Morzine is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-eastern France. A traditional market town in the heart of the Portes du Soleil, Morzine is dominated by chalets spread across a river gorge, bordered by wooded slopes allowing skiing in poor weather conditions. Situated at an altitude of 1000 m, it is one of the most northerly of the French Alpine resorts, weatherwise benefits from the Mont Blanc microclimate; the locality enjoys panoramic mountain views and modern ski facilities, as well as hotels and restaurants in the town itself. The ski resort of Avoriaz is located on the territory of the commune. In 1181, Morzine was a grange of a Cistercian monastery 7 km away. In the Middle Ages, granges were agricultural centres from which the monks exploited their landscape and co-ordinated farming and industrial work; the grange was fundamental to the Cistercians' successful expansion and management of their mountain land. The granges supplied the monastery's food, clothing and building materials.
The granges were reared livestock. From the 18th to the early 20th century, the exploitation of slate quarries was an important economic activity of Morzine, before winter tourism took over around in 1930. In 2015 only a few quarries were still being exploited. Morzine hosts summer activities such as mountain biking, golfing and caving; the resort boasts an Olympic sized swimming pool. Local trails are single track and with varying levels of difficulty available from steep and technical to fast open downhill tracks. There is a small amount of Northshore available in the Chatel Bike Park area. Morzine is within easy reach of other resorts including Avoriaz, Morgins, Châtel and Les Gets; the resorts of Pila and Les Arcs lie within easy reach by car thus giving access to several places to ride. A single lift pass can be purchased to cover the whole of the Portes du Soleil area and costs much less than during the winter months. Morzine has hosted Tour de France stage finishes on several occasions, thanks in part to the proximity of the notoriously steep Col de Joux-Plane climb.
Morzine was the finale of the first mountain stage in the 2003 Tour de France. Stage seven's yellow jersey and polka dot jersey were awarded to Richard Virenque of France's Quick Step-Davitamon team. Stage 17 of the 2006 Tour de France ended in Morzine, the town was the starting point for Stage 18. In the 2010 Tour de France Morzine was the finishing location for stage 8. Morzine again featured in the 2016 Tour de France as the finish for stage 20 - Megeve to Morzine. Morzine is home to the annual French Mountain Villages Football Tournament where the best junior teams compete for a much coveted trophy each June; the intermediate terrain makes the area well suited to beginners and less-seasoned skiers and snowboarders, which has led to the resort being popular with families. However more challenging slopes can be found at nearby Avoriaz. Morzine is linked to its neighbours Avoriaz and Les Gets in that they function as linked skiing centres during the winter season; the two resorts are included in the Portes du Soleil ski area, which includes both French and Swiss villages.
The closest airport to Morzine is Switzerland. Although there is no rail service directly to Morzine the two closest stations are at Thonon-les-Bains and Cluses, from these stations local buses are available to the town. Communes of the Haute-Savoie department
Annecy is the largest city of Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It lies on the northern tip of Lake Annecy, 35 kilometers south of Geneva. Nicknamed the "Pearl of French Alps" in Raoul Blanchard's monograph describing its location between lake and mountains, the city controls the northern entrance to the lake gorge. Due to a lack of available building land between the lake and the protected Semnoz mountain, its population remained stagnant, around 50,000 inhabitants, since 1950. However, the 2017 merger with several ex-communes extended the city population to 124,401 inhabitants, 203,078 for its urban area, 6th regional position below Annemasse, which counts 292,000 inhabitants in the northern department. Switching from counts of Geneva's dwelling in the 13th century, to counts of Savoy's in the 14th century, the city became Savoy's capital in 1434 during the Genevois-Nemours prerogative until 1659, its role increased in 1536, during the Calvinist Reformation in Geneva, while the bishop took refuge in Annecy.
Saint Francis de Sales gave Annecy its advanced Catholic citadel role known as Counter-Reformation. The annexation of Savoy merged the city to France in 1860. Sometimes called "Venice of the Alps", this idyllic and touristic representation comes from the three canals and the Thiou river lying through the old city and whose initial role was to protect the city and to empower its handicrafts; the city experienced an industrial development in the 19th century with silk manufacturing. Some of its industrial legacy remains today with the headquarters of NTN-SNR bearings, Salomon and Dassault Aviation. Since the end of the 19th century, Annecy developed tourism around its lake summer facilities, winter resorts proximity and cultural attraction with its castle renovation and fine art museum opening in 1956 and the Animated Film Festival since 1960, hosted in Bonlieu's cultural Center; the municipal environmental policy managed to keep 40.3% of green spaces and the city and was awarded the "Golden Flower" in 2015, given to the nine most-flowered French cities.
