Monroe Calculating Machine Company
The Monroe Calculating Machine Company was a maker of adding machines and calculators founded in 1912 by Jay Randolph Monroe based on a machine designed by Frank Stephen Baldwin. Now known as Monroe Systems for Business, the company was known as Monroe Calculating Machine Company, Monroe THE Calculator Company, Monroe Division of Litton Industries. In 1911, Jay Randolph Monroe first saw the Baldwin Calculator, the invention of Frank Stephen Baldwin. Although Mr. Baldwin's machine had been patented in 1874 and had been judged by the Franklin Institute as the most noteworthy invention of that year winning the John Scott Medal, it had not been developed for commercial use. Mr. Monroe recognized the merits of the Baldwin Calculator, in April 1912 he organized the Monroe Calculating Machine Company, in a small rented room near Newark, New Jersey, the manufacture of the first Monroe Adding-Calculator was begun; the following year the firm moved to New Jersey. The factory personnel consisted of only nine men and the entire heavy factory equipment was a lathe and two small presses.
With these meager tools, tolerances were maintained to within thousandths of an inch to insure the accurate performance of the finished machine. The first Monroe was offered to the business world in 1914. In 1932, the company was awarded the Franklin Institute's John Price Wetherill Medal. For many years, Monroe was headquartered in Orange, New Jersey and Morris Plains, New Jersey with its manufacturing plants in New Jersey, Bristol and Amsterdam. In 1958, the company was acquired by Litton Industries. Litton sold it in 1984. In the mid-1980s, the company diversified and began carrying a line of private-labeled copiers and cross-cut paper shredders, but those items have been discontinued. In the 1970s and 1980s, the company had some 300 sales and service branch offices in the United States. In 1972, Monroe announced a pocket-sized electronic display calculator at $269; as low cost electronic calculators from Japan became available through retail distribution, the mechanical calculator companies like Monroe and Marchant declined as they introduced programmable calculators.
In 1980, the company name was changed to Monroe Systems for Business. This change in name was to reflect the diversification of the company from a calculator-only company to one which addressed the broader needs of the office. During this period, Monroe introduced bookkeeping machines, magnetic stripe ledger card accounting machines, programmable calculators, copiers and shredders. In 1998, Monroe Systems for Business sold the copier and shredders businesses to Savin Corporation, returned its focus to the business upon which its reputation had been built, calculators. In 2001, Monroe Systems for Business became a held corporation with corporate headquarters in Bristol, PA; as of 2019, in addition to calculators, the company has expanded the products it offers to include a number of complementary products for businesses and professionals with a focus on accounting functions - this includes high-security shred solutions, currency counting machines, replacement toner cartridges, more. In 2019, Monroe acquired Typewriters.com, a 61-year-old, all-in-one typewriter supplier who specializes in IBM, Nakajima and Brother reconditioned typewriters, as well as the supplies and manuals that go with them.
Founder, Jim Riegert, now leads the charge for sales and customer service for the company. Early models of calculator were designated by letters; the letters A, B, C are lost in the records of those early days devoted to constructing a suitable pilot model. The "D" model started manufacture in 1915 with serial numbers below 4,000; the "E" model started manufacture in 1916 with serial numbers beginning at 4,000. The "F" model was introduced in 1917 with serial numbers above 6,000; the "G" model was the first machine of the refined style, was introduced in 1919 with serial numbers above 20,000. The "H" and "I" were never released for production; the "K" was the real start of the big forward march by the Monroe Company. The "K" hand machine, introduced in 1921, was followed by KA, KAS, KAA, KASC, KASE, etc. machines all more automatic than the former. The "L" model was produced from January 1929 to February 1971; the "M" model further refined the "L". Electromechanical models. Model 570 was the last electro-mechanical four-function calculator model produced.
