Cascade is an unincorporated community and U. S. Post Office in El Paso County, United States; the ZIP Code of the Cascade Post Office is 80809. It was a resort town, from the 1880s to the 1920s. Tourists traveled through Ute Pass on the Colorado Midland Railway, experiencing scenic views of Cascade canon and its falls during their journey. Carriage tours brought tourists up Pikes Pike to its summit. Tourism fell when the Manitou and Pike's Peak Cog Railway opened in 1892, tourists were about to travel to the summit of Pikes Peak through Manitou Springs; when visitors traveled by automobiles, beginning in the 1920s, they had different needs and came in smaller numbers than the previous decades. The Ute Pass region could no longer support large hotels and 2 of the 3 hotels in town were demolished by 1926. Eastholme, a small inn, has been foreclosed and is for sale; the Pikes Peak Highway entrance is at Cascade. Cascade remains a tourist destination, with visitors staying in inns and breakfasts, cottages and guest houses.
Eliza Marriott Hewlett, the oldest of three sisters, left the state of New York for Colorado in the 1880s, brought her two children with her to Cascade before it was a town. It was quite uncommon for "ladies of leisure" to have moved to Colorado during this period. Most of Cascade Canyon was homesteaded by the sisters. Others came to the area for their health. In the 1880s, there were people in the Cascade Canyon area that ran businesses delivering supplies via mule trains to the Leadville and Cripple Creek mining towns. After 1887, the Colorado Midland Railway provided service from Old Colorado City Colorado City, west through Ute Pass. A railroad depot, dining hall and water tank were established in Cascade by the railway in 1888. Views from the train ride through Cascade Canon were McGregor Falls, Lullaby Falls, Dome Rock, Peek-a-Boo Falls, Artist's Glen, Sylvan Nook and Cascade, Twin Cascade, Crystal Spray, Queen of the Canon, Souvenir Falls, The Key Hole, The Stairway, Naiad's Bath, Upper Falls and Grotto Falls.
Cascade canon and its falls were described in 1914: The canon and falls are rare in beauty and constitute the chief attraction... The canon is about three-quarters of a mile long and deep; this exceptional vegetation is produced by the flow of Cascade creek through the canon and the mist and spray from its falls. Some of these falls are as much as 30 feet in height, but the difference in elevation between the foot and the head of the canon is so great that the falls are continuous from the head down; the volume of water is the greatest during the summer season. It comes from the melting snows on the north slope of Pike's Peak. Thousands of tourists traveled along the Pikes Peak Carriage Road known as the Pikes Peak Wagon Road, up to Pikes Peak's summit. Passengers were picked up at a railway stop by awaiting carriages and taken to the summit of Pikes Peak, it was opened by the Cascade Town Company in 1888 and closed in 1902. The carriage road company went bankrupt following the success of the Manitou and Pike's Peak Cog Railway that opened in 1892.
The Cascade Town and Improvement Company was founded and, with Eliza Hewlett, contributed to the cost of the development of the Pikes Peak Carriage Road. It purchased land from the Marriott-Hewlett sisters in 1886, shortly thereafter platted the village's roads; the town of Cascade was established in 1886, was named for the many waterfalls in the area. Ute Park, now Chipita, Green Mountain Falls and Crystola were developed in this time period. Eastholme, a boarding room and small hotel was built between 1885 and 1887, by Eliza Marriot Hewlett and her sisters; the Cascade Canyon House was opened by the Cascade Town Company in 1887 and The Ramona House, "the town's centerpiece", was built in 1890 and opened in 1891. Hotel Ramona was a three-story hotel with verandas and a radish-shaped dome and "would dominate the entrance to Cascade Canon, it was named after the book Ramona by Helen Hunt. People traveled to Cascade during the summers: It was a place where families -- privileged and correct -- returned summer after summer.
They picnicked far up in the canyon. Under the pavilion at Deer Lick Springs, they faithfully sipped mineral waters... They tripped the light fantastic on Saturdays, they attended musicals in the parlor of the Ramona on Sundays; the young ones danced at the pavilion down by the depot. The town had natural cold water springs and mineral springs. One of the springs near the Fountain, it contains carbonic acid, silica, sulfuric acid, lime or calcium and sodium. Another is up the canon a short distance and has a high iron content, as well as chlorine, sulfuric acid, carbonic acid, magnesia and soda. There were 2 or 3 "pure, cold water" springs that were located near the Hotel Ramona; the Cascade Post Office opened on August 16, 1887. Mrs. Hewlett has a church built in the area after her sister Caroline was married to an Episcopalian minister. Eastholme was abandoned in 1918 following the closure of the Colorado Midland Railway. Large hotels "would disappear in the 1920s." In Cascade, the railway depot, dining hall, the large hotels, Cascade Canyon House and Hotel Ramona, were demolished by 1926.
