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Montjuïc Communications Tower

The Montjuïc Communications Tower, popularly known as Torre Calatrava and Torre Telefónica, is a telecommunication tower in the Montjuïc neighborhood of Barcelona, Spain. It was designed by Santiago Calatrava, with construction taking place from 1989 to 1992; the white tower was built for Telefónica to transmit television coverage of the 1992 Summer Olympic Games in Barcelona. The 136-metre tower is located in the Olympic park and represents an athlete holding the Olympic Flame; the base is covered with Gaudí's mosaic technique created from broken tile shards. Because of the tower's orientation, it works as a giant sundial, which uses the Europa Square to indicate the hour. Torre de Collserola List of tallest towers Montjuic Telecommunications Tower, Barcelona Montjuic Communications Tower at Structurae Montjuic Tower at Factoría Urbana: Photos and technical information about the tower

Erie County Field House

The Erie County Field House was a multipurpose arena in Erie, United States. It was home to a North American Hockey League and American Hockey League franchise. According to a 1976 promotional flyer for the facility, it had 3,750 permanent seats with a maximum capacity of 5,250; the arena was replaced by the Louis J. Tullio Arena in 1983. In 1980 the Erie Blades played the Russian Olympic team in an exhibition game at the fieldhouse; the Blades lost 9-0. It was home to many great concerts of the day, including Alice Cooper, Air Supply, Heart, Kansas, AC/DC, Van Halen, Sammy Hagar, Black Sabbath, Molly Hatchet, Kiss, Ted Nugent, Judas Priest, Blue Oyster Cult, Barry Manilow, Bay City Rollers, The Carpenters, Cheap Trick, Peter Frampton, Tom Jones, Johnny Cash, Santana. Other events such as boat shows, the world famous lipizzaner stallions, Ice Capades occurred there; the Mace Electronics Spectacular was held there for several years. Lou Bizzaro fought Roberto Durán there for the lightweight title in a televised fight.

It was the venue. After closing in 1983, the facility served as an operations plant and warehouse for the Menasha Box Corporation. In 2011 the facility is being used for warehouse space. Part of the building is being used by Mercyhurst College's maintenance dept. Paul Gamsby, University of Michigan hockey hall of fame member, was manager of the Field House for many years. Official website

Sekhukhune District Municipality

Sekhukhune is one of the 5 districts of Limpopo province of South Africa. The seat of Sekhukhune is Groblersdal; the majority of its 1,076,840 inhabitants speak Sepedi. The district code is DC47; this district is named after the natural region of Sekukuniland. Sekhukhuneland is named after the Pedi King Sekhukhune, who succeeded Sekwati in 1860 or 1861, it is the only native region in South Africa named after a famous local king. Sekhukhune is surrounded by: Capricorn to the north Mopani to the east Ehlanzeni to the south-east Nkangala to the south Waterberg to the north-west The district contains the following local municipalities: The following statistics are from the 2001 census. Election results for Sekhukhune in the South African general election, 2004. Population 18 and over: 484 867 Total votes: 318 986 Voting % estimate: 65.79% votes as a % of population 18 and over2016 Local Election results for Sekhukhune District Municipality African National Congress: 169 604 ||68.63% Economic Freedom Fighters:48 228 ||19.51% Democratic Alliance:13 368 ||5.41% Pan African Congress:1 322 ||0.53% Azanian People's Organisation:2 103 ||0.65% Freedom Front Plus:1 097 ||0.44% Municipal Demarcation Board Sekhukhune District Municipality

First Evangelical Lutheran Church of Toronto

First Evangelical Lutheran Church is a congregation of the Eastern Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada, located at 116 Bond Street in Toronto, Canada that serves the communities of Toronto, the Greater Toronto Area. The church offers services in both the German languages; the church was founded in 1851. The history of First Evangelical Lutheran Church of Toronto is, above all else an account of a small number of German-speaking immigrants struggling to create and maintain a spiritual home for themselves and successive generations. Not only did those first immigrants accomplish this goal, but in so doing, earned for First Lutheran the designation of the Lutheran mother church of Toronto. First Lutheran traces its beginnings to 1850 when a small number of German Lutheran families began to meet in their homes for worship; the German population of Toronto was extremely small, no more than a few hundred, equally represented by Protestants and Roman Catholics. The formal organisation of the congregation took place on August 9, 1851 when 12 members signed its first constitution.

