennis player named Tony Chesta spotted Williams and identified the talent. The Williams family moved from Compton, California, to West Palm Beach, when she was ten, so that Venus and Serena could attend the tennis academy of Rick Macci, who took notice of the sisters and who would provide additional coaching, he did not always agree with Williams's father but respected that "he treated his daughters like kids, allowed them to be little girls". Richard stopped sending his daughters to national junior tennis tournaments when Williams was eleven, since he wanted them to take it slow and focus on schoolwork.
Another motivation was racial, as he had heard parents of other players disparage the Williams sisters during tournaments. At that time, Williams held a 63–0 record on the United States Tennis Association junior tour and was ranked No. 1 among the under-12 players in Southern California. In 1995, Richard pulled his daughters out of Macci's academy, from on took over all coaching at their home. Williams is a powerful baseliner who has an attacking all-court game, her game is well adapted to grass, where she feels most comfortable, reflected in her five Wimbledon singles titles. She has developed into a skilful volleyer who uses her long arm agility around the net. Williams has great court coverage and can hit winners from a defensive position. Williams holds the record for fastest serve in three of the four Grand Slam tournaments: 2007 French Open second round, 2008 Wimbledon final, 2007 U. S. Open first round – 129 mph. Williams turned professional on October 1994, at the age of fourteen. In the second round of her first professional tournament, the Bank of the West Classic in Oakland, Williams was up a set and a service break against world No. 2 Arantxa Sánchez Vicario before losing the match.
That was the only tournament Williams played in 1994. In 1995, Williams played three more events as a wild card, falling in the first round of the tournament in Los Angeles and the tournament in Toronto but reaching the quarterfinals of the tournament in Oakland, defeating No. 18 Amy Frazier in the second round for her first win over a top 20 ranked player before losing to Magdalena Maleeva. Williams played five events in 1996, falling in the first round four times but reaching the third round in Los Angeles, before losing to No. 1 Steffi Graf. Williams played 15 tour events including five Tier I tournaments, she reached the quarterfinals in three of the Tier I events – the State Farm Evert Cup in Indian Wells, the European Indoor Championships in Zürich, the Kremlin Cup in Moscow. In Indian Wells in March, Williams defeated No. 9 Iva Majoli in the third round for her first win over a player ranked in the top 10. She lost in the quarterfinals to No. 8 Lindsay Davenport in a third set tiebreak.
Her ranking broke into the top 100 on April 14, 1997. She made her debut in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament at the French Open, reaching the second round before losing to Nathalie Tauziat, she lost in the first round of Wimbledon
Nikkō is a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 84,197, a population density of 58.1 persons per km2. Its total area is 1,449.83 km2. It is a popular destination for international tourists. Attractions include the mausoleum of shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu and that of his grandson Iemitsu, the Futarasan Shrine, which dates to the year 767. There are many famous hot springs in the area. Elevations range from 200 to 2,000 m; the Japanese saying "Never say'kekkō' until you've seen Nikkō"—kekkō meaning beautiful, magnificent or "I am satisfied"—is a reflection of the beauty and sites in Nikkō. Nikkō covers a large area of rural northwestern Tochigi 140 km north of Tokyo and 35 km west of Utsunomiya, the capital of Tochigi Prefecture, it is the third-largest city in Japan, behind Hamamatsu. Both the Watarase River and the Kinugawa River pass through the city. Lake Chūzenji and the Kegon Falls lie in Nikkō; the city's many mountains and waterfalls have made it an important source of hydroelectric power.
The area has been used for mining copper and concrete. The weather in Nikkō is similar to that of the northern island of Hokkaidō though Nikkō is much closer to Tokyo than Hokkaidō; the elevation of Nikkō plays an important role in this fact. It will get cooler as one ascends the mountain; the average temperature of Nikkō is around 7 °C with the warmest months reaching only about 22 °C and the coldest reaching down to about -8 °C. Tochigi Prefecture Utsunomiya Kanuma Nasushiobara Shioya Gunma Prefecture Numata Midori Katashina Fukushima Prefecture Minamiaizu Hinoemata Nikkō experiences a humid continental climate with cold, snowy winters and predominantly mild wet summers. Nikkō is much cooler than nearby parts of Honshu because it is situated at an altitude of 1298m above sea level. Shōdō Shōnin established the temple of Rinnō-ji in 766, followed by the temple of Chūzen-ji in 784; the village of Nikkō developed around these temples. The shrine of Nikkō Tōshō-gū was completed in 1617 and became a major draw of visitors to the area during the Edo period.