A community house was built on the site of the Cascade Canyon House. During the 1920s many tourists began to travel by car, rather than train. Eastholme accommodated the travelers, as well as the Red Cloud Inn that open
Broadmoor World Arena (1998)
The Broadmoor World Arena in Colorado Springs, Colorado is an 8,000 seat multi-purpose arena and entertainment venue. The arena opened in 1998. In addition to the main arena, the adjacent Ice Hall contains two practice rinks, one NHL-sized and one Olympic-sized; the facility is home to world-class concerts and events, the Colorado College Tigers men's ice hockey team of the NCHC, the Broadmoor Skating Club, numerous elite figure skaters, the Colorado Gold Speedskating Club. It was home to the US National Short Track Speedskating Team until the summer of 2007 when the team moved to Utah Olympic Oval; the World Arena manages the Pikes Peak Center, a performing arts center located in downtown Colorado Springs. The building serves as a replacement for the former Broadmoor World Arena, the former home of the BSC and CC hockey programs and site of the first ten NCAA hockey championships, demolished in 1994, it was named the Colorado Springs World Arena. However, in April 2014, after an agreement with the Anschutz Entertainment Group, owners of The Broadmoor resort, it was formally renamed the Broadmoor World Arena.
The arena hosted the 1999, 2000, 2001 editions of Skate America. From 2001 to 2005, the PBR, which at the time was headquartered in Colorado Springs, hosted a Bud Light Cup event at this venue. After 2005, the PBR's headquarters relocated to Pueblo, thus halting the production of this event. However, this event was brought back to the World Arena in 2014 after a 9-year hiatus. World Arena Map Colorado Gold website
U.S. Route 24
U. S. Route 24 is one of the original United States highways of 1926, it ran from Pontiac, Michigan, in the east to Kansas City, Missouri, in the west. Today, the highway's northern terminus is in Independence Township, Michigan, at an intersection with I-75 and its western terminus is near Minturn, Colorado at an intersection with I-70; the highway transitions from north -- south to east -- west signage in Ohio. In Colorado, US 24 runs from Interstate 70 from Minturn where it goes through Minturn and continues south to the Continental Divide at Tennessee Pass, it continues south to Johnson Village and joins with U. S. Route 285 northbound to the Trout Creek Pass. After the pass, US 24 separates from US 285 and continues east to Colorado Springs and northeast to Limon, where US 24 joins I-70 for most of the rest of its routing to the Kansas state line; when the United States Highway System was started in 1926, US 24 in Colorado was designated U. S. Route 40S, it began in Grand Junction and went east along the current Interstate 70 corridor to Minturn, from which it follows the current route to Limon.
From Limon east to the Kansas border, the current US 24 was designated U. S. Route 40N. US 40S west of Limon and US 40N east of Limon received the US 24 designation in 1936, when US 24 was extended west from Kansas City, Missouri; the segment between Grand Junction and Minturn was decommissioned in 1975. In Kansas, US-24 enters from Colorado west of Kanorado. US-24 does not meet I-70 again until Kansas City. On December 1, 2008, US 24 was rerouted southward on US 73 to I-70 west of Kansas City, continuing east on I-70 on the final 16 miles in Kansas. US-24 serves Manhattan, as well as the northern sides of Lawrence; the original designation for the current US-24 route in Kansas was U. S. Route 40N, it went from the Colorado border to Manhattan. In 1936, U. S. Route 24 received its current designation after an extension west from Kansas City. In Kansas, US-24 is merged with US-59 from Williamstown to a place in North Lawrence called Teepee Junction. From there it is merged with US-40 until Kansas City.
