Photomontage is the process and the result of making a composite photograph by cutting, gluing and overlapping two or more photographs into a new image. Sometimes the resulting composite image is photographed so that a final image may appear as a seamless photographic print. A similar method, although one that does not use film, is realized today through image-editing software; this latter technique is referred to by professionals as "compositing", in casual usage is called "photoshopping". A composite of related photographs to extend a view of a single scene or subject would not be labeled as a montage. Author Oliver Grau in his book, Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion, notes that the creation of an artificial immersive virtual reality, arising as a result of technical exploitation of new inventions, is a long-standing human practice throughout the ages; such environments as dioramas were made of composited images. The first and most famous mid-Victorian photomontage was "The Two Ways of Life" by Oscar Rejlander, followed shortly thereafter by the images of photographer Henry Peach Robinson such as "Fading Away".
These works set out to challenge the then-dominant painting and theatrical tableau vivants. In late Victorian North America, William Notman of Montreal used photomontage to commemorate large social events which could not otherwise be captured on film. Fantasy photomontage postcards were popular in the late Victorian era and Edwardian era. One of the preeminent producers in this period was the Bamforth & Co Ltd, of Holmfirth, West Yorkshire, New York; the high point of its popularity came, during World War I, when photographers in France, Great Britain, Germany and Hungary produced a profusion of postcards showing soldiers on one plane and lovers, children, families, or parents on another. Many of the early examples of fine-art photomontage consist of photographed elements superimposed on watercolours, a combination returned to by George Grosz in about 1915. In 1916, John Heartfield and George Grosz experimented with pasting pictures together, a form of art named "Photomontage.” George Grosz wrote, “When John Heartfield and I invented photomontage in my South End studio at five o’clock on a May morning in 1916, neither of us had any inkling of its great possibilities, nor of the thorny yet successful road it was to take.
As so happens in life, we had stumbled across a vein of gold without knowing it.”John Heartfield and George Grosz were members of Berlin Club Dada. The German Dadists were instrumental in making montage into a modern art-form; the term "photomontage” became known at the end of World War I, around 1918 or 1919. Heartfield used photomontage extensively in his innovative book dust jackets for the Berlin publishing house Malik-Verlag, he revolutionized. Heartfield was the first to use photomontage to tell a “story” from the front cover of the book to the back cover, he employed groundbreaking typography to enhance the effect. From 1930-1938, John Heartfield used photomontage to create 240 “Photomontages of The Nazi Period” to use art as a weapon against fascism and The Third Reich; the photomontages appeared on street covers all over Berlin on the cover of the circulated AIZ magazine published by Willi Münzenberg, Heartfield lived in Berlin until April, 1933, when he escaped to Czechoslovakia after he was targeted for assassination by the SS.
Continuing to produce anti-fascist art in Czechoslovakia until 1938, Heartfield’s political photomontages earned him the number five position on the Gestapo’s Most Wanted List. Other major artists who were members of Berlin Club Dada and major exponents of photomontage were Hannah Höch, Kurt Schwitters, Raoul Hausmann, Johannes Baader. Individual photographs combined together to create a new subject or visual image proved to be a powerful tool for the Dadists protesting World War I and the interests that they believed inspired the war. Photomontage survived Dada and was a technique inherited and used by European Surrealists such as Salvador Dalí, its influence spread to Japan where avant-garde painter Harue Koga produced photomontage-style paintings based on images culled from magazines. The world's first retrospective show of photomontage was held in Germany in 1931. A term coined in Europe was, "photocollage", which referred to large and ambitious works that added typography, brushwork, or objects stuck to the photomontage.
Parallel to the Germans, Russian Constructivist artists such as El Lissitzky, Alexander Rodchenko, the husband-and-wife team of Gustav Klutsis and Valentina Kulagina created pioneering photomontage work as propaganda, such as the journal USSR in Construction, for the Soviet government. In the education sphere, media arts director Rene Acevedo and Adrian Brannan have left their mark on art classrooms the world over. Following his exile to Mexico in the late 1930s, Spanish Civil War activist and montage artist, Josep Renau Berenguer, compiled his acclaimed, Fata Morgana USA: the American Way of Life, a book of photomontage images critical of Americana and North American "consumer culture", his contemporary, Lola Alvarez Bravo, experimented with photomontage on life and social issues in Mexican cities. In Argentina during the late 1940s, the German exile, Grete Stern, began to contribute photomontage work on the theme of Sueños, as part of a regular psychoanalytical article in the magazine, Idilio.