It is known as the burial place of the famous Japanese shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. A number of new roads were built during this time to provide easier access to Nikkō from surrounding regions. Nikkō Tōshō-gū, Futarasan Shrine, Rinnō-ji now form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikkō. During the Meiji period, Nikkō developed as a mountain resort, became popular among foreign visitors to Japan; the Japanese National Railways began service to Nikkō in 1890 with the Nikkō Line, followed by Tobu Railway in 1929 with its Nikkō Line. Nikkō was incorporated as a town in 1889, it was upgraded to city status in 1954 after merging with the neighboring village of Okorogawa. On March 20, 2006, Nikkō absorbed the old city of Imaichi, the town of Ashio, the town of Fujihara, the village of Kuriyama, to create what is the new and expanded city of Nikkō; the new city hall is located at the former Imaichi City Hall. Nikkō is dependent on tourism to its historical and scenic sites and hot spring resorts.
Hydroelectric power production, food processing, the metals industry remain important components of the economy. Nikko has 15 middle schools and three high schools. High schools: Tochigi Prefectural Nikko Meiho High School Tochigi Prefectural Imaichi High School Tochigi Prefectural Imaichi Vocational High School JR East – Tōhoku Main Line Tōbu Nikkō Line Tōhoku Expressway – Yaita IC, Yaita-Kita PA Japan National Route 4 Japan National Route 461 Cedar Avenue of Nikko Nikko Botanical Garden Tamozawa Imperial Villa Shrines and Temples of Nikkō Tōshō-gū The Three wise monkeys Rinnō-ji Taiyū-in Mausoleum Shōyō-en Garden Futarasan Shrine Lake Chūzenji Edo Wonderland Nikko Edomura Nikko is well known for its monkeys that walk around the town in the winter looking for food. Jizo Bosatsu statues on the Kanman Walk. A little out of the main city, locals tell visitors to count the statues while walking, to recount while walking back; the number is different, fueling a legend amongst locals. Kanmangafuchi Abyss is a place, formed from the lava from the eruption of Mt. Nantai Nikkō is the home city to the Nikkō Ice Bucks in the Asia League Ice Hockey.
Nikkō Kirifuri Ice Arena hosted the Women's Ice Hockey World Championships in April 2007. There is a speed skating oval. Palm Springs, United States, sister city since July 30, 1969 Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, sister city since February 7, 1993 Tainan, friendship city since January 16, 2009 Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture, since December 19, 1980 Masaru Ibuka – entrepreneur, co-founder of Sony Shoma Sato – professional baseball player Akio Fukuda – politician Tomikazu Fukuda – politician Media related to Nikko, Tochigi at Wikimedia Commons Nikko travel guide from Wikivoyage Official Website Official Website at the Wayback Machine Nikko Tourist Association Nikko Kinugawa Travel Guide
Justin Randall Timberlake is an American singer-songwriter, actor and record producer. Born and raised in Tennessee, he appeared on the television shows Star Search and The All-New Mickey Mouse Club as a child. In the late 1990s, Timberlake rose to prominence as one of the two lead vocalists and youngest member of NSYNC, which became one of the best-selling boy bands of all time. Timberlake began to adopt a more mature image as an artist with the release of his debut solo album, the R&B-focused Justified, which yielded the successful singles "Cry Me a River" and "Rock Your Body", earned his first two Grammy Awards, his critically acclaimed second album FutureSex/LoveSounds, characterized by its diversity in music genres, debuted atop the U. S. Billboard 200 and produced the Hot 100 number-one singles "SexyBack", "My Love", "What Goes Around... Comes Around". Established as a solo artist worldwide, his first two albums both exceeded sales of 10 million copies, he continued producing records and collaborating with other artists.
