GAINAX Co. Ltd. is a Japanese anime studio famous for productions such as Neon Genesis Evangelion, Royal Space Force, Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water, Kare Kano, FLCL, Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi, Gurren Lagann, which have garnered critical acclaim and been commercially successful. Evangelion has grossed over 150 billion yen, or 1.2 billion USD. In a discussion at the 2006 Tekkoshocon, Matt Greenfield claimed Evangelion had grossed over 2 billion USD; the company is headquartered in Tokyo. Until Neon Genesis Evangelion, Gainax worked on stories created in-house, but the studio has developed anime adaptations of existing manga like Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou and Mahoromatic. Series produced by Gainax are known for their controversial twist endings; the Animage Anime Grand Prix has been awarded to Gainax for Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water in 1991, Neon Genesis Evangelion in 1995 and 1996, The End of Evangelion in 1997. The studio was formed in the early 1980s as Daicon Film by university students Hideaki Anno, Yoshiyuki Sadamoto, Hiroyuki Yamaga, Takami Akai, Toshio Okada, Yasuhiro Takeda and Shinji Higuchi.
Their first project was an animated short for the 20th Annual Japan National SF Convention known as Daicon III, held in 1981 in Osaka, Japan. The short film is about a girl who fights monsters and spaceships from early science fiction TV shows and films until she reaches a desert plain and pours a glass of water on a dried-out daikon radish, which resurrects itself, grows into a huge spaceship, beams her aboard. Though the short had an ambitious scope, the animation was low-quality; the group made a much bigger splash with the short they produced for the 22nd Annual Japan National SF Convention, Daicon IV, in 1983. Starting with a better animated recap of their original 1981 short, the short moves to the girl as a grown woman, wearing a bunny suit and fighting an wider range of science fiction creatures while surfing through the sky on the sword Stormbringer; the action was all set to the Electric Light Orchestra song "Twilight", though the group's failure to properly license the song would prevent the short's official release on DVD.
The Daicon IV short established Daicon Film as a talented new anime studio. The studio changed its name to Gainax in 1985, basing the term "Gainax" on an obscure Tottori Prefecture term for "giant", with the English suffix -x added because it sounded "good and was international". Gainax's first work as a commercial entity was Royal Space Force: The Wings of Honneamise, released in 1987. Honneamise was critically acclaimed and a classic anime movie; the next release, the 1988 OVA Gunbuster, was a commercial success and put Gainax on a stabler footing to produce works like Nadia and Otaku no Video. During this period, Gainax produced a number of items such as garage kit and adult video games. In 1995, Gainax produced their best known series, the commercially successful and critically lauded Neon Genesis Evangelion. In the wake of Evangelion's success, Gainax was audited by the National Tax Agency at the urging of the Tokyo Regional Taxation Bureau on suspicion of committing tax evasion on the massive profits accruing from various Evangelion properties.
It was revealed that Gainax had concealed 1.56 billion yen worth of income which it had earned between the release of Evangelion and July 1997 by paying related companies various large fees, ostensibly to pay for animation expenses, but immediately withdrawing 90% of the sums from the other company's accounts as cash and storing it in safe deposit boxes. Gainax president Takeshi Sawamura and tax accountant Yoshikatsu Iwasaki were arrested on July 13, 1999 and jailed for accounting fraud. Yasuhiro Takeda defended Sawamura's actions as being a reaction to Gainax's perpetually precarious finances and the shaky accounting procedures internally: "Sawamura understood our financial situation better than anyone, so when Evangelion took off and the money started rolling in, he saw it as our one and only opportunity to set something aside for the future. I guess he was vulnerable to temptation at that point, because no one knew how long the Evangelion goose would keep laying golden eggs. I don't think he purposely set out with the goal of evading taxes.
