History of the Montreal Canadiens
The Montreal Canadiens ice hockey club, formally Le Club de Hockey Canadien, was founded on December 4, 1909. The Canadiens are the oldest professional hockey franchise in the world. Created as a founding member of the National Hockey Association with the aim of appealing to Montreal's francophone population, the Canadiens played their first game on January 5, 1910, captured their first Stanley Cup in 1916; the team left the NHA and helped found the National Hockey League in 1917. They returned to the Stanley Cup finals in 1919, but their series against the Seattle Metropolitans was canceled without a winner due to the Spanish flu pandemic that killed defenceman Joe Hall; the Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup 24 times: once while part of the National Hockey Association, 23 times as members of the NHL. With 25 NHL titles overall, they are the most successful team in league history; the Canadiens' home rink, the Montreal Arena, was destroyed by fire in January 1918. The team moved into the Jubilee Arena, which subsequently burned down in 1919.
After spending seven seasons in the Mount Royal Arena, the Canadiens moved into the Montreal Forum in 1926, sharing it with the rival Montreal Maroons until 1938. After 72 years in the Forum, they moved to the Bell Centre in 1996; the club struggled during the Great Depression, nearly relocating to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1935 and contemplated suspending operations in 1939. Their fortunes rebounded following World War II as they reached the Stanley Cup finals each year from 1951 to 1960, winning six championships, including a record five consecutive titles from 1956 to 1960. Maurice "Rocket" Richard emerged as the team's star in the 1940s, during the 1944–45 season became the first player in NHL history to score 50 goals in a single season. Richard sparked the Richard Riot in March 1955; the incident highlighted growing tensions between French Quebec and English Canada, is regarded as one of the first manifestations of Quebec's Quiet Revolution. In 1959, Jacques Plante revolutionized the game when he became the first goaltender to wear a mask during play.
Under general manager Sam Pollock, the Canadiens won nine championships between 1964 and 1978. The 1976–77 team regarded as the greatest in NHL history, won 60 games while losing only 8, a record for fewest losses in an 80-game season. With the entry of the World Hockey Association's Quebec Nordiques to the NHL in 1979, a rivalry grew between the Canadiens and the Nordiques, peaking in 1984 when the Canadiens eliminated the Nordiques in six games, but not before the Good Friday Massacre made headlines. Led by goaltender Patrick Roy, the Canadiens won their 23rd Stanley Cup in 1986 and their 24th in 1993. Roy won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player both times; the 1993 team set an NHL record with 10 consecutive overtime victories in one playoff year and is the most recent Canadian team to win the Stanley Cup. In 2003, Montreal participated in the first regular season outdoor game in NHL history, defeating the Edmonton Oilers in the Heritage Classic; the Hockey Hall of Fame has inducted over 50 former Canadiens players, as well as ten executives.
The team has retired 15 numbers, representing 17 players, has honoured ten off-ice personnel in its Builder's Row. In November 1909, industrialist Ambrose O'Brien of Renfrew, was in Montreal to purchase supplies for a railway contract. At the request of the Renfrew Creamery Kings hockey team, he attended the Eastern Canada Hockey Association meetings, held at the Windsor Hotel, to represent Renfrew in its application to join the league. At the meeting, the ECHA team owners rejected Renfrew's application; that day the ECHA's owners chose to disband their league and form the Canadian Hockey Association in a bid to exclude the Montreal Wanderers, who had upset the other owners when they moved into a smaller arena that would reduce the visiting team's share of gate receipts. In the lobby of the hotel, O'Brien met Jimmy Gardner, manager of the Wanderers, discussed forming a new league which would include Renfrew, the Wanderers, two teams that O'Brien owned in the Ontario mining towns of Cobalt and Haileybury.
Gardner suggested that O'Brien start a team of francophone players based in Montreal, forming a rivalry with the Wanderers. As a result, the National Hockey Association was founded on December 2, 1909, Les Canadiens were created two days initially financed by O'Brien with the intent of transferring ownership to francophone sportsmen in Montreal as soon as possible. At the time, francophone teams were not considered to be good enough to play with the top anglophone teams: the Montreal Gazette warned potential fans of the new team not to get too excited, as "French-Canadian players of class are not numerous"; the Canadiens stocked their team with francophone stars including Newsy Lalonde, Georges Poulin and Didier Pitre. Before being allowed to play, Pitre had to resolve a lawsuit with the Montreal Nationals, to which he was under contract; the Canadiens played their first game on January 1910, coached by Jack Laviolette. Before a sellout crowd of 3,000, they defeated Cobalt 7–6 in overtime; the victory was erased from the history books shortly after, as the CHA collapsed after only two weeks of play, the NHA chose to restart the season after absorbing the CHA's Ottawa Senators and the Montreal Shamrocks.