From 2008 through 2012, Timberlake focused on his acting career putting his music career on hiatus. He held starring roles in the films The Social Network, Bad Teacher, Friends with Benefits, In Time. Timberlake resumed his music career in 2013 with his third and fourth albums The 20/20 Experience and The 20/20 Experience – 2 of 2, exploring neo soul styles inspired by the expansive song structures of 1960s and 1970s rock; the former became the best-selling album of the year in the US with the largest sales week, spawned the top-three singles "Suit & Tie" and "Mirrors", while the latter produced the top-ten song "Not a Bad Thing". For his live performances, including the eponymous concert tour for the albums, he began performing with his band The Tennessee Kids, composed by instrumentalists and dancers. Timberlake voiced the lead character in DreamWorks Animation's Trolls, whose soundtrack includes his fifth Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping single, "Can't Stop the Feeling!". His fifth studio album Man of the Woods became his fourth number-one album in the US.
The album was supported by the two top ten singles, "Filthy" and "Say Something". Man of the Woods concluded 2018 as the sixth best-selling album of the year. Throughout his solo career, Timberlake has sold over 32 million albums and 56 million singles globally, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists. Cited as a pop icon, Timberlake is the recipient of numerous awards and accolades, including ten Grammy Awards, four Emmy Awards, three Brit Awards, nine Billboard Music Awards. According to Billboard in 2017, he is the best performing male soloist in the history of the Mainstream Top 40. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2007 and 2013, his other ventures include record label Tennman Records, fashion label William Rast, the restaurants Destino and Southern Hospitality. Justin Randall Timberlake was born on January 31, 1981 in Memphis, Tennessee, to Lynn Harless and Charles Randall Timberlake, a Baptist church choir director. Timberlake grew up in a small community between Memphis and Millington.
He has two half-brothers and Stephen, from Charles' second marriage to Lisa Perry. His half-sister Laura Katherine died shortly after birth on May 12, 1997, is mentioned in his acknowledgments in the album NSYNC as "My Angel in Heaven", his family circle includes a number of musicians. Performing as a child, Timberlake sang country and gospel music: at the age of 11, he appeared on the television show Star Search, performing country songs as "Justin Randall". By that time, he began listening to rhythm and blues musicians from the 1960s and 70s, such as Al Green, Stevie Wonder and Marvin Gaye, he had listening sessions with his father of studio albums by the Eagles and Bob Seger. In 1993 and 1994, he was a cast member in The All-New Mickey Mouse Club, where his castmates included future girlfriend and singer Britney Spears, future tourmate Christina Aguilera, future bandmate JC Chasez, future movie actors Ryan Gosling and Keri Russell. Timberlake recruited Chasez to be in an all-male singing group, organized by boy band manager Lou Pearlman, that became NSYNC.
The boy band NSYNC formed in 1995, began their career in 1996 in Europe. In 1998, the group rose to prominence in the United States with the release of their self-titled debut studio album, which sold 11 million copies and included the hit single "Tearin' Up My Heart", their second album No Strings Attached sold 2.4 million copies in the first week, included a No. 1 single, "It's Gonna Be Me". NSYNC's third album Celebrity was financially successful. Upon the completion of the Celebrity Tour, the group went into hiatus in 2002. In its lifetime, NSYNC was internationally famous and performed at the Academy Awards, the Olympics, the Super Bowl, as well as selling more than 70 million records worldwide, becoming the fifth-best selling boy band in history. In late 1999, Timberlake appeared in the Disney Channel movie Model Behavior, he played Jason Sharpe, a model who falls in love with a waitress after mistaking her for another model. It was released on March 12, 2000; the rise of his own stardom and the general decline in the popularity of boy bands led to the dissolution of NSYNC.
Band member Lance Bass was critical of Timberlake's actions in his memoir Out of Sync. By 2002, when the group went on a hiatus and members were following individual projects, he partnered with Pharrell Williams of the produc
Charles Matthew Hunnam is an English actor and model. He is known for his roles as Jackson "Jax" Teller in the FX drama series Sons of Anarchy for which he was twice nominated for the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Drama Series, Pete Dunham in Green Street, Nathan Maloney in the Channel 4 drama Queer as Folk, Lloyd Haythe in the Fox comedy series Undeclared, the title role in Nicholas Nickleby, Raleigh Becket in Pacific Rim, Percy Fawcett in The Lost City of Z, in the title role of Guy Ritchie's King Arthur: Legend of the Sword. Hunnam was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, on April 10, 1980, his father, William "Billy" Hunnam, was a junk seller who left the house when Charlie was 2 years old. His mother is Jane Bell, a ballet dancer and business owner, Hunnam has said that his mother did a good job at being a single mother, he has an older brother named William and two younger half brothers on his mother's side named Oliver and Christian. At age 12, when his mother remarried, he moved to the village of Cumbria.
