Tennessee's 3rd congressional district
The 3rd Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in East Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Chuck Fleischmann since January 2011; the district comprises two halves, joined together through a narrow tendril in Roane County near Ten Mile. The upper half borders Kentucky to the north and is composed of Scott, Roane and Union counties, as well as most of Campbell County; the lower half borders North Carolina to the Georgia to the south. It is composed of Hamilton, Polk, McMinn, Monroe, the southern half of Bradley County. Traditionally, the third district has centered on Chattanooga, part of the district since before the Civil War. In area, the district is sparsely populated. Half of the district's population lives in Hamilton County, home to Chattanooga; the region is mountainous, due to its location in the Appalachian Mountains. It contains many "natural wonders" such as: The Lost Sea, Frozen Head, Ocoee Whitewater Center, most famously, Lookout Mountain, which contains both Ruby Falls and Rock City from the "See Rock City" signs dotted across the South.
The 3rd District is on the dividing line between counties and towns that favored or opposed Southern secession in the Civil War. George Washington Bridges was elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-seventh Congress, but he was arrested by Confederate troops while en route to Washington, D. C. and taken back to Tennessee. Bridges was held prisoner for more than a year before he escaped and went to Washington, D. C. and assumed his duties on February 23, 1863. During much of the 20th century, southeastern Tennessee was the only portion of Republican East Tennessee where Democrats were able to compete on a more-or-less basis; the Chattanooga papers—the moderate-to-progressive Times and the archconservative Free Press --printed diametrically-opposed political editorials. The northern counties have predominantly voted Republican since the 1860s, in a manner similar to their neighbors in the present 1st and 2nd districts. However, Democrats have received some support in coal mining areas. In the years since World War II, the government-founded city of Oak Ridge, with its active labor unions and a population derived from outside the region, has been a source of potential Democratic votes.
This balance showed signs of changing beginning in the late 1950s, when rural and working-class whites began splitting their tickets in national elections to support Dwight Eisenhower, Barry Goldwater, Governors Winfield Dunn and Lamar Alexander, Ronald Reagan, two Chattanoogans, U. S. Representative LaMar Baker and Senator Bill Brock, it warmly supported George Wallace in his third-party run for president in 1968. The district has only supported a Democrat for president twice in the last half century, in 1956 and 1992. In those cases, that support was entirely attributable to the presence of native sons as vice presidential candidates. In 1956, Senator Estes Kefauver, who had represented the 3rd from 1939 to 1949, was the Democratic vice presidential candidate. In 1992, Senator Al Gore was Bill Clinton's running mate, but with Gore's presence, the Democrats only carried the 3rd by 39 votes out of 225,000 cast; as the district became friendlier to Republicans at the national level, Democrats still held their own at the local level.
Brock won the congressional seat in 1962. He handed the seat to Baker in 1971, but conservative Democrat Marilyn Lloyd regained it in 1974 and held it for 20 years; as late as the early 1990s, area Democrats held at least half the local offices in the region in the southern portion. As the 1990s wore on, Democrats began losing county and local offices that they had held for generations; this trend began as early as 1992, when Lloyd held onto her seat against Republican Zach Wamp. Lloyd retired in 1994, Wamp narrowly won the race to succeed her as part of that year's massive GOP wave. Wamp was handily reelected in 1996, the Republicans have held it without serious difficulty since then. Indeed, the Democrats have only cleared 40 percent of the vote twice. Redistricting after the 2010 census consolidated the Republican hold on the seat, it is now one of the most Republican districts in the nation. Democrats still remain competitive in some local- and state-level races in Chattanooga and Oak Ridge.