Electronic calculator models: Visual Display only 400 and 600 series Paper tape and visual display 1300 and 1400 series Programmable models: The 1600 and 1800 series calculators, from OEM Compucorp competed against similar desktop calculators from Wang Laboratories. Model 200 billing machine for accounts receivable functions. Monrobot III - general-purpose computer, public debut in 1952 on the TV broadcast of the national election results over the NBC network. Monrobot V - portable, general-purpose, used by military for surveying and mapmaking, 1955 Monroe Calculating Machine Mark XI was an inexpensive slow, general-purpose computer introduced in 1960As of 2019, Monroe Systems for Business sells Medium-Duty, Heavy-Duty and Handheld calculators. Medium-Duty models include the Monroe 6120X, the Monroe 2020PlusX and Monroe 122PDX. New York Times. New York Times; the Monroe division of Litton Industries, Inc. has begun production
Monroe is a city in Jasper County, United States. The population was 1,830 at the 2010 census. Monroe was laid out in 1851 by Adam Tool and was called Tool's Point; the name was soon changed to Monroe."Tool's point" is now the name of a park located in the city. Monroe's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 41.521880, -93.103492. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.69 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,830 people, 770 households, 527 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,082.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 839 housing units at an average density of 496.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.7% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population. There were 770 households of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.6% were non-families.
26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,808 people, 753 households, 521 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,067.6 people per square mile. There were 802 housing units at an average density of 473.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.12% White, 0.17% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.33% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.77% of the population. There were 753 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families.
27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.91. 26.3% are under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,837, the median income for a family was $50,819. Males had a median income of $33,679 versus $25,256 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,518. About 3.1% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. The PCM Community School District operates public schools serving the community, it was a part of the Monroe School District until it merged with the Prairie City district into PCM on July 1, 1991.
Monroe is home to Monroe Elementary School and PCM Community High School while the middle school is in Prairie City. Bucky O'Connor, head coach of the Iowa Hawkeyes men's basketball team from 1949 to 1958 Bonnie Lucas, radio personality Elk Rock State Park Iowa Highway 14 Iowa Highway 163 Monroe Portal style website, Government and more City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Monroe
Monroe Bowers Morton, nicknamed Pink Morton was a prominent building owner, building contractor and postmaster in late 19th-century Georgia. An African American, he lived most of his life in Athens, where he published a newspaper and built the Morton Building; the building included the Morton Theatre on its upper floors, a vaudeville venue, offices for African-American professionals including doctors and druggists on its ground floor. Occupants included Dr. Ida Mae Johnson Hiram, the first Black woman to be licensed to practice medicine in the state, Dr. William H. Harris, one of the founders of the Georgia State Medical Association of Colored Physicians and Druggists. Morton's mother, a former slave, was half black, his father was white. He was called Pink because of his light skin-tone. Morton attended a secret school led by Reverend James Sims in Savannah, Georgia before the American Civil War brought emancipation to Georgia, he attended the Knox Institute and became a messenger for Major John J. Knox of the Freedmen's Bureau.
After working for Knox, Morton worked as a survey engineer on the "North Eastern Railroad" together with Bill Pledger, who went into politics in his life. Morton moved to Athens, where he became a central figure in the black political and business community. Morton owned between 20 and 35 buildings in Athens and was selected as a contractor for the Wilkes County Courthouse, he worked on a Federal Building in Anniston, Alabama. He published The Progressive Era newspaper. Morton purchased a building lot in 1909 and completed construction of the Morton Building in 1910; the building held offices of African American professionals and housed the Morton Theatre, a vaudeville venue and a movie theater, now restored and used as an arts center. His theater, sometimes referred to as Morton's Opera House, hosted many prominent African American performers including from New York City's Cotton Club. Performers at the theater included Duke Ellington, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Louis Armstrong and Cab Calloway.
Morton owned a large two-story home on Prince Avenue at South Milledge Avenue in Athens. Morton became politically active and was one of Athens's alternate delegates to the 1884 Republican National Convention. Next he was appointed postal agent on the Gainesville and Southern railroad. In 1884, he traded routes with another carrier due to fears that he might be lynched on the former route. During his political career, Morton was affiliated with Alfred Eliab Buck, although he fell out of the powerful politician's favor when Morton sought to oust Madison "Matt" Davis from the position of postal agent in Athens and to gain the position for himself. In 1892, he was considered as a candidate for congress to represent the eighth district, but did not run. In 1896, 1900, 1904, he was again a delegate to the Republican National Convention. Morton was part of the Republican delegation that informed William McKinley that he was the Republican Party's nominee for president in 1896, he was appointed postmaster in Athens and was the second African American after Davis to hold the position.