The pioneering techniques of early photomontage artists were co-opted by the advertising industry from the late 1920s onward. The American photographer Alfred Gescheidt, while working in advertising and commerci
A photographic album, or photo album, is a series of photographic prints collected by an individual person or family in the form of a book. Some book-form photo albums have compartments. Older style albums were books of heavy paper which photos could be glued to or attached to with adhesive corners or pages; the oldest photograph albums in the collection of the Library of Congress in Washington, D. C. are from the 1850s. Early family photo albums were displayed in the home. "Families who could only afford a couple of pictures would put them into an album, to which other family members would add theirs." Coffee table books get their name from the intended purpose of being placed on a coffee table for the entertainment of guests. Coffee table books are photo-books, come in various sizes from small to big, they are printed books, They have thin pages like normal books. A coffee table book is larger and is bound in a hard cover, whereas a smaller photo book is bound in a soft cover; the print quality of photo books varies from photographic paper prints to inkjet prints on normal paper.
Digital photo books have digitally printed pages as opposed to albums that consist of traditional photos. Both flush mount albums as well as coffee table books are printed digitally; the photos of flush mount albums are printed on photographic paper, comparable to the quality of traditionally developed photos. Coffee table books, on the other hand, are printed with inkjet on ordinary paper and are therefore of a lower quality. Digital printing gives the album designer a vast number of design possibilities, for example magazine-style or montage albums are only possible with digital printing. Digital photo books are popular because they allow anyone with a digital camera to create coffee table books of their photos, it is considered easier to print photos onto pages directly, rather than position and secure individual prints onto the pages of a traditional album. Aesthetically, digital photo books seem more professional than albums; this has led to their growing popularity amongst both amateur photographers.
Digital photo book printing companies have used the internet to make designing and producing photo books easy for the general consumer. Flush mount albums have hard covers with unbending pages, they consist of photographic prints. The covers are made of leather, leatherette or glass; the photos lie flat and extend across the whole page. Flush mount albums are designed in magazine-style, they are most used for special occasions such as weddings and anniversaries due to the fact that they are produced at a higher quality and are more expensive to produce than coffee table books. The term magazine-style refers to the design style inspired by fashion magazines, but the style can differ between albums dependent on the designer; the layout is referred to as digital montage, hence the alternative name montage albums. The layout is designed on the computer. Storybook albums narrate a story, like the story of a wedding day or a vacation from beginning to end. If they are digitally printed the designer can use images as well as text and color for the narration of the story.
Scrapbooking albums describe a history, like the history of a particular field or a digital console from beginning to end or present day. If they are digitally printed the designer can use images as well as text and color for the sequential theme of the history. Homemade decorative albums can be made at home; the items needed to make this type of album may be a part of the home office supplies. Items consist of: binder folders, clear sheet protectors or picture sleeves, fabric of choice, a hot glue gun; some may choose to use stuffing to give a fluff to the album. This type of album is simple to make. Matted albums are albums with recessed frames; the photos are digitally or traditionally printed and can be changed after completion of the album. Self-mount albums are the most common form of traditional album, they contain manually mounted traditional photos that can be rearranged. Self-mount albums can be used for any occasion. There are many software programs available to organize images in albums.
These programs allow for sorting and ordering of different images, tagging the images, viewing them in slideshows or printing them. These programs allow the user to perform basic edits such as cropping, red-eye removal, some basic "one touch" enhancements for color and lighting; some online albums have introduced techniques of separating special effects from the original picture so that the picture is not edited - effects are applied when displayed without destroying the original picture. There are many other, lay-up software programs available for making photobooks; these are offered free as a design tool but require the user to pay for the production of their printed photobook. These programs are not designed for photo editing, more for the express purpose of creating a book that will be printed and bound into a photo-book; these programs are provided by the company that print and bind the photobooks. Therefore, the home printing function is not available. Face book Image organizer Media related to Photograph albums a
Montage (Yen Town Band album)
Montage is the concept album by Yen Town Band, fictional music group from the 1996 motion picture Swallowtail directed by Shunji Iwai. The album was recorded by a Japanese singer-songwriter Chara who played the starring role in the film, it was released by the Sony Music Entertainment Japan in September 1996. Yen Town Band is the name of the band featured in the film. Glico, the character Chara plays, is the main vocalist of the band, made up of residents from the Shanghai section of the Yentown slum; the concept album was the producer Takeshi Kobayashi. Kobayashi elaborated a Beatlesque sound on the whole album; the theme song for the movie, "Swallowtail Butterfly ", was released in July 1996, two months prior to the film's release. It was a slow hit, selling over 70,000 copies between August. In September, when major promotion for the film began, the single broke the top 20; the album was released with the film in mid September. It debuted at number-one the Oricon charts for 2 weeks, becoming the performer's first chart-topping hit.