Chattanooga elects some Democrats to the state legislature. However moderately liberal politics are a hard sell, most of the area's Democrats—particularly outside Chattanooga—are quite conservative on social issues; the 3rd District is home to several Evangelical Protestant denominations and colleges, contributing to the area's social conservatism. Republican Zach Wamp of Chattanooga had represented the 3rd District since 1995. After Wamp's January 2009 announcement that he would run for governor in 2010 instead of seeking re-election, several candidates announced campaigns for the seat; as of March 2010, the Republican field included former state party chairwoman Robin Smith, Air Force Captain Rick Kernea, Tommy Crangle, Chattanooga attorney Chuck Fleischmann, Bradley County sheriff Tim Gobble, Art Rhodes, Van Irion, Basil Marceaux. Fleischmann won the August 2010 primary with about 28 % of the total vote. Democratic candidates as of October 2009 were Paula Flowers of Oak Ridge, a former member of Governor Phil Bredesen's cabinet, and
The Tellico River rises in the westernmost mountains of the U. S. state of North Carolina, but it flows through Monroe County, Tennessee. With a length of 52.8 miles, it is a major tributary of the Little Tennessee River, is one of the primary streams draining the Unicoi Mountains. The Tellico River and its main tributaries are renowned for their brook and rainbow trout fishing. Upstream from Tellico Lake, above Tellico Plains, the Tellico is a premier trout stream, it meanders through a mountain gorge before reaching the broad plains downstream of Tellico Plains. The Tellico River rises in the Unicoi Mountains near the Cherokee County/Graham County line, in North Carolina's Nantahala National Forest; the North Carolina side includes the Upper Tellico Off-highway vehicle area. After the river crosses into Tennessee and enters the Cherokee National Forest, it is joined by its major tributaries, the Bald and North rivers. After exiting the mountains, the river enters Tellico Plains, a flat and isolated area carved out by the river and several tributaries, namely Morgan Creek and Smoky Run.
A 4-mile stretch of the river above Tellico Plains runs parallel to the Cherohala Skyway. Beyond Tellico Plains, the river winds its way northward through rural Monroe County, before entering the slack waters of Tellico Lake; this lower section of the river absorbs several major streams, including Ballplay Creek and Notchy Creek. Fort Loudoun, a reconstructed 18th-century fort, now the focus of a state park, stands on an island at the Tellico River's confluence with the Little Tennessee River; the Tellico River basin was logged by the Babcock Lumber Company in the early 20th century. The present-day road up the Tellico River from Tellico Plains was built on the old Babcock logging railroad bed. After the Tellico River basin forests were cut, Babock sold the land to the United States Forest Service; the Tellico River's rocky descent provides class III-IV whitewater recreation. The runs are popular during the spring because of higher water levels; the narrow extreme rapids on the Tellico River are well suited for kayaks, canoes - C1's and duckies, but not for larger rafts.
There is continuous access to the river from the road, but these runs are popular: Trout Hatchery to Bridge above the Bald River confluence, class II-III The Ledges - from the Bridge above the Bald River confluence to bridge below Jared's Knee, class III-IV Bridge below Jared's Knee to Ranger Station, class II-III Ranger Station to Tellico Plains, class I-III According to the United States Geological Survey, variant names of the Tellico River include Delaquay River, Talequo River, Terrique River, Tellequo River. The word "Tellico" was the name of several Cherokee towns, the largest of, Great Tellico, located on the Tellico River near present-day Tellico Plains, Tennessee. In Cherokee the word is more properly written "Talikwa". According to James Mooney, the Cherokee meaning of the word was lost; the origin of the word is believed to be Muskogee. A Muskogean town named Taliko was thriving on the Tellico River when Spanish explorers visited in area in the mid-16th century. Taliko means "bean" in Muskogee.
List of Tennessee rivers Tellico River Gauge at Tellico Plains from American Whitewater Tennessee Scenic Rivers Association
Mialoquo (Cherokee town)
Mialoquo is a prehistoric and historic Native American site in Monroe County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. The site saw significant periods of occupation during the Mississippian period and as a Cherokee refugee village. While the archaeological site of Mialoquo was situated on the southwest bank of the Little Tennessee River, the village's habitation area included part of Rose Island, a large island in the river opposite the site. Rose Island was occupied on at least a semi-permanent basis as early as the Middle Archaic period. Both the Mialoquo site and Rose Island are now submerged by the Tellico Lake impoundment of the Little Tennessee River; the area is now managed by the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. Both sites are visible looking north from the U. S. Route 411 bridge over the river in Vonore or looking west from Wildcat Point, a cliff on the eastern bank of the river; the Little Tennessee River enters Tennessee from a gap between the Great Smoky Mountains and the Unicoi Mountains and flows for just over 50 miles before emptying into the Tennessee River.