In Missouri, US 24 serves Kansas City, Buckner, Waverly, Keytesville, Madison, Monroe City and West Quincy. It is concurrent with U. S. Route 65 between Waverly and Carrollton, passing over the Missouri River via the Waverly Bridge when concurrent. After becoming a two-lane road, it is concurrent with Highway 5 in Keytesville, passes by the city of Huntsville before turning into a four-lane highway and crossing U. S. 63 at Moberly. It is concurrent with U. S. Route 36 east of Monroe City and with U. S. Route 61 from south of Palmyra to West Quincy; the segment shared with US 61 is part of the Avenue of the Saints. Along the route within Independence is Museum. In Illinois, U. S. Route 24 runs west across the Quincy Bayview Bridge and east across the Quincy Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River in Quincy; the cable-stayed Bayview Bridge brings westbound US 24 over the Mississippi River. Eastbound traffic is served by the older Quincy Memorial Bridge; as of 2006, it is the main arterial highway from Quincy northeast to Peoria.
From Quincy to Peoria, the route follows the old Peoria to Quincy stage coach route. John Jacob Astor was the original owner of the tract upon which Astoria was platted in 1836 and served as an important way station on the stage coach route. U. S. 24 travels onto the Shade-Lohman Bridge on interstate 474, it gets off of exit 9. From Peoria, US 24 runs directly east through a number of small towns en route to Indiana and Fort Wayne, the next major metropolitan center. US 24 crosses into Indiana at the state line east of Sheldon. In Indiana, U. S. Route 24 runs east from the Illinois state line to Huntington. At Huntington, U. S. 24 runs to Fort Wayne. The segment of U. S. 24 between Logansport and Toledo, Ohio is part of the Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor project of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act. From Fort Wayne, US 24 follows the path of the Maumee River towards Toledo. In Ohio, the roadway enters the state east of Woodburn, near Antwerp. Between the Indiana state line and Toledo, this portion of the roadway is known as the Fort to Port segment of the Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor.
Between Napoleon and Toledo, modern US 24 lies north of the Maumee River as a highway built to Interstate Highway standards. Just north of Waterville is the site of the Battle of Fallen Timbers of 1794. General Anthony Wayne after, constructing a trail from Fort Wayne to Defiance and defeated an Indian consortium, thus opening northern Ohio to white settlement. At a point on the Toledo's north side US 24 veers from northeast–southwest to true north–south, turning on to Telegraph Road, while Detroit Avenue continues as a city street that connects to M-125 at the Michigan border; the path through Toledo of US 24 follows the course of old US 25, old US 25 being farther away from the course of north–south I-75. Truncated as a state route, what had been US 24 was renumbered as Ohio State Route 25 where it remained a state highway, US 25 in greater Toledo became US 24. In Michigan, U. S. Route 24 enters from Toledo and serves the city of Monroe and the Detroit Metro Area, where it is known as Telegraph Road.
It continues north through the western edge of Detroit. It passes through Michigan'
Black Forest, Colorado
Black Forest is a census-designated place in El Paso County, near Colorado Springs. The population was 13,116 at the 2010 census. Black Forest is named such for the high density of Ponderosa Pines located in a small area. In 2006, residents voted against a proposal to incorporate as a city; the history of the Black Forest area is paralleled by that of a larger area traditionally known as the "Pineries". The area extended from Divide, through the present planning area and east along the Platte-Arkansas Divide to a point where the Ponderosa Pines thinned out. Altogether the Pineries encompassed a 1,000 square mile area. Although the origin of the name is not clear, that portion of the Pineries north of Colorado Springs became known as the "Black Forest" by around the turn of the century. Arrowheads and charcoal pits provide evidence that the planning area was occupied by Native Americans at least 800 years ago; the first known inhabitants were Comanche Indians. The dense Ponderosa Pines provided them with protection and timber for lodgepoles.
These tribes were displaced by the Kiowas around 1800. 40 years the Arapahoe and Cheyenne tribes joined forces to drive out the Kiowas and become the last Native Americans to inhabit the area. When white people began to settle the region in the late 1850s the Black Forest became an important center of activity as a source of scarce timber; the first of what would be several dozen sawmills was constructed in 1860. General Palmer was the first major landowner of Black Forest when he established the Colorado Pinery Trust in 1870. Lumber and mine props were supplied to build Colorado Denver. An 1880 article from the Colorado Springs Gazette stated that for years nearly every foot of timber used in Denver was hauled from the Pineries. Logging in the Pineries reached its height in the summer of 1870 when over 700 teamsters and 1,000 lumberjacks and tie hacks were employed for railway work. More than one billion board feet of lumber were removed to provide ties for the Kansas Pacific and Rio Grande and New Orleans Railroads.
