Gran Canaria, is the second most populous of the Canary Islands, an archipelago off the Atlantic coast of Northwest Africa, part of Spain. As of 2018 the island had a population of 846,717 that constitutes 40% of the population of the archipelago. Gran Canaria is located in the Atlantic Ocean about 150 kilometres off the northwestern coast of Africa and about 1,350 km from Europe. With an area of 1,560 km2 and an altitude of 1,956 m at the Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria is the third largest island of the archipelago in both area and altitude. Gran Canaria is the third most populated island in Spain after Tenerife and Mallorca. In Ancient History, Gran Canaria was populated by the North African Canarii, who may have arrived as early as 500 BC; the Canarii called the island Tamarán. In the Medieval period, after over a century of European incursions and attempts at conquest, the island was conquered on April 29, 1483 by the Crown of Castile, under Queen Isabella I; the conquest succeeded after a campaign that lasted five years, it was an important step towards the expansion of the unified Spain.
The capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria was founded on June 24, 1478, under the name "Real de Las Palmas", by Juan Rejón, head of the invading Castilian army. In 1492, Christopher Columbus anchored in the Port of Las Palmas on his first trip to the Americas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is, jointly with Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the capital of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. Gran Canaria is located west of Fuerteventura; the island is of volcanic origin made of fissure vents. Gran Canaria's surface area is 1,560 km² and its maximum elevation is 1,949 metres, it has a round shape, with a diameter of 50 km. About 80% of the volume of the island was formed during the Miocene period eruptions, between 14 and 9 million years ago; this is called the "Old Cycle" and is estimated to have lasted some 200,000 years and have emitted about 1000 km3 of fissural alkali basalt. This cycle continued with the emission of trachytes and peralkaline rocks; this period was followed by one of erosion.
A second cycle of volcanic eruptions, known as the "Roque Nublo cycle", took place between 4.5 and 3.4 million years ago. This shorter cycle emitted about 100 km3. Most of the inland peaks were formed by erosion from these materials; this period started with fissural basalts, but ended with violent eruptions of pyroclastic flows. Some phonolitic features, like the Risco Blanco, were formed in its last stages; the third or recent cycle is held to have started some 2.8 million years ago and is considered to be still active. The last eruptions are held to have occurred some 3500 years ago; the changes in volume and, weight of the island have caused the island to rise above the previous sea level during erosive periods and to sink during eruptive periods. Some of these "fossil beaches" can be seen in the cliff faces of the more eroded northern coast; until the conquest, Gran Canaria had extensive forests, but suffered extensive deforestation as a result of continuous logging, land divisions and other intensive uses.
This reduced the forest cover to just 56,000 hectares, making the island the most deforested of the Canary Islands. However, in the twentieth century reforestation of the ridge of the island was begun, recovering some of the lost forest mass. Much of the summit of the island is forested due to reforestation. Gran Canaria is in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands, it lies within the Province of Las Palmas, a Spanish province which consists of the eastern part of the Canary Islands community. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is the provincial capital, one of the two capitals of the Canary Islands along with Santa Cruz de Tenerife; the island of Gran Canaria is governed by the Cabildo insular de Gran Canaria. Gran Canaria itself is divided into twenty-one smaller municipalities: The island has a population of 846,717 with 378,628 of those in the capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Gran Canaria is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife. Gran Canaria has roads extending into the mountain areas.
In the late 20th century, its motorways, among the first in the Canary Islands, were opened and run around Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, were extended to the north coast and the airport and subsequently to the south coast in response to increased tourist traffic. The high-speed motorways are GC1, GC2, GC31, dual carriageways GC4 and GC5; the western and the north-western parts, with the fewest inhabitants, are linked only with main roads. Public transport around Gran Canaria is provided by an extensive bus network, known in the local dialect as guaguas; the Autoridad Única del Transporte de Gran Canaria manages the network and operates a number of bus stations across the island, including San Telmo and Santa Catalina bus stations in Las Palmas and Galdar. Bus tickets may be purchased with cash, AUTGC operates a contactless electronic ticket called the TransGC Card, valid across the whole network. Inter-urban bus services across the island are operated by the Global bus company. Global was created in 2000 after the merger of two bus companies and Salcai.
