Cahuenga Boulevard is a major boulevard of northern Los Angeles, California, US. The name is derived from Cahuenga, the Spanish name for the Tongva village of Kawengna, meaning "place of the mountain", it connects Sunset Boulevard in the heart of old Hollywood to the Hollywood Hills and North Hollywood in the San Fernando Valley. Cahuenga Boulevard begins at West Victory Boulevard in North Hollywood, crosses the Ventura Freeway and the Los Angeles River as it temporarily merges with Lankershim Boulevard before passing the Campo de Cahuenga and Universal City Metro station crossing the Hollywood Freeway. At this point an intersection is formed with Ventura Boulevard to the northwest and the continuation of Cahuenga Boulevard to the southeast. From here it parallels the Hollywood Freeway, and Universal Studios Hollywood, rising over the Cahuenga Pass connecting the San Fernando Valley to the Los Angeles Basin. Crossing the freeway once again on the Pilgrimage Bridge near The Hollywood Bowl, it continues down to Sunset Boulevard and Melrose Avenue in downtown Hollywood.
The boulevard is one of the principal routes to Universal Studios from downtown Los Angeles. The southern part of Cahuenga Boulevard has been referred to as the "heart of old Hollywood"; the intersection between Cahuenga and Hollywood Boulevards had been an important intersection from the early history of Los Angeles, by 1915 it had a trolley stop, a bank and a hardware store. Trolley cars were used on the boulevards until the 1960s. A number of important Los Angeles buildings were located on the road including the Technicolor building from the 1940s through the 1960s and the World Book and News building; the Owl Drug Company at 6380–84 Hollywood Boulevard on the south-west corner of Cahuenga Boulevard was a notable Californian company in the 1930s. At the intersection of Cahuenga Boulevard with Yucca Street, just off of Hollywood Boulevard was the Halifax Hotel, owned by world-famous classical pianist Van Cliburn; the Buster Keaton studio belonging to Charlie Chaplin, was located on Lillian Way, one block east of the boulevard.
The boulevard appears in several of his films. 1542 Cahuenga Boulevard, which adjoined the Toribuchi Grocery at 1546, appeared in the 1921 Keaton film The Goat, which featured Keaton running from the police past them. It is now a strip mall. In another Keaton film, Three Ages, Keaton is seen running from the police past the Los Angeles Police Department Hollywood building and former fire station, now the location of Edmonds Tower at 1629. Today, numerous nightclubs and restaurants are dotted along the boulevard south of Franklin Avenue. Notable clubs on Cahuenga include The Room, Hotel Café, Velvet Margarita, many others; the Hotel Café, at 1623 1/2 N. Cahuenga Blvd, is owned by Marko Shafer and Maximillian Mamikunian and opened in 2000; the Baked Potato, one of the city's most prominent jazz clubs, is situated near the intersection with the Hollywood Freeway, the Hollywood Theatre of Note is on the boulevard. At 1355 North Cahuenga Boulevard is the Los Angeles Fire Department Museum and Memorial, a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument and National Register of Historic Places building, built in the Neo-Renaissance style in 1930.
Builders Of The Broad Highway Film showing Cahuenga Parkway c1940 construction LAistory: Pilgrimage Bridge Cahuenga Parkway completion details
1st Street, Los Angeles
1st Street is an east–west thoroughfare in Los Angeles and Monterey Park, California. It serves as a postal divider between north and south and is one of a few streets to run across the Los Angeles River. Though it serves as a major road east of downtown Los Angeles, it is a residential street to the west. For over a mile between Hoover Street and Glendale Boulevard, 1st Street is synonymous with Beverly Boulevard; the Gold Line runs on east 1st Street between Indiana Streets. Metro Local line 14 runs through west 1st Metro Local line 30 through East 1st Street; the under construction Metro Regional Connector will have a new light rail subway station on the intersection of 1st Street and Central Avenue. First Street was a location background filmed during the Blood In Blood Out movie. Walking through these historic bridges in Downtown Los Angeles since 1910 to the 1930s had been a leisure and pastime for some people. In the book Down By The Los Angeles River written by Joe Linton he narrates the readers on a walking path starting from First Street Bridge.
