Valencian referred to as Southern Catalan, is a dialect of the Catalan language spoken in the Valencian Community, where it is an official language, in the El Carche comarca in Murcia, where it has no official recognition. Besides, it is spoken in the south of the Terres de l'Ebre and in the south of La Franja in Aragon, in its transitional variety; the denominations "Valencian" or "Valencian language" are used traditionally and as a glottonym exclusively in the Valencian Community, to refer not only to the dialect spoken in the region, but to refer to the totality of the Catalan language. However, outside this territory the use of this denomination is null, it is considered the Valencian Community's own language according to the region's 1982 Statute of Autonomy and the Spanish Constitution. According to philological studies, the varieties of this language spoken in the Valencian Community and El Carxe cannot be considered a dialect restricted to these borders: the several dialects of Valencian belong to the Western group of Catalan dialects.
Valencian, as a variety of the Catalan language, displays transitional features between Ibero-Romance languages and Gallo-Romance languages. Its similarity with Occitan has led many authors to group it under the Occitano-Romance languages. There is some controversy within the Valencian Community regarding its status as a glottonym or as a language on its own among certain political sectors such as blaverism and Spanish nationalism. According to a study carried out by the Generalitat Valenciana in 2014, scarcely more than a half people in the Valencian Community consider it as a separate language, different from Catalan. However, according to the same study, most of Valencians with higher studies say that it is the same language. According to the 2006 Statute of Autonomy Valencian is regulated by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, by means of the Normes de Castelló. Due to not having been recognized for a long time and the considerable immigration coming from Andalusia but from other areas of Spain where Spanish is spoken, the number of speakers has decreased, the influence of Spanish has led to the adoption of a huge amount of loanwords.
Some of the most important works of Catalan literature in Valencia experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, Ausiàs March's poetry; the first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor; the official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian. Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that: The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian. Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, receive education in Valencian. No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian. The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language; the Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can use it when acting before both. Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian". Valencian is not spoken all over the Valencian Community. A quarter of its territory, equivalent to 10% of the population, is traditionally Castilian-speaking only, whereas Valencian is spoken to varying degrees elsewhere. Additionally, it is spoken by a reduced number of people in Carche, a rural area in the Region of Murcia adjoining the Valencian Community. Although the Valencian language was an important part of the history of this zone, nowadays only about 600 people are able to speak Valencian in the area of Carche.
In 2010 the Generalitat Valenciana published a study and Social use of Valencian, which included a survey sampling more than 6,600 people in the provinces of Castellón, Alicante. The survey collected the answers of respondents and did not include any testing or verification; the results were: Valencian was the language "always or most used": at home: 31.6% with friends: 28.0% in internal business relations: 24.7%For ability: 48.5% answered they speak Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" 26.2% answered they write Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" The survey shows that, although Valencian is still the common language in many areas in the Valencian Community, where more than half of the Valencian population are able to speak it, most Valencians do not speak in Valencian in their
Atzeneta d'Albaida is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida, in the province of Valencia, in the Valencian Community, Spain. Church of San Juan Bautista Hermitage of Cristo del Calvario Nevera de Dalt Nevera de Baix
L'Olleria is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. It is famous by its glass manufacturing activity blown glass. L'Olleria is an important industrial site in the Vall d'Albaida area. Media related to L'Olleria at Wikimedia Commons
Pinet is a municipality located in the north-east of the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the south of the province of Valencia, Valencian Community and some 82.6 km from the regional capital, Valencia. Pinet borders with the following municipalities: Barx, Quatretonda and Llutxent, all of which lie within the province of Valencia; the name of the municipality is derived from the Valencian term “pi”, meaning “pine tree”. The village belonged to the barony of Llutxent, under the authority of the Maza family, subsequently the houses of Mandas and Dos Aguas. In 1530, Pope Clement VII created the Vicariate of Pinet, run under the authority of the Dominicans of Llutxent until 1835. By 1646, only 20 inhabitants were recorded as living in the municipality following the expulsion of the Moriscos, implemented was particular intensity in Valencia. Towards the end of the 18th century, the population had risen to around 150 inhabitants, before reaching some 300 hundred at the beginning of the 20th century. By 1920, the population had reached 434 inhabitants, from which point it entered a progressive decline in consonance with the rural flight experienced in many areas throughout Spain during the 20th century.