The album spent 18 weeks on the top 100, with cumulative sales of 785,000 units just in Japan."Mama's Alright" was featured as a B-side of the "Swallowtail Butterfly" single, the track "Shite yo Shite yo" was featured in Sprite commercials that starred Chara herself. The closing track My Way is a standard cover of the English version recorded by Frank Sinatra. All songs arranged and produced by Takeshi Kobayashi
Montage (2013 film)
Montage is a 2013 South Korean thriller film starring Uhm Jung-hwa, Kim Sang-kyung, Song Young-chang. The movie was remade in Hindi as Te3n in 2016. A kidnapper disappeared 15 years ago without a trace. Five days before the case's statute of limitations expires, someone is found anonymously leaving a flower at the crime scene. A few days another kidnapping takes place using the same method on a similar target. Police team up to solve the case. Detective is consulted and he confirms its a similar MO, it turns out to be the child's grandfather, was the perpetrator of the first kidnapping 15 years ago. This was found out by the mother, she kidnaps his granddaughter using the same MO, she thought. The detectives find out, confront the grandfather, make a deal with him, he goes to prison. Everyone involved in the long-unsolved case finds closure. Uhm Jung-hwa as Ha-kyung Kim Sang-kyung as Cheong-ho Song Young-chang as Han-chul Jo Hee-bong as Detective Kang Yoo Seung-mok as Chief detective Kwak Lee Jun-hyeok as Chief detective Shin Park Chul-min as Section chief Koo Jung Hae-kyun as Detective Choi Gi Ju-bong as Ear doctor Han Oh Dae-hwan as Yong-sik Kim Sung-kyung as Seo-jin, Ha-kyung's daughter Heo Jung-eun as Bom, Han-chul's granddaughter Song Min-ji as Bom's mother Official website Montage at HanCinema Montage at the Korean Movie Database Montage on IMDb
Montage Hotels & Resorts
Montage International is a luxury hotel and resort management company founded by Alan Fuerstman and based in Orange County, California. The company operates 5 properties in the United States with one upcoming in Mexico and Healdsburg, plus another two under the Pendry Hotel brand. Montage International was founded in January 2002 by Alan Fuerstman; the first major acquisition by Montage occurred in June 2002 when the company partnered with the Athens Group to purchase a development, known as the Laguna Beach Colony. The deal was worth $190 million, the highest per-room price for a hotel in the United States that year. Montage Laguna Beach became the first hotel to bear the Montage brand. In March 2005, Montage won a municipal election that allowed them to build a new luxury hotel in the heart of Beverly Hills. Montage Beverly Hills was opened in 2008. Two years Montage opened its third resort, Montage Deer Valley in Park City, Utah. Ohana Real Estate Investors —, created by the founder and chairman of eBay, Pierre Omidyar—provided investment backing for and ownership interest in several Montage Hotels properties, including Laguna Beach, Beverly Hills, Deer Valley.
In August 2013, Montage Hotels & Resorts expanded their portfolio to Hawaii and took over management of the Kapalua Bay property and became "Montage Kapalua Bay."In 2014, Montage acquired management rights to the Inn at Palmetto Bluff in Bluffton, South Carolina. In October 2014, the company launched. Pendry Hotels is led by Michael Fuerstman and opened their first Pendry in San Diego's Gaslamp Quarter in February 2017. Construction crews broke ground on the hotel on October 8, 2014. In January 2015, Montage Laguna Beach was sold by Ohana Real Estate Investors to Strategic Hotels & Resorts for $360 million, the state record for the highest per-room price. Montage Hotels & Resorts continues to manage the hotel. In early 2015, Montage Hotels announced plans for their first international resort hotel in Los Cabos, Mexico on the Santa Maria Bay. Montage Hotels manages five hotels in the United States with plans for one in Los Cabos and Pendry Hotels; each of the hotels contain a luxury spa called "Spa Montage."