LA voters in 1924 passed the Viaduct Bond Act that would allocate 2 million dollars through a tax, the funds allocated would go towards revitalizing the Downtown Los Angeles Bridges. The friends of the Los Angeles River mobilized the La Gran Limpieza to clean up the Los Angeles River with an educational feature where they invited elementary,middle,high school students. A collaboration the friends of the Los Angeles had was with the Los Angeles Conservation Corps’ Clean & Green program that monitored the water quality at the rivers monthly. Under their collorbarted event efforts activities included cleaning up trash, science experiments, educational workshop, familiarize participants with the L. A river bridges themselves since events would be facilitated there to create community identity. Monterey Park Village Beverly Center CBS Television West Coast Headquarters Disney Concert Hall Grand Park Los Angeles City Hall Caltrans District 7 Headquarters Little Tokyo Mariachi Plaza Media related to 1st Street, Los Angeles at Wikimedia Commons
Main Street (Los Angeles)
Main Street is a major north-south thoroughfare in Los Angeles, California. It serves as the east-west postal divider for the county as well, it begins as a continuation of Valley Boulevard west of Mission Road in Lincoln Heights as'North Main Street'. It ends at the Port of Los Angeles. At 9th Street, it merges with Spring Street in Downtown LA, between Cesar E. Chavez Avenue and 9th Street, Main Street shares a one-way couplet with Spring Street. Main Street begins as a continuation of Wilmington Boulevard, a small street in the neighborhood of Wilmington, Los Angeles. Nearly 2 miles north at the intersection of Lomita Boulevard, it becomes Main Street and enters into the city of Carson. Main Street carries Metro Local lines 10, 33, 48, 55, 68, 76, 83, 92, 355, as well as Metro Rapid line 733. Caltrans District 7 Headquarters Carrillo House Don Abel Stearns House The Downtown Independent Farmers and Merchants Bank of Los Angeles building LA Fashion District Hall of the Amigos del País Higgins Building Hotel Rosslyn Annex Lincoln Park Los Angeles City Hall Los Angeles Plaza Historic District Round House St. Vibiana's Cathedral Triforium United States Court House
Santa Monica, California
Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, United States. Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on three sides by the city of Los Angeles – Pacific Palisades to the north, Brentwood on the northeast, West Los Angeles on the east, Mar Vista on the southeast, Venice on the south; the Census Bureau population for Santa Monica in 2010 was 89,736. Due in part to an agreeable climate, Santa Monica became a famed resort town by the early 20th century; the city has experienced a boom since the late 1980s through the revitalization of its downtown core, significant job growth and increased tourism. The Santa Monica Pier and Pacific Park remain popular destinations. Santa Monica was long inhabited by the Tongva people. Santa Monica was called Kecheek in the Tongva language; the first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà, who camped near the present-day intersection of Barrington and Ohio Avenues on August 3, 1769. Named after the Christian saint Monica, there are two different accounts of how the city's name came to be.
One says it was named in honor of the feast day of Saint Monica, but her feast day is May 4. Another version says it was named by Juan Crespí on account of a pair of springs, the Kuruvungna Springs, that were reminiscent of the tears Saint Monica shed over her son's early impiety. In Los Angeles, several battles were fought by the Californios. Following the Mexican–American War, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which gave Mexicans and Californios living in state certain unalienable rights. US government sovereignty in California began on February 2, 1848. In the 1870s the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad, connected Santa Monica with Los Angeles, a wharf out into the bay; the first town hall was a modest 1873 brick building a beer hall, now part of the Santa Monica Hostel. It is Santa Monica's oldest extant structure. By 1885, the town's first hotel was the Santa Monica Hotel. Amusement piers became enormously popular in the first decades of the 20th century and the extensive Pacific Electric Railroad brought people to the city's beaches from across the Greater Los Angeles Area.
Around the start of the 20th century, a growing population of Asian Americans lived in and around Santa Monica and Venice. A Japanese fishing village was near the Long Wharf while small numbers of Chinese lived or worked in Santa Monica and Venice; the two ethnic minorities were viewed differently by White Americans who were well-disposed towards the Japanese but condescending towards the Chinese. The Japanese village fishermen were an integral economic part of the Santa Monica Bay community. Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field for the Douglas Aircraft Company. In 1924, four Douglas-built planes took off from Clover Field to attempt the first aerial circumnavigation of the world. Two planes returned after covering 27,553 miles in 175 days, were greeted on their return September 23, 1924, by a crowd of 200,000; the Douglas Company kept facilities in the city until the 1960s. The Great Depression hit Santa Monica deeply. One report gives citywide employment in 1933 of just 1,000.
