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Stefano Ussi

Stefano Ussi was an Italian painter, known first for his history paintings, for depicting Orientalist Arabian and Moroccan subjects. He was studied there at the Academy of Fine Arts under Enrico Pollastrini. Among his colleagues there were Giuseppe Bezzuoli. After studying at the Academy, he enrolled volunteer in the first war of independence, during which he was taken prisoner by the Austrian troops. After returning to Florence, he won the Triennale prize for the painting of the Resurrection of Lazarus in 1849, presented works for the following years on historical and literary subjects at the exhibitions of the Florentine Società Promotrice di Belle Arti, led by Filippo Palizzi. Associated with the Macchiaioli group of painters gravitating around the Caffè Michelangiolo, he achieved great success with The Expulsion of the Duke of Athens, exhibited in Florence at the city's first Esposizione Nazionale in 1861 and was awarded a prize in Paris in 1867; this painting represents the expulsion in the 14th century by the Florentines of the tyrannical ruler of Florence, Walter VI, Count of Brienne and former Duke of Athens.

An allegorical fresco of the event had been memorialized in the Palazzo Vecchio by Orcagna, who had lived through the events. In Ussi's time, the medieval events took on new patriotic connotations as the Italian Kingdom was being consolidated. Ussi is considered one of the Orientalist painters of the Ottocento, he visited Egypt in 1869 on the occasion of the opening of the Suez Canal, returned in 1872 by invitation of the Khedive. Along with his friend, the painter Cesare Biseo, Edmondo De Amicis, he accompanied and an Italian diplomatic delegation to Morocco in 1875. De Amicis was to publish the work of the artists; the numerous drawings he made during these travels provided material for him in years. The Viceroy of Egypt commissioned a large canvas depicting: The Feast of the Carpet or Pilgrimage to Mecca. In 1880, in Turin he displayed La Scorta del governatore Ben Alida ed il giovanetto suo figlio che precedono l'Ambasciata italiana. In 1881 at Milan, he exhibited Celebration of Mohammed in Tangier, another orientalist genre painting.

He displayed Un intermediario d'amore. Among his other works are Arab Cavalry, his painting of Donna araba al pozzo is displayed in the Museo Borgogna of Vercelli. He died in Florence. List of Orientalist artists Orientalism Laura Casone, Stefano Ussi, online catalogue Artgate by Fondazione Cariplo, 2010, CC BY-SA. Media related to Stefano Ussi at Wikimedia Commons

Celtic sacred trees

Many types of trees found in the Celtic nations are considered to be sacred, whether as symbols, or due to medicinal properties, or because they are seen as the abode of particular nature spirits. And in folklore, the respect given to trees varies in different parts of the Celtic world. On the Isle of Man, the phrase'fairy tree' refers to the elder tree; the medieval Welsh poem Cad Goddeu is believed to contain Celtic tree lore relating to the crann ogham, the branch of the ogham alphabet where tree names are used as mnemonic devices. The oak tree features prominently in many Celtic cultures; the ancient geographer Strabo reported that the important sacred grove and meeting-place of the Galatian Celts of Asia Minor, was filled with oaks. In an often-cited passage from Historia Naturalis, Pliny the Elder describes a festival on the sixth day of the moon where the druids climbed an oak tree, cut a bough of mistletoe, sacrificed two white bulls as part of a fertility rite. Britons under Roman occupation worshipped a goddess of the oak tree, whose name is commemorated in a rivulet in Gwynedd.

According to the pseudo-history Lebor Gabála'Book of Invasions', the sacred oak of early Ireland was that of Mugna located at or near Dunmanogoe, south Co. Kildare. Sacred associations of oaks survived Christianization, so that St Brigit's monastic foundation was at Cill Dara,'church of oak', i.e. Kildare, St Colum Cille favoured Doire Calgaich'Calgach's oak grove', i.e. Derry. In Welsh tradition Gwydion and Math use the flower of oak with broom to fashion the beautiful Blodeuwedd; when Lleu Llaw Gyffes is about to be killed by Gronw Pebyr, his wife's lover, he escapes in eagle form onto a magic oak tree. In British fairy lore, the oak is one of three primary magical woods, along with thorn. In Proto-Celtic the words for "oak" were *daru and *derwā; the ash tree features in Irish mythology. The mountain ash, rowan, or quicken tree is prominent in Scottish folklore. There are several recorded instances in Irish history in which people refused to cut an ash when wood was scarce, for fear of having their own cabins consumed with flame.

The ash tree itself might be used in May Day rites. Under the Old Irish word nin, the ash gives its name to the letter N in the ogham alphabet. Together with the oak and thorn, the ash is part of a magical trilogy in fairy lore. Ash seedpods may be used in divination, the wood has the power to ward off fairies on the Isle of Man. In Gaelic Scotland children were given the astringent sap of the tree as a medicine and as a protection against witch-craft; some famous ash trees were the Tree of Uisnech, the Bough of Dathí, the Tree of Tortu. The French poet who used Breton sources, Marie de France, wrote a lai about an ash tree; the Proto-Celti for'ash' was *onnos. The pome fruit and tree of the apple is celebrated in numerous functions in Celtic mythology and folklore. Wands of druids were made of the yew or of the apple; the Brythonic Avalon in Arthurian tradition in certain medieval narratives, attributing Welsh origin, is translated as Insula Pomorum. One gloss of the name for the magical Irish island Emain Ablach is'Emain of the Apples'.

