Monument to the March Dead

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Monument to the March Dead
Denkmal für die Märzgefallenen
Monument to the March dead.jpg
DesignerWalter Gropius
Materialconcrete
Dedicated toWorkers killed in the Kapp Putsch
Dismantled date1936

Monument to the March Dead (German: Denkmal für die Märzgefallenen) is an expressionist monument in the Weimar Central Cemetery in Weimar, Germany memorializing workers killed in the Kapp Putsch. Walter Gropius' 1920 design for the memorial was selected from those submitted in a competition organized by the Union Cartel.[1]

The monument was built between 1920 and 1922.[2] An unveiling ceremony for the memorial was held on May 1, 1922.[1]

Motivated by political disagreement and the concept of degenerate art, the Nazis destroyed the monument in February 1936.[2]

The monument was reconstructed in 1946.[1]

Opening ceremony of the monument

Architecture[edit]

The form of the monument alludes to a thunderbolt; the structure is constructed of concrete.[3]

The monument depicted on a 1980 stamp from East Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gilbert Lupfer & Paul Sigel, Walter Gropius, 1883–1969: the promoter of a new form, p. 31.
  2. ^ a b Wolfe, Ross (2015-05-08). "Walter Gropius, Monument to the March Dead (1922)". The Charnel-House. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  3. ^ Saval, Nikil (2019-02-04). "How Bauhaus Redefined What Design Could Do for Society". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-03-14.