Elgin Street (Ottawa)
Elgin Street is a street in the Downtown core of Ottawa, Canada. Named Biddy's Lane, it was named after Lord Elgin; the north/south running street begins at Wellington Street in Confederation Square, just east of the Parliament buildings and just west of the bridge over the Rideau Canal. In the centre of Elgin Street for the first two blocks is Confederation Square, home of Canada's National War Memorial. To the south of this on the east of Elgin is the National Arts Centre. Continuing south, Elgin is fronted by Confederation Park to the east and the Lord Elgin Hotel to the west. South of the park, just past Laurier Avenue, is the Ottawa Court House, across from the First Baptist Church and Grant house, followed by City Hall and Knox Presbyterian Church. South of this, the street becomes a business area, home to a number of stores and bars. Progressing south, the street becomes more residential, home to low rise apartment buildings. Elgin ends at the Queensway, where it turns into Hawthorne Avenue before turning east and going over the Rideau Canal at the Pretoria Bridge.
At the southern end of Elgin is the headquarters of the Ottawa Police Service. The street is now nicknamed "Sens Mile", similar to the Red Mile in Calgary and the Blue Mile in Edmonton - a street for Ottawa Senators celebrations in the 2007 Stanley Cup Playoffs; the plan originated as a grassroots campaign upon realization that the home of the Ottawa Senators, Canadian Tire Centre is located 30 minutes west of the city's downtown core in the suburb of Kanata. In June 2010 a life size bronze statue of the Canadian jazz pianist Oscar Peterson was unveiled at the corner of Elgin and Albert Streets by Queen Elizabeth II during her royal tour of Canada; as of November 2011, the former National Art Gallery at 90 Elgin is being torn down to be replaced with a new 17 storey office building that will house the Federal Finance Department. Furthermore, behind Grant House and First Baptist Church at 150 Elgin, there was a 23-floor office building called "Performance Court" under construction. Google Maps: Elgin Street Elgin Street Community Portal
The Cummings Bridge in Ottawa, Canada, crosses the Rideau River, connecting Rideau Street to Montreal Road in Vanier. It is a multi-span open spandrel arch bridge, constructed in 1921 and renovated in 1996; the area east of the Cummings Bridge named Vanier was first linked to the Sandy Hill area of Ottawa with a wooden bridge erected in 1835, which went over Cummings Island in the Rideau River. The Cummings family settled the island, had a store there, the island and bridge there became associated with the Cummings name. In 1891, the old wooden bridge was replaced by a new steel bridge, which the city wanted to name Bingham's Bridge, after Ottawa mayor Samuel Bingham, but this name never caught on; the current bridge was constructed in 1921, some 12 metres downstream from the steel bridge, bypassing Cummings Island. Charles Cummings had a son, Robert Cummings who became Reeve of Gloucester Township and Warden of Carleton County, Ontario. Bibliography
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in low unemployment.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archaeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River". Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a back country surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings. Ottawa was th
Cumberland is an unincorporated village on the Ottawa River in Cumberland Ward, in the city of Ottawa. It was part of the historic Township of Cumberland, was part of Russell County, joining the Region of Ottawa-Carleton in the 1960s. In 1999, the township became the short lived City of Cumberland which amalgamated into the City of Ottawa in 2001. While the community of Cumberland was located in the City of Cumberland, it only made up a small percentage of the population of the city. Cumberland is bounded by Regional Road 174 and the Ottawa River to the north, Colonial Road to the southeast, Innes Road to the southwest, Trim Road to the west. There are 6.1 total number of recreational sites per 1000 people. Cumberland was founded in 1802 when United Empire Loyalists and Elizabeth Dunning, their son and daughter-in-law and Debora, their children settled along the river at Cumberland. Grand-daughter Matilda married Amable Foubert, son of Gabriel Foubert who operated and independent fur trading post where the Lievre River flows into the Ottawa.