Hotels and office building owners went bankrupt. In the 1930s, corruption infected Santa Monica; the federal Works Project Administration helped build several buildings, most notably City Hall. The main Post Office and Barnum Hall were among other WPA projects. Douglas's business grew astronomically with the onset of World War II, employing as many as 44,000 people in 1943. To defend against air attack, set designers from the Warner Brothers Studios prepared elaborate camouflage that disguised the factory and airfield; the RAND Corporation began as a project of the Douglas Company in 1945, spun off into an independent think tank on May 14, 1948. RAND acquired a 15-acre campus between the Civic Center and the pier entrance; the completion of the Santa Monica Freeway in 1966 brought the promise of new prosperity, though at the cost of decimating the Pico neighborhood, a leading African American enclave on the Westside. Beach volleyball is believed to have been developed by Duke Kahanamoku in Santa Monica during the 1920s.
The Santa Monica Looff Hippodrome is a National Historic Landmark. It sits on the Santa Monica Pier, built in 1909; the La Monica Ballroom on the pier was once the largest ballroom in the US and the source for many New Year's Eve national network broadcasts. The Santa Monica Civic Auditorium was an important music venue for several decades and hosted the Academy Awards in the 1960s. McCabe's Guitar Shop is a leading acoustic performance space as well as retail outlet. Bergamot Station is a city-owned art gallery compound; the city is home to the California Heritage Museum and the Angels Attic dollhouse and toy museum. The New West Symphony is the resident orchestra of Barnum Hall, they are resident orchestra of the Oxnard Performing Arts Center and the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. Santa Monica has three main shopping districts: Montana Avenue on the north side, the Downtown District in the city's core, Main Street on the south end; each has personality. Montana Avenue is a stretch of luxury boutique stores and small offices that features more upscale shopping.
The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing and other specialty retail. The Downtown District is the home of the Third Street Promenade, a major outdoor pedestrian-on
Broadway (Los Angeles)
Broadway is a major thoroughfare in central Los Angeles and Los Angeles County, southern California. The Broadway Theater District in Downtown Los Angeles is the first and largest historic theater and cinema district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Broadway begins at Main Street just north of the San Diego Freeway. From there it runs 10 miles north from South Los Angeles to Downtown, connecting Carson and Athens. After entering Downtown, it passes through Broadway's historic commercial district and theatre district enters the Los Angeles Civic Center and passes through Grand Park. After crossing the Hollywood Freeway and Cesar Chavez Avenue, signs along the street change to read "North Broadway" as it enters Chinatown and passes through the Dragon Gate and Central Plaza, it curves northeast, passing through the old railyards north of Downtown Los Angeles. After crossing the Golden State Freeway it heads due east to its terminus at Mission Road in Lincoln Heights. Broadway is one of the oldest streets in the city, it was laid out as part of the 1849 plan of Los Angeles made by Lieutenant Edward Ord and named Fort Street.
Fort Street began at the south side of Fort Moore Hill at Sand Street. In 1890, the name of Fort Street, from 1st Street to 10th Street, was changed to Broadway; the rest of Fort Street, from California Street to 1st Street, was changed to North Broadway. Proposal for opening Broadway through to Buena Vista Street, extending the street south into what was part of Main Street, below Tenth Street, in order to give a continuous, wide thoroughfare from the southern city limits to the Eastside, was made as early as February 1891; the Broadway Tunnel under Fort Moore Hill was opened in 1901, extending North Broadway to Buena Vista Street at Bellevue Avenue. A section of Broadway in South Los Angeles was named Moneta Avenue until 1923. In 1909, construction on a bridge across the Los Angeles River was begun to connect Buena Vista Street to Downey Avenue, which ran from the river to Mission Road; the names of Buena Vista and Downey were changed to North Broadway, but not without significant objections from affected residents and landowners.
The bridge, which continued to be referred to as the Buena Vista Street Bridge for a good while, was opened to traffic in late September 1911. For more than 50 years, Broadway from 1st Street to Olympic Boulevard was the main commercial street of Los Angeles, one of its premier theater and movie palace districts as well, it contains a vast number of historic buildings and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Before World War II, Broadway was considered by many to be the center of the city, where residents went to ornate movie palaces and live theaters, shopped at major department stores and shops; some significant buildings include the Bradbury Building, Ace Hotel Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Examiner building designed by Julia Morgan. Some of the movie theaters on the street fell into disuse and disrepair, some were replaced with parking lots, but many have been repurposed and/or restored; the department stores closed in the 1970s and 1980s, but Broadway has been the premier shopping destination for working class Latinos for decades.
