West Monkton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, situated 2 miles north east of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The parish includes the hamlets of Monkton Heathfield and Burlinch and the western parts of Coombe and Walford, had a population of 2,787 at the 2011 census; the charter for West Monkton was given to Glastonbury Abbey by the Saxon king Centwine in 682. The monks from the abbey gave the village its name Monkton, it was called West as being west of the other estates of the abbey; the parish of West Monkton was part of the Whitley Hundred. After the dissolution of the monasteries the manor was granted to William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester, passing in 1616 to the Warres of Hestercombe and in 1872 to Viscount Portman of Orchard Portman. Milling at Bathpool in the River Tone had a chequered history. There had been a mill at this location for several centuries, rebuilt or adapted as required. In March 1812, the structure was burnt down by a fire, according to the Taunton Courier, by "the excessive friction excited in the stones used in the process of shelling clover seeds".
Stocks of flour and flax valued at £2,500 were destroyed. The mill was rebuilt and owned by Captain George Beadon; the mill was purchased by Thomas Redler in 1889 on the death of Beadon, but another fire damaged much of it two years later. Redler rebuilt it with safety in mind, installed a steam-driven turbine as water levels were inadequate to power the wheels. Two more turbines followed, the water wheels were removed. Steam from the turbines was used to heat bread ovens, which were amongst the first in the country to be heated in this way. In September 1915, another fire gutted the building, not rebuilt, the ruins were demolished in the 1920s. In the 1820s the Bridgwater and Taunton Canal was constructed; the work included the construction of several bridges to carry roads over the canal, one of, now the A38 road. During the restoration of the canal in the 1980s the condition of the swing bridge at Bathpool caused a change in policy. There were objections to the plan to replace it with a fixed bridge with limited headroom, the planning application was deferred.
The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime and traffic; the parish council's role includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance and improvement of highways, footpaths, public transport, street cleaning. Conservation matters and environmental issues are the responsibility of the council; the village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having been part of Taunton Rural District. The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health and fairs, refuse collection and recycling and crematoria, leisure services and tourism.
Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, main roads, public transport and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning. There is an electoral ward with the same name. Although West Monkton parish covers certain additional hamlets the ward extends to Cheddon Fitzpaine; the total population of the ward at the 2011 census was 4,304. It is part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, it elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election, part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Within the parish is Hestercombe House and gardens designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, its restoration to Gertrude Jekyll's original plans have made it "one of the best Jekyll-Lutyens gardens open to the public on a regular basis", visited by 70,000 people per year.
The estate is Grade I listed on the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. The site includes a 0.08 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest as it is used as a roost site by Lesser Horseshoe Bats and has been designated as a Special Area of Conservation. The house was used as the headquarters of the British 8th Corps in the Second World War, has been owned by Somerset County Council since 1951. Walford house was built in the late 18th century but in 1985 was converted into flats, it is a Grade II* listed building. Creech Castle was built around 1850 and was the home of the Beadon family, but has since been converted into a hotel, it is named after the characteristic shaped hill opposite it. Monkton Heathfield is home to Heathfield Community School a state secondary school with 1,181 students aged 11 – 16 and has an Arts College specialist status; the parish church of St Augustine has an 88-foot tower, four stories, with no pinnacles or fancy tracery on the windows, giving the tower a slender, austere look compared to the medieval Somerset towers of churches in nearby Taunton, for example.
Nikolaus Pevsner proposes that St Augustine's tower is older than the surrounding church towers, with a tower arch that may
Monkton is a small village in the parish of Monkton and Prestwick in South Ayrshire, Scotland. The town of Prestwick is located around 1 1⁄2 miles to the south of the village, it borders upon Glasgow Prestwick Airport; the village was known as Prestwick Monachorum. The WindmillThe tower-like building on the hill was a windmill and a doocot, it is not to be confused with the structure on the opposite side of Prestwick Airport runway, the Shaw Monument, used by the landowner to follow hunting with falcons on his land. This vaulted windmill dates from the 17th century, converted to a dovecot in the 18th century when conical slated roof slot for potence and fireclay nesting boxes added, it had two doorways, one blocked. Views of the area Monkton has an oceanic climate; the nearest weather station to Monkton is located in Prestwick Airport, around 1 km to the east, is 27 m above sea level. The church was dedicated to dates from the 13th century, it was in use up until 1837, being suppressed by the Court of Teinds in 1834 and a new united church built near the Pow Burn.