It was more that our level of accounting knowledge wasn't up to the task of dealing with revenues on such a large scale." In 2004, Gainax marked their 20th anniversary with the production of Diebuster, the sequel to Gunbuster. Gainax's most recent successes on television have been the popular anime series Gurren Lagann and Pant
Eureka Seven, known in Japan as Psalms of Planets Eureka Seven, is a 2005 Japanese anime series created by Bones. The series was directed by Tomoki Kyoda, with series composition by Dai Satō and music by Naoki Satō. Eureka Seven tells the story of Renton Thurston and the outlaw group Gekkostate, his relationship with the enigmatic mecha pilot Eureka, the mystery of the Coralians; the fifty episode series premiered in Japan on MBS between April 17, 2005 and April 2, 2006 and was subsequently licensed by Funimation in North America, Madman Entertainment in Australia and New Zealand and by Anime Limited in the United Kingdom for English home video releases. The series spawned six manga adaptations, a light novel, three video games and a feature-length anime film, released in Japan on April 25, 2009. One of the manga titled Eureka Seven: AO, serialized in Shōnen Ace between January 2012 and October 2013, was further adapted into an anime series which aired twenty-four episodes in Japan between April 13 and November 20, 2012.
Eureka Seven was well received by critics and earned several awards at numerous award shows in Japan, most notably the 2006 Tokyo International Anime Fair. Scub Coral Eureka Seven takes place in the year 12005 and it's now been 10,000 years after humanity has made a mass exodus into space, due to the arrival of the Scub Coral, an intelligent, sentient life who merged with the planet, forcing the humans to abandon it. In the current timeline, the remnants of humanity are now settled on an unknown planet known as the Land of Kanan, but the majority of the surface of this planet is now covered by a rock-like surface formed by the Scub Coral; the Scub Coral inhabited the Planet until the return of humans. The theory that the Scub Coral is an intelligent life form was proposed by the scientist Adroc Thurston, who claimed the Scub is looking for mutual co-existence with humanity. All theories and information about the Scub Coral being a sentient being are kept from the general population. In addition to being the surface of the planet, the Scub Coral has several physical manifestations, called Coralians, that are observed throughout the series.
These manifestations are either a response to attacks from humans. The manifestations are: Command Cluster Coralian The Command Cluster is a large concentration of the Scub Coral which acts as the central mind for the rest of its "body", it stores all the information the Scub has collected over the last 10,000 years, keeps the rest of the Scub Coral in a dormant state. Kute-class Coralian A Kute-class is massive sphere of concentrated energy that materializes in the skies. Though it is a rare natural occurrence, they can be artificially triggered by causing heavy damage to the Scub Coral; the disappearance of a Kute causes a massive release of energy, ravaging the surrounding landscape and lowering the Trapar count in the area to non-existent levels. Antibody Coralians Antibody Coralians are, as the name suggests, creatures created by the Scub Coral to destroy anything nearby that might be causing it harm, they are unleashed in massive swarms through a Kute-class Coralian when the Scub Coral is threatened or attacked.
These antibodies can range in size from as large as a bomber plane. Their shapes vary wildly, from eyeballs to flying slugs to giant hovering flower-like objects. Most forms are based on the sea creatures they absorbed when they just started their'growth', their powers are: sending lasers in profusion from their bodies, thus being able to destroy large aircraft, burrowing into a victim's body and imploding it, creating a spherical void, which makes anything within its surface area to vanish. Antibody Coralians appear in response to deliberate attacks on the Scub Coral, they appear for 1246 seconds -, the amount of time the Seven Swell phenomenon is active. After those 1246 seconds, they crumble to dust, their appearances are that of basic invertebrates such as flat worms and cnidaria. One of each kind appears in Another Century's Episode 3: The Final and Super Robot Wars Z. Human-form Coralians Human-form Coralians are beings created by the Scub Coral in the form of humans, they are regarded by scientists as emissaries of the Scub Coral, sent to learn about humanity.