He is of Scottish and Irish descent. One of his grandmothers painted portraits. Hunnam is diagnosed with dyslexia, which makes it difficult for him to read and write and suffers from misophobia, fear of germs and dirt in general. During his adolescence, he played rugby and fought with his classmates, so he was expelled from Queen Elizabeth Grammar School in Penrith, which forced him to study and to take exams from his home. After that, instead of going to University, he decided to go to the Cumbria College of Art and Design in Carlisle to study Performing Arts, graduated with a degree in the theory and history of film with a side in performing arts, with the idea of writing and directing his own films. Hunnam was discovered at the age of 17 in a branch of JD Sports on Christmas Eve while clowning around buying shoes for his brother. A production manager for the Newcastle-based children's show Byker Grove approached Hunnam and he was cast in his first role as Jason in three episodes of the show.
He had a brief modeling career where he did a photo shoot for Kangols Caps and decided modeling was not for him. Hunnam‘s first major role came at age 18 when he was cast by Russell T Davies as 15-year-old schoolboy Nathan Maloney in Davies' Channel 4 drama Queer as Folk, he followed this up with his role as Daz in the film Whatever Happened to Harold Smith? and moved to the United States. His career expanded to include a recurring role as Gregor Ryder in the WB series Young Americans, he appeared in the short-lived Fox series Undeclared as an English drama student called Lloyd Haythe. Despite critical acclaim, the series was cancelled after one season. Hunnam appeared on the large screen in Abandon, Nicholas Nickleby, Cold Mountain. Hunnam has stated that he does not wish to take any role, offered, saying, “I have 60 years to make the money, but the choices I make in the next five years are going to define my career." This decision resulted in his return to the UK to take the lead role of Pete Dunham in the film Green Street.
Hunnam said his role as Patric, a member of "The Fishes" in Children of Men, was the final part in his "trilogy of mad men". "I played the psycho in Cold Mountain, my character in Green Street hooligan is psychotic and now I've got this role." From 2008 to 2014, Hunnam starred as Jackson "Jax" Teller in Sons of Anarchy, a show about a prominent motorcycle club in a small fictional California town. Hunnam was cast after the creator of the show, saw him in Green Street, his portrayal as Jax Teller has led Hunnam to receive a Critics' Choice Television Award nomination, three EWwy Award nominations for Best Lead Actor in a Drama series, a PAAFTJ Award nomination for Best Cast in a Drama Series. In 2011, Hunnam played the role of Gavin Nichols in the philosophical drama/thriller The Ledge by Matthew Chapman. In 2012, he starred as the title character in the indie comedy 3,2,1... Frankie Go Boom alongside his Sons of Anarchy co-star Ron Perlman. Hunnam said he considered the day he filmed scenes with Perlman the best and funniest day of filming he's had in his career.
He appeared as Jay, an ex-boxer, in Stefan Ruzowitzky's crime drama Deadfall. Hunnam starred as Raleigh Becket in Guillermo del Toro's sci-fi film Pacific Rim, which opened in July 2013 and grossed $411 million worldwide, it was announced on 2 September 2013 that Hunnam would play the lead role of Christian Grey in the film adaptation of E. L. James' novel Fifty Shades of Grey. However, on 12 October 2013, Universal Pictures announced that Hunnam had withdrawn from the film due to conflicts with the schedule of his series Sons of Anarchy. On 2 June 2014, Hunnam was awarded a Huading Award for Best Global Emerging Actor, for his role as Raleigh in Pacific Rim due to the film performing well in Asian markets. Hunnam reunited with del Toro in the horror film Crimson Peak, alongside Mia Wasikowska, Tom Hiddleston, Jessica Chastain; the film began shooting in February 2014 and was released on 16 October 2015. Hunnam starred as geographer Percy Fawcett in James Gray's adventure drama The Lost City of Z, filmed from August–October 2015, premiered at the New York Film Festival in 2016, was released in April 2017.