The Canadiens' first game of the new season was played January 19, a 9–4 loss to the Renfrew Creamery Kings. They lost three more games before recording their first victory of the new season on February 7, when they defeated the Haileybury Hockey Club by a score of 9–7, they won only two of their 12 games that season, finished last in the eight-team league. G
Montreal Forum was an indoor arena located facing Cabot Square in Montreal, Canada. Called "the most storied building in hockey history" by Sporting News, it was the home of the National Hockey League's Montreal Maroons from 1924 to 1938 and the Montreal Canadiens from 1926 to 1996; the Forum was built by the Canadian Arena Company in 159 days. Located at the northeast corner of Atwater and Ste-Catherine West, the building was significant as it was home to 24 Stanley Cup championships, it was home to the Montreal Roadrunners and Montreal Junior Canadiens. The idea to build the Forum in 1923 is credited to Sir Edward Wentworth Beatty, president of the Canadian Pacific Railway. At the suggestion of Senator Donat Raymond, William Northey developed a plan for a 12,500 seat capacity rink. Plans were scaled back for financial reasons to a rink of 9,300 seats. At the reduced size, the rink could not find financing; the Forum would be financed by H. L. Timmins; the site selected was the site of a roller skating rink named the Forum, the name was kept.
The site had been the site of an outdoor ice hockey rink, used by Frank and Lester Patrick, Art Ross and Russell Bowie as youths. The Forum opened on November 29, 1924, at a total cost of C$1.5 million with an original seating capacity of 9,300. It underwent two renovations, in 1949 and 1968; when the Forum closed in 1996 it had a capacity of 17,959, which included 1,600 in standing room. By the time of the 1968 renovations, a centre hanging digital scoreclock was installed, designed by the Day Sign Company of Toronto and similar to those installed at the Boston Garden and Chicago Stadium during the 1970s. A new centre hanging scoreclock, designed by Daktronics, was installed in the mid-1980s and contained on each side a color matrix board. Along with one other Original Six indoor ice hockey arena, the Boston Garden, the Montreal Forum used a high-pitched siren to signal the end of an NHL game's period — the siren would be re-installed in the Forum's successor facility, the Bell Centre, much as the TD Garden in Boston inherited the lower-pitched Garden's siren.
A Rainforest Cafe was never built. While hosting the Canadiens and Maroons on Thursdays and Saturdays, the Forum hosted the Quebec Senior Hockey League, featuring the Montreal Victorias, Montreal Royals and the Montreal Canadiens amateur team on Wednesdays and Sundays; the Quebec Junior Hockey League played on Monday nights, the Bank League on Tuesdays and the Railways and Telephone League played on Friday nights. The Montreal Forum hosted Memorial Cup games in 1950, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973 & 1976, with the Junior Canadiens winning on home ice in 1970. In 1972, the Forum hosted game one of the famous "Summit Series" between Team Canada and the USSR, the USSR won the game 7-3; the 1980 NHL Entry Draft was hosted at the Forum. It would mark the first time; the Forum hosted the Stanley Cup Finals in 1930, 1931, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1989, 1993. Only two visiting teams have won the Stanley Cup on Forum ice: the New York Rangers did so in 1928, defeating the Maroons, while the Calgary Flames defeated the Canadiens in 1989.
On March 11, 1996, the Montreal Canadiens played their last game at the Montreal Forum, defeating the Dallas Stars 4-1. The game was televised on TSN and TQS in Canada, on ESPN2 in the United States; the Stars' Guy Carbonneau, who had captained the Canadiens from 1989 to 1994, took the ceremonial opening faceoff. After the game, many previous hockey greats were presented to the crowd, most notably Maurice Richard, who received a sixteen-minute standing ovation from the crowd as he broke down in tears. A symbolic torch—representative of a line quoted from the poem In Flanders Fields, "To you from failing hands we throw the torch; the flaming torch was passed on to each of the former Canadiens captains, to the then-current captain Pierre Turgeon. The next day, a parade was organized in which the torch was carried down the route to the Molson Centre, their first game at the new venue was against a game which the Canadiens won. The Forum hosted other sports, including indoor soccer, boxing and tennis.