Humans have attempted to create their own artificial human-form Coralians, but the results are less than satisfactory. As shown with Eureka in the sequel series, human-form Coralians are biologically capable of reproducing the same way as humans do. However, due to her children being Human-Coralian hybrids, the high level of Trapar would be too dangerous for them. Trapar waves and lifting In Eureka Seven, as a result of the Scub Coral covering the planet, the atmosphere is permeated by an enigmatic energy known as Transparence Light Particles, dubbed Trapar waves for short. Norbu, the Vodarac leader, states; as a result, a sentient life form on the scale of the Scub Coral produces a tremendous amount of energy. The most important use of Trapar energy is its use as a method of propulsion for flight-capable vehicles. Though Trapar-propelled airships are common, using Trapar waves for "lifting" is their predominant use. Lifting uses surfboard-like devices called "reflection boards" to ride Trapar waves
Kadokawa Shoten Kadokawa Shoten Co. Ltd. is a Japanese publisher and brand company of Kadokawa Corporation based in Tokyo, Japan. It became an internal division of Kadokawa Corporation on October 1, 2013. Kadokawa has published both manga such as Sora no Otoshimono and magazines, such as Newtype magazine. Since its founding, Kadokawa has expanded into the multimedia sector, namely in video games and movies. Kadokawa Shoten was established on November 1945 by Genyoshi Kadokawa; the company's first publication imprint, Kadokawa Bunko, was published in 1949. The company went public on April 2, 1954. In 1975, Haruki Kadokawa became the president of Kadokawa Shoten, following Genyoshi Kadokawa's death. On April 1, 2003, Kadokawa Shoten was renamed to Kadokawa Holdings, transferring the existing publishing businesses to Kadokawa Shoten. On July 1, 2006, the parent company was renamed to Kadokawa Group Holdings and in January 2007, Kadokawa Group Holdings inherited the management and integration businesses within Kadokawa Shoten.
The magazine businesses was transferred to the Kadokawa Magazine Group. The video game divisions of Kadokawa Shoten, ASCII Media Works and Enterbrain were merged into Kadokawa Games. Kadokawa Shoten ceased being a kabushiki gaisha on October 1, 2013 when it was merged with eight other companies to become a brand company of Kadokawa Corporation. Kadokawa Haruki Corporation: Founded in 1976 Haruki Kadokawa as a film production company; the company was merged into Kadokawa Shoten. When Haruki Kadokawa was still on bail following his 1993 arrest, Kadokawa Haruki Corporation was established by Haruki Kadokawa on September 12, 1995 as a publisher. Fujimi Shobo: In 1991, Fujimi Shobo was merged into Kadokawa Shoten, but continued operations as a division of Kadokawa Shoten; the Television): In 1993, it was merged into Kadokawa Shoten. Kadokawa Media Office: In 1993, it was merged into Kadokawa Shoten. Kadokawa J-com media Kadokawa Gakugei Shuppan Publishing: Formerly Hichō Kikaku, it was renamed on April 1, 2003.
Kadokawa Digix Kids Net Asmik Ace Entertainment: In 2006, Sumitomo Corporation purchased the 27.6% common stock of Asmik Ace from Kadokawa Shoten, distributed the 75.3% stock of Asmik Ace into a subsidiary of Sumitomo, leaving Kadokawa Shoten a 20% stake holder. In 2007, Kadokawa's stake of Asmik Ace was transferred to Kadokawa Group Holdings. In 2010, Sumitomo purchased the remaining 20% stake from Kadokawa Group Holdings. Cinema Paradise Taiwan Animate Chara Ani.hack//G. U.: The World Asuka Asuka CIEL Ceil TresTres Comp Ace Comptiq Gundam Ace Kerokero Ace Monthly Ace Next Newtype Shōnen Ace The Sneaker Young Ace Altima Ace Another.hack//Legend of the Twilight Angelic Layer Baka and Test Basquash! Bio Booster Armor Guyver Black Rock Shooter Brain Powerd Cardfight!! Vanguard Chrono Crusade Cloverfield/Kishin Cowboy Bebop Code Geass Cowboy Bebop: Shooting Star Deadman Wonderland Dragon Half Girls Bravo Escaflowne The movie: Girl In Gaya Escaflowne: The Series Eureka Seven Hakkenden Haruhi Suzumiya Highschool of the Dead Hybrid Child Junjo Mistake Junjo Romantica: Pure Romance Kannazuki no Miko Kantai Collection Kemono Friends Kerberos Panzer Cop Legal Drug Love Stage!!
