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Montgomery may refer to: For people with the name Montgomery, see Montgomery Montgomery Square, Brussels Montgomery metro station, Brussels Montgomery, British India, former name of Sahiwal, Punjab Montgomery District, an administrative district in the Lahore division of former Punjab Province of British India Montgomery Tahsil, an administrative subdivision of Montgomery District in Punjab province of British India Montgomery, Powys Montgomery Canal Montgomery Castle Montgomeryshire Montgomery, state capital Montgomery, California Montgomery, Georgia Montgomery, Illinois Montgomery, Indiana Montgomery, Iowa Montgomery, Kentucky Montgomery, Louisiana Montgomery, Massachusetts Montgomery, Michigan Montgomery, Minnesota Montgomery, New York Montgomery, Ohio Montgomery, Pennsylvania Montgomery, Tennessee Montgomery, Texas Montgomery, Vermont Montgomery, West Virginia Montgomery City, Missouri Montgomery Creek, California Montgomery Field, an airport in San Diego, California Montgomery Village, Maryland Montgomery County Montgomery Street Montgomery Township Montgomeryville Montgomery Rocks, Australia Electoral division of Montgomery, Australia Montgomery, Calgary, a neighbourhood in Calgary, Canada Montgomery College, one of Maryland's community colleges Montgomery Elevator, a defunct elevator company acquired by KONE Montgomery Guards, an Irish-American militia unit Montgomery Motorcycles, a now defunct British motorcycle manufacturer Montgomery Ward, an American department store chain Richard Montgomery High School, Maryland USS Montgomery, several US Navy ships USS Montgomery County, a US Navy Landing Ship, Tank SS Richard Montgomery, a US World War II Liberty Ship that sank in the Thames Estuary, UK Clan Montgomery, a Scottish clan Glands of Montgomery, sebaceous glands in the areola, named for Dr. William Fetherstone Montgomery Montgomery cocktail, a Martini mixed at a gin:vermouth ratio of 15:1 Montgomery modular multiplication, a method for multiplying large integers in modulo field The Montgomery, several buildings Montgomery Square Justice Montgomery Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery, a commune in département Calvados, Normandy Saint-Germain-de-Montgommery, idem Colleville-Montgomery, idem

Movement to reform sex offender laws in the United States

The movement to reform sex offender laws in the United States describes the efforts of individuals and organizations to change state laws requiring Sex offender registries in the United States. Efforts fall into two main categories, advocacy for reform of statutory rape laws that may require a teenager to register as a sex offender for consensual sexual acts involving a younger teen, broader efforts to modify sex offender registration laws based upon their sometimes dramatic impact on a convicted sex offender and belief that they provide little benefit for public safety; the reform movement involves more than 50 state level organizations, with at least one group operating in each state. The movement includes Human Rights Watch, the ACLU and some of its state-level affiliates, some child safety advocates, some of whom argue for restrictions on who may be placed upon a list of registered sex offenders, when the public should have access to sex offender registries; the participants in the movement argue that indiscriminate placement of offenders in the sex offender registry may undermine their ability to rehabilitate because of the social stigma and other hardship related to sex offender registration.

They assert that sex offender registries are overly broad as they reach to non-violent offenses, such as sexting or consensual teen sex and target people who are not sexual predators but who have rather made a mistake, keep unfairly punishing the offender decades after serving their sentences. They say that registries should be available for law enforcement only and that officials should be more judicious in deciding who poses a risk instead of the current policies applied to all offenders indiscriminately, as every case and defendant’s story is different; the movement points to lack of evidence to support effectiveness of sex offender registries or residency restrictions, notes that collateral consequences of sex offender registration, such as social stigma, unemployment and vigilante attacks extend to the families of registrants. A primary argument for the reform of sex offender laws is that sex offender registration inherently encourages vigilante action by those who use sex offender lists to locate, harass and murder registered sex offenders.

Due to widespread access to the Internet, many sex offender lists are located by those wishing to intimidate or otherwise harm registered offenders. Though law enforcement officials condemn using the sex offender registries for the purposes of harm and harassment, dozens of recorded cases occur each year of crimes against registered offenders. Documented abuses of the registered sex offender list include: Repeated and false reports to police regarding sex offenders living in a residential area Posting public signs drawing attention to a registered offender's address or otherwise advertising to others where the registered offender lives Verbal threats either in person or through the phone or e-mail Repeated acts of trespassing or deliberately damaging property belonging to the registered sex offender Physical assault MurderAmong the most serious crimes against registered offenders include the case of Patrick Drum, who shot and killed two men in 2012 because they were listed on the state of Washington's sex offender registry.