Tellico Lake, created by the completion of Tellico Dam in 1979, spans the lower 33 miles of the river. Before inundation, the Mialoquo site was located at the river's Island Creek confluence, just under 17 miles above the river's mouth. Rose Island spanned the river between 18.4 miles above the mouth of the river. Both sites were just south of a bend in the river known as Wears Bend and just north of the river's confluence with the Tellico River. Wildcat Point, a cliff overlooking the now submerged Rose Island and Mialoquo sites, is connected to Tellico Parkway via seasonal hiking trail; the hills and knobs that flank the river on both sides are part of the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley Physiographic Province. According to ethnologist James Mooney, the term "Mialoquo" comes from the Cherokee word for "Great Island." This name refers to the village's situation on and adjacent to what is now known as Rose Island, the largest island in the Little Tennessee River before the creation of Tellico Lake.
Mialoquo doesn't enter the historical record until 1761, when it appeared on Henry Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country." Timberlake— visiting the Overhill towns as a peace emissary— reported 18 houses at Mialoquo, both on the mainland and Rose Island, but doesn't indicate the existence of a townhouse. Timberlake reported 24 warriors residing at Mialoquo under the governorship of Attakullakulla, who at the time was the chief of the nearby village of Tuskegee. Since the Cherokee didn't consider a village a "town" unless it had a townhouse, the lack of a townhouse at Mialoquo may have been the reason for its late appearance in historical records. Historical evidence suggests Mialoquo may have been formed by refugees fleeing the destruction of the Lower and Middle towns by Colonial forces in 1761. John Norton wrote in his journal that after James Grant destroyed the Cherokee town of Kittowa that year, the survivors fled to "Big Island." Mialoquo does not appear on a 1757 map of the Overhill towns but appears on Timberlake's map, suggesting the town may have been formed between 1757 and 1761.
By the time the Revolutionary War was being fought, Dragging Canoe had become chief at Mialoquo. In 1776, after the Cherokee aligned themselves with the British, the colonies dispatched Colonel William Christian to subdue the hostile Overhill towns. Christian arrived unopposed and established his headquarters at Mialoquo, where he held peace talks with tribal leaders Attakullakulla and Oconastota; when Dragging Canoe refused to negotiate, Christian destroyed Mialoquo and four other Overhill towns. Cyrus Thomas, working for the Smithsonian Institution, conducted a mound survey in the Little Tennessee Valley in the 1880s, claimed to have located Mialoquo. After the construction of Tellico Dam was announced in 1967, the University of Tennessee conducted salvage excavations at both Rose Island and Mialoquo. Rose Island was being used by hunter-gatherers on a seasonal basis by 6000 BC, as early as 7500 BC; these early inhabitants made use of the chert outcroppings found in the surrounding hills. Rose Island saw a period of significant occupation from 350 BC through 100 AD, during the Woodland period.
Archaic period artifacts found on Rose Island include notched and stemmed projectile points, splintered wedges, various ground stone artifacts, a drill. Woodland period artifacts include projectile points, scrapers, gorgets, a bird effigy. Several Woodland-period burials were uncovered at Rose Island; the Mialoquo site was occupied as early as the Archaic period, but to what extent is unknown. Of the 60 features uncovered at the site, 8 were classified as Mississippian, the rest were Cherokee; the distribution of the features suggests a short-term occupation. The Qualla pottery type—, associated with the Middle towns in North Carolina— comprised 13.5% of the site's 6,000+ sherds, lending support to the theory that refugees from the Middle towns lived at Mialoquo in the 1760s. The pottery assemblage was similar to that found at nearby Tomotley believed to have been a "refugee town."The features uncovered at Mialoquo included the postmold layouts of a townhouse, 6 dwellings, one smaller rectangular structure with an unknown purpose.