The Downtown's real estate revitalization, using the City's adaptive reuse ordinance that makes it easier for developers to convert outmoded and/or vacant office and commercial buildings into residential buildings, has reached the Broadway Historic District. It includes the transformation of the United Artists Theater office tower into the Ace Hotel Los Angeles, restoration of its movie palace; the Bringing Back Broadway commission is working on further reviving the landmark Los Angeles boulevard in the historic district. Led by City Councilman Jose Huizar, the commission has recommended widening sidewalks, eliminating traffic lanes, constructing new parking structures, bringing back streetcar service reminiscent of the street's past. A pedestrian-friendly project finished up in December 2014 that widened the sidewalks and replaced the parking lane with planters and round cafe tables with bright-red umbrellas; the Great Streets Initiative seeks to bolster the street-level health of the city by making several dozen boulevards more hospitable to pedestrians and small businesses.
Mayor Eric Garcetti said the effort represents "a shift from the way that our neighborhoods have been planned in Los Angeles," with a new focus on "walkability and transit." Between Third Street and Olympic Boulevard are a dozen historic theaters known as the Broadway Theater District—the largest surviving collection of pre-WWII movie palaces in the United States, including the 1918 Million Dollar Theater, the first Los Angeles movie palace built by Sid Grauman, the 1931 Los Angeles Theatre and the 1926 Orpheum Theatre. Million Dollar Theater Roxie Theatre Cameo Theatre Arcade Theatre Los Angeles Theatre Palace Theatre State Theatre Globe Theatre Tower Theatre Rialto Theatre Orpheum Theatre United Artists Theatre Bradbury Building Broadway Arcade Clifton's Cafeteria Eastern Columbia Building East Gate — of New Chinatown. Grand Park Little Joe's site — demolished. Los Angeles County Hall of Justice Los Angeles County Hall of Records Los Angeles Examiner building. Los Angeles Times building. Zanja Madre Historic Broadway station is an under-construction light rail subway station in the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system.
The station is located near the intersection of 2nd Street and Broadway The station is directly across the street from the Los Angeles Times Building, is a block
Los Angeles County, California
Los Angeles County the County of Los Angeles, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of the U. S. state of California, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017. As such, it is the largest non–state level government entity in the United States, its population is larger than that of 41 individual U. S. states. It is the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of over $700 billion—larger than the GDPs of Belgium and Taiwan, it has 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas and, at 4,083 square miles, it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the U. S, its county seat, Los Angeles, is California's most populous city and the nation's second largest city with about 4 million people. Los Angeles County is one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850.
The county included parts of what are now Kern, San Bernardino, Inyo, Tulare and Orange counties. In 1851 and 1852, Los Angeles County stretched from the coast to the border of Nevada; as the population increased, sections were split off to organize San Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, Orange County in 1889. Prior to the 1870s, Los Angeles County was divided into townships, many of which were amalgamations of one or more old ranchos, they were: Azusa El Monte Azusa and El Monte Townships were merged for the 1870 census. City of Los Angeles Los Angeles Township Los Nietos San Jose San Gabriel Santa Ana. For the 1870 census, Annaheim district was enumerated separately. San Juan. San Pedro. Tejon When Kern County was formed, the portion of the township remaining in Los Angeles County became Soledad Township According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,751 square miles, of which 4,058 square miles is land and 693 square miles is water. Los Angeles County borders 70 miles of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses mountain ranges, forests, lakes and desert.
The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the northeastern part of the county. Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest, with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Pomona Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley; the county is divided west-to-east by the San Gabriel Mountains, which are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California, are contained within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the county's highest peaks are in the San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet ) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines, Mount Baden-Powell 9,399 feet, Mount Burnham 8,997 feet and Mount Wilson 5,710 feet.
