Montreal District

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Montreal District was colonial district with its capital in Montreal. A descendant of the district exists today as the judicial district of Montreal. Western parts are now in Ontario and northeast as Labrador.


The district was created as a district of Canada, New France.

When the British conquered Canada in 1760, the district of Montreal remained the same as that under the former French regime (see Pays d'en Haut).[1] Under British administration, it was one of three division of the former Province of Quebec from 1763 to 1791. Reapportioned in 1763, it included much of modern-day Quebec, Labrador and most of southern Ontario. The meetings of the District were called the Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace.

In 1788 western sections Montreal District became:

These four were then organized as the Province of Upper Canada in 1791 and all dissolved in 1849 when they were replaced with counties.

In 1791 Montreal District was dissolved into 27 new districts in the new province of Lower Canada. Labrador was part of British Quebec after 1774 and part of Lower Canada until 1809 to become part of the Newfoundland Colony.

Other District[edit]

British Quebec[edit]

Besides Montreal, the British Province of Quebec had two other districts:

  • Quebec District - reapportioned in 1763 and covered areas outside of Montreal,[2] the district previously existed under the French regime into British rule.[1]
  • Trois-Rivières District - recreated in 1790 from Quebec District,[2] a prior district under the French regime existed into British rule.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Gerald E. Hart (1888). The Fall of New France, 1755-1760. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 150. 
  2. ^ a b Donald Fyson (2012-09-20). "The Court Structure of Quebec and Lower Canada, 1764 to 1860".