The dwellings included one circular winter structure/rectangu
Little Tennessee River
The Little Tennessee River is a 135-mile tributary of the Tennessee River that flows through the Blue Ridge Mountains of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. It drains portions of three national forests— Chattahoochee and Cherokee— and provides the southwestern boundary of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park; the river flows through five major impoundments: Fontana Dam, Cheoah Dam, Calderwood Dam, Chilhowee Dam, Tellico Dam, one smaller impoundment, Porters Bend Dam. The Little Tennessee River rises in the Blue Ridge Mountains, in the Chattahoochee National Forest in northeast Georgia's Rabun County. After flowing north through the mountains past Dillard into southwestern North Carolina, it is joined by the Cullasaja River at Franklin; the river turns northwest, flowing through the Nantahala National Forest along the north side of the Nantahala Mountains. It crosses into eastern Tennessee and joins the Tennessee River at Lenoir City, 25 miles southwest of Knoxville.
The lower river is impounded several places by sequential dams, some created as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority system. Near the state line between North Carolina and Tennessee, the Little Tennessee River is impounded by the 480-foot Fontana Dam, completed in 1944, forming Fontana Lake along the southern boundary of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, it is impounded by Cheoah Dam in North Carolina, by Calderwood and Chilhowee dams in Tennessee. The reservoirs provide hydroelectric power. Calderwood and Cheoah dams divert water through short tunnels downstream of the dams themselves to hydroelectric generators. Chilhowee has power generators built straight into the dam itself; some water is diverted from the nearby Santeetlah Dam on the Cheoah River to power another hydroelectric generator at the Santeetlah Powerhouse. This water is brought to the Little Tennessee River through 7 miles of tunnels through the Great Smoky Mountains. Chilhowee and Cheoah Dams and the Santeetlah Powerhouse were built by Alcoa to power the aluminum plant at Alcoa, Tennessee.
To ensure efficiency in operation, Alcoa coordinates the operation of its hydro system with TVA, making sure that reservoir and river water levels are safe for recreational use and that proper flows of water continue down the river. The final impoundment is Tellico Dam, just above its mouth into the Tennessee River at Lenoir City, Tennessee, it creates Tellico Reservoir. The dam does not have its own hydroelectric generators but serves to increase the flow through those at nearby Fort Loudoun Dam on the Tennessee by means of a canal which diverts much of the flow of the Little Tennessee; the plan to build the dam was the subject of environmental controversy during the 1970s regarding the snail darter, an endangered species. It was the first major legal challenge to the Endangered Species Act; the Little Tennessee River and its immediate watershed comprise one of the richest archaeological areas in the southeastern United States, containing substantial habitation sites dating back to as early as 7,500 B.
C. Cyrus Thomas, who conducted a survey of earthwork mounds in the area for the Smithsonian Institution in the 1880s, wrote that the Little Tennessee River was "undoubtedly the most interesting archaeological section in the entire Appalachian district." Substantial Archaic period sites along the river include the Icehouse Bottom and the Rose Island sites, both located near the river's confluence with the Tellico River. These sites were semi-permanent base camps, the inhabitants of which may have sought the chert deposits on the bluffs above the river which they used to create tools. Evidence of Woodland period habitation has been uncovered at numerous sites along the Little Tennessee, most notably at Icehouse Bottom, Rose Island, Calloway Island, Thirty Acre Island and Bacon Bend. Excavations in the 1970s uncovered large groups of Woodland-period burials on both Rose and Calloway islands. Pottery fragments uncovered at Icehouse Bottom in the 1970s show evidence of interaction with the Hopewell people of what is now Ohio.