Davis was a former slave and politician and served as postmaster from 1882 until 1886. Both faced opposition from some whites in Georgia. Other African American officials in Georgia faced hostility including Judson Whitlocke Lyons, Matt Davis, John Thomas Heard. In 1897, postmaster General James Albert Gary decided not to allow an African American to be postmaster in large cities in the south. In July 1897, W. W. Foraker, a white man and relative of Ohio politician, Joseph B. Foraker, was announced as a selection for Athens, but Morton was installed in Athens and Lyons in Augusta by President William McKinley; these selections, along with that of Henry A. Rucker as Internal Revenue Collector for the State of Georgia, were opposed. Opposition continued and in 1898 Morton was accused by a mail carrier of various crimes; the criticism and opposition intensified when Morton was up for renomination in late 1901 and 1902, he was not reappointed by President Theodore Roosevelt. Morton is buried in the Morton family lot at Gospel Pilgrim Cemetery in Athens.
In 2013, documentary filmmaker Keith Plummer began work on a film about the theater and the man behind it. The theater block is referred to colloquially as "Hot Corner", was a center of Black business and culture in Athens in the early 20th century; the 30 minute film premiered in 2015 at the theater and includes an interview with Morton's grandson. Monroe Morton at Find a Grave
Mount Monroe is a 5,372-foot-high mountain peak southwest of Mount Washington in the Presidential Range of the White Mountains in New Hampshire, United States. It is named for American President James Monroe and is the fourth highest mountain on the 4000 footers list for New Hampshire; the Appalachian Trail skirts its summit, the next highest peak on or near the trail north of Mount Rogers in Virginia. The Lakes of the Clouds, its AMC hut, lie nestled at the col between Mount Monroe and neighboring Mount Washington. Lying between Mount Washington and Mount Eisenhower, Mount Monroe is inaccessible by road but may be reached by several hiking trails; the most direct route to its summit from the valley below is chiefly via the Ammonoosuc Ravine Trail which starts to the northwest near the base station of the Mount Washington Cog Railway. After ascending to the Lakes of the Clouds Hut, the eastern terminus of the trail, one proceeds to Monroe's summit via the Crawford Path and the Monroe Loop trail.
Other routes to the summit ascend via the Crawford Path from Crawford Notch, singly or in combination with the Edmands Path from Mount Clinton Road to the west of the mountain, with the final ascent to the summit accomplished by the Monroe Loop. From the east, one can trek to Monroe via a combination of the Boott Spur, Tuckerman Ravine, or Lion Head trails, among others, traversing via intervening trails, or descend from the summit of Mount Washington, which may be reached on foot, by car or by the Cog Railway, along the Crawford Path or by other routes. Hikers will visit Monroe in combination with Washington or Eisenhower and sometimes with other nearby peaks. Mount Monroe offers majestic views across the Lakes of the Clouds to its grand neighbor to the northeast, Mount Washington, over 900 feet higher, to Mount Jefferson and Mount Clay north of Washington and to Boott Spur and Mount Isolation south of the dominant peak, as well as fine views to the west along the southern spine of the Presidential Range, through the Dry River valley, out to more of the White Mountains to the south and west and to Vermont beyond.
As with Mount Washington, the upper reaches of Mount Monroe lie above tree-line in a sub-arctic tundra climate zone, characterized by variable and very severe weather from late fall through early spring. One distinguishing feature of the mountain is the flat Monroe Lawn south of the summit, traversed by the Crawford Path and home to several rare species of plant, including the endangered Robbins Cinquefoil, which survive in this harsh, outlying climate and terrain where other plants perish. Visitors traversing the Lawn are limited to the trail in order to protect the many fragile flora which grow there. Other notable features of the mountain include its subpeaks, "Little Monroe" to the west of the principal peak and 175 feet shorter, Mount Franklin, southwest of the summit and nearly 5,000 feet above sea level; the mountain, as with much of the Presidential Range, is characterized by steep walls on either side of the main ridge, to its northwest and southeast, making for strenuous climbs from the valley below and for numerous waterfalls - along the route followed by the Ammonoosuc Ravine Trail - and scarred by landslides.