The Forum was a site of five events in the 1976 Summer Olympics: gymnastics, basketball and boxing. The gymnastics event included Nadia Comaneci's famous perfect 10, the first in Olympic history; the Forum was the site of many major professional wrestling matches, as shown in the 1961 National Film Board of Canada documentary Wrestling. On March 11, 1937, the Forum hosted its only funeral, for Canadiens great Howie Morenz. Morenz died from complications due to a broken leg, sustained in a game between the Canadiens and the Chicago Blackhawks on January 28. On September 8, 1964, The Beatles performed at the Forum. Four tracks including a live version of "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall" for The Bootleg Series Vol. 5: Bob Dylan Live 1975, The Rolling Thunder Revue were recorded
The Montreal Arena known as Westmount Arena, was an indoor arena located in Westmount, Canada on the corner of St. Catherine Street and Wood Avenue, it was one of the first arenas designed expressly for hockey, opening in 1898. It was the primary site of amateur and professional ice hockey in Montreal until 1918. Opened on December 31, 1898, it held 4300 seated, it held smoking rooms, with rugs available for rental to sit on. It is the third arena designed expressly for ice hockey, after the St. Nicholas Rink in New York City, the Dey's Skating Rink in Ottawa, which both opened in 1896; the ice rink ends were not rounded-off. The ends were somewhat semi-circular the first design of its kind. A puck could be shot along the outside rim, slide along the corners, pass behind the goal and come out the other side; this type of shot is common in hockey today, is called "rimmed around." The rounded-corners design spread to other arenas. In 1902, after Ottawa's Dey Rink was demolished due to a storm, it was rebuilt with rounded ends to match the Montreal Arena.
The fence along the ice surface was increased in height to 4 feet, an increase from the Victoria Skating Rink's one foot high boards. The first artificial ice-making plant in Montreal was installed in the Arena in 1915; the owners of the Montreal Arena, the Canadian Arena Company built the Arena Gardens in Toronto, operated the Toronto NHL franchise in 1917-18. Principals of the Arena Company, such as William Northey, would be involved in the building of the Montreal Forum and the founding of the Montreal Maroons. A fire started in the ice-making plant causing the arena to burn down on January 2, 1918, it began mid-day, when the only people in the building were the superintendent James McKeene and his family, eating in their apartment on the north side of the structure. Damage was estimated at $150,000, including the uniforms and sticks of the Wanderers and Canadiens, with only 1/3 covered by insurance; the blaze led the Montreal Wanderers on shaky grounds, to disband within days and the Canadiens to move back to Jubilee Arena.
In 1924, the new Montreal Forum was built one block to the east. The Arena site is today the site of 4055 rue Ste. Catherine next to the Plaza Alexis-Nihon retail complex. A new Westmount Arena was built in 1957 to serve the residents of Quebec, it holds a collection of replica Stanley Cup banners to honour the early ice hockey teams which won the Stanley Cup. Stanley Cup banners were not hung in the early days of ice hockey; the banners were removed after it got rebuilt into the Westmount Recreation Centre in 2013. It still serves as a hockey arena with 2 NHL sized rinks underground. At first, it hosted the Montreal senior men's amateur hockey teams of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, including the Montreal and Victoria hockey clubs; the Wanderers would start play there in 1904. It served as the home rink for the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey Association and National Hockey League from 1911 until 1918. In 1907, it was the site of one of hockey's first player brawls. On January 12, 1907, the game between the heated rivals Ottawa Hockey Club and the Montreal Wanderers degenerated into a free for all.
Ottawa players Charles Spittal, Alf Smith and Harry Smith each knocked out a Montreal player cold and received game misconducts. Cecil Blachford, Ernest Johnson and Hod Stuart all required hospital treatment. Despite the injuries, the Wanderers won the game 4–2; the ECAHA convened a week to consider discipline for the Ottawa players and when no agreement was found, league president McRobie resigned. When Ottawa returned for a January 26 against the Montreal Victorias and the Smiths were arrested for assault, each paying $20 fines; the newly formed NHL played its first game in the Arena on December 19, 1917, with the Wanderers earning a 10-9 win over the newly established Toronto Arenas. A French language newspaper ad re-discovered in 2017 established that the Montreal game started at 8:15 pm, ahead of another game that same night in Ottawa scheduled to begin at 8:30 pm. Wanderers defenceman Dave Ritchie scored the league's first goal early in the game; the building was used for exhibition space.