Mississippian period sites in the Little Tennessee Valley include the Toqua site, Tomotley and Bussell Island. Toqua's Mississippian inhabitants constructed a 25-foot platform mound overlooking a central plaza. By 1400, the village covered 4.8 acres surrounded by a clay-covered palisade. Several Cherokee Middle towns, including Nikwasi and Cowee were located along the river's North Carolina section; the river was home to most of the major Overhill Cherokee towns, the most prominent of which included Chota, Toqua, Mialoquo, Tallassee and Tuskegee. Euro-American traders were visiting the Overhill towns along the Little Tennessee by the late 17th century, there is some evidence that Hernando De Soto and Juan Pardo passed through the Little Tennessee Valley in 1540 and 1567, respectively. In 1756 the English built Fort Loudoun, located at the river's confluence with the Tellico River; the fort has been reconstructed as an historic site. Two early American sites are located along the
Tanasi was a historic Overhill Cherokee village site in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. The village was the namesake for the state of Tennessee. Abandoned by the Cherokee in the 19th century, since 1979 the town site has been submerged by the Tellico Lake impoundment of the Little Tennessee River. Tanasi served as the de facto capital of the Cherokee from as early as 1721 until 1730, when the capital shifted to Great Tellico; the Cherokee town of Chota developed north of and than Tanasi. Although Chota and Tanasi had distinct political and demographic traits, excavators in the late 1960s determined that the two towns are archaeologically indistinguishable, they were among what were called the Overhill Towns by English colonists, who traveled over the Appalachian Mountains from the east to reach them. The two towns are grouped as a single listing on the National Register of Historic Places, although Tanasi was given its own site designation in 1972. In the 1980s, the Tennessee Valley Authority placed a monument on the shoreline above the submerged site of Tanasi that commemorates its history and its legacy as the origin of the name Tennessee.
This monument is 12 miles south of Vonore, just off Highway 455. The site is managed by the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Nation; the Little Tennessee River flows northwestward from its source in the Appalachian Mountains and traverses a 40-mile stretch of northern Monroe County before emptying into the Tennessee River near Lenoir City. In 1979, the construction of Tellico Dam at the mouth of the river created a reservoir that spans the lower 33 miles of the Little Tennessee and the lower 22 miles of its tributary, the Tellico River, flooding the former town sites. Tanasi was located along the west bank of the Little Tennessee 27 miles upstream from the river's mouth; the site was opposite a sharp bend in the river known as Bacon's Bend. Tanasi was situated on a flat terrace flanked by the river on one side and a series of high, steep hills on the other; these hills, noted on Timberlake's 1762 map, are part of the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley Province, which spans much of the upper Tennessee Valley.
The Appalachian Range proper rises a few miles south of the Chota-Tanasi site. Tanasi first appears in the historical record in the early 18th century, at a time when the fur trade between the English and the Cherokee had grown to the extent that the colonists wanted to regulate it. Ethnologist James Mooney reported that the meaning of the town's name is unknown but noted that it was used for other places among Cherokee lands in Tennessee and North Carolina; the Cherokee name for the river upon which Tanasi was situated was Callamaco, but early Euro-American explorers and traders renamed the river after Tanasi. Among the earliest English agents to reside at Tanasi was Eleazar Wiggan— nicknamed "Old Rabbit" by the Cherokee— who operated out of Tanasi as early as 1711, he served as a guide for colonial diplomats and emissaries. In 1725, South Carolina dispatched Colonel George Chicken to Tanasi to obtain Cherokee assistance in the colony's struggles with the Creek. Chicken indicated in his journals that the chief of Tanasi— known as the Tanasi Warrior or Head Warrior of Tanasi— ruled over the Cherokee Overhill and Valley towns in the region.
Chicken recorded a speech. The two engaged in a pipe-smoking session in which the Tanasi Warrior told Chicken of recent Creek hostilities in the area. Colonel John Herbert visited Tanasi on a similar mission in 1727 and reported meeting with the "King and Long Warriour" of Tanasi at the Cherokee townhouse. In 1730, Sir Alexander Cuming, a trader claiming to be an emissary of King George II, journeyed to Tanasi and obtained the Tanasi Warrior's allegiance for England; as evidence of his success, Cuming sought an esteemed symbolic headdress known as the Crown of Tanasi— described as resembling a wig made of dyed possum hair— which he hoped to present to the king of England. To obtain this headdress, Cuming enlisted the aid of chief of Great Tellico. Cuming used his flamboyance to convince the Cherokee to crown Moytoy "Emperor of the Cherokee." In exchange, Moytoy obtained. Cuming departed for England shortly thereafter, taking with him a party that included Eleazar Wiggan, future Cherokee leader Attakullakulla, two Tanasi warriors named Clogoittah and Oukanaekah to present to the king.