In the Ulster Cycle the soul of Cú Roí was confined in an apple that lay in the stomach of a salmon which appeared once every seven years. Cúchulainn once gained his escape by following the path of a rolled apple. An apple-tree grew from the grave of the tragic lover Ailinn. In the Irish tale Echtra Condla, Conle the son of Conn is fed an apple by a fairy lover, which sustains him with food and drink for a month without diminishing. In the Irish story from the Mythological Cycle, Oidheadh Chlainne Tuireann, the first task given the Children of Tuireann is to retrieve the Apples of the Hesperides. Afallennau is a 12th-century Welsh narrative poem dealing with Myrddin Wyllt; the Breton pseudosaint Konorin was reborn by means of an apple. The Proto-Celtic word was *aballā. Ubhal, úll. Aval. Aval. Both the wood and the edible nuts of the hazel have played important roles in Irish and Welsh traditions. Hazel leaves and nuts are found in early British burial mounds and shaft-wells at Ashill, Norfolk; the place-name story for Fordruim, an early name for Tara, describes it as a pleasant hazel wood.

In the ogham alphabet of early Ireland, the letter C was represented by hazel. According to Robert Graves, it represented the ninth month on the Old Irish calendar, 6 August to 2 September. Initiate members of the Fianna had to defend themselves armed only with a shield. Thought a fairy tree in both Ireland and Wales, wood from the hazel was sacred to poets and was thus a taboo fuel on any hearth. Heralds carried hazel wands as badges of office. Witches' wands are made of hazel, as are divining rods, used to find underground water. In Cornwall the hazel was used in the millpreve

Don't Go in the Woods (2010 film)

Don't Go in the Woods is a 2010 American horror musical written and directed by Vincent D'Onofrio. The film was first shown in 2010 at single locations in the United States, it was released on Video on demand on 26 December 2011, on general theatrical release in January 2012. The film was made in upper New York state by 5 Minutes Productions, distributed by Tribeca Film. A band, consisting of leader Nick, Johnny and the blind Robbie decide to go camping in the woods to write five new songs. Upon arriving, they discover a sign reading, however they ignore it and set up camp in a nearby clearing. While Nick and Carlo are collecting firewood, they find a hunting cabin, full of weapons including a sledgehammer, however they ignore it and decide to break the group's cellphones to help with the creative process. Meanwhile, the band's manager Carson arrives at the woods. While he tries to find the campsite he is killed; as night falls, the group begin to write new songs for their album. Nick tells the legend of a group of warriors who became stranded in the woods and resorted to cannibalism, with only one surviving.

Soon after the band are joined by a group of their female friends including Nick's ex-girlfriend Ashley, Johnny's girlfriend Callie and her foreign friend Sophie who speaks little English and best friends Charlotte and Georgia. While the rest of the band are happy to be joined, Nick is upset, knowing the group will become distracted from their songwriting; as the group drink and enjoy themselves, Charlotte becomes upset with Carlo's flirting and angrily leaves to go and stay in a motel. Georgia follows the pair wander back to the cars; as Charlotte gets in the driving seat, a sledgehammer begins to smash through the windscreen, with Georgia's severed arm being flung onto the hood. As Charlotte attempts to drive away, the window is smashed open and she is attacked; the following morning, Nick determined to get the girls to leave. Anton offers to walk the girls to the van, however upon arriving they find the battery dead and are forced to return to the camp. During the day and Ashley reconcile after their recent break-up, but Nick decides to spend the day writing alone, annoyed at the band's lack of focus.

At night, the band continue to write new music. Nick takes all of the girls breaks them, despite their protests. While Anton is performing a song he wrote he leaves, angering Nick. Felicity decides to search for Anton. Johnny and Callie leave the campsite to make out, are beaten to death; the following day Sophie go on a walk by the river. As Melinda helps Sophie improve her English, the killer arrives and drags Melinda away killing her. Sophie rushes back to the campsite to warn the others, but can not due to the language barrier, only confusing the others; the killer arrives again and kills Sophie and Robbie. Meanwhile, Ashley runs into Nick. However, Nick begins to play a song with his guitar instead of running. Ashley notices blood all over Nick's hands, realizes he is the killer. Ashley runs away and discovers Anton impaled through the neck. Nick cuts her back open, leaving her to die; as the movie ends, a record producer congratulates Nick on his album, titled Don't Go in the Woods, telling him it was a good idea to "get rid of the band".