Hunnam starred in Guy Ritchie's action-adventure film King Arthur: Legend of the Sword, filmed between March and July 2015 and was released in May 2017. Prior to getting cast on Sons of Anarchy, Hunnam s
The traditional China calendar, or Former Calendar, Traditional Calendar or Lunar Calendar, is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years and days according to astronomical phenomena. It is defined by GB/T 33661-2017, "Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar", issued by the Standardisation Administration of China on 12 May 2017. Although modern day China uses the Gregorian calendar, the traditional Chinese calendar governs holidays in China and in overseas Chinese communities, it lists the dates of traditional Chinese holidays and guides people in selecting auspicious days for weddings, moving, or starting a business. Like Chinese characters, variants of this calendar are used in different parts of the Chinese cultural sphere. Korea and the Ryukyu Islands adopted the calendar, it evolved into Korean and Ryukyuan calendars; the main difference from the traditional Chinese calendar is the use of different meridians, which leads to some astronomical events—and calendar events based on them—falling on different dates.
The traditional Japanese calendar derived from the Chinese calendar, but its official use in Japan was abolished in 1873 as part of reforms after the Meiji Restoration. Calendars in Mongolia and Tibet have absorbed elements of the traditional Chinese calendar, but are not direct descendants of it. Days begin and end at midnight, months begin on the day of the new moon. Years begin on the second new moon after the winter solstice. Solar terms govern the end of each month. Written versions in ancient China included stems and branches of the year and the names of each month, including leap months as needed. Characters indicated whether a month was short; the traditional Chinese calendar was developed between 771 and 476 BC, during the Spring and Autumn period of the Eastern Zhou dynasty. Before the Zhou dynasty, solar calendars were used. One version of the solar calendar is the five-elements calendar. A 365-day year was divided into five phases of 73 days, with each phase corresponding to a Day 1 Wu Xing element.
A phase began followed by six 12-day weeks. Each phase consisted of two three-week months. Years began followed by a bǐngzǐ day and a 72-day fire phase. Other days were tracked using the Yellow River Map. Another version is a four-quarters calendar. Weeks were ten days long, with one month consisting of three weeks. A year had 12 months, with a ten-day week intercalated in summer as needed to keep up with the tropical year; the 10 Heavenly Stems and 12 Earthly Branches were used to mark days. A third version is the balanced calendar. A year was 365.25 days, a month was 29.5 days. After every 16th month, a half-month was intercalated. According to oracle bone records, the Shang dynasty calendar was a balanced calendar with 12 to 14 months in a year; the first lunisolar calendar was the Zhou calendar, introduced under the Zhou dynasty. This calendar set the beginning of the year at the day of the new moon before the winter solstice, it set the shàngyuán as the winter solstice of a dīngsì year, making the year it was introduced around 2,758,130.
Several competing lunisolar calendars were introduced by states fighting Zhou control during the Warring States period. The state of Lu issued its own Lu calendar. Jin issued the Xia calendar in AD 102, with a year beginning on the day of the new moon nearest the March equinox. Qin issued the Zhuanxu calendar, with a year beginning on the day of the new moon nearest the winter solstice. Song's Yin calendar began its year on the day of the new moon after the winter solstice; these calendars are known as the six ancient calendars, or quarter-remainder calendars, since all calculate a year as 365 1⁄4 days long. Months begin on the day of the new moon, a year has 12 or 13 months. Intercalary months are added to the end of the year; the Qiang and Dai calendars are modern versions of the Zhuanxu calendar, used by mountain peoples. After Qin Shi Huang unified China under the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, the Qin calendar was introduced, it followed most of the rules governing the Zhuanxu calendar, but the month order was that of the Xia calendar.
The intercalary month, known as the second Jiǔyuè, was placed at the end of the year. The Qin calendar was used into the Han dynasty. Emperor Wu of Han r. 141 – 87 BC introduced reforms halfway through his reign. His Taichu Calendar defined a solar year as 365 385⁄1539 days, the lunar month was 29 43⁄81 days; this calendar introduced the 24 solar terms. Solar terms were paired, with the 12 combined periods known as climate terms; the first solar term of the period was known as a pre-climate, the second was a mid-climate. Months were named for the mid-climat
Céline Marie Claudette Dion ChLD is a Canadian singer. Born into a large family from Charlemagne, she emerged as a teen star in her homeland with a series of French-language albums during the 1980s, she first gained international recognition by winning both the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival and the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest, where she represented Switzerland. After learning to speak English, she signed on to Epic Records in the United States. In 1990, Dion released her debut English-language album, establishing herself as a viable pop artist in North America and other English-speaking areas of the world. During the 1990s, she achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling English albums, such as Falling into You and Let's Talk About Love, which were both certified diamond in the US, she scored a series of international number-one hits, including "The Power of Love", "Think Twice", "Because You Loved Me", "It's All Coming Back to Me Now", "My Heart Will Go On", "I'm Your Angel".