The crowning of Moytoy in 1730 shifted the Cherokee center of power to Great Tellico, situated along the Tellico River 16 miles southwest of Tanasi. After the death of Moytoy in 1741, Old Hop, the chief of Chota, began to consolidate power; the influence of Chota soon overshadowed that of Tanasi, by the early 1750s, Chota had become the more dominant town. In 1765, Henry Timberlake, who had visited the Overhill towns as an emissary in 1761–1762, reported 12 dwellings and 21 warriors at Tanasi, identified Old Hop as chief of both Chota and Tanasi. In 1775, the Tanasi Warrior was among the chiefs who signed a treaty with the Watauga Association of Carolina colonists. Tanasi's relationship with Chota has long puzzled archaeologists; some have speculated that the two towns were a single community with two districts and two governments, not unlike the situation that exist
Chota (Cherokee town)
Chota is a historic Overhill Cherokee town site in Monroe County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. Developing after nearby Tanasi, from the late 1740s until 1788 Chota was the most important of the Overhill towns, replacing Tanasi as the de facto capital of the Cherokee people. A number of prominent Cherokee leaders were born or resided at Chota, among them Attakullakulla, Old Hop, Old Tassel, Hanging Maw, Nancy Ward; the former Chota and Tanasi sites are listed together on the National Register of Historic Places. Since 1979, both sites have been submerged by the Tellico Lake impoundment of the Little Tennessee River. Archeological excavations were conducted; the Chota townhouse site was found during the excavations. This area was raised above the reservoir's operating levels and connected via a causeway to the mainland; the Chota monument, situated directly above the ancient townhouse site, consists of eight pillars —one for each of the seven Cherokee clans, one for the nation. The grave of Chief Oconostota, uncovered in the 1969 excavations, was re-interred next to the monument.
This site is now managed by the Eastern Band of the Cherokee. The Little Tennessee River enters Tennessee from its source in the Appalachian Mountains and flows for just over 50 miles through parts of Blount and Loudon counties before emptying into the Tennessee River near Lenoir City. Tellico Lake, created by the completion of Tellico Dam in 1979, spans the lower 33 miles of the river; the Chota site is located 27 miles above the mouth of the river, opposite a sharp bend in the river known as Bacon's Bend. Both Chota and Tanasi were developed by the Cherokee on a flat terrace flanked by steep hills rising to the south; these hills are part of the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley Physiographic Province, characterized by narrow, elongate ridges and steep hills. The Great Smoky Mountains and the Unicoi Mountains, both part of the main Appalachian crest, rise a few miles to the southeast and southwest, respectively; the Tanasi and Chota monuments are located just off Highway 360 on Bacon Ferry Road, which ends in a cul-de-sac parking lot.
A short, maintained trail connects the parking lot to the Chota monument. Chota does not appear in historical records until around 1745. Tanasi is first mentioned much earlier in the century, namely as the base or destination of various traders and diplomats. Tanasi appears on multiple maps of the Overhill territory produced in the 1720s and 1730s, but Chota does not; this suggests that Chota may have been part of Tanasi, or may not have been considered a town before the 1740s. In the 1720s, the head man of Tanasi— known as the "Tanasi Warrior"— was the chief of the Overhill towns in what is now Tennessee and the Middle and Valley towns in North Carolina. In 1730, Moytoy of Tellico, with the help of flamboyant emissary Alexander Cuming, was crowned "Emperor of the Cherokee." This shifted the overall capital to his town of Great Tellico, where Moytoy was chief. When Moytoy died in 1741, his son, attempted to succeed him as emperor. Old Hop, the head man at Chota, began to consolidate power, by 1753 Chota had usurped Great Tellico as the "mother town" of the Overhill Cherokee.