Mt. Monroe - FranklinSites.com Hiking Guide AMC: Hiking Mount Monroe
Monroe is the eighth-largest city in the U. S. state of Louisiana. It is the parish seat of Ouachita Parish. In the official 2010 census, Monroe had a population of 48,815; the municipal population declined by 8.1 percent over the past decade. After a recheck in 2012, the Census Bureau changed the 2010 population from 48,815 to 49,147. Mayor Jamie Mayo, maintains that the Monroe population is more than 50,000 and indicated that he will pursue a continued challenge to the count. Monroe is the principal city of the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the parishes of Ouachita and Union; the two-parish area had a total population of 170,053 in 2000 and an estimated population of 172,275 as of July 1, 2007. The larger Monroe-Bastrop Combined Statistical Area is composed of both the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Bastrop Micropolitan Statistical Area; the CSA had a population of 201,074 in 2000. Monroe and the neighboring city of West Monroe, located just across the Ouachita River, are referred to as the Twin Cities of northeast Louisiana.
The settlement known as Fort Miro adopted the name Monroe, during the first half of the 19th century, in recognition of the steam-powered paddle-wheeler James Monroe. The arrival of the ship had a profound effect on the settlers; the ship is depicted in a mural at the main branch of the Monroe Library on North 18th Street. Therefore, credit is indirectly given to James Monroe of Virginia, the fifth President of the United States, for whom the ship was named. During the American Civil War and Opelousas, the seat of St. Landry Parish in south Louisiana, had Confederate training camps, they were established after the fall of New Orleans to the Union in 1862. Conscripts were soon sent to both camps. In 1862, Monroe and Delhi in Richland Parish became overcrowded with unwelcome refugees from rural areas to the east, they had fled the forces of Union General U. S. Grant, who moved into northeastern Louisiana and spent the winter of 1862–1863 at Winter Quarters south of Newellton in Tensas Parish, he was preparing for the siege of Vicksburg, not completed until July 4, 1863.
Historian John D. Winters reported "strong Union sympathy" in both Monroe; as the refugees moved farther west toward Minden in Webster Parish, many of the residents, themselves poor, refused to sell them food or shelter and treated them with contempt. Union boats came up the Ouachita River to Monroe to trade coffee, dry goods, money for cotton. "Confederate officers were accused by a citizen of encouraging the trade and of fraternizing with the enemy, eating their oysters, drinking their liquor." As the war continued and stragglers about Monroe became "so plentiful that the Union Army sent a special detachment" from Alexandria to apprehend them. In 1913, Joseph A. Biedenharn, the first bottler of Coca-Cola, moved to Monroe from Vicksburg, Mississippi; until Biedenharn's breakthrough, Coca-Cola had been available only when individually mixed at the soda fountain. Biedenharn and his son Malcolm were among the founders of Delta Air Lines Delta Dusters; that company was founded in Louisiana in Madison Parish.
It was based on products and processes developed by the Agriculture Experimental Station to dust crops from airplanes in order to combat the boll weevil, destroying cotton crops. Biedenharn's home and gardens at 2006 Riverside Drive in Monroe have been preserved and are now operated as the Biedenharn Museum and Gardens and are open to the public. Collett E. Woolman, the Ouachita Parish agent, was from Indiana, he pioneered crop dusting to eradicate the boll weevil, which destroyed cotton throughout the Mississippi River delta country in the early 20th century. Woolman originated the first crop-dusting service in the world; the collapse of cotton production meant a widespread loss of farm jobs. This contributed to the Great Migration of the early 20th century, when a total of 1.5 million African Americans left the rural South for jobs in northern and midwestern cities. They were escaping the oppressive racial conditions and violence under Jim Crow and the disenfranchisement that excluded most blacks from the political system.