Spa Montage Laguna Beach received the first 5 Star Spa award. Montage Laguna Beach is the flagship hotel of the Montage Resorts brand; the hotel is built in the Craftsman style and is located directly adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and just south of downtown of Laguna Beach. It contains 250 rooms, 60 of which are suites, 37 beach bungalows, Montage branded residences, it incorporates artwork from William Wendt and Edgar Alwin Payne. Montage Laguna Beach has been in operation since 2003. Montage Laguna Beach was purchased by a Chicago real estate investment trust in 2015 for $360 million, it changed ownership again in 2015 when the REIT was purchased by The Blackstone Group for $6 billion. Opened in 2008, Montage Beverly Hills is built in a Spanish Colonial Revival style and is located in the "Golden Triangle" district in Beverly Hills; the resort contains 201 guestrooms with restaurants, a spa, a ballroom, library. The hotel contains Montage branded residences. Montage Deer Valley was opened in 2010 in Utah.
It contains 66 suites and 81 Montage branded residences. The resort contains indoor and outdoor meeting spaces, a ski shop, Compass Sports, a spa, a bowling alley, four restaurants. Montage took over management duties at the Kapalua Bay resort in 2013. Montage expanded the resort's square footage, adding a suite-only hotel with 50 units and 56 Montage branded residencies; the resort's rebrand and remodel cost an estimated $15 million, Montage Kapalua Bay was opened in June 2014. The resort contains a spa beach access near Kapalua Bay, a Pegge Hopper art collection. Montage Palmetto Bluff came under the management of Montage Hotels in 2014. Montage spearheaded a renovation that included plans to introduce 150 new luxury rooms in addition to the existent 50 cottages. Montage introduced a new spa, fitness center, dining accommodations. Montage Palmetto Bluff is located in South Carolina on the banks of the May River. Montage has two upcoming hotels. Pendry San Diego is set to open in San Diego's Gaslamp Quarter in late 2016.
Sagamore Pendry Baltimore is set to open in Baltimore's Fells Point neighborhood in early 2017. It will be the first of its east coast hotels under the brand. Montage is planning a new resort in Los Cabos, Mexico; the properties of Montage Hotels & Resorts have received numerous awards and accolades since the Montage brand debuted in 2003. Montage Laguna Beach has been honored by Travel + Leisure; the flagship received a five-star rating from the Forbes Travel Guide along with its spa and restaurant. The Condé Nast Traveler gave Montage Laguna Beach a "Gold" rank on its list of the World's Best Places to Stay; the magazine's Reader's Choice Awards have named the Laguna Beach property the best place to stay in Southern California, the resort has earned a AAA Five Diamond Award. The Montage Deer Valley resort was named the 17th best luxury hotel in the United States and received the AAA Five Diamond Award in 2015. All five properties were recognized by Condé Nast Traveler in 2015 with reader choice awards for The Best Hotels & Resorts in the World.
The Montage Reno
The Montage Reno is a high-rise residential building in Reno, Nevada. The building was converted into a condominium tower from 2006 to 2008, after 30 years as a hotel and casino, it was connected to Fitzgeralds Reno by a sky bridge. It is owned and operated by ST Residential LLC; the separate Virginia Street casino operated from 1955 until 1978 as the Primadonna. The main hotel/casino, on North Sierra Street, connected by an airwalk was opened in 1978 as Sahara Reno, owned by Del Webb; the Virginia Street location was opened as Siri's Casino in 2014. In 1981, the Sahara Reno became the Reno Hilton renovated in 1992 and became the Flamingo Hilton Reno. In 2000, Hilton declined to renew its licensing agreement with the Flamingo brand, the Flamingo Hilton Reno became the Flamingo Reno, returning to the original brand formed in the 1940s in Las Vegas; the 602 room hotel-casino made a profit until its corporate owner Park Place Entertainment, owned by a subsidiary of Hilton Hotels, decided the resort was no longer profitable in a declining gaming market.