Its educational area is growing since the University of Savoy establishment in 1973. The Fier forms part of the commune's northwestern border; the surrounding mountains are Mont Veyrier, Semnoz and Parmelan. Le vieil Annecy, was a settlement from the time of the Romans. Annecy was the court of the counts of Genevois from the 10th century, it passed to the counts of Savoy in 1401. In 1444, it became the regional capital of the provinces of Genevois and Beaufortain. With the advance of Calvinism, Annecy became a center for the Counter-Reformation, the old Bishopric of Geneva being transferred to it in 1535. Francis of Sales was born in Sales, France in 1567 and served as bishop of Annecy from 1602 to 1622. During the French Revolution, the Savoy region was conquered by France. Annecy became attached to the department of Mont Blanc; the Catholic diocese was suppressed in 1801. After the Bourbon Restoration in 1815, Annecy was returned to the King of Sardinia and the Catholic diocese restored in 1822.
When Savoy was annexed to France in 1860 with the Treaty of Turin, it became the capital of the new department of Haute-Savoie. Annecy was the site of the second round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade talks in 1949. In 2012, a multiple murder occurred in the Annecy area; the new municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger with the former communes of Annecy-le-Vieux, Cran-Gevrier, Meythet and Seynod. Annecy is part of 4 cantons and it is the Prefecture of Haute-Savoie. Since 2017, Annecy is formed of six delegate cities: Annecy, Annecy-le-Vieux, Cran-Gevrier, Meythet and Seynod; the local government is formed of the City council, composed of 202 members. Each commune delegate has a number of members depending upon its population; the Mayor is Jean-Luc Rigaut since 2007. The intercommunality of Annecy, Grand Annecy Agglomération, includes 34 municipalities. Annecy has hosted the Annecy International Animated Film Festival since 1960 and the Rencontres Internationales d'Annecy Cinéma & Architecture since 1999.
On 23 July 2009, Annecy played host to Stage 18 of the Tour de France, as the start/finish point for an individual time trial around Lake Annecy. It will be the start town for stage 10 of the 2018 Tour de France on 17 July 2018. Annecy lost to Pyeongchang. If they had been chosen, Annecy would have been the fourth French city to host the Winter Olympic Games, after Chamonix and Albertville. Ligue 1 former team Évian Thonon Gaillard F. C. played. The club was founded in 2007, they grew up to reach Ligue 1, stayed for three years in the division, thanks to their emblematic trainer Pascal Dupraz; the Annecy basin is one of the world's leading locations for the sport of paragliding, an activity of some economic importance to the region. The area hosts major competitions, most a leg of the Paragliding World Cup in 2012. Due to its proximity with the lake and the mountains, Annecy is popular for watersports and wintersports. Le Semnoz, a small ski resort is 35 minutes away from Annecy. Other bigger ski resorts, La Clusaz and Le Grand Bornand, are only 40 minutes away.
Annecy is very popular among trail runners and many races are organized year round, such as the World Trail Running Champions
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Alex is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. The Fier forms most of the commune's northern border. Communes of the Haute-Savoie department INSEE Alex official website
Arâches-la-Frasse is commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. Situated in the northern French Alps, the commune sits on a large sunny plateau overlooking the Arve Valley southeast of the town of Cluses, it is part of the canton of Sallanches. The main villages in the commune are Arâches, Les Carroz, La Frasse; until the 1930s the village of Les Carroz was a simple farming hamlet with only a few houses. It is now developing into the nearest large ski resort to Geneva. By 1981 Les Carroz had been linked to the nearby ski villages of Samoëns, Morillon and Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, the resort of Flaine, developed in the 1960s; the Grand-Massif ski area had been born. The gondola and chairlift in Les Carroz can take skiers straight up to the extensive skiing in the Grand Massif. Communes of the Haute-Savoie department INSEE Les Carroz webcam: http://www.grandmassif.co.uk
Bernex is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. Its highest point is the Dent d'Oche Communes of the Haute-Savoie department INSEE
Allonzier-la-Caille is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. Communes of the Haute-Savoie department INSEE