Lucky Star Ludwig II Maoyū Maō Yūsha Marionette Generation Martian Successor Nadesico Mirai Nikki Miyuki-chan in Wonderland Multiple Personality Detective Psycho Neon Genesis Evangelion Nichijou Record of Lodoss War Rental Magica Romeo × Juliet Sekai-ichi Hatsukoi Sgt. Frog Shangri-La Shibuya Fifteen Shirahime-Syo: Snow Goddess Tales Slayers Sora no Otoshimono Steel Angel Kurumi Strider Hiryu Super Lovers Tenchi Muyo! The Kurosagi Corpse Delivery Service The One I Love The Vision of Escaflowne Tokumei Kakarichō Tadano Hitoshi Shin Tokumei Kakarichō Tadano Hitoshi Trinity Blood X Yamada Taro Monogatari Tokyo ESP PublishedAbarenbou Princess Buile Baku Lunar: Silver Star Story Complete Lunar 2: Eternal Blue Complete Sorcerous Stabber Orphen Yōkai Buster: Ruka no Daibōken Lodoss Tou Senki 1995 Hippa Linda 2001 Sora no Otoshimono Forte: Dreamy Season 2011 Steins.
Deadman Wonderland is a Japanese manga series written by Jinsei Kataoka and illustrated by Kazuma Kondou, who wrote and illustrated the Eureka Seven manga, published in Shōnen Ace since 2008. Tokyopop acquired the licensing rights to distribute the manga in English and released the first 5 volumes of the manga before the company shut down its North American Publishing division in 2011. Viz Media announced that it had licensed the series for English language release in North America on July 7, 2013, released the first volume on February 11, 2014. An anime adaptation aired between April and July 2011, pulling content from the first 21 chapters of the manga; the anime is licensed by Funimation and aired on Adult Swim's newly revived Toonami block on May 26, 2012 and finished its run on August 11, 2012. After that, No news for the 2nd season was announced A massive anomaly caused a great earthquake that ravaged Japan's mainland and destroyed most of Tokyo, sinking three-quarters of the city into the Pacific Ocean.
Ten years the story shifts to Ganta Igarashi, a ordinary student attending Nagano Prefecture's middle school. As an escapee, a survivor of the great earthquake, Ganta has no memories of the tragedy and has lived a normal life; this all changes when a strange person covered in blood and crimson armor floats through his classroom windows. Grinning madly, the "Red Man" massacres Ganta's entire class. Instead of killing him, the "Red Man" embeds a red crystal shard in Ganta's chest. Within days of the massacre, Ganta is subjected to a kangaroo court as a suspect and is sentenced to death at Deadman Wonderland, a prison that doubles as a theme park. Arriving at the prison, Ganta is fitted with a special collar which monitors his location and vital signs. A lethal poison is injected into his bloodstream through the collar, but it can be neutralized by consuming a peculiar candy-like medicine every three days, which can be acquired through various activities in the prison, e.g. performing for audiences, working backstage and purchasing with Cast Points.
To gather Cast Points, an inmate must survive. For Ganta, he is aided by a mysterious albino girl named Shiro who knows Ganta but whose existence is unknown to the other prisoners. While trying to survive as an inmate on death row, Ganta intends to find the "Red Man" to clear his name. In a bizarre twist, Ganta begins to develop the ability to manipulate his own blood, to the point of turning it into a weapon. Unknown to Ganta, he has become one of the prison's "Deadmen," an isolated group of prisoners possessing the Branches of Sin, an ability which makes them capable of controlling their blood for their own uses. After his ability is discovered, Ganta is forced to participate in brutal gladiatorial death matches known as Carnival Corpse, whose anonymous spectators pay large amounts of money to watch. In his long struggle to survive, he manages to befriend some of those he fought off in the arena and with their help, Ganta continues his quest to uncover the identity of the'Red Man', why he turned into a Deadman, the dark secrets the prison authorities are hiding.