Local bus services in Las Palmas are run by the municipal bus company, Guaguas Municipales de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Gran C
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Province of Tenerife
Province of Tenerife Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is a province of Spain, consisting of the western part of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. It consists of about half of the Atlantic archipelago: the islands of Tenerife, La Gomera, El Hierro, La Palma, it occupies an area of 3,381 km². It includes a series of adjacent roques, its capital is the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the island of Tenerife. In 2008 the province had 1,018,510 inhabitants and a density of 313.57 /km², making it the province of Spain with the sixth highest population density, higher than that of the province of Las Palmas. 24% live in the capital. Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands. There are 54 municipalities in the province. Tenerife is the most populated island in the province of the Canary Islands and most populous island of Spain; the island of Tenerife has the highest altitude of Spain. Earlier issued vehicle license plates in this province bear the first two letters "TF".
Nowadays the plates share the same numbering system as in mainland Spain. This province was established in 1927, when the Canarias province was divided into two provinces: Las Palmas and the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. In 1982, both provinces became part of the newly founded autonomous community of the Canary Islands; this province contains three of Spain's national parks, more than any other province: the Caldera de Taburiente National Park on La Palma, the Garajonay National Park on La Gomera, the Teide National Park on Tenerife, encompassing Teide, Spain's highest mountain and an inactive volcano. Mount Teide: is a volcano on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, its 3,718-metre -high summit is the highest point in Spain, the highest point above sea level in the islands of the Atlantic, it is the third highest volcano in the world measured from its base on the ocean floor, after Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea located in Hawaii. The volcano and its surroundings comprise the Teide National Park, is one of the most visited National Parks in the world, with a total of 2.8 million visitors, according to the Instituto Canario de Estadística.
The park has an area of 18,900 hectares and was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 29 June 2007. Auditorio de Tenerife: Was designed by architect Santiago Calatrava Valls, construction began in 1997 and was completed in 2003; the auditorium was inaugurated on 26 September of that year with the presence of Felipe de Borbón, Prince of Asturias, was visited by former U. S. President Bill Clinton; the building is framed within the tenets of late-modern architecture of the late 20th century. The majestic profile of the auditorium has become an architectural symbol of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, it is regarded as the finest modern building in the Canary Islands and one of the most emblematic buildings of Spanish architecture. The Basilica of Our Lady of Candelaria: The place where the image of the Virgin of Candelaria can be found, this sanctuary is built in neoclassical style, is visited daily by the parishioners, who visit the Villa Mariana out of devotion to the Virgin. Is the first Marian shrine of the Canary Islands, the principal catholic center of peregrination of the Canary Islands and one of the principal ones of Spain, the basilica hosts more than 2,5 million visitors annually.
San Cristóbal de La Laguna: Is third-most populous city of the archipelago and second-most populous city of the island. Its economy is business-oriented; the urban area dominates the southern parts. Tourism covers the northern coast; the main industry includes some manufacturing. La Laguna historical center was declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1999. In 2010 after a survey, La Laguna was listed as the city with the best reputation in the Canary Islands and the third no provincial capital city of Spain with the best reputation, but behind Gijon and Marbella. Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre: Is a museum based in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, it contains many significant archaeological finds and is considered the best repository of objects from the Prehispanic Canary Islands; the museum houses significant paleontological, botanical and marine and terrestrial vertebrate collections, in an excellent state of preservation, is considered the best Natural Library of the Canary Islands. The museum integrates the Archaeological Museum of Tenerife, the Bioantropología's Canary Institute and the Museum of Natural Sciences of Tenerife.
The museum is located in the downtown area of Santa Cruz, in the former Civil Hospital, a building that constitutes an example of the neoclassical architecture of Canary Islands. The archaeological section was founded in 1958; the museum holds the largest collection on the culture of the Guanche and has one of the most modern methods of presentation of mummies. It is an internationally renowned museum and has participated in international meetings on archeology, but its fame is due to its formidable collection of Guanche mummies. Los Cristianos: Is a town situated on the south coast of Tenerife. Located in the municipality of Arona between the cone of the mountain Chayofita and the greater mountain Guaza; the town centre is around the Los Cristianos
Lobos is a small island of the Canary Islands located just 2 kilometres north of the island of Fuerteventura. Politically it belongs to the municipality of La Oliva on the island of Fuerteventura, it has an area of 4.68 square kilometres. It has been a nature reserve since 1982; the island is accessible to tourists via a short ferry ride from Corralejo, in the north of Fuerteventura. It has day facilities and weekend homes of local fishermen. At the northeastern end of the island is the Punta Martiño Lighthouse, the lighthouse keeper and his family were the last permanent inhabitants of Lobos, until the light was automated in the 1960s. In 1405, Lobos Island served as resupply base for Jean de Béthencourt's conquest of Fuerteventura. Lobos Island was named for the large number of sea wolves called monk seals, that once lived there; the monk seals were the island's only inhabitants when it was discovered by the Spanish conquerors of the Canaries archipelago in the fifteenth century, but with the arrival of man, these animals were hunted on a massive scale by sailors and fishermen who saw them as a source of food and skin.