Horse shows, car shows, motor-boat displays and bazaars were held. New York's Metropolitan Opera performed at the arena, as well as singers such as Melba, Caruso and Albani. William Northey Kitchen, Paul. Win, Tie or Wrangle. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press. ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5. Vigneault, Michel. "Hockey Research Journal". 3. Notes
National Hockey League
The National Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league in North America comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada. The NHL is considered to be the premier professional ice hockey league in the world, one of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada; the Stanley Cup, the oldest professional sports trophy in North America, is awarded annually to the league playoff champion at the end of each season. The National Hockey League was organized on November 26, 1917, at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal after the suspension of operations of its predecessor organization, the National Hockey Association, founded in 1909 in Renfrew, Ontario; the NHL took the NHA's place as one of the leagues that contested for the Stanley Cup in an annual interleague competition before a series of league mergers and folds left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Stanley Cup in 1926. At its inception, the NHL had four teams—all in Canada, thus the adjective "National" in the league's name.
The league expanded to the United States in 1924, when the Boston Bruins joined, has since consisted of American and Canadian teams. From 1942 to 1967, the league had only six teams, collectively nicknamed the "Original Six"; the NHL added six new teams to double its size at the 1967 NHL expansion. The league increased to 18 teams by 1974 and 21 teams in 1979. Between 1991 and 2000, the NHL further expanded to 30 teams, it added its 31st team in 2017 and has approved the addition of a 32nd team in 2021. The league's headquarters have been in New York City since 1989 when the head office moved there from Montreal. After a labour-management dispute that led to the cancellation of the entire 2004–05 season, the league resumed play in 2005–06 under a new collective agreement that included a salary cap. In 2009, the NHL enjoyed record highs in terms of sponsorships and television audiences; the International Ice Hockey Federation considers the Stanley Cup to be one of the "most important championships available to the sport".
The NHL draws many skilled players from all over the world and has players from 20 countries. Canadians have constituted the majority of the players in the league, with an increasing percentage of American and European players in recent seasons; the current NHL Champions are the Washington Capitals, who defeated the Vegas Golden Knights four games to one in the 2018 Stanley Cup Finals. The National Hockey League was established in 1917 as the successor to the National Hockey Association. Founded in 1909, the NHA began play one year with seven teams in Ontario and Quebec, was one of the first major leagues in professional ice hockey, but by the NHA's eighth season, a series of disputes with Toronto Blueshirts owner Eddie Livingstone led team owners of the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs to hold a meeting to discuss the league's future. Realizing the NHA constitution left them unable to force Livingstone out, the four teams voted instead to suspend the NHA, on November 26, 1917, formed the National Hockey League.
Frank Calder was chosen as its first president, serving until his death in 1943. The Bulldogs were unable to play, the remaining owners created a new team in Toronto, the Arenas, to compete with the Canadiens and Senators; the first games were played on December 19, 1917. The Montreal Arena burned down in January 1918, causing the Wanderers to cease operations, the NHL continued on as a three-team league until the Bulldogs returned in 1919; the NHL replaced the NHA as one of the leagues that competed for the Stanley Cup, an interleague competition back then. Toronto won the first NHL title, defeated the Vancouver Millionaires of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association for the 1918 Stanley Cup; the Canadiens won the league title in 1919. Montreal in 1924 won their first Stanley Cup as a member of the NHL; the Hamilton Tigers, won the regular season title in 1924–25 but refused to play in the championship series unless they were given a C$200 bonus. The league refused and declared the Canadiens the league champion after they defeated the Toronto St. Patricks in the semi-final.