Howard D. Griffin purchased a boat dealership in 1936 while he was a student at what became the University of Louisiana at Monroe. By the 1960s, Griffin's company had become the largest outboard motor dealership in the world, he sold motorcycles. From 1965 to 1985, Griffin and his wife, Birdie M. Griffin, operated their seasonal Land O' Toys store on South Grand Street in Monroe; the motto was "Land O' Toys. Once Christmas was over, the toy store was phased out, the outboard motors returned to the showroom. From her childhood memories, Sherry Lynn Mason recalls the Land O' Toys: "I loved that store; every time took me there, we were waiting for his outboard motor to be fixed across the street. It was a magical place to me!" Amy Berry Baker recalls, "It wasn't Christmas until we went to Howard Griffin... magical for kids," according to an article in The Monroe News-Star. Mrs. Griffin died December 15, 1985, the store close permanently a few days after Christmas of that year. In March 2011, the remaining abandoned building burned.
All that remains are the memories of the former customers, now all adults. Cheri Chadduck recalled, "Memories are magical, I am so grateful for my childhood recollections of time there." Monroe has an elevation of 72 feet. Ac
The Monroe was a Brass Era and vintage car built in Flint, Pontiac and Indianapolis, Indiana. In the mid-teens, R. F. Monroe was head of the Monroe Body Company in Pontiac, while William C. Durant headed Chevrolet in Flint; these two worked together to form Monroe Motor Company in Flint in August 1914. Monroe was president. There was a cross-stockholding arrangement between the Chevrolet companies. Construction of the Monroe cars occurred in a plant used by Chevrolet in Flint, the Chevrolet company undertook to distribute the new Monroe automobile. However, in April 1916, Durant resigned his vice-presidency, the Monroe company moved into the former Welch factory in Pontiac; the company was now reorganized as the Monroe Motor Car Company, with a capitalization increase to US$1,000,000. This company went bankrupt in 1918. In the fall of the same year, the William Small Company of Indianapolis bought the assets of the Monroe company; the Small company had distributed Monroes in Indianapolis. The Pontiac factory was now leased to General Motors for production of the Samson truck.
Monroe production was thenceforth carried out in Indianapolis only. The showroom was located at 602 N. Capitol Street in Indianapolis and the building still stands today; the Monroe had started as small car, with only open cars on offer. By this time in its history, they came equipped with an engine of the company's own design, a sedan was included in the price lists by 1918. At this time, Louis Chevrolet was brought in by William Small as a consulting engineer to "work out design problems for the Monroe car." This was ironic, as Louis Chevrolet had used to work with William Durant, just as R. F. Monroe had. Chevrolet had little impact on the production Monroe car, but he did assemble seven race cars with Cornelius Van Ranst. Three of these were raced as Frontenacs. Louis Chevrolet's brother, won the 1920 Indianapolis 500 in a Monroe; this was the first time an American car won at the Speedway since 1912. The Monroe team was the first to use radio communication to the driver in 1922. A car driven by Wilbur D'Alene with ride along mechanic Worth Schloeman was fitted with the radio equipment.
The same summer, the William Small Company went into receivership. After various refinancings, the American Fletcher National Bank of Indianapolis purchased the Monroe assets in January 1922. In March of the next year, Strattan Motors Corporation bought the Monroe company. Frank E Strattan, the owner of Strattan Motors, was rumored to be considering purchasing the Premier factory in Indianapolis. Strattan declared that the Monroe would continue to be built, but be joined by a lower-priced car called the Strattan. Just a few months in order to concentrate on his Strattan car, Frank Strattan sold the Monroe company to Frederick Barrows of Premier. After this latest purchase, the company was organized as Monroe Motors, Inc. but soon it was absorbed by the Premier company. The last Monroes transformed into the Premier Model B
The Yellowstone River is a tributary of the Missouri River 692 miles long, in the western United States. Considered the principal tributary of the upper Missouri, the river and its tributaries drain a wide area stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the vicinity of the Yellowstone National Park across the mountains and high plains of southern Montana and northern Wyoming; the Yellowstone River Watershed is a river basin spanning 37,167 square miles across Montana, with minor extensions into Wyoming and North Dakota toward headwaters and terminus, respectively. The Yellowstone Basin Watershed contains a system of rivers, including the Yellowstone River, four tributary basins: the Clarks Fork Yellowstone, Wind River and Bighorn River, Tongue River, Powder River; these rivers form tributaries to the Missouri River. The mainstem of the Yellowstone River is more than 700 miles long. At the headwaters, elevations exceed 12,800 feet above sea level and descends to 1,850 feet at the confluence with the Missouri River in North Dakota.