As a result of this hunting, the species became extinct on the island and its presence now is only occasional. Lobos Island, like the rest of the Canary Islands, is a volcanic island, its age is estimated between 8,000 years. The highest point is on the island's volcanic caldera, Montaña La Caldera, 127 metres above sea level; the island includes a small lake. Despite being a desert and a volcanic landscape, Lobos Island has a large number of natural habitats. There are over 130 plant species, including the siempreviva, endemic to the island, the Sea Uvilla, attractive because of its shape and color. Birds are an important feature of the island: it has a great variety of seabirds that nest on cliffs and rocks. Among these species are the shearwater Cinderella, little shearwater and the herring gull. In residence are the storm petrel, Bulwer's petrel and yellow-legged gull. In addition to birds a great diversity of fish can be spotted in its waters. Of these abound old fish, hammerhead shark and striped fish.
Because of its great ecological diversity the site has been designated as a protected zone, the Parque Natural del Islote de Lobos. It has been declared a special protection area for birds. Recent archaeological findings have concluded that Ancient Rome established a settlement in the island, related with the obtention of purple dye. In 1405 Lobos Island served as resupply base for Jean de Béthencourt´s conquest of Fuerteventura; until 1968 the only inhabitants of the island were the lighthouse keeper and his family, who had the responsibility for operating the Faro de Lobos lighthouse located at Punta Martiño at the northern tip of the island, a prominent local landmark. The island was one of the first natural areas of the Canary Islands to be designated as a natural park in 1982; the island was designated an area of special protection for birds, many marine species of migratory birds inhabit the island. The island is a popular location for day trips for tourists visiting from Fuerteventura who have an interest in flora and geology.
Regular boat services ferry passengers from Corralejo harbour during daylight hours. To protect the natural landscape from human impact, access is limited to restricted areas and to a series of walking trails, marked by directional signs to protect the conservation areas; the paths take visitors from the boat jetty through a varied landscape, including to the lighthouse at Punto Martino and to the top of the caldera. There is Playa de la Concha, with a sandy beach for bathing. Visitors, before 2007, could ask for authorisation from Fuerteventura local government's environment office to camp on the island, for a maximum of three nights, in one permitted location known as "El carpintero". Since 2007 it is prohibited to camp on the island. R. Pott, J. Hüppe, W. Wildpret de la Torre, Die Kanarischen Inseln. Natur- und Kulturlandschaften, Ulmer Eugen Verlag, 2003, ISBN 9783800132843 Viajes a vela en las Islas Canarias, España ~ turismo vela: Isla de Lobos. Accessed on October 3, 2010 Isla de Lobos.
Islas Canarias. Fuerteventura. Accessed on October 3, 2010 Media related to Isla de Lobos at Wikimedia Commons
El Hierro, nicknamed Isla del Meridiano, is the smallest and farthest south and west of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa, with a population of 10,798. Its capital is Valverde. At 268.71 square kilometres, it is the smallest of the seven main islands of the Canaries. The name El Hierro, although spelled like the Spanish word for'iron', is not related to that word; the H in the name of the metal is derived from the F of Latin ferrum. The H in the name of the island dates back to the time in Old Spanish orthography when the distinction between the letters I and J was not yet established and a silent h was written before word-initial ie to ensure that the i was read as a semivowel, not as the consonant; the confusion with the name of the metal had effects on the international naming of the island. As early as the 16th century and texts called the island after the word for'iron' in other languages: Portuguese Ferro, French l'île de Fer, Latin Insula Ferri; the origin of the name ero or erro or yerro is not known.