Dion continued releasing French albums between each English record. During the 2000s, she built her reputation as a successful live performer with A New Day... in Las Vegas Strip, which remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time, as well as the Taking Chances World Tour, one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time. Dion's music has been influenced by genres, ranging from R&B to gospel and classical, her recordings are in French and English, although she sings in Spanish, German, Latin and Mandarin Chinese. While her releases have received mixed critical reception, she is regarded as one of pop music's most influential voices, she has won five Grammy Awards, including Record of the Year. Billboard named her the "Queen of Adult Contemporary" for having the most number ones on the radio format for a female artist, she is the second best-selling female artist in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era. In 2003, she was honoured by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for selling over 50 million albums in Europe.
She remains the best-selling Canadian artist and one of the best-selling artists of all time with record sales of over 200 million copies worldwide. Dion was born in Charlemagne, Quebec, 15 miles northeast of Montreal, the youngest of 14 children of Thérèse, a homemaker, Adhémar Dion, a butcher, both of French-Canadian descent, she was raised a Roman Catholic in a poor, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne. Music had always been a major part of the Dion family, she was named after the song "Céline", which French singer Hugues Aufray had recorded two years before her own birth. On 13 August 1973, at the age of five, the young Céline made her first public appearance at her brother Michel's wedding, where she performed Christine Charbonneau's song "Du fil des aiguilles et du coton", she continued to perform with her siblings in her parents' small piano bar called Le Vieux Baril, "The Old Barrel". From an early age, she had dreamed of being a performer. In a 1994 interview with People magazine, she recalled, "I missed my family and my home, but I don't regret having lost my adolescence.
I had one dream: I wanted to be a singer." At age 12, she collaborated with her mother and her brother Jacques to write and compose her first song, "Ce n'était qu'un rêve", whose title translates as "It Was Only a Dream" or "Nothing But A Dream". Her brother Michel sent the recording to music manager René Angélil, whose name he discovered on the back of a Ginette Reno album. Angélil was decided to make her a star. In 1981, he mortgaged his home to fund her first record, La voix du bon Dieu, which became a local No. 1 hit and made her an instant star in Quebec. Her popularity spread to other parts of the world when she competed in the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo and won the musician's award for "Top Performer" as well as the gold medal for "Best Song" with "Tellement j'ai d'amour pour toi". By 1983, in addition to becoming the first Canadian artist to receive a gold record in France for the single "D'amour ou d'amitié", Dion had won several Félix Awards, including "Best Female performer" and "Discovery of the Year".
Further success came when she represented Switzerland in the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi" and won the contest by a close margin in Dublin, Ireland. At age eighteen, after seeing a Michael Jackson performance, Dion told Angélil that she wanted to be a star like Jackson. Though confident in her talent, Angélil realized that her image needed to be changed for her to be marketed worldwide, she receded from the spotlight for a number of months, during which she underwent dental surgery to improve her appearance, was sent to the École Berlitz in 1989 to polish her English. In 1989, during a concert on the Incognito tournée, she injured her voice, she consulted the otorhinolaryngologist William Gould, who gave her an ultimatum: have immediate surgery on her vocal cords or do not utilize them at all for three weeks. Dion underwent vocal training with William Riley. Two years after she learned English, Dion made her debut into the Anglophone market with Unison, the lead single having been recorded by Laura Branigan.
She incorporated the help of many established musicians, including Vito Luprano and Canadian producer David Foster. The album was la
Gisele Caroline Bündchen is a Brazilian model and actress. Since 2004, Bündchen has been among the highest-paid models in the world, as of 2007 was the 16th richest woman in the entertainment industry. In 2012, she placed first on the Forbes top-earning models list. In 2014, she was listed as the 89th Most Powerful Woman in the World by Forbes. In the late 1990s, Bündchen was the first in a wave of Brazilian models to find international success. In 1999, Vogue noted "The Return of the Sexy Model", she was credited with ending the "heroin chic" era of modeling. Bündchen was one of the Victoria's Secret Angels from 2000 until mid-2007. Bündchen pioneered the "horse walk", a stomping movement created when a model picks her knees up high and kicks her feet out in front. In a 2007 Vogue interview, Claudia Schiffer stated. Bündchen ventured into acting when she played a supporting role in Taxi, for which she was nominated at the Teen Choice Awards for Choice Movie Breakout Performance, for Choice Movie Bad Guy.