Montreal was defeated by the Victoria Cougars of the Western Canada Hockey League for the 1925 Stanley Cup. It was the last time a non-NHL team won the trophy, as the Stanley Cup became the de facto NHL championship in 1926 after the WCHL ceased operation; the National Hockey League embarked on rapid expansion in the 1920s, adding the Montreal Maroons and Boston Bruins in 1924. The Bruins were the first American team in the league; the New York Americans began play in 1925 after purchasing the assets of the Hamilton Tigers, were joined by the Pittsburgh Pirates. The New York Rangers were added in 1926; the Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Cougars were added after the league purchased the assets of the defunct WCHL. A group purchased the Toronto St. Patricks in 1927 and renamed them the Maple Leafs; the first NHL All-Star Game was held in 1934 to benefit Ace Bailey, whose career ended on a vicious hit by Eddie Shore. The second was held in 1937 in support of Howie Morenz's family when he died of a coronary embolism after breaking his leg during a game.
The Great Depression and the onset of World War II took a toll on the league. The Pirates became the Philadelphia Quakers in 1930 folded one year later; the Senators became the St. Louis Eagles in 1934 lasting only one
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
Marc Bergevin is a Canadian professional ice hockey executive and former player. He is the general manager of the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League. Bergevin played as a defenceman in the NHL; as a youth, Bergevin played in the 1978 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament with a minor ice hockey team from Ville-Émard, which included Mario Lemieux and J. J. Daigneault. Bergevin was drafted by the NHL's Chicago Blackhawks in the 1983 NHL Entry Draft, third round, 59th overall. After a junior career with the Chicoutimi Saguenéens of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, he made the Black Hawks in 1984 and played with Chicago for the next five seasons before being traded to the New York Islanders, his career with the Islanders was brief, he spent much of that time with their American Hockey League affiliate Springfield Indians, whom he helped lead to consecutive Calder Cup championships in 1990 and 1991. In the 1991 season he was traded to the Hartford Whalers and became a fan favorite for his skilled checking.
The 1991–92 was his best season statistically, scoring 7 goals and 17 assists for 24 points. Bergevin went on to sign with the expansion Tampa Bay Lightning the next season, becoming a leader for the fledgling franchise and continuing to play skillfully enough to be named to the gold medal-winning Canadian national team for the 1994 World Championships. After three years with the Lightning, he played for the Detroit Red Wings, St. Louis Blues, Pittsburgh Penguins and the Vancouver Canucks, was known for his practical jokes in the locker room. Bergevin served as an alternate captain during part of his time with the Blues. Bergevin retired after the 2003–04 NHL season, despite two stints in the minors and serious injuries in his final years, was in the top 100 in NHL history at the time of his retirement in games played in the NHL with 1,191, he finished his career with 145 assists for 181 points and 1,090 penalty minutes. After his retirement, Bergevin was named a professional scout with the Blackhawks' organization.
In 2008, he served as an assistant coach for the Blackhawks after three seasons with their scouting staff. In July, 2009, he was appointed the team's director of player personnel. While in this position, the Blackhawks won the Stanley Cup in 2010. On June 15, 2011, Bergevin was promoted to assistant general manager of the Chicago Blackhawks, he replaced Kevin Cheveldayoff, who had left the Blackhawks organization to accept the general manager position with the new Winnipeg Jets team. On May 2, 2012, Bergevin was named general manager and executive vice president of the Montreal Canadiens, his first additions to the Canadiens included Rick Dudley as assistant general manager, Scott Mellanby as director of player personnel, Martin Lapointe as director of player development and Michel Therrien as head coach. Other additions included the hiring of Kirk Muller as an associate coach in 2016, as well as Gerard Gallant, J. J. Daigneault and Clément Jodoin as assistant coaches. Bergevin appointed former Canadiens defenseman Patrice Brisebois as player development coach on June 13, 2012.
He finished second in voting for the General Manager of the Year award for the 2013–14 season. List of NHL players with 1000 games played Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
Claude Julien (ice hockey)
Claude Julien is a Canadian professional ice hockey coach and former player. He is the head coach of the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League. Prior to his firing by the Boston Bruins in 2017, he was the longest tenured head coach in the NHL, he had served as head coach of the New Jersey Devils in the NHL, as well as in the American Hockey League with the Hamilton Bulldogs. In 2011 he coached the Bruins to the Stanley Cup Finals, against the Vancouver Canucks, winning in 7 games, guiding Boston to their 6th franchise Stanley Cup title. In 2013, he brought Boston to another Stanley Cup Finals, however they would go on to lose the series to the Chicago Blackhawks in 6 games. Julien was an assistant coach for Canadian national team at the 2014 Winter Olympics, where he led the team to a gold medal victory; as a youth, Julien played in the 1972 and 1973 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournaments with a minor ice hockey team from Gloucester, Ontario. Julien was an NHL defenceman for the Quebec Nordiques in the 1986 seasons.