Jeremy and Christine Moody, two self professed neo-Nazis, were convicted in 2014 of kidnapping and murder when they forced a registered sex offender and his wife into their home at gunpoint and executed them. Stephen Marshall, after killing two registered offenders in Maine, committed suicide when he was cornered on a bus by police. Movements activism consist of peaceful demonstrations, challenging the laws in courts and educating the public and legislators about facts of sexual offending and the consequences of current legislation; the National Association for Rational Sexual Offense Laws arranges yearly national conferences to discuss sex offender legislation, makes its presence known at conferences of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. Their state affiliates have challenged ordinances governing sex offenders in federal court. During 2014 over 20 municipalities in California were sued by RSOL, their efforts in California culminated, in March 2015, when Supreme Court of California declared residency restrictions unconstitutional citing their unfairness and counterproductive effects.

Similar lawsuits by the activists have forced some Texas towns to ease their residency restrictions. In April 2015 Women Against Registry announced that it has begun gathering information and participants for two class action lawsuits to be filed in United States federal court. One of the lawsuits is intended to be on behalf of registered sex offenders, the second on behalf of families of registered sex offenders. In 2016 Alliance for Constitutional Sex Offense Laws sued the government for the unique identifier planned to be printed on passports of some registrants. Alliance for Constitutional Sex Offense Laws Arkansas Time After Time Florida Action Committee California Reform Sex Offender Laws USA FAIR, Inc. Illinois Voices for Reform Michigan Citizens for Justice

List of mayors and chiefs of government of Buenos Aires

A list of Mayors and Chiefs of Government of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina's capital, since its federalization. Its first Mayor was Torcuato de Alvear, appointed, following the law of federalization of Buenos Aires, directly by President Julio Argentino Roca. Following the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, the city gained autonomous status; the title of the city's chief executive was changed to Chief of Government, directly elected by the citizenry. The office of Vice-Chief was created. However, in popular usage outside of Argentina, the chief and vice-chief are called mayor and vice-mayor, respectively; the chief and vice chief are elected on a single ticket for a term of four years, with possibility of reelection. The first directly elected Chief of Government to be elected was Fernando de la Rúa, elected president three years into his term. In 2006, Chief Aníbal Ibarra was removed from his position following impeachment regarding the Cromagnon nightclub tragedy, leaving Vice-Chief Jorge Telerman to take over the office.

In the June 24, 2007 elections, Mauricio Macri was elected Chief of Government, winning in the second round with 60.96% of the votes against Daniel Filmus. Horacio Rodríguez Larreta became mayor in 2015, after defeating Michetti in the primary elections and Martín Lousteau in a ballotage. Politics of Argentina Autonomous City of Buenos Aires Federalization of Buenos Aires

Manasamangal Kāvya

Manasamangal Kāvya is the oldest of the Mangal-Kāvya and narrates how the snake-goddess Manasa established her worship in Bengal by converting a worshipper of Shiva to her own worship. Manasa was a tribal deity, merged into the greater folds of Hinduism, her worship took place from ancient times in Bengal. Manasa is known as Bisahari and Padmavati; the story of Manasamangal begins with the conflict of the merchant Chandradhar or Chand Sadagar with Manasa and ends with Chandradhar becoming an ardent devotee of Manasa. Chandradhar is a worshipper of Shiva. But, far from worshipping her, Chand refuses to recognize her as a deity. Manasa takes revenge upon Chand by killing his seven sons. Behula, the newly-wed wife of Chand's youngest son Lakhindar, makes the goddess bow to her love for her husband through her strength of character, limitless courage and deep devotion. Behula succeeds in rescuing their ships. Only does Behula return home. Manasamangal is the tale of oppressed humanity. Chandradhar and Behula have been portrayed as two strong and determined characters at a time when ordinary human beings were subjugated and humiliated.

Manasa devi Maa is prayed by one community of high caste and now is prayed by all communities. Manasa's victory over Chand suggests the victory of the indigenous or non-Aryan deity over the Aryan god; however Manasa is defeated by Behula. The poem thus suggests not only the victory of the non-Aryan deity over the Aryan god, but the victory of the human spirit over the powerful goddess. Manasamangal is remarkable for its portrayal of Behula who epitomises the best in Indian womanhood the Bengali woman's devotion to her husband. Baidyapur, Udaypur, etc. villages are named due to the Kavya. The earliest poet of this genre of medieval Bengali literature was Kana Haridatta, but his work is no longer existent, his name is found in both the works of Bijay Purushottam. Other poets who composed versions of Manasamangal after him were Purushottam, Narayan Deb, Bijay Gupta and Bipradas Pipilai. Bijay Gupta's Manasamangal is the most popular of these versions because of its rich literary qualities. Bipradas Pipilai's Manasabijay was composed during the same period.