The poet Robert Burns' nephew, the Rev Thomas Burns was instrumental in the building of the new church and for a time it was locally known as'Burns's Folly'. It was in Monkton church that Blind Harry's poem The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun Schir William Wallace bases the story that William Wallace went to pray, fell asleep and had an inspirational dream which revived his flagging resolve to rescue Scotland from Edward I. Views of Monkton church and cemetery Monkton station opened on 5 August 1859 as part of the Glasgow, Paisley and Ayr Railway the Glasgow and South Western Railway; the station, now represented by the Prestwick airport fuel unloading sidings, was closed on 28 October 1940 by the London and Scottish Railway, therefore not surviving into British Railways days. Colonel William Fullarton of that Ilk had owned Fairfield, however he sold it before he took up an appointment in Trinidad circa 1803; the property was held in 1851 by William Gunning Campbell at which time the house had a housekeeper, an undergardner, two housemaids, in addition to the gardener and his laundress wife who lived at Fairfield Cottage.
The property had a walled garden which survives as a ruin and a cemetery garden which remains in fair condition. The last Campbell to live at the estate was W. G. Campbell and from the 1860s the property was run by trustees. Fairfield had been known as'Overmains' and had been a part of the lands of Monkton Castle, latterly known as Monkton House. In the 1860s James Sinclair of Orangefield died and this 106-acre estate was added to the 685 acres of Fairfield; the associated farms were Fairfield Mains, Muirhouse and West Orangefield. Fairfield was sold in 1950 and demolished by the new owner who had planned to build villas and racing stables. Campbell family Cemetery Garden and Lodge Monkton House was rebuilt by James MacRae, the President of Madras, 1725–1730 and came back with a fortune amounting to £100,000, he purchased the estate of Monkton in 1736 and renamed the house'Orangefield' as he was a great admirer of William of Orange, William III. The site has been referred to as the Orangefield family burial-plot.
Notes SourcesAllan, Shiela et al.. Historic Prestwick and its surroundings. Ayr Arch & Nat Hist Soc. ISBN 0-9542253-1-7. Close, Robert and Arran: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Pub. Roy Inc Arch Scot. ISBN 1873190-06-9. Cuthbertson, David Cuningham. Autumn in Kyle and the Charm of Cunninghame. London: Jenkins. Harvey, William. Picturesque Ayrshire. Dundee: Valentine & Sons. Love, Dane. Ayrshire: Discovering a County. Ayr: Fort Publishing. ISBN 0-9544461-1-9. Love, Dane. Lost Ayrshire: Ayrshire's Lost Architectural Heritage. Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1841584362. McClure, David. Ayrshire in the Age of Improvement. Ayrshire Monographs 27. Ayr Arch & Nat Hist Soc. ISBN 0-9542253-0-9. Shaw, James Edward. Ayrshire 1745-1950. A Social and Industrial History of the County. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. Strawhorn, John; the History of Prestwick. Edinburgh: John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-405-2. Video and commentary on the history of St Cuthbert's Church Video and commentary on the old Fairfield House garden and burial garden Video and commentary on the old Monkton Vaulted Tower Windmill.