Prior to playing in the NHL, Julien spent six years in the Ontario Hockey League with the Oshawa Generals and Windsor Spitfires. Additionally, he has played in the Central Hockey League for the Salt Lake Golden Eagles. Julien began his professional coaching career in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League for the Hull Olympiques, with whom he won the Memorial Cup in 1997. From 2000 to 2003, he served as head coach for the AHL's Hamilton Bulldogs, the top minor league affiliate of the NHL's Montreal Canadiens. In 2000, Julien won a bronze medal as the head coach of Canadian junior team, he served as an assistant coach to Marc Habscheid at the 2006 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships. On January 17, 2003, Julien became head coach of the Montreal Canadiens. In 2003–04, his first full season as an NHL head coach, he led Montreal to a 93-point performance and the second round of the 2004 Stanley Cup playoffs, he was fired and replaced by General Manager Bob Gainey on January 14, 2006. Julien accumulated a record of 72–62–10–15 during his three seasons with the Canadiens.
Julien was announced as the head coach of the New Jersey Devils on June 13, 2006, becoming the 15th head coach in Devils history. On October 6, 2006, he won his first game as Devils head coach with a 4–0 win against the defending Stanley Cup champions, the Carolina Hurricanes. On November 4, Julien won in his first return to Montreal as the Devils defeated the Canadiens, 2–1. On April 2, 2007, Devils general manager Lou Lamoriello abruptly fired Julien with three games to go in the season; this was despite the Devils having a 47–24–8 record, which at the time was leading the Atlantic Division and tied for the second-best record in the Eastern Conference. They were on their way to setting a franchise record for wins in a season. Lamoriello said that despite the team's stellar record, he did not feel Julien had it ready for the 2007 playoffs. Lamoriello named himself interim head coach for the rest of the season, the second straight season in which Lamoriello left the front office to coach the Devils at the end of the season.
Despite the change, the Devils went on to lose in the Eastern Conference Semifinal to the Ottawa Senators. On June 22, 2007, it was confirmed by various sports websites that Julien had been named as the 28th head coach of the Boston Bruins. In his first season as Boston coach, he led the team back to the playoffs, his team struggled with consistency over the course of the season, but this was in large part due to the many injuries that plagued the Bruins throughout the 2007–08 season. Most notably, forward Patrice Bergeron and goaltender Manny Fernandez missed the entire season; the Bruins were defeated in the Eastern Conference Quarterfinals by his former team, who were coached by Guy Carbonneau, Julien's permanent replacement as head coach, in seven games. On February 17, 2009, Julien coached his 200th win as an NHL head coach, a 5–1 Bruins road game victory over the Carolina Hurricanes. On June 18, 2009, at the end of the 2008–09 season, he was awarded the Jack Adams Award as coach of the year.
In the 2010 playoffs, the Bruins became only the fourth NHL team to lose a best-of-seven series after being up three games to none when they were eliminated by the Philadelphia Flyers. Boston held a 3–0 lead in game seven, but the Flyers tied and won the game, 4–3. Injuries to star Bruins forwards David Krejčí, Marco Sturm and Marc Savard, as well as defenceman Dennis Seidenberg and an undisclosed injury to former Vezina-winning goaltender Tim Thomas, were factors in the defeat; the 2010–11 season saw Julien coach the Bruins to the third-seed in the playoffs and a first round matchup against the rival Montreal Canadiens. After dropping the first two games at home, Julien made some lineup adjustments, helped his team come back to win the series in seven games. In the Eastern Conference Semifinals, the Bruins got a chance to redeem themselves from the previous year in a much anticipated series against the Philadelphia Flyers. After winning Game 1, 7–3, they went on to sweep the Flyers out of the playoffs in four games.
In the Conference Finals, the Bruins faced off against the Tampa Bay Lightning for their first chance at a Stanley Cup since 1990. The Bruins came out victorious in their second seven-game series of the playoffs, including wins of 6–5, 2–1 and a penalty-less 1–0 win in Game