It is thought to be derived from one of several words in the Guanche language of the pre-Hispanic inhabitants, known as Bimbaches. Juan de Abreu Galindo gives the native name of the island as Esero, meaning'strong'. Richard Henry Major, however, in notes on his translation of Le Canarien, observes that the Guanche word hero or herro, meaning'cistern', could have lapsed into hierro by a process of folk etymology, it is believed. The Gran diccionario guanche gives the meaning of the Guanche word hero in Spanish as "fuente"; the ancient natives of the island, called Bimbaches, were subjected to Spanish rule by Jean de Béthencourt – more by the process of negotiation than by military action. Béthencourt had as brother of the island's native monarch. Augeron had been captured years before by the Europeans and now served as mediator between the Europeans and the Guanches. In return for control over the island, Béthencourt promised to respect the liberty of the natives, but his son broke his promise, selling many of the bimbaches into slavery.
Many Frenchmen and Galicians subsequently settled on the island. There was a revolt of the natives against the harsh treatment of the governor Lázaro Vizcaíno, but it was suppressed. There is evidence of at least three major landslides that have affected El Hierro in the last few hundred thousand years; the most recent of these was the'El Golfo' landslide that occurred about 15 thousand years ago, involving collapse of the northern flank of the island. The landslide formed the El Golfo valley and created a debris avalanche with a volume of 150–180 km3. Turbidite deposits related to this landslide have been recognized in drill cores from the Agadir Basin to the north of the Canary Islands. Detailed analysis of these deposits suggests that the slope failure did not occur as a single event but a series of smaller failures over a period of hours or days. Local tsunami are to have been triggered by these landslides but no evidence has been found to confirm this; the Instituto Vulcanológico de Canarias and National Geographic Institute’s seismic monitoring station located in Valverde detected increased seismic activity beginning on 17 July 2011.
The seismic monitoring network was increased in density on July 21 to allow better detection and location of the seismic events. There was an earthquake swarm with in 24 July. On 25 August there were reports that some horizontal deformation had been detected, but that there was no unusual vertical deformation. At that time, the total number of tremors had exceeded 4000. By the end of September, the tremors had increased in frequency and intensity, with experts fearing landslides affecting the town of La Frontera, a small possibility of a volcanic eruption through a new vent. Emergency services evacuated several families in the areas at most risk, made plans to evacuate the island if necessary. Between 4.15 and 4.20am on 10 October 2011 the earthquake swarm changed behaviour and produced a harmonic tremor. Harmonic tremors can indicate that an eruption has begun. A small submarine eruption began, 7 km south of La Restinga; as of 7 November 2011 a confirmed surtseyan type of eruption phase has started at the fissure.
On December 4, 2011 the eruption was ongoing with vigorous phreatic bubbles emerging. The climate of El Hierro depends on the area; the climate ranges are from humid subtropical climate in the center of the island, to hot semi-arid and to a tropical desert climate in coastal parts. Although the temperatures are influenced by the ocean; this is the climate chart from El Hierro Airport, the only airport in the island and the island's capital airport: El Hierro's size and geography supports endemic species including the critically endangered El Hierro giant lizard, for which there is a captive breeding programme, allowing its reintroduction. The non-barren parts of the interior rely on relief precipitation, not much more than the average of 19 rainfall days per year, high relative humidity and geothermal springs; this non-arid parts have thermophilous a pine forest with other evergreens. In 2000, El Hierro was designated by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve, wit
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".
Province of Las Palmas
The Province of Las Palmas is a province of Spain, consisting of the eastern part of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. In 1927, the Province of Canary Islands was split into two provinces: Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife. In 1982, both provinces became part of the newly founded autonomous community of the Canary Islands, it consists of about half of the Atlantic archipelago, including the islands of Gran Canaria and Lanzarote, as well as another six minor isles. Their total land area is 4,065.78 km ². Its capital is the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, on the island of Gran Canaria, one of the capitals of the autonomous community. About 38.5% of the provincial population of 1,109,175 live in the capital. The name "Las Palmas" is used to refer to both the city and the province. There are 34 municipalities in the province. Las Palmas contains the Parque Nacional Timanfaya on the island of Lanzarote. License plates in the province used to start with "GC", which referred to the island of Gran Canaria, although the same plates were issued in Lanzarote and Fuerteventura.
Media related to Province of Las Palmas at Wikimedia Commons Government of the Canary Islands