Deadman Wonderland is Japan's only operated prison, built after the Great Tokyo Earthquake on ground zero. Deadman Wonderland was run by Tsunenaga Tamaki, it gathers prisoners from all over Japan and raises money for the revival of the destroyed metropolis. To the public and the tourists that visit daily, Deadman Wonderland is a massive theme park-like facility run by the prison population. Unbeknownst to the general population, most of the prison's attractions involve cruel games of survival where many inmates lose their lives or are maimed for the entertainment of an oblivious public; the prison guards are granted autonomy over how to punish the prisoners, which results in bloodshed. Each prisoner is fitted with a collar that functions as a life monitor and stunner; the prisoners on death row receive poison injections through their special collar and must consume a special antidote candy every three days. Their collars contain countdown timers that warn the wearer with blinking and beeping when time is running low.
When the timer reaches zero, the collar displays the word "DEAD" and the inmate succumbs to the poison and dies. Afterwards, the collar unlocks allowing it to be removed; the collars can be removed by key cards used by the prison guards. While the threat of violence is constant at the prison, most prisoners enjoy a great deal of liberty inside Deadman Wonderland. Utilizing Cast Points, the prison's unique form of currency, prisoners can purchase a wide variety of items from ordinary lunches, luxurious furniture for their rooms, years off of their sentences. Though Cast Points can't be used to buy the freedom of a Deadman; those on death row use Cast Points to purchase their life-saving candies. Despite its identity as a prison and theme park, Deadman Wonderland houses a much darker secret. Hidden away from the eyes of tourists and the general prison population is a massive underground facility known as "G Block"; this is where the prison keeps their Deadmen secluded and where the Carnival Corpse arena is located.
G Block houses numerous laboratories and rooms where experiments on humans are performed and where scientists are attempting to harness the powers of the Deadmen for monetary and political gain. Ganta and his Deadman allies received the assistance of Makina, the chief of the prison guards, to defeat Tsunenaga Tamaki. Rinichirō Hagire in Toto Sakagami's body assumed c
B't X, pronounced "beat X" and stylized as B'T X, is a manga series and illustrated by Masami Kurumada. It was serialized in Shōnen Ace from 1994 to 2000; the series is set in a fictional universe where science has progressed to the creation of mechanical AI creatures known as Bt's. An anime adaptation containing 25 episodes was aired in Japan between April and September 1996, followed by a sequel containing 14 episodes called B't X Neo, made between August 21 to November 20, 1997; the anime series strayed off from the manga series in Neo. The anime series was animated by TMS Entertainment. B't X is set on an alternate Earth, where a faction known as the Machine Empire rules a significant large piece of land known as "The Area" in the Gobi Desert; the Machine Empire invests in scientific advancements and schools children from an early age to become striving scientists. Mechanical engineering have culminated in the creation of cyborgs and most mechanical beasts, powered by human blood, the Bt; the series takes place in the Machine Empire, but on Kamui island, where the main characters were born.
An island, created from a crashed meteor and contains a piece of a sun, far underground. A B't is the ultimate form of artificial intelligence mechanoid designed for fighting - the B stands for Brain, Blood and Battler, they have different forms and powers based on mythological creatures. The B't's source of power is a device called BreakHeart, fueled by human blood. Once the BreakHeart is inserted into the B't's body, it creates a link between the blood donor and the B't. A B't is outfitted with The Guard System, which protects its donor from various dangers and environment changes, such as volcanic heat, the crushing pressures beneath the ocean, or the depths of space. However, the donor must be in physical contact with her B' t for the system to work for them. Teppei is able to manifest a suit of protective armor called Battle Gear, through use of the Messiah Fist; this has the additional benefit of activating the dormant wings on X's sides, enabling him to reach greater degrees of speed and mobility.