They decided to close the property on October 21, 2001. The property was sold soon after closing to Vista Hospitality LLC of New York who pledged to renovate and reopen the hotel-casino; the new name—Golden Phoenix Reno—was announced in early 2002. The property's hotel reopened in April 2002; the hotel-casino property operated as a hotel, with one restaurant open, until the official hotel-casino grand opening in the Summer of 2003. Prior to the casino grand opening, in 2002, the movie The Cooler was filmed at the Golden Phoenix. Chicago real estate developer Fernando Leal put a bid in to buy the hotel-casino. Leal won his bid, announced plans to convert the hotel-casino property into "The Montage" following a $170 million investment that would take the hotel property down to its concrete support columns, rebuild condominiums based on the original platform. Leal closed the Golden Phoenix Hotel Casino Reno on December 6, 2005 and his crews began gutting the hotel building in Spring of 2006; the Montage Reno was completed in April 2008.
Leal envisioned The Montage Reno as a flourishing condominium resort with a signed lease for Ruth's Chris Steakhouse and the other retail pad planned for the high-profile Cafe Med. Both would fall out, and as a result, Leal would hand the completed project back to its lender to avert a foreclosure disaster in December 2008. The Montage is now owned by Chicago-based ST Residential, a subsidiary of Starwood Assets and Holdings, a global company; the property is still marketed as a condominium resort with Reno's most exclusive condo amenities such as a 24-hour doorman, resort style pool deck, owners lounge and top grade finishes. Official website
Montage Mountain Ski Resort
Montage Mountain is a ski area in Pennsylvania, located 8 miles from downtown Scranton, Pennsylvania. It is located about 125 miles northwest of New York City. There are 26 trails, two terrain parks, one of Pennsylvania's longest snow tubing areas; the mountain has a vertical drop of 1,000 feet. From 1984 to 1991, Montage Mountain was run by Montage, Inc, a non-profit corporation; the ski area was developed with a blend of private money. Public funding was provided by a county bond. In 1979, the land was purchased from Pennsylvania Water Co. for $14 million. Construction was completed in time for the grand opening in December. Lackawanna County purchased the ski resort in 1991 for $14.7 million. In 2006, Lackawanna County sold the ski area to Sno Mountain, LP, a Philadelphia-based investment group, for $5.1 million. The ski area was renamed Snö Mountain. Sno Mountain, LP filed a Chapter 11 petition for bankruptcy in 2012, claiming upwards of $24 million in debt. National Penn Bank purchased the property at auction for $4.6 million in March 2013.
The original name, Montage Mountain, was restored in May 2013 when the area was sold to real estate company Jefferson-Werner for $5.1 million. Montage opened to the public in 1984 with three fixed-grip triple chairlifts. An experts-only North Face complex was opened in 1987. North Face featured one black diamond trail and two double-black diamond trails. A third double-black-diamond trail, White Lightning, was added in the late 1990's. North Face is served by a fixed-grip quad chairlift. Montage Mountain has 24 ski and snowboard trails, including White Lightning, the 2nd steepest trail in the Eastern United States, it has a mid-mountain lodge with a grill. Above the lodge are intermediate slopes. Below the lodge are advanced and expert slopes; this advanced area is locally known. Montage Mountain has two terrain parks with jumps and features ranging from beginner to expert. Montage has a gladed ski trail. Beginner trails are the Learning Area, Runaround, Easy Street and Mainline. Intermediate trails are Spike, Whistler, Upper Runaway, Upper Fast Track, Nordic and the Glades.
Advanced trails are Lower Fast Track, Lower Runaway and Cannonball. Expert trails are Smoke and White Lightning. White Lightning is the signature slope of Montage Mountain. Montage Mountain rises from a base elevation of 960 feet to a peak elevation of 1,960 feet; the mountain has a vertical drop of 1,000 feet, tied for third-highest in Pennsylvania. 5 fixed-grip chairlifts:Shuttle Short Haul Iron Horse Long Haul Phoebe Snow 2 magic carpet liftsOne along the snow tubing tracks. The trail difficulty breakdown is: 35% beginner 30% intermediate 20% advanced 15% expertThere is a snow tubing area. Montage Mountain Waterpark is located on ski area grounds, it features six water attractions including a lazy river, wave pool, water slides. Dry attractions include batting cages, beach volleyball, mini-golf, the ZipRider, a 50 mph quad cable ride. Official Montage Mountain Website