Although lumbering continued sporadically through the 1950s, farming and ranching had become the dominant activities by the 1880s. A wide variety of crops was raised, including cattle, alfalfa, corn and beans. Potatoes, were the agricultural product for which the Black Forest area became most renowned. Agricultural productivity was subject to boom and bust cycles with crops ruined by drought, hail, blizzards, or grasshoppers; the drought of the 1920s and the Depression of the 1930s combined to eliminate most types of agriculture in the planning area. By the 1920s the area was consolidated into large ranches; some of these remain today. Several towns and settlements dotted the planning area at another during its history; the largest and most long-lived of these was the Town of Eastonville. Eastonville was begun in the early 1880s as a stop on the S Railroad, its population peaked at about 400 in 1910 and was in decline when the railroad ceased operations in 1935. Today only a few remnants of the once thriving townsite remain.
In the forest itself, modern subdivision had a fitful start in the 1920s when Dreamland and Brentwood Country Clubs were organized. Although these ventures were not successful, they did represent the beginning of what would become a significant summer home market in the planning area. A boom in year-round subdivisions took place in early 1960s. Most of the planning area was zoned for five acre minimum lot sizes in 1965. In response to plans for a major transportation corridor through the eastern portion of the planning area and County staff initiated work on a comprehensive land use plan in the early 1970s; the result of this effort was adoption of the Black Forest Preservation Plan in 1974. While this plan recommended rural-residential uses for most of the planning area, it delineated several large areas for mixed urban uses; the largest of these was in the southeast where the new "city" of Latigo would be proposed. While Latigo has not materialized as envisioned, the Colorado Springs metropolitan area itself has expanded in the direction of the planning area.
During the same period, numerous large lot residential subdivisions have been platted and developed in the planning area, allowing it to retain much of its rural character and a good bit of its historic legacy. Although some newer suburban subdivisions have been created within the boundaries of Black Forest such as Flying Horse Ranch, Black Forest still retains a rural image and legacy; some of this legacy is in the form of remaining historic structures. While Black Forest is not an incorporated town, it is well known by that name. At first, the name was more informal but became "more official" with the opening of the Black Forest School in 1923. On June 11, 2013, a forest fire started within Black Forest. Nearly 35,500 people within and around Black Forest, Colorado Springs, Elbert County were evacuated, a portion of Douglas County was placed on pre-evacuation notice. 15,500 acres burned, 511 buildings were destroyed, there were two fatalities. Based on number of homes destroyed, it surpassed the Waldo Canyon Fire as the most destructive wildfire in Colorado history.
It was concurrent with the Royal Gorge Fire in Fremont County, which threatened the Royal Gorge Bridge. Firefighters achieved 100% containment on June 20, 2013. Black Forest is located at 39°2′12
Tuberculosis treatment in Colorado Springs
The town of Colorado Springs, Colorado played an important role in the history of tuberculosis in the era before antituberculosis drugs. Tuberculosis management before this era was difficult and of limited effect. In the 19th century, a movement for tuberculosis treatment in hospital-like facilities called sanatoriums became prominent in Europe and North America, thus people sought tuberculosis treatment in Colorado Springs because of its dry climate and fresh mountain air. Some people stayed in boarding houses, while others sought the hospital-like facilities of sanatoriums. In the 1880s and 1890s, it is estimated that one-third of the people living in Colorado Springs had tuberculosis; the number of sanatoriums and hospitals increased into the twentieth century. During World War II, medicines were developed that treated tuberculosis and by the late 1940s specialized tuberculosis treatment facilities were no longer needed. Several of the facilities evolved into hospitals or medical facilities: Glockner Tuberculosis Sanatorium evolved into Penrose Hospital.
Beth-El Hospital, with the National Deaconess Sanitarium, evolved into Memorial Hospital. St. Francis Hospital was a hospital. Union Printers Home and the Modern Woodmen Tuberculosis Sanatorium, now Mount Saint Francis, are going concerns with skilled nursing care. Today, the structure's usages are different. Miramont Castle, the site of the Montcalm Sanitarium, is now a museum. National Methodist Sanatorium evolved into a building for the Ent Air Force Base and its site is now part of the United States Olympic Training Center. People came to Colorado for the restorative benefits of its "clean air and sunshine.":40 Starting in the 1860s, when tuberculosis was a worldwide problem, physicians in the eastern United States recommended that their patients go to Colorado to regain their health.:40 As a result, the number of people with tuberculosis, called "lungers", in the state grew alarmingly:40 and without the services or facilities to support their needs.:39:23 Tuberculosis was called consumption "because its symptoms consumed those who had it."In Denver, not knowing how to manage a population of homeless, ill people, many were taken to jail.:23 In 1878 in Colorado Springs, 25 or more of 73 who were buried at Mount Washington Cemetery had tuberculosis.