Teppei Takamiya is the caretaker of a farm located in Kamui Island, north of Japan. His older brother, Kotarō Takamiya, leaves to study robotics in Germany and becomes one of the most brilliant scientists in the world. Five years the two brothers reunite at a robotics convention in Mechatopia, where Kotarō is to announce his latest breakthrough in artificial intelligence; the convention goes awry when Kotarō is captured by the malevolent Machine Empire and taken to "The Area". Teppei manages to hitch a ride on his brother's capturer and reaches the Machine Empire, Teppei is attacked by Metalface, one of the Empire's soldiers. Unable to win, Teppei is thrown, in the Empire's junkyard, his blood reaches the trashed body of X, once considered one of the strongest B't of the Empire, the disgruntled B't awakens. Faced with unanswered questions and imminent destruction, X reluctantly saves Teppei, the pair flee the Area with soldiers of the Empire in hot pursuit. Meanwhile, inside the Area, Kotarō discovers that he has been summoned by another of the Empire's soldiers, Major Aramis, to find a way to stop the ultimate B't - a creation known as Raffaello that has begun a terrifying and uncontrollable evolution.
Teppei's main goal is to save his brother, but as he and X venture further into the Area and learn more about the Machine Empire they start to fight for the survival of the human race. On the way to the center of the Empire they gain allies that help them prevail over the guardians of the empire; the ultimate B't finalizes its evolution and the Machine Emperor appears. Before the emperor can fuse with Raffaello and his allies confront him. B't X by Masami Kurumada was serialized in Shōnen Ace from 1994 to 2000, with the 63 individual chapters published into 16 tankōbon volumes by Kadokawa Shoten; the manga was released in North America by Tokyopop. When B't X was released in America by Tokyopop, all of the sound effects in the manga were printed in Japanese, just as in the original version and in most other Tokyopop Manga, with the addition of English captions; the series was republished by Home-sha, a Shueisha company, in an edition of more than 300-pages per volume. Home-sha An anime adaptation containing 25 episodes was aired in Japan between April and September 1996, this series adapts the first six tankōbon volumes of the manga.
A second season containing 14 episodes and called B't X Neo was aired between August and November 1997, this season adapts some chapters of the manga but has a derivative storyline and an alternate ending. Licensed by Texas-based anime licensing company Illumitoon Entertainment and published on DVD via Westlake Entertainment. Two dual-audio DVDs got released by them, before being cancelled; the first 14 episodes, the only ones to be dubbed, were available on-demand via the Anime Network. The license was transferred to Anime Midstream after Illumitoon went defunct. Anime Midstream announced on August 14, 2016 during their panel at the AnimeFest convention in Dallas, that they will redistribute the whole series with the Japanese language track, su
Steel Angel Kurumi
Steel Angel Kurumi is a Japanese manga and anime series following the adventures of its titular character created by Kaishaku. Directed by Naohito Takahashi, animated by Oriental Light and Magic and produced by Pony Canyon with character designs by Yuriko Chiba and Yuji Ikeda and music by Toshihiko Sahashi, it has been translated and released in North America by ADV Films. In 2008 Crunchyroll announced it had partnered with Pony Canyon to release all Steel Angel Kurumi series' for streaming and download; the Kurumi series as a whole consists of the first show Steel Angel Kurumi, four OVA episodes entitled Steel Angel Kurumi Encore, a second show by the name of Steel Angel Kurumi 2, plus a sort-of dramatic prequel "Steel Angel Kurumi 0". A live-action version was made, titled Steel Angel Kurumi Pure, but has a different continuity to the anime; this show was aired in Japan as part of WOWOW's Anime Complex. The first anime series is set in an alternate history version of Japan during the Taishō period, while the second series takes place in the 21st century.