The watershed spans 34,167 square miles. The area contains many lakes, including Yellowstone Lake. There are no storage dams located on the mainstem of the Yellowstone River. However, the watershed contains five major reservoirs: Bull Lake, Buffalo, Tongue River, Lake De Smet reservoirs; the river rises in northwestern Wyoming in the Absaroka Range, on the Continental Divide in southwestern Park County. The river starts where the South Fork of the Yellowstone River converge; the North Fork, the larger of the two forks, flows from Younts Peak. The South Fork flows from the southern slopes of Thorofare Mountain; the Yellowstone River flows northward through Yellowstone National Park and draining Yellowstone Lake dropping over the Upper and Lower Yellowstone Falls at the head of the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone within the confines of the park. After passing through the Black Canyon of the Yellowstone downstream of the Grand Canyon, the river flows northward into Montana between the northern Absaroka Range and the Gallatin Range in Paradise Valley.
The river emerges from the mountains near the town of Livingston, where it turns eastward and northeastward, flowing across the northern Great Plains past the city of Billings. East of Billings, it is joined by the Bighorn River. Further downriver, it is joined by the Tongue near Miles City, by the Powder in eastern Montana, it flows into North Dakota just upstream from Lake Sakakawea. In Montana the river has been used extensively for irrigation since the 1860s. In its upper reaches, within Yellowstone Park and the mountains of Montana, it is a popular destination for fly fishing; the Yellowstone is a Class I river from the Yellowstone National Park boundary to the North Dakota border for the purposes of stream access for recreational purposes. The division of water rights to the entire Yellowstone River Basin among Wyoming and North Dakota, governed by a 1950 compact, was disputed in a 2010 lawsuit brought directly in the U. S. Supreme Court by Montana against Wyoming. Oral argument took place in January 2011.
On May 2, 2011, the Court held 7-2 that Montana had no valid claim for diminution of its water, since Wyoming was irrigating the same acreage as always, albeit by a more modern method that returned less runoff to go downstream to Montana. The name is believed to have been derived from the Minnetaree Indian name Mi tse a-da-zi. Common lore states that the name came from the yellow-colored rocks along the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, but the Minnetaree never lived along the upper stretches of the Yellowstone; some scholars think that the river was named after yellow-colored sandstone bluffs on the lower Yellowstone, instead. The Crow Indians, who lived along the upper Yellowstone in Southern Montana, called it E-chee-dick-karsh-ah-shay. Translating the Minnetaree name, French trappers called the river Roche Jaune, a name used by mountain men until the mid-19th century. Independently and Clark recorded the English translation of Yellow Stone for the river, after encountering the Minnetaree in 1805.
With expanding settlement by people from the United States, the English name became the most used. The river was explored in 1806 by William Clark during the return voyage of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark's Fork of the river was named for him. Most of the natural features of the Yellowstone Valley that were not named by Lewis and Clark were named by pioneer steamboat captain Grant Marsh. Marsh was selected by the Army for an exploratory expedition in 1873 on his boat the Key West. Marsh kept a detailed log, the names he bestowed were recorded by a representative of the War Department and applied on official maps; these include:- Forsyth Butte, named in honor of Brevet Brig. Gen. George Alexander Forsyth, commander of the expedition. - Cut Nose Butte, Chimney Rock and Diamond Island, for their resemblance to these objects. - Seven Sisters Islands, in remembrance of Captain Marsh's seven sisters. - Crittenden Island, for General T. L. Crittenden, who commanded the 17th Infantry, garrisoned at posts along the Missouri River.
- Mary Island, for the chambermaid on the Key West, wife of the steward, "Dutch Jake." - Reno Island, for Major Marcus A. Reno, of the 7th Cavalry. - Schindel Island, for Major M. Bryant, commanding t