Several lower mountains are in the northern and southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Mountains. Los Angeles County includes San Clemente Island and Santa Catalina Island, which are part of the Channel Islands archipelago off the Pacific Coast. East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, portions of the Pomona Valley West: Westside, Beach Cities South: South Bay, South Los Angeles, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Gateway Cities, Los Angeles Harbor Region North: San Fernando Valley, Crescenta Valley, portions of the Conejo Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire, Northeast Los Angeles Angeles National Forest Los Padres National Forest Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605 in the 2010 United States Census; the racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 White, 1,346,865 Asian, 856,874 African American, 72,828 Native A
Transportation in Los Angeles
Los Angeles has a complex multimodal transportation infrastructure, which serves as a regional and international hub for passenger and freight traffic. The system includes the United States' largest port complex. People in Los Angeles rely on cars as the dominant mode of transportation, but starting in 1990 Los Angeles Metro Rail has built over one hundred miles of light and heavy rail serving more and more parts of Los Angeles. In the Los Angeles metropolitan area there are five commercial airports and many more general-aviation airports; the primary Los Angeles airport is Los Angeles International Airport. The seventh busiest commercial airport in the world and the third busiest in the United States, LAX handled 61.9 million passengers, 1.884 million metric tons of cargo and 680,954 aircraft movements in 2007. Other major nearby commercial airports include: LA/Ontario International Airport; the world's busiest general-aviation airport is located in Los Angeles, Van Nuys Airport. Santa Monica Airport is located in Los Angeles.
Union Station is the major regional train station for Amtrak and Metro Rail. The station is Amtrak's fifth busiest station, having 1,464,289 Amtrak boardings and de-boardings in 2006. Amtrak operates eleven daily round trips between San Diego and Los Angeles, five of which continue to Santa Barbara via the Pacific Surfliner, the only service that runs through Los Angeles multiple times daily. Two of those trips continue to California; the Coast Starlight provides additional service on the route and beyond to the San Francisco Bay Area, on to Seattle, Washington. Amtrak motor coaches connect from Los Angeles to the San Joaquin Route in Bakersfield with frequent service through the Central Valley of California to Sacramento and Oakland, eastward to San Bernardino and Las Vegas. There is daily service to Chicago, Illinois on the Southwest Chief, three times a week to New Orleans, Louisiana on the Sunset Limited. Due to the effects from Hurricane Katrina, Sunset Limited service between New Orleans to Jacksonville, Florida has been discontinued, although Amtrak is required by current Federal Law to develop a plan to reinstate the service.
The Texas Eagle is a second train to Chicago. Sunset Limited and Texas Eagle trains operate on the same track between Los Angeles and San Antonio, Texas before splitting off towards their respective destinations. Amtrak Pacific Surfliner trains stop at several locations in Los Angeles County, including: Glendale, Bob Hope Airport in Burbank and Van Nuys. Due to the large volumes of import freight that flows into the city's port complex, Los Angeles is a major freight railroad hub. Freight is hauled by Union Pacific BNSF Railway; the now-defunct Southern Pacific Railroad once served the Los Angeles area before merging with Union Pacific. The Alameda Corridor, a below-grade rail corridor connects the port to the city's main rail yards and to points further north and east; the major highway routes providing intercity connections are Interstate 5, U. S. Route 101, Interstate 10. Greyhound, BoltBus and various smaller bus lines provide intercity bus services. Megabus and Boltbus departs from Union Station and directly connects Los Angeles to San Francsico and Las Vegas.
Greyhound connects smaller departs from various locations within metro Los Angeles. The main station is located in downtown Los Angeles. Greyhound Lines operates several stations within the city of Los Angeles: Hollywood Station Los Angeles Station Los Angeles Wall North Hollywood Station Greyhound Lines operates stations in the following cities and areas surrounding Los Angeles: Anaheim: Anaheim Station Compton: Compton Station East Los Angeles: Los Angeles Olympic Station El Monte El Monte Station El Monte AAU Glendale: Glendale Station Lancaster: Lancaster Station Long Beach: Long Beach Station Palmdale: Palmdale Transportation Center Pasadena: Pasadena Station Santa Ana Santa Ana Station Santa Ana Main StreetGreyhound Lines services bus stops at: Huntington Park Los Angeles: Union Station The Port of Los Angeles is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro neighborhood 20 miles south of Downtown. Called Los Angeles Harbor and WORLDPORT L. A. the port complex occupies 7,500 acres of water along 43 miles of waterfront.
It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. The sea ports of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together make up the Los Angeles–Long Beach Harbor. There are smaller, non-industrial harbors along L. A.'s coastline. Most of these like Redondo Beach and Marina del Rey are used by sailboats and yachts; the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach comprise the largest seaport complex in the United States and the fifth busiest in the world. Over 11 percent of United States international trade passes through the Los Angeles region and it the Los Angeles customs district collects over 37 percent of the nation’s import duties; the port includes four bridges: the Vincent Thomas Bridge, Henry Ford Bridge, Gerald