The early settlement was known first as Foubertville as Osborne. In 1864, Postmaster George Gibb Dunning, a grandson of Abijah, changed the name to Cumberland. Due to the commerce from two wharves, several gristmills, woolen mills, match factories and seven stores, the village of Cumberland flourished until the late 1890s. In 1907 the Canadian Northern Railroad established an Ottawa-Hawkesbury line that stopped at Cumberland's train station until 1936
National Research Council (Canada)
The National Research Council is the primary national research and technology organization of the Government of Canada, in science and technology research and development. The Minister of Innovation and Economic Development is responsible for the National Research Council; the transformation of the NRC into an RTO that focuses on "business-led research" was part of the federal government's Economic Action Plan. On 7 May 2013, the NRC launched its new "business approach" in which it offered four business lines: strategic research and development, technical services, management of science and technology infrastructure and NRC-Industrial Research Assistance Program. With these services, NRC intended to shorten the gap between early stage research and development and commercialization. At one point, NRC had over 30 approved programs; the tenure of John McDougall as President of the NRC was marked by a number of controversies. His presidency was characterised by a dramatic drop in publications and patents, by significant cuts in scientific staff, by a 23-month period during which NRC management was aware that the organization was contaminating the water table in a small Ontario community but did not inform that community's inhabitants.
John McDougall's departure – signalled by a sudden, three-line email to employees in March 2016 announced that he was going on personal leave. During this time Maria Aubrey, Vice President of NRC, filled the role as Acting President. Effective August 24, 2016, Iain Stewart became the new President of the NRC; the details regarding McDougall's personal leave were not publicly disclosed. NRC is a Government of Canada organization, its mandate is set out in the National Research Council Act. Under the Act, NRC is responsible for: Undertaking, assisting or promoting scientific and industrial research in fields of importance to Canada. In 2011, President John McDougall, began to oversee a change in research focus away from basic research and towards industry-relevant research; this included the development of multiple programs which shifted the research budget out of existing projects and into a number of focused programs. Approved programs are: Advanced photonic components for communications technology Aeronautics for the 21st century Aeronautical product development technologies Air defence systems Algal carbon conversion flagship Arctic Program Bioenergy systems for viable stationary applications Biologics program Building regulations for market access Canadian wheat improvement flagship Civilian unmanned aircraft systems Critical concrete infrastructure Energy storage for grid security and modernization Gallium nitride electronics Health Technologies High efficiency mining High performance buildings Industrial biomaterials Learning and performance support systems Light weighting of ground transportation vehicles Marine Vehicles Mid-rise wood buildings Marine infrastructure and Water Resources Measurement science for emerging technologies Metrology for industry and society Mining materials wear and corrosion Multimedia analytic tools for security National Institute for Nanotechnology Natural health products program Printable electronics flagship Quantum photonic sensing and security Reducing aviation icing risk Scientific support for the national measurement system Security materials technology Therapeutics beyond brain barriers program Vaccines program Working and travelling on aircraft The goal of the Algal Carbon Conversion Pilot Program was to develop of an algae system to recycle carbon emissions from the oil sands.
It contained plans for a $19 million facility to be constructed in Alberta, in partnership between the NRC ] and Pond Biofuels. In 2008 researchers from five I-CAN organizations were developing a Carbon Algae Recycling System to "feed waste heat and flue gas containing CO2 from industrial exhaust stacks to micro-algae growing in artificial ponds"; the "Algal Carbon Conversion", is related to prior interests of Mr. McDougall, as he headed Innoventures, a company involved in lobbying for the development of an algae system to recycle carbon emissions; the Algal Carbon Conversion Pilot Project, with plans for a $19 million facility to be constructed in Alberta, is a partnership between the NRC and industry partners, Canadian Natural Resources Limited and Pond Biofuels. The NRC was not involved in this area of research prior to the arrival of Mr. McDougall; the Canadian Wheat Improvement Program is a "strategic collaboration with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the University of Saskatchewan’s Crop Development Centre and the province of Saskatchewan".