Served by itinerant pastors for the first several years of its existence, the congregation met in a number of temporary locations which included the First Congregational Church, the Crookshank Street Public School and the Temperance Hall — all in the heart of what is now downtown Toronto. The first permanent pastor to serve the congregation, the Reverend Gustav Reiche, was appointed in 1855. In that same year, the congregation purchased the property on Bond Street where it began construction of its first church building the following year; this included a parsonage at its western end. The completed structure was consecrated on August 23, 1857. In its first decade, the congregation was plagued by severe financial difficulties. Due to increases in building costs, the first of the European fundraising efforts took place in 1857 when a trustee of the congregation, G. van der Smissen, went to Germany and collected an amount sufficient to cover the most pressing building debts. As the financial situation had not improved by 1860, his daughter, Elizabeth van der Smissen, undertook a trip to Europe to raise funds.

Using testimonials provided by clergy of other denominations in Toronto Anglican, Methodist and Congregationalist, Miss van der Smissen traveled to Germany, Switzerland and Scotland, raised sufficient funds to retire the congregation's debt. A record of these testimonials and of all funds collected remains in the congregation's archives to date; the next few decades in the history of the congregation were characterized by a number of short-term tenancies of pastors slow growth in the size of congregation, perennial difficulties in meeting ongoing financial obligations. Through the late 1920s, the women's group provided funds to cover essential expenses when the financial situation of the congregation became desperate. In 1877, evening services in the English language were introduced for the benefit of the congregation's younger generation and their spouses who did not speak German. In 1889 a fire damaged the structure, but with the insurance compensation, the damage was repaired. Four years the parsonage at the western end of the church was rebuilt into a Sunday school hall.

By 1895, it was apparent that the original church building was deteriorating and no longer adequate for the congregation which had experienced significant growth. An ambitious fundraising effort led by Theodore Heinzmann raised sufficient funds to construct the current more substantial sanctuary, consecrated in 1898. Indications are that the early years of the twentieth-century were successful for First Lutheran, as evidenced by the purchase of a parsonage on Carleton Street in 1902. A rift developed in the congregation shortly thereafter which resulted in a number of members leaving to form St. Paul's English Lutheran Church; this breakaway congregation met for a time at the Broadway Tabernacle at College and Spadina before building its own small church on Glen Morris in 1914. The specific nature of the dissension is not documented in any existing congregational records. Neither First Lutheran nor St. Paul's had the resources to remain viable individual congregations over time and by 1927, the membership of both had declined such that both congregations considered dissolution.

Under the leadership of the Reverend Albert Grunwald, called in 1927, a period of renewal of First Lutheran began. A modestly-successful fundraising campaign began with the intention of selling the Bond Street structure and constructing a new sanctuary elsewhere in Toronto. In 1930, the inevitable merger of First Lutheran and St. Paul's took place; the facility on Glen Morris was sold to a Russian-Greek Orthodox congregation with the proceeds designated for a new church elsewhere. In 1932, the congregation realized it could not sell the Bond Street church and decided to repair and improve the church using the monies accumulated in the building fund; the improvements included outfitting the chancel with the marble altar, altar rail, offering table, chancel paneling, hand-painted mural decoration, statue of Christ and statue canopies. Most of these remain in place to date; the congregation once again experienced renewal with the arrival of large numbers of immigrants after World War II. Not only did German-speaking immigrants find a spiritual home at First Lutheran, but it provided a temporary home for Lutherans from a number of other countries the Finns, the Hungarians, the Latvians and the Lithuanians as they came together to establish their own congregations.

In the 1970s, First

Johannes Mentelin

Johannes Mentelin, sometimes spelled Mentlin, was a pioneering German book printer and bookseller active during the period during which incunabula were printed. In 1466, he published the first printed Bible in the Mentelin Bible. In 1447, Johannes Mentelin gained the rights of a Strasbourg citizen, he was first worked in addition as an episcopal notary. When and where he learned the technique of book printing is not known. Since at the end of the 1450s, when Mentelin founded his Strasbourg printery, there was still no other place where printing was done besides Mainz, it is that he either got his knowledge directly there or through a middleman; such a go-between might have been Heinrich Eggestein. It is suspected that he had been introduced to the trade of book printing during his stay in Mainz from Johannes Gutenberg, he did not set up his own Offizin until the middle of the 1460s. Due to a lack of sources, the final clarification of this question must remain unanswered for now. From the available data, it can however be concluded that Mentelin was the first book printer active in Strasbourg before Eggestein.