Of the people that died in the city most of them had come to Colorado Springs so ill that it was not surprising that they died. Because of the number of people with TB flocking to Denver, by the 1880s it was nicknamed the "World's Sanitarium". On March 5, 1888, a specialist in lung diseases, Dr. Frederick I. Knight spoke before the Boston Society of Medical Observation on the benefits of high altitude and the mountain climate of Colorado for patients with tuberculosis, including patients that experienced hemorrhaging. In the 1880s and 1890s more than a third of the city's residents came to Colorado Springs to improve their health. Houses on the Old North End had large sleeping porches for consumptive boarders. Large houses along North Nevada Avenue were turned into boarding houses for people with tuberculosis; some stayed in tents and backyard cottages. The area became known as "lungers' row"; some of the famous individuals who came to the area to treat their tuberculosis include novelist Helen Hunt Jackson, railroad executive James J. Hagerman, author Marshall Sprague, noted potter Artus Van Briggle.
Cynthia Stout, a history scholar, asserted that by 1900 "one-third of Colorado's population were residents of the state because of tuberculosis." In 1905, Dr. B. P. Anderson recommended open-air treatment in dry climates, like Colorado and New Mexico; the sanatoriums in Colorado Springs adopted a European tuberculosis treatment approach, including rest, open-air, "disciplined gluttony". People ate twice as much as they would eat and might gain up to 50 pounds while in treatment; the Shoshone Spring, one of Manitou Mineral Springs, was taken for its laxative effects and the springs in general for their healing effects. The quality of care depended upon one's ability to pay; the poor might stay in open-air tents, some sanatoriums cost $7 per week, the luxury accommodations were $50 per week. Sanatoriums claimed, but the treatment patients received made the illness regress, it did not cure tuberculosis. Charles H. Boissevain, a mathematically trained biochemist and professor of biology at Colorado College,:31 was in 1924 appointed the first chief of research and laboratory director of the newly founded Colorado Foundation for Research in Tuberculosis renamed the Webb-Waring Institute.:17 In 1940, four sanatoria remained: Cragmor, National Methodist, St. Francis and Modern Woodmen Sanatorium.:27, 45, 47, 56, 62 During World War II, the drug Isoniazid began to be used to treat tuberculosis.
Sanatoriums began to close and the city shifted from a medical destination to one that developed a military presence. The Battle Creek Sanitarium at 230 North Cascade Avenue was a branch of the Michigan facility, at 320 N. Tejon in 1903 and at that time was managed by Frank W. Patterson and K. E. McMillen. Lillian Voorhees was the nurse.:74, 296, 344, 447 Cascade Villas was a short-lived home for the treatment of tuberculosis founded in 1874 by Dr. Thomas G. Horn, it was on Colorado Spring's North Cascade Avenue. Horn became the president of the Colorado State Medical Society in 1877.:191 There was a Colorado Springs Sanitarium and Hotel in the city in 1892.:10 In 1903, the Colorado Springs Sanitarium and the Horn's Mineral Springs and Sanitarium were located at 1210 Lincoln Avenue and run by Dr. Thomas G. Horn.:126, 235 Colorado Springs Sa
Colorado Springs City Auditorium
Colorado Springs City Auditorium is a historic auditorium in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Completed in 1923, the auditorium still serves the city of Colorado Springs by way of hosting various events throughout the year; the building, cost $424,910 at the time, was used for concerts, theatre performances and graduations. The plaque above the stage is inscribed, "USUI CIVIUM DECORI URBUS", or "For the use of the people and the glory of the city." In the 1940s, a local promoter, Abe Marylander, brought wrestling exhibitions and boxing matches to the facility. As the years passed, the City Auditorium has played host to various musical concerts, the Harlem Globetrotters, many conventions and trade shows, professional wrestling, mixed martial arts, roller derby and more; the City Auditorium was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 7, 1995. The Pikemasters Model Railroad club is housed in the Auditoriums basement. Located in the old Colorado Springs Police firing range, they host meetings every Thursday Night at 7PM.