With a budget of $97 million, the Canadian Wheat Alliance will be conducting research on improving the yield of Canadian wheat crops and on the most efficient use of chemical fertilizers. Working with breeders and scientists at the Crop Development Centre and at AAFC, they will be integrating long term research with genetic improvement of wheat; the GaN Electronics program supports partner research and development activities with a goal of ensuring that GaN technology will cre
Airport Parkway (Ottawa)
Airport Parkway is an expressway in Ottawa, Canada. It runs from the Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport to an interchange with Heron Road where it turns into Bronson Avenue. Airport Parkway is a two-lane expressway for most of its length, is home to one of Ontario's only two single-point urban interchanges at its Hunt Club Road exit; the speed limit is 80 km/h for its entire length. Until 1997, Airport Parkway was maintained by the federal government of Canada under the jurisdiction of the National Capital Commission; the road has had 300 collisions and three fatalities since 2000, making it the focus of future improvements. There has been some discussing in twinning it to a four-lane expressway or freeway, although those discussions have stalled due to local controversy; the following is a list of exits along Airport Parkway. Some exits on Bronson Avenue are included. List of Ontario expressways
Carling Avenue is a major east–west arterial road in the west end of Ottawa, Canada. It runs from March Road in Kanata to Bronson Avenue in the Glebe; the road is named for John Carling, founder of Carling Brewery and Conservative MP and Senator, Postmaster General and Minister of Agriculture. It begins at the fringes of the Glebe neighbourhood and runs in a straight direction west until the Ottawa River where it bends north to go around Crystal Bay and Britannia Bay and ends north of Kanata, it used to begin at O'Connor Street, one block east of Bank Street, but the part east of Bronson was renamed Glebe Avenue in the 1970s. It is a four to six-lane principal arterial road for most of its urban length, with a speed limit of 60 km/h; the portion through the Greenbelt and into Kanata is a two-lane rural highway, with a speed limit of 80 km/h. In December 2005 one lane in each direction between Booth Street and Cambridge South just before Bronson was converted to a bus-only lane; this short bus-only section speeds up bus traffic through the Carling/Bronson intersection during rush-hour.
Located along Carling Avenue are Andrew Haydon Park, the Lincoln Fields Shopping Centre, Carlingwood Mall, Fairlawn Plaza, Westgate Mall, the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre, the Ottawa Civic Hospital and the Old Dominion Observatory, as well as the Carling Campus, the Communications Research Centre, Smithvale Stables and Mitel. It runs along the northern boundaries of the Central Experimental Farm and Commissioners Park. Carling is now known as Ottawa Road #38 but used to be Highway 17B east of Richmond Road until the Ontario government downloaded the highway to the local government; until the 1970s, the western part of Carling was part of Highway 17. In every year from 2004 to 2007, Carling Avenue has been named one of Ontario's worst 20 roads in a CAA survey, citing frequent bumps and potholes. Construction is underway through certain portions of it. Key OC Transpo bus routes on Carling Avenue include: route 14 between Holland Avenue and Parkdale Avenue, route 16 between Croydon Avenue and Carlingwood Mall, route 50 between Clyde Avenue and Churchill Avenue N, route 80 between Holland Avenue and Merivale Road, serving the Royal Ottawa Hospital, as well as Westgate Shopping Centre.
Route 81 between Kirkwood Avenue and Merivale Road, route 85 between Bayshore Drive and Preston Street, serving Lincoln Fields Station and Carling Station, route 97 between Richmond Road and Lincoln Fields Station, route 101 between Highway 417 and Bronson Avenue, serving Carling Station, route 152 between Bayshore Drive and Corkstown Road, between Crystal Beach Drive and Carling Place/Grandview Drive,These are supplemented by peak hour routes: route 56 between Holland Avenue and Bronson Avenue, serving Carling O-Train Station, route 66 between Herzberg Road and Carling Place/Grandview Road, serving Shirley's Bay Complex, between Corkstown Road and Holly Acres Road. There is a Carling Station, presently servicing the O-Train Trillium Line, that connects with the aforementioned routes; the addresses change erratically on Carling. Major intersections: March Road Moodie Drive Holly Acres Road, an approach to Highway 417 Bayshore Drive Pinecrest Road Richmond Road Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway Woodroffe Avenue Maitland Avenue Queensway/Kirkwood Avenue Merivale Road Fisher Avenue/Holland Avenue/Island Park Drive/NCC Scenic Driveway Parkdale Avenue Preston Street Booth Street Bronson Avenue Crystal Beach Bayshore Michelle Heights Britannia Pinewood Lincoln Heights Carlingwood Whitehaven Carlington Hampton Park Civic Hospital Glebe Queensway Terrace North Google Maps: Carling Avenue