Steel Angel Kurumi 1: The story follows a young boy named Nakahito Kagura. He is pushed by a group of his classmates to go into a house, rumored to belong to a mad scientist. While inside, he comes across in. At the same time, the Japanese Army carries out an attack on the house. During the attack the "doll" falls over and Nakahito accidentally kisses it, causing it to awaken; the doll turns out to be a Steel Angel called Kurumi, being hunted by the military for mysterious reasons. Steel Angel Kurumi 2: Seventy-five years Nako Kagura is the great-granddaughter of the main protagonist from the previous series, shown to be a high school student and an aspiring musician who gets her chance to discover the existence of Kurumi and the Steel Angels. After Kurumi steals her first kiss, Nako's wealthy childhood friend Uruka Sumeragi becomes furious and upset. Nakahito Kagura Voiced by: Houko Kuwashima. Hesitant and unsure of himself, he teaches Kurumi as much as he can while falling in love with the hyperactive girl.
A mystic of the Onmyou tradition, he has no observable powers. Much to his chagrin, his older brother Kamihito boasts great control of spiritual abilities. Although he has latent potential, as evidenced by his awakening of Kurumi, Nakahito's numerous attempts at honing his direct abilities end in failure. Caught between manhood and boyhood, Nakahito seems unsure of how to handle the relentless attention of Kurumi and his other numerous one-sided love interests. Kurumi Voiced by: Atsuko Enomoto; the main female lead and an wild individual, she is overwhelmingly manic when it comes to Nakahito, whom she calls "Master". She is protective of her master and her sisters, she will stop at nothing to ensure their safety, she rather handily defeats all her opponents due to her Mark II Heart. Although she does her best to follow orders and help out the Kagura brothers, her clumsy and ditzy nature proves to be a significant stumbling block, she is the oldest of the Angel "sisters" and assumes a typical "older sister" attitude when speaking with them.
Kurumi wears a blue maid's outfit with red trim. Saki Voiced by: Rie Tanaka. Amagi and the General decide to use the largest of the seized Angel Hearts to give Saki as much power as possible. Saki and Kurumi fight, with the latter being defeated due to Nakahito's still-standing order to not fight; the victory is short-lived however. Kurumi kisses Saki, her Mark II Heart re-energizes Saki's Angel Heart; the action permanently activates Saki, the master-servant relationship is reinstated, with Saki pledging her loyalty and love to Kurumi. Kurumi ignores this vow, but the two mutually call each other "sister" from on. Saki is quiet, the anti-thesis of Kurumi, is quite lady-like in comparison, she is the kindest, maybe the sweetest character in the show. She maintains wild fantasies about herself and Kurumi, but never speaks about them or properly expresses her love. Karinka Voiced by: Masayo Kurata, she is strong due to being installed with two Angel Hearts instead of one, however this means she is exempted from following the orders of Dr. Walski, her creator.
Karinka is infamous for kidnapping and nearly killing Saki. She is temperamental and has shown traits of sadism, she joins Nakahito and the group to figure out Kurumi's power, but she develops a crush on Nakahito. It was thanks to Nakahito. Like her elder sisters, she does not care. Kamihito Kag
Mamoru Oshii is a Japanese filmmaker, television director and screenwriter. Famous for his philosophy-oriented storytelling, Oshii has directed a number of popular anime, including Urusei Yatsura, Ghost in the Shell, Patlabor 2: The Movie, he holds the distinction of having created the first OVA, Dallos. For his work, Oshii has received and been nominated for numerous awards, including the Palme d'Or and Golden Lion, he has attracted praise from international directors such as James Cameron and The Wachowskis. As a student, Mamoru Oshii was fascinated by the film La Jetée by Chris Marker, he repeatedly watched European cinema, such as films by Federico Fellini, Ingmar Bergman, Michelangelo Antonioni and Jean-Pierre Melville. These filmmakers, together with Jean-Luc Godard, Andrei Tarkovsky and Jerzy Kawalerowicz, would serve as influences for Oshii's own cinematic career, he was influenced by his father, a cinephile. In 1976, he graduated from Tokyo Gakugei University; the following year, he entered Tatsunoko Productions and worked on his first anime as a storyboard artist on Ippatsu Kanta-kun.
