Montbrison, Loire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Montbrison
Subprefecture
Montbrison collegiale.JPG
Coat of arms of Montbrison
Coat of arms
Location of Montbrison
Montbrison is located in France
Montbrison
Montbrison
Montbrison is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Montbrison
Montbrison
Coordinates: 45°36′30″N 4°03′57″E / 45.6083°N 4.0658°E / 45.6083; 4.0658Coordinates: 45°36′30″N 4°03′57″E / 45.6083°N 4.0658°E / 45.6083; 4.0658
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentLoire
ArrondissementMontbrison
CantonMontbrison
IntercommunalityLoire Forez
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Christophe Bazile
Area
1
16.33 km2 (6.31 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
16,297
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
42147 /42600
Elevation370–552 m (1,214–1,811 ft)
(avg. 399 m or 1,309 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Montbrison (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃bʁizɔ̃]; Arpitan: Montbréson) is a commune in the Loire department in central France.

Montbrison was the historical capital of the counts of Forez, and today it is the principal city in the Forez.

The commune gives its name to the popular blue cheese Fourme de Montbrison, which has been made in the region for centuries. It received Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée status in 1972.

History[edit]

The town of Montbrison was founded in the area around the lords' castles in the Forez region, of which Montbrison would later become the capital; the earliest recorded reference to the town dates to 870CE.

The town was fortified following the attacks by the English army at the start of the Hundred Years War. During the Religious Wars, Montbrison was captured and pillaged by the Protestant forces of François de Beaumont in 1562, with the town's garrison thrown from the ramparts onto spikes placed by the attackers.[2]

The Convent of the Visitation was founded in 1643 during a period of severe famine; the town suffered a series of poor harvests as well as an outbreak of the plague between the years 1648-1653. The Augustinian Convent was founded in 1654, followed by the Hospital to house the poor in 1659; the Ursuline Convent closed in 1851.

Key dates[edit]

  • 1892 - execution of Ravachol, a noted anarchist
  • 1909 - electrical power reaches the town
  • 1940 - (June) the Forez region is occupied by German troops, with Montbrison falling into the 'free' zone. The forces withdrew at the start of July
  • 1944 - (August) Montbrison liberated
  • 1954 - Water treatment plant built
  • 1968 - Jacquou le Croquant broadcast on television
  • 1972 - local cheese Fourme de Montbrison receives Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée status

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
196210,697—    
196811,213+4.8%
197512,451+11.0%
198213,280+6.7%
199014,064+5.9%
199914,589+3.7%
201115,324+5.0%
201615,569+1.6%

Twin towns[edit]

Montbrison is twinned with:

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Pierre Miquel (1980). Les Guerres de religion. Club France Loisirs. p. 232. ISBN 2-7242-0785-8.

External links[edit]