Video and commentary on the old Fairfield walled garden. Video footage of the James Macrae Monument. Video footage and commentary on James Macrae
Monkton is a village and parish in Pembroke, Wales. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, there are 1,688 inhabitants of the village. Monkton was ranked the 14th most disadvantaged place in Wales in 2000 and was given access to the Communities First programme. Monkton has a primary school called "Monkton Priory Community Primary School" which has 221 pupils, it has a dedicated centre for gypsy traveller learners known as the "Monkton Priory School Project". A large part of the community consists of gypsy travellers and reside at a gypsy site called "Castle Quarry" Pembrokeshire Action to Combat Hardship has a base in the village. Historical information and sources on GENUKI
Monkton is a village and civil parish on the River Otter, about 2 miles north east of Honiton railway station in the East Devon district, in the county of Devon, England. In 2011 the parish had a population of 169; the parish touches Cotleigh, Honiton and Luppitt. The parish is in the Blackdown Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. There are 5 listed buildings in Monkton; the name "Monkton" means'Monks' farm/settlement' and is to have been of Ango-Saxon origin. It was The parish was in the Colyton hundred. On the 24th of March 1884 an area from Combe Raleigh parish was transferred to the parish; the transferred area contained 4 houses in 1891
Nun Monkton is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated 8 miles north of York at the confluence of the rivers Nidd. Cottages and houses are grouped around a village green of 20 acres with a maypole; the Ouse is navigable for another 19 miles and river traffic played an important part in the village's life until the middle of the twentieth century. Until 1974 Nun Monkton was in the West Riding of Yorkshire; some sort of settlement has existed since the earliest times. The name "Monkton" appears to reflect a pre-Viking or Anglian settlement in the 8th and 9th centuries; the village is mentioned in the late 11th-century Domesday Book where it is referred to – like most villages in northern Yorkshire – as vastatus i.e. deliberately wrecked by the invading Normans to prevent uprisings against them. A hermitage or small monastic settlement may have existed at Nun Monkton during the Anglian period in Northumbria, prior to the arrival of the Vikings, giving rise to the'Monkton' part of the village's name.
The arrival of the nuns came about a century after the Norman Conquest. In 1172 an Anglo-Norman landowner, Ivetta of the Arches, endowed a small Benedictine nunnery which owned the village and stood on the important ford route from York and Moor Monkton to the south and Beningbrough and Shipton to the north, coming across the river; these routes ended. The Priory existed until 1536 when it was dissolved by Henry VIII, despite a plea from his second wife, Anne Boleyn, that it be spared. Records suggest that some of the nuns, returned to their families with small pensions of £4 a year and still under monastic vows of celibacy, endured considerable hardship as a result of the closure of the convent. Though Nun Monkton village remained a single estate until the 1930s, it changed hands several times after the Protestant Reformation, its first owner was John Neville, the 3rd Baron Latimer and the second husband of Katherine Parr the last wife of Henry VIII. Latimer, granted in 1538, bequeathed it and lands in Hammerton to his daughter at his death in 1543.
During the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century, it was owned by the Payler family. On 2 July 1644 the Battle of Marston Moor, one of the largest battles fought on English soil, took place in fields some miles to the south-west of the village. Royalist troops under Prince Rupert crossed the Ouse between Beningbrough and Nun Monkton and proceeded on to Skipbridge where they crossed the Nidd and joined battle with the Parliamentarian army; because of its proximity to the battlefield, Nun Monkton must have been directly affected but there seem to be no traditions, though older villagers in the late twentieth century reported claims that fallen soldiers were buried around St. Mary's Church. In 1748 the estate and those in surrounding villages passed to William Tufnell Jolliffe upon the death of his uncle Nathaniel Payler. A painting dated to 1773 shows Squire William Tufnell with his son on horseback amid a pack of hounds, looking across from the Moor Monkton bank of the Nidd at Nun Monkton Priory and Church.
Despite the passage of 237 years, the view is unchanged today. An elaborate early nineteenth century monument to the Tufnell family is today in the sacristy on the north side of the church. Before 1871 it was in the old sanctuary of the church and seems to have been somewhat damaged during while being moved. George IV while Prince of Wales, is believed to have had lunch at the Priory during a visit to Yorkshire. In the 1840s one visitor to the village would have been the novelist Anne Brontë, her brother Branwell. During her time as a governess to the Robinson family at Thorpe Green, Little Ouseburn, Brontë taught the children of the rector of Nun Monkton. In 1860, Isaac Crawhall, a Durham-born gentleman, bought Nun Monkton from the Tufnell family and his family owned the estate and lived at the Priory until it was bought by the Whitworth family in the 1920s. Crawhall was responsible for the redesigning of the church and the building of the new roof and chancel between 1871 and 1875. A painting of villagers standing outside St.