The first printing which carries Mentelin's name is Augustine's Tractatus de arte praedicandi from the year 1465. However, it is assumed that Mentelin had begun to print earlier even in 1458, his oldest known printed work is a Latin Bible printed with 49 lines per page, whose first volume is dated 1460. As Gutenberg's Bible was printed with 42 lines per page, Mentelin's had fewer pages and proved handier. Mentelin achieved business success, which made him a prosperous man. In 1466, he was awarded a coat of arms by Emperor Frederick III. After about 20 years as a book printer, Mentelin died on December 1478 in Strasbourg, he was buried in the cemetery of the St.-Michael's-Chapel. His grave was removed and is now inside Strasbourg Cathedral, his two daughters married Martin Schott and Adolf Rusch. The latter called the printer with the bizarre R, took over the Offizin. About 40 printed works are ascribed to Mentelin's Strasbourg Offizin, his printing and publishing list contained predominantly theological and philosophical works in Latin, whose purity of text was ensured by scholarly proofreaders.

Among others, works of Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, John Chrysostom, Isidore of Seville and Albertus Magnus were issued. In 1472 he published Nicolaus de Lyra's commentary of the Bible. Mentelin published texts of classical antiquity; as the only German book printer, Mentelin printed Medieval court literature, such as Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival and the Jüngerer Titurel of Albrecht von Scharfenberg. His first printing of a Bible in vernacular language stands out, the so-called Mentelin Bible of 1466, the first attested edition of the full Bible in the German language, translated from the Vulgate, one of the earliest printed works in German; the Mentelin Bible was the basis for a further thirteen pre-Reformation editions of the Bible which appeared in southern Germany before editions of the Luther Bible, based on Hebrew and Greek, from 1522. Geldner, F, Die deutschen Inkunabeldrucker. Ein Handbuch der deutschen Buchdrucker des XV. Jahrhunderts nach Druckorten, 1. Das deutsche Sprachgebiet, Stuttgart: Hiersemann, ISBN 3-7772-6825-9.

Harthausen, H, "Johannes Mentelin", in Corsten, Lexikon des gesamten Buchwesens, V, Stuttgart: Hiersemann, p. 145, ISBN 3-7772-9904-9. Schorbach, Der Straßburger Frühdrucker Johann Mentelin: Studien zu seinem Leben und Werke, Mainz. Voulliéme, E, Die deutschen Drucker des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts, Berlin: Reichdruckerei. Johannes Mentelin in the Humanist Library of Sélestat Biblia Latina. 1. Johannes Mentelin. 1460. P. 432. Archived from the original on 2018-10-13. Retrieved 2018-10-13. Johannes Mentelin In Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Vol. 21, p. 370. In German Mentelin in the Catholic Encyclopedia Inkunabelkatalog Deutscher Bibliotheken: List of the printed works of Mentelin accessible. In German. Saint Augustine, of Hippo. De arte praedicandi. Strassburg: Johann Mentelin, not after 1466, at The Library of Congress

Åland Museum

The Cultural History Museum of Åland and Åland Islands Art Museum are two museums under the same roof in Mariehamn in the Åland Islands, Finland. The building houses other collections and staff of Ålands Museum, the name of the Cultural History Museum, nowadays a wider roof organization for several museums - see The building is located in the eastern part of about 200 metres from the harbour. Along with Åland Maritime Museum it is the most important museum in the islands; the art museum is referred to in the Swedish language as the "Konstmuseum" and in Swedish, the Cultural History Museum is shortened to "Kulturhistoriska". The Cultural History Museum of Åland traces the history of the islands from prehistoric times up until the present day while the Art Museum houses a permanent collection of local art as well as interesting temporary exhibitions; the museum plays an inspirational place for display of culture of both Sweden. Complete history of the development of the islands, from prehistoric times onwards till date, is exhibited.

Local artists are provided opportunities to display their paintings in exclusive areas of the museum. Ten such exhibitions are held every year on varying themes; the Cultural History Museum of Åland has a permanent collection of artifacts providing details of the history of Åland from prehistoric times to the modern period. Many displays are related to local music, festivals and wildlife. Between September 15 and October 17, 2010, the museum hosted a special exhibition containing artifacts found in a shipwreck; this exhibition of treasures found in summer of 2010 was of a shipwreck that occurred in the Baltic Sea in the 19th century. The treasures of the ship on display included beer bottles; the Aland Museum was awarded the Council of Europe Museum Prize on April 26, 1983 at Chateau des Rohan. The Art Museum has its origins in 1955, when the Åland Art Association proposed it and set up a Landscape Board two years later. A committee for the arts was established and in 1963 they inaugurated the new Åland Art Museum, to be managed by the Åland government.

Åland Art Museum contains a broad range of Åland art, from sculptures and paintings to contemporary video art and has some innovative special art exhibitions. Most of the displays are permanent although it hosts regular temporary displays of local artists. Prominent canvases exhibited are those of famous local artists like Joel Pettersson and Karl Emanuel Jansson.”