Matt Sbeglia as Nick Storm Cassandra Lee Walker as Ashley Casey Smith as Anton Soomin Lee as Johnny Kate O'Malley as Callie Jorgen Jorgensen as Carlo Nick Thorp as Robbie Nuriya Aimaya as Sophie Gwynn Galitzen as Felicity Ali Tobia as Melinda Kira Gorelick as Charlotte Alyssa Jang as Georgia Bo Boddie as Carson Tim Lajcik as Monster Eric Bogosian - Producer The film was shot on two cameras in woods on D'Onofrio's land in Woodstock, New York state. D'Onofrio decided to make the film during a waiting period for another project to go ahead. Filming started two months after the initial idea, took twelve days to shoot, was completed for a budget of $100,000; the film is D'Onofrio's feature length directorial debut. During an interview with Patrick McDonald of hollywoodchicago.com, he was asked how directors he had worked with influenced him. McDonald asked him "How did you honor those impressions," to which he replied, "I don’t know if I did that on my set. I used the script as a blueprint, we purposely wrote this'B-movie' structure, made it into a musical.

That was the plan, and, what we achieved."In an interview with Edward Douglas of Shocktillyoudrop.net, D'Onofrio spoke of how the film's genre was intended as a slasher musical, that he had wanted to "make an absurd slasher musical". He went on to discuss how the casting was done "off the street some of the girls worked in a coffee shop around the corner from my house", he did say that "three of the guys were in a band, the Dirty Dirty" and had recorded music together prior to the film. He talked about how it was "difficult to keep tension going" while interspersing it with musical numbers, "as singing releases on-screen tension."D'Onofrio said that the film's title was not a reference to the same-named 1981 film. Critical reception has been mostly

RESCO

A Renewable Energy Service Company is an ESCO Energy service company which provides energy to the consumers from renewable energy sources solar photovoltaics, wind power or micro hydro. RESCOs include investor owned, publicly owned and community organisations; the main characteristics of a RESCO are: The household serviced does not own the generation equipment, owned by an external organisation such as a Government agency or the RESCO. The concept is much like that of a conventional electric utility in that the generation equipment is not owned by the user and the electricity, generated is made available to the customer for a fee; the fee charged to the user includes any required capital replacement cost and all operating and repair costs plus a profit for the operating organisation. There are two significant differences between the conventional utility approach and that of the RESCO. For a RESCO: Generation may be distributed among many households instead of being centralised at a power station.

RESCOs have been successful in the expansion of rural electrification projects worldwide because: Low income rural households receive electricity without having to invest in renewable energy equipment, something that they would not be able to afford due to the high initial cost. Equipment is properly maintained and components replaced by the RESCO, making sure that the service is not interrupted, Equipment is owned by an organization that directly or indirectly represents the users; as a result of all this, donors are prepared to contribute with funding to the RESCO concept because it makes their aid effective and accountable. Pacific Governments have provided rural electrification to remote locations by means of four main institutional set-ups, which are: Engaging the power utility in carrying out the rural electrification; this is the approach followed in Marshall Islands by the Marshall Electric Company or in the Federated States of Micronesia by the Yap State Public Service Corporation and the Chuuk Power Utility Corporation.

Setting up a different entity for the rural electrification, but still centralising much of the decision making process in Government officials through the nomination of a board of directors. This is the strategy applied with the Kiribati Solar Energy Company Ltd.. Decentralising operation and maintenance by engaging the private sector, while keeping the ownership of the equipment in the hands of a government department; this is the solution followed in Fiji in Pohnpei State. Decentralising operation and maintenance by engaging the users, transferring ownership of the equipment to the organisation that represents them; this was the solution followed in Tonga though the Ha'apai District Solar Electricity Committee before deciding to engage the power utility in providing the service. Off-the-grid Low carbon technology Renewable energy development Renewable energy economy Renewable energy in Africa Soft energy technologies Sustainable energy Charter for Renewable Energy Based Rural Electrification with Participation of Private Enterprises Solar Home Systems: Technical/Management Model in Kiribati

Pattacheruvanda C. Thimayya

Lieutenant General Pattacheruvanda Chengappa Thimayya, PVSM, VSM, ADC is a serving General Officer in the Indian Army. He is the 21st General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Army Training Command, he assumed office on 1 November 2018 from Lt Gen Manoj Mukund Naravane. Thimayya was born in Chettalli, Karnataka and is the son of Pattacheruvanda Ponnappa Changappa and Gauru Changappa, Thimmaiah, he is an alumnus of Bhubaneswar. He was a sword of honour winner at the Indian Military Academy. Thimayya was commissioned into Mechanised Infantry Regiment in 1981, he has served on both the Eastern fronts. He has commanded a mechanised infantry brigade, his staff appointments include Commandant of Mhow. He was promoted to Lieutenant General on 5 January 2017, he has served as a military observer on the UN mission in Angola and as a Defence Attache to Bangladesh. He is the chief of the Mechanised Infantry Regiment. Thimayya is married to Neena Thimmaiah and they have two sons. Akshay Thimmaiah is studying Mass Communication and Arjun Thimmaiah is serving in the Indian Navy