The local economy was traditionally based on a combination of dryland and irrigation agriculture, dry stone walling and the production of baskets, espadrilles and other articles made from esparto and palm leaves. In common with other rural areas throughout Spain, these activities have been in decline since the mid-20th century, their place having been taken by livestock farming, services and tourism. Pinet is located in the north-east of the Valle de Albaida comarca and covers an area of 11.9 km2. It is situated at the head of a horse-shoe shaped valley, the surface of, composed of reddish marl deposited by water erosion originating in the mountains that lie at its north-easterly and northern extremes; the municipality’s altitude ranges from 466 metres above sea level in its most southerly point, to 700 metres above sea leval in the area known as Alto del Collado dels Caragols, located in its north east. The village of Pinet lies at an altitude of 348 metres. Pinet is located on the poorly-defined Pinet Syncline, which runs from North-North West to South-South East.
This structure would appear to have been formed by two vertical faults. The River Pinet runs through the municipality from north to south, running into the River Vernisa, in turn an affluent of the River Serpis; as is characteristic with the rivers and streams in the comarque, the River Pinet is a wash, that is, a stream bed, dry during the summer months and which carries abundant water following the typical heavy rains known as cold drop which fall in autumn and spring. The municipality enjoys a Mediterranean climate, characterised by hot summers and cold winters, with an average of two snowfalls per year; the climate is rated Csa in accordance with the Köppen climate classification system. The average annual temperature is around 17 °C, with maximums in summer of 45 °C and minimum in winter of -7 °C. Rainfall averages around 600 mm per year, although recent years have seen volumes of more than 1000 mm due to the large downpours to which the area is subject during the autumn as a result of the weather phenomenon known as cold drop.
The predominant vegetation in the lower valley is that associated with dryland fruit farming, whilst the surrounding mountains host pine and cork forests and shrubland, interspersed with holly oak and wild herbs and plants such as silene diclinis, snapdragon, rosemary, oregano, etc. The forested areas are home to such animal species as Bonelli's eagle, golden eagle, short-toed snake eagle, common bent-wing bat and greenfinch, whilst the fruit trees are host to such species as titmice, blackbird, golden oriole, nightingale, Cetti's warbler and wagtail, among others. There are wild boar and rabbit present in the area. El Surar, the southernmost cork oak forest in Valencia, is a Municipal Natural Park located in the municipalities of Pinet and Llutxent. Declared a Municipal Natural Park by Generalitat Valenciana on March 4, 2005, it can be accessed on foot, by bicycle, on horseback or by car via signposted roads and tracks from the village of Pinet. Pinet lies on the Route of the Monasteries of Valencia, a religious and cultural route that connects five monasteries located in central region of the Province of Valencia.
Of the Route’s four different itineraries, three cross through Pinet, with a separate variant passing through El Surar. The 18th-century parish church of St. Peter the Apostle has a single nave with chapels set between masonry buttresses. Pinet celebrates its main festivities during the last weekend of June in honour St. Peter and the Christ of the Mountain. A fair held in late summer in celebration of Pinet’s traditional craft of manufacturing products from esparto and palm leaves. Includes practical demonstrations, workshops and a culinary fair with local gastronomic dishes; the only road within the municipality is the CV-608, which connects the village of Pinet with the village of Llutxent, which lies on the CV-610 regional road, joining the towns of Gandia and Xàtiva. Route of the Monasteries of Valencia El Surar
Albaida, Province of Valencia
Albaida is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain. Palace of Milà i Aragó Segrelles Museum Route of the Borgias Route of the Valencian classics Daniel Olcina, footballer
El Palomar, Valencia
El Palomar is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain
Montaverner is a municipality in the comarca of Vall d'Albaida in the Valencian Community, Spain