Mary's church by the landscape artist John Henry Leonard was sold at Christies in January 2009. It appears to date from the 1860s and may have been commissioned by Isaac Crawhall. Nun Monkton was visited in the summer of 1898 by the future Provost of Eton and ghost story writer, M. R. James on a boat trip from York during a meeting of Convocation. James was enchanted by its chinoiserie summer house near the river, he wrote in a letter: "At Nun Monkton a beautiful house adjoins the church — Queen Anne with a sweet garden and leaden statues and a summerhouse." Nun Monkton appears to have provided some of the background for his gruesome ghost story "The Ash Tree", though in the story the house is situated in Suffolk. The largest secular building in Nun Monkton and architecturally by far the finest after the church, is the hall or manor house formally known as the Priory, used as a location in the television series A Touch of Frost in an episode entitled "Endangered Species". Observant viewers who know the location will note that when Jack Frost drives up to The Priory it shows the gate to the left of the cattle grid, over which a temporary wall was erected for the TV programme.
In the grounds of the Priory is Avenue Cottage, an 18th-century grade II listed building. The village church of St Mary's is the Church of England parish church, it is the sole surviving structure from the former priory and of considerable interest for students of Anglo-Norman architecture. At the Reformation the east end of the church was demo
Monkton Combe is a village and civil parish in north Somerset, England, 3 miles south of Bath. The parish, which includes the hamlet of Tucking Mill, had a population of 554 in 2013, it has been called Monckton Combe and Combe Monckton/Monkton. Monkton Combe was part of the Anglo-Saxon era hundred of Bath Forum. According to Rev. John Collinson in his History of Somerset, the village's original name was Combe, with the Monkton element being attached as an adjective to differentiate it from neighbouring Combe Down and Combe Grove; the village was owned by the monks of Bath Abbey, hence Monkton Combe. It was on the route of the Somerset Coal Canal. Monkton Combe railway station featured in the 1953 film The Titfield Thunderbolt, one of the Ealing comedies; the film's plot centred on efforts by villagers to preserve their local railway line. It was on the short-lived branch line of the Bristol and North Somerset Railway which went from Limpley Stoke to Camerton and had closed to passenger traffic in 1925, though the line was used for freight traffic from the Somerset coalfield until 1952.
The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime and traffic; the parish council's role includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village car park and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance and improvement of highways, footpaths, public transport, street cleaning. Conservation matters and environmental issues are of interest to the council; the Village Hall and Village Green are the responsibility of the Village Hall Committee and not of the Parish Council. The parish falls within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset, created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992, it provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health and fairs, refuse collection, cemeteries, leisure services and tourism.
It is responsible for education, social services, main roads, public transport, Trading Standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service. Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county, its administrative headquarters is in Bath. Between 1 April 1974, 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon. Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Bathavon Rural District; the parish falls within the'Bathavon South' electoral ward. The ward starts in the north east at Monkton Combe and stretches south west through Wellow to Shoscombe; the total population of this ward at the 2011 census was 3,052. The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the North East Somerset constituency.
It elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. It is part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation; the parish church of St Michael, thought to have been Norman, was razed in the early 19th century and rebuilt in 1814. The 1814 church was soon found to be too small, was rebuilt in 1865 at the initiative of the first Vicar of Monkton Combe, the Revd. Francis Pocock, it was designed by ecclesiastical architect C. E. Giles of London, the builder was Mr. S. G. Mitchell, it was extended within just a few years to accommodate the growing number of pupils from nearby Monkton Combe School, founded by Revd. Pocock in 1868; the church is a Grade II listed building. The churchyard contains the grave of Harry Patch, the last surviving British soldier who served in the First World War, a handful of Commonwealth War Graves; the village has one public house, the Wheelwrights Arms, built as a private house in the mid-late 18th century.
There are two mills, neither of, in working order. The Old Mill was built in the early-mid 19th century. A village lock-up was built in the 18th century circa 1776; this is now an Ancient monument. A significant proportion of properties in the village are now owned and occupied by Monkton Combe School, an independent Christian boarding and day school in the English public school tradition, founded in 1868 by the first Vicar of Monkton Combe, Revd. Francis Pocock. Village website Monkton Combe School
Monkton is a heritage-listed timber-framed domestic house at 7 Ardoyne Road, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was built in 1925 for William and Margaret Dunlop, it is designed by Elina Emily Mottram, the first woman in Queensland to establish her own architectural practice. It is significant because of its association with the entry of women into the local professions in Queensland so into the architectural profession, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 31 July 2008. Monkton is located at the northern end of Ardoyne Road at Corinda, it has a symmetrical front that comprises double-sided gables that face the road on both sides of a projecting porch. Bay windows flank either sides of the porch; these architectural qualities are significant as they are still intact in form and detailing of a timber residence. Monkton has been described as having a focus on utility and comfort, which she credits as attributes of Mottram’s early work, she quotes Florence Taylor as saying, "Men build houses but women build homes" and Beatrice Hutton's statement, "Men don't know how to build houses for women.