Bündchen had a supporting role in The Devil Wears Prada, from 2010 to 2011, she was the executive producer of an educational environmental cartoon, Gisele & the Green Team. Bündchen married New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady in 2009, she supports many charities including Save the Children, Red Cross and Doctors Without Borders, as well as dedicating time to environmental causes. She is the Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Environment Programme. Bündchen is a fifth-generation Brazilian of German descent and raised in Horizontina or in Três de Maio, Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil, to Vânia Nonnenmacher, a bank clerk pensioner, Valdir Bündchen, a college professor and writer, both of German extraction, she grew up with five sisters—Raquel, Gabriela and her fraternal twin, Patrícia, her junior by five minutes. In addition to Portuguese, Gisele speaks English, Italian and some French, learned German at school, but has stated that: "... being out of touch with the language for such a long time, I forgot it."Bündchen wanted to be a volleyball player but joined a modeling course with her sisters Patrícia and Gabriela at their mother's insistence in 1993.
The following year, Bündchen was discovered by the Elite modeling agency at a shopping mall in São Paulo while on a school excursion. She was subsequently selected for a national contest, Elite Look of the Year, in which she placed second. Bündchen placed fourth in the Elite Model Look world contest in Spain. At 14, Bündchen moved to São Paulo to launch her modeling career. In 1996, Bündchen had her first New York City break at Fashion Week. Bündchen travelled to London in 1997, she got her big break when chosen for her ability to walk in towering heels on a slippery runway for Alexander McQueen's spring 1998 "rain" ready-to-wear show. Echoing similar accolades for Elle Macpherson a decade earlier, McQueen dubbed Bündchen "the Body" boosting her bookings. In 1998, she posed for Missoni, Chloé, Dolce & Gabbana, Gianfranco Ferré, Ralph Lauren, Versace campaigns, she made the cover of the French edition of Vogue, fashion magazine i-D featured her on its cover, profiling "A Girl Called Gisele." The Vogue online encyclopedia of models states, "As the year 2000 approached, Gisele Bündchen was the world's hottest model, opening up a new category in the popular imagination: the Brazilian bombshell."She appeared on the cover of Vogue in July and December 1999.
She won the VH1/Vogue Model of the Year for 1999, a January 2000 cover gave her three consecutive Vogue covers. In 2000, she became the fourth model to appear on the cover of the music magazine Rolling Stone when she was named "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World". Bündchen has appeared on the covers of many top fashion magazines, including W, Harper's Bazaar, Allure, as well as style and lifestyle publications such as The Face, Citizen K, Flair, GQ, Marie Claire, in the Pirelli Calendar in 2001 and 2006, she has been seen in TIME, Vanity Fair, Forbes and Veja. Bündchen has appeared on more than 1,200 magazine covers throughout the world, she featured on the covers of both the US and British editions of Vogue in January 2000. Take the case of 18-year-old Gisele Bundchen, a.k.a. Gisele, fashion's new über- model. Gisele is shooting five massive advertising campaigns, starring on the cover of W, playing the muse to t/bersnappers Steven Meisel and Mario Testino. In short, Gisele is huge. Bündchen appeared on the book covers of Mario de Janeiro by Mario Testino and a Russell James retrospective.
That year Time said she was "one of the few runway models whom straight men can name". For spring 2000 fashion week she opened Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, Dolce & Gabbana, Christian Dior, Valentino shows in New York and Paris. From 1998–2003, Bündchen was in every Dolce & Gabbana fashion campaign, totaling 11 consecutive campaigns with the brand. In 2006–2009, she returned as the face of the brand's fragrance, in a campaign titled "Dolce & Gabbana The One". In 2000, Bündchen wore the most expensive Victoria's Secret Fantasy bra of all time, the "Red Hot Fantasy Bra", worth $15 million and listed in Guinness World Records as the most expensive lingerie created. In February 2001, her Got Milk? ad campaign debuted in the 2001 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. Photographed by Steven Meisel, she was presented on the September 2004 cover of American Vogue as one of the "Models of the Moment". In 2004, Bündchen co-starred with Jimmy Fallon in the 2004 remake of Taxi. In 2005