Visitors are welcome. National Register of Historic Places listings in El Paso County, Colorado National Register of Historic Places City of Colorado Springs - City Auditorium Friends of the Colorado Springs Historic City Auditorium Pikemasters Model Railroad Club
The Platte River is a major river in the state of Nebraska and is about 310 mi long. Measured to its farthest source via its tributary the North Platte River, it flows for over 1,050 miles; the Platte River is a tributary of the Missouri River, which itself is a tributary of the Mississippi River which flows to the Gulf of Mexico. The Platte over most of its length is a muddy, shallow, meandering stream with a swampy bottom and many islands—a braided stream; these characteristics made it too difficult for canoe travel, it was never used as a major navigation route by European-American trappers or explorers. The Platte is one of the most significant tributary systems in the watershed of the Missouri, draining a large portion of the central Great Plains in Nebraska and the eastern Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Wyoming; the river valley played an important role in the westward expansion of the United States, providing the route for several major emigrant trails, including the Oregon, California and Bozeman trails.
The first Europeans to see the Platte were French explorers and fur trappers about 1714. This expression is close to the French words "rivière plate", the probable origin of the name Platte River; the Platte River is formed in western Nebraska east of the city of North Platte, Nebraska by the confluence of the North Platte and the South Platte Rivers, which both arise from snowmelt in the eastern Rockies east of the Continental Divide. In central north Colorado is the North Park valley, ringed by mountains of 12,000 feet height; the head of the North Platte River is all of Jackson County. The nearest Colorado town is the county seat; the rugged Rocky Mountains Continental Divide surrounding Jackson County have at least twelve peaks over 11,000 feet in height. From Jackson County, the North Platte flows north about 200 miles out of the Routt National Forest and North Park near what is now Walden to Casper, Wyoming. Shortly after passing Casper, the North Platte turns to the east-southeast and flows about 350 miles to the city of North Platte, Nebraska.
In Colorado and Wyoming, the North Platte is narrower and much swifter flowing than it is in Nebraska, where it becomes a slow flowing, shallow braided stream. The North Platte River has been dammed about eight times for water storage and irrigation purposes in Wyoming and Nebraska as it flows to its confluence with the South Platte River; the upper reaches of the river in the Rockies in Colorado and Wyoming are popular for recreation rafting and lure and fly fishing for rainbow, cutthroat trout and other sport fish. In western Nebraska, the banks and riverbed of the North Platte provide a green oasis amid an otherwise semi-arid region of North America. Today, by the time the North Platte reaches Paxton, Nebraska it is much smaller due to the extensive water taken from it for irrigation; the North Platte River was up to a mile wide in many places, as evinced by the old streambed and historic written records. The South Platte River drainage includes about 28,000 square miles in the north east corner of Colorado, parts of southeastern Wyoming in the vicinity of the city of Cheyenne and a small part of the southwest corner of Nebraska.
The South Platte drains a large part of the Front Range mountains east of the continental divide. The part of the river labeled the South Platte is formed in Park County, located southwest of Denver, in the South Park grassland basin and mountains east of the continental divide, it is formed by the confluence of the South Fork South Platte River and Middle Fork South Platte River 15 miles southeast of Fairplay, Colorado. After the South and Middle fork join, the South Platte flows east-southeast till it exits Elevenmile Reservoir. From Greeley, the South Platte turns east and flows about 200 miles to its confluence with the North Platte River near the city of North Platte, Nebraska; the South Platte River has been dammed about 20 times for water storage, drinking water and irrigation purposes in Colorado as it flows to its confluence with the North Platte River. The total number of dams in the South Platte drainage may exceed 1,000 as nearly all major streams have at least one dam on them; the South Platte River serves as the principal source of water for arid eastern Colorado.
The South Platte River valley provided a major emigration path to Denver. The wagon trails followed the south side of the Platte/North Platte River. Wagon trains were ferried or waded in low water years across the swampy-bottomed South Platte River in several places to stay on the south side of the North Platte River where the trails were located. Miners who went on to Denver followed the South Platte River trail into Colorado. After the North Platte and the South Platte rivers join to form the Platte River, over most of its length it is a muddy, shallow, meandering stream with a swampy bottom and many islands—a braided stream, its muddy water, many shallow channels and islands and ever-changing mud bars made it too difficult for canoe travel. The Platte flows in a large arc, east-southeast to near Fort Kearny and east-northeast, across Nebraska south of Grand I