Narayan Deb's work is known as Padmapuran. Ketakadas Kshemananda, Jagajjiban Ghoshal and Jibankrishna Maitra were poets of this genre. Mangal-Kāvya Chaitanya Bhagavata Tulsidas Bhakti Bengali literature Gokul Medh claiming links to Manasamangal Kavya Kasba claiming to be the site of Champaknagari

Thomas Schlich

Thomas Schlich is a German-Canadian historian of medicine known for his work on the history of surgery. Thomas Schlich studied medicine at the University of Marburg and worked at the centre of internal medicine, department of Nephrology as a physician, he holds an MD research degree from the Philipps-University of Marburg, was awarded habilitation by the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg. In 1991/92 he spent a year at the Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, at the University of Cambridge, England. From 1992 to 1997 he was Research Officer at the Institute for the History of Medicine at the Robert Bosch Foundation in Stuttgart, Germany. From 1997 to 2000 he held the position of Assistant professor at the Institute for the History of Medicine of the University of Freiburg, Germany. From 2000 to 2002 he held a Heisenberg Fellowship awarded by the German Research Council/Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. In 2002 he moved to Montreal, Canada to take up a position as a professor at the Department of Social Studies of Medicine at McGill University, a position which he holds currently.

He held a Canada Research Chair from 2002 to 2012 and has since held the James McGill Professorship in the History of Medicine. Schlich has been a visiting scholar or professor at many institutions, including the Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Giessen, the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Germany, the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, University of Marseille and the Institut universitaire d’histoire de la médecine et de la santé publique, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, he has given various named and key note lectures, among them the Rausing Lecture in the History of Technology at Cambridge University and the Stanley R. Friesen Lecture in the History of Surgery at the University of Kansas, the Biennial Kass Lecture in the History of Medicine at King's College London. In 1991 he was awarded the prize conferred by the'Universitätsbund Marburg' for the best dissertation on the subject of the history of the university, the Harold Ellis Prize in 2007 awarded by the International Journal of Surgery.

Since 2019 he is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He presently serves on the editorial boards the monograph series “Forschungen zur Kultur der Medizin. Geschichte – Theorie – Ethik”, Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science, the Bulletin of the History of Medicine, his research interests include the history of modern medicine and science and technology, history of medical innovation, body history, with a special focus on the history of modern surgery. Most of his recent publications contribute to his research project “Cutting into the Living Body: The Emergence of Modern Surgery, 1800-1914”; this research looks at two issues: the history of the rationale of modern surgery—why surgeons open up their patient's living bodies to restore their health. Schlich and his team have examined the recent emergence of minimally invasive surgery in a project with the title "Disrupting Surgical Practice: The Rise of Minimally Invasive Surgery, 1980-2000", funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

His most current CIHR-funded project is about patients’ role in the development of new technologies in modern medicine, using Minimally Invasive Surgery as an example, "Medical Innovation and the Patient Consumer: Explaining the Rise of Minimally Invasive Surgery". Marburger jüdische Chirurgie- und Medizinstudenten von 1800-1832. Herkunft - Berufsweg - Stellung in der Gesellschaft, Marburg: Elwert 1990. Transplantation: Geschichte, Ethik der Organverpflanzung, Munich: C. H. Beck 1998, ISBN 9783406433009. Concerning transplantation, its science and ethics. Surgery and Industry: A Revolution in Fracture Care, 1950s-1990s, Basingstoke: Palgrave 2002, ISBN 9780333993057. A case history of surgical innovation; the Origins of Organ Transplantation: The History of Surgical Organ Replacement, 1880s-1930s, Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2010, ISBN 9781580463539. The first comprehensive account of the origins of modern transplants. Editor with Christopher Crenner: Technological Change in Modern Surgery: Historical Perspectives on Innovation, Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2017, ISBN 9781580465946.

The edited volume looks at various ways of explaining innovation in surgery by going beyond the conceptual framework of innovation history and considering the wider technological, social and economic conditions. Palgrave Handbook of the History of Surgery, ISBN 9781349952601. Covers the technical and cultural history of surgery; the individual entries in the handbook offer starting points for up-to-date information about an area in the history of surgery for research and general orientation. Written by 26 experts from 6 countries, the chapters discuss the essential topics of the field (such as anaest

Saad Omer

Saad B. Omer is an American vaccinologist and infectious disease epidemiologist, he is the inaugural Director of the Yale Institute for Global Health. He is a Professor of Medicine at Yale School of Medicine and the Susan Dwight Bliss Professor of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases at Yale School of Public Health. In 2009, he received the Maurice R. Hilleman Early-Stage Career Investigator Award from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, his research on vaccination rates and outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases has been covered in the media On March 5, 2019, he testified at a US Senate hearing on vaccines, stating that preventing the next potential resurgence of measles will require a broad-based federal response to improve vaccine access. He has published in biomedical journals including the New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Pediatrics, American Journal of Public Health, Science. Moreover, he has written op-eds for publications such as the New York Times and the Washington Post.

Faculty page Omer Research Group website Saad Omer publications indexed by Google Scholar