Around this time, on the eve of the French and Indian War, the Cherokee were leaning toward the French side, prompting the English colonies of Virginia and South Carolina to increase contact with the Overhill towns. Virginia sent Major Andrew Lewis with 60 men to build a fort at Chota, completed in August 1756, it was never garrisoned. That year, South Carolina sent engineer William de Brahm with 300 men to build Fort Loudoun, completed in March 1757. By 1760, relations between the British and Cherokee had soured, breaking into conflict in the Anglo-Cherokee War; the warriors took spoils from the sack of Fort Loudoun to Chota. After the fall of Fort Loudoun, the Overhill towns sued for peace, granted in the Treaty of Long Island in 1761. Virginia dispatched, he reached Chota in late December 1761, accompanied by Ostenaco. At a ceremony inside the Chota townhouse, Ostenaco ceremoniously buried a hatchet, symbolizing peace between the British and Cherokee. Timberlake spent the night. Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country" reported a townhouse at Chota.
Conocotocko was listed as governor of both Tanasi. The 175 warriors available at Chota made up the second-largest contingent among the Overhill towns, behind only Citico. At the outbreak of the American Revolution, the Cherokee aligned with the British, hoping to expel American colonists from their territory. In 1776, Dragging Canoe and Old Abraham of Chilhowee led an unsuccessful two-pronged attack against Fort Watauga and Heaton's Station. In response, Virginia sent Colonel William Christian with a small force to subdue the Overhill towns. Christian entered the Little Tennessee Valley unopposed and negotiated a truce with Attakullakulla and Oconastota; when Dragging Canoe refused to negotiate, Christian destroyed the towns of Great Tellico, Mialoquo and Toqua. In 1780, John Sevier, who had just returned from the Battle of Kings Mountain, led an invasion of t
Madisonville is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, United States. The population was 3,939 at the 2000 census and 4,577 at the 2010 census. Madisonville is located at 35°31′11″N 84°21′49″W, it is situated along U. S. Route 411 just east of its junction near the center of Monroe County; the Unicoi Mountains rise prominently to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, Madisonville has a total area of 5.8 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,939 people, 1,671 households, 1,066 families residing in the town; the population density was 677.4 people per square mile. There were 1,806 housing units at an average density of 310.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.42% White, 3.96% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population. There were 1,671 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families.
32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.86. In the town the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $29,250, the median income for a family was $31,918. Males had a median income of $31,504 versus $23,828 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,468. About 13.3% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over. The City of Madisonville began as the town of Tellico, prior to that a Cherokee village of the same name; the Calhoun Treaty and resulting Hiwassee Purchase of 1819 opened the area for white settlement.
Madisonville was founded in the early 1820s as a county seat for Monroe County, formed in 1819. The town was known as "Tellico," but its name was changed to "Madisonville" in 1830 in honor of U. S. President James Madison in accordance with a petition from the residents presented by state representative James Madison Greenway. Madisonville was incorporated on May 16, 1850; the Monroe County Airport is a county-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles northwest of the central business district of Madisonville. Hiwassee College is located just north of the Madisonville city limits. Madisonville is home to a satellite campus of Cleveland State Community College; the Monroe County Schools System serves Madisonville, they include: Madisonville Primary School, Madisonville Intermediate School, Madisonville Middle School Sequoyah High School. Sequoyah was formed by the consolidation of Vonore High School and Madisonville High School in 1995. Isaac Cline - meteorologist, born nearby Sue K. Hicks - Scopes Trial attorney and influence for the ballad, "A Boy Named Sue" Estes Kefauver - U.
S. Congressman and Senator who ran for Vice President as Adlai Stevenson's running mate in 1956 Sharon Gail Lee - Tennessee Supreme Court Justice Tod Sloan - Major League Baseball outfielder EmiSunshine - singer/songwriter Official website