Think of the cupboards that are either left out or put in the wrong place! And there are many details that only a woman can understand."These details include early built-in joinery cabinets that can be found throughout the house. A linen press extends to the ceiling in the hallway, a former servery, cupboards and a pantry/broom cupboard extends to the ceiling in the kitchen, a wardrobe with storage cupboards extends to the ceiling in the main bedroom and a cupboard in the parlor. All rooms in Monkton have walls lined with v-jointed boards and ceilings of fiber-cement with cover strips. Monkton is one of only a few surviving examples of the work of early women architects in Queensland and one of only three in Brisbane. Monkton is a timber-framed house of modest proportions located in Brisbane's leafy south-west suburbs, it was designed in 1925 by Queensland's longest practising early female architect. Of all the buildings designed by early women architects in Brisbane, Monkton is one of only three that remain.
It has a symmetrical street-facing façade detailed interiors and overlooks the Brisbane River to Fig Tree Pocket. Women entered the architectural profession in the early twentieth century. Architectural training was not accessible and women were not accepted into the profession; the first woman architect in Australia was Florence Taylor who, despite applying for admittance to the Institute of Architects of New South Wales in 1907, was denied acceptance until 1920 due to her gender. Women such as Taylor came from privileged backgrounds and were exposed to the profession by male relatives in architectural practice or in related occupations such as builders or surveyors. In Queensland, though the Brisbane Central Technical College offered some architectural and building subjects and a Diploma in Architecture by 1918, it was not until 1949 that the University of Queensland offered a degree course admitting both men and women. Prior to this time several women made notable contributions to the architectural profession in Queensland, including Lily Addison, daughter of architect GHM Addison.
Hutton was the first woman to be admitted to an architectural institute in Australia when her application to become an Associate of the Queensland Institute of Architects was accepted in 1916. It was not until April 1924 that a woman architect opened her own practice in Brisbane, when Elina Mottram established her office in the T&G Building on the corner of Queen and Albert Streets; the Architectural Building Journal of Queensland announced that "Brisbane has at last a lady architect...we trust that she will get her fair share of public support". Today, Elina Mottram is considered the most successful of Queensland's early women architects. Elina Emily Mottram was born in Sheffield, the only child of Arthur Mottram, a building contractor and stonemason, she came to Brisbane in 1906 with her parents, attending Nundah State School, undertook studies in Architecture at the Brisbane Central Technical College while employed by architect F Hall of Brisbane during the city's 1920s construction boom.
She received a Diploma in Architecture in 1925. Mottram taught building construction at the Brisbane Central Technical College between 1926 and 1928. During this time she worked as an architect in Longreach and in Rockhampton. In Longreach she designed public and commercial buildings, including the Masonic Temple, Longreach Motors and the office of Winchcombe Carson Ltd, she remodelled the AWU building and the School of Arts. Mottram registered as an architect with the Royal Australian Institute of Architects in 1930. During the 1930s depression, when work was scarce, she was a postmistress at Raglan via Rockhampton from 1930-1936. In partnership with her father as A and E Mottram, she worked in Rockhampton in 1937 and in Longreach 1938-1941, where she was foreman of works for her father for the first stage of construction of the Longreach Hospital, she was employed as a draftswoman with the American Army Engineering Office in North Rockhampton in the Second World War. She worked with the Queensland Railways and designed Eagle Junction railway station.
Other residential commissions by Mottram, included a two-storeyed block of flats in Scott Street at Kangaroo Point c. 1925, a Tudor Revival residence for Zina Cumbrae-Stewart overlooking the river, a residence for Mrs Thurlby on the corner of Winchester and Hants Roads, Ascot. Of all the buildings designed b