During this period at Tatsunoko, Oshii worked on many anime as a storyboard artist, most of which were part of the Time Bokan television series. In 1980, he moved to Studio Pierrot under the supervision of Hisayuki Toriumi. Mamoru Oshii's work as director and storyboard artist of the animated Urusei Yatsura TV series brought him into the spotlight. Following its success, he directed two Urusei Yatsura films: Urusei Yatsura: Only You and Urusei Yatsura 2: Beautiful Dreamer; the first film, though an original story, continued much in the spirit of the series. Beautiful Dreamer was written by Oshii with no consultation from Takahashi and was a significant departure and an early example of his now contemporary style. Beautiful Dreamer is notable for experimenting with concepts such as a time loop, where a high-school class relives the same day over and over again, as well as dreams and reality manipulation. In the midst of his work with Studio Pierrot, Oshii took on independent work and directed the first OVA, Dallos, in 1983.
In 1984, Oshii left Studio Pierrot. Moving to Studio Deen, he wrote and directed Angel's Egg, a surreal film rich with Biblical symbolism, featuring the character designs of Yoshitaka Amano; the producer of the film, Toshio Suzuki founded the renowned Studio Ghibli with Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata. Following the release of the film and Takahata began collaborating with Mamoru Oshii on his next film, Anchor; the film was canceled early in the initial planning stages. Despite their differences, Toshio Suzuki and Studio Ghibli would help Oshii with his production of Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence. To this day, Oshii maintains skeptical, but respectful, views of each of Takahata and Miyazaki's films. Though he has been critical of Miyazaki's attitude towards his workers, he claims that he would feel "strangely empty" and "it would be boring" if both Miyazaki and Takahata stopped making films. In the late 1980s, Oshii was solicited by his friend; the group was composed of Masami Yuki, Yutaka Izubuchi, Akemi Takada and Mamoru Oshii.
Together they were responsible for the Patlabor TV series, OVA, films. Released in the midst of Japan's economic crisis, the Patlabor series and films projected a dynamic near-future world in which grave social crisis and ecological challenges were overcome by technological ingenuity, were a big success in the mecha genre. Between production of the Patlabor movies/series, Oshii delved into live-action for the first time, releasing his first non-animated film, The Red Spectacles; this led to another live-action work titled Stray Dog: Kerberos Panzer Cops. Following Stray Dog Oshii made yet another live-action film, Talking Head, a surreal look at his view on film. In 1995, Mamoru Oshii released his landmark animated cyberpunk film, Ghost in the Shell, in Japan, the United States, Europe, it hit the top of the US Billboard video charts in 1996, the first anime video to do so. Concerning a female cyborg desperate to find the meaning of her existence, the film was a critical success and is regarded to be a masterpiece and anime classic.
After a 5-year hiatus from directing to work on other projects, Oshii returned to live-action with the Japanese-Polish feature Avalon, selected for an out of competition screening at the Cannes Film Festival. His next animated feature film was the long-awaited sequel to Ghost in the Shell, titled Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence. Four years in the making, the film focuses on Batou as he investigates a series of gruesome murders, while trying to reconcile with his deteriorating humanity. Though it received mixed reviews, Innocence was selected to compete at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival for the coveted Palme d'Or prize, making it the first anime to be so honored. Oshii was approached to be one of the directors of The Animatrix, but he was unable to participate because of his work in Innocence. Following Innocence, Oshii contemplated directing a segment for the anthology film Paris, je t'aime, but declined the offer. Meanwhile, in 2005, there were talks of a Kenta Oshii collaboration, it was announced that Oshii would write the script for a film titled Elle is Burning, as well as provide CGI consultation, while Fukasaku would direct.
Although Oshii completed the script, the film was shelved because, among