Boonah is both a town and a locality of the Scenic Rim Region in south-eastern Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 2,474; the town is positioned near McPherson Range and Main Range. It is surrounded by hills, including other Moogerah Peaks. Frog Buttress is a popular rock climbing cliff on the north-west side of Mount French; the history of Boonah township is connected to the nearby settlement of Dugandan, named after a pastoral run of the same name, taken up in August 1844 by Macquarie McDonald and his brother Campbell Livingstone McDonald. Dugandan was one of the earliest pastoral holdings in Queensland. In its early years the area was stocked with sheep but the region was discovered to be well suited for cattle and over time became renowned for the quality of its beef and dairy herds. Adjacent to the property of Dugandan was Coochin Coochin station. In 1873, part of the Coochin Coochin pastoral run was acquired by Frederick Macarthur Bowman who named his property Denelgin.
Frederick Bowman took advantage of the suitability of the area for cattle and is considered one of the dairying pioneers of the region. Variously known as Dugandan Scrub and Blumbergville, Boonah was positioned within the boundaries of the early Dugandan property. Following the introduction of the Crown Lands Alienation Act of 1868 and the subdivision of the large pastoral runs, the settlement fell within the boundaries of a new 320 acre property acquired by John Hooper in 1878. Due to the scattered distribution of European settlers, the close proximity of the two settlements that would become the townships of Dugandan and Boonah and the lack of a clear geographical centre, during the 1870s - 1880s the names Dugandan and Boonah were used interchangeably; as late as 1888, the courts of petty sessions were described as occurring at "Boonah, otherwise known as Blumbergville". The Dugandan Provisional School opened on 15 July 1878 between Dugandan Scrub and Dugandan Flats next to the Teviot Brook on land which would fall within the boundaries of the Blumbergville/Boonah township.
The school was the first building in the township and by 1880, 40 families were living in the Dugandan Scrub area and Blumbergville was starting to be established. Blumbergville took its name from a store owned by three brothers, Max and Adolf Blumberg, located on the site of the Commercial Hotel in High Street, Boonah. Around 1884, the Blumbergville Post Office was opened and on 30 May 1887 the Dugandan Provisional School was upgraded to State School status. In 1887, the railway line from Ipswich was extended to the area, with the name Boonah given to a rail siding at Blumbergville located one stop before the terminus at the settlement of nearby Dugandan; the railway siding took its name from an Aboriginal word from the Yuggera and Yugumbir language groups meaning bloodwood tree or Brigalow tree. The local government, the Goolman Division, had its office in Flinders, but the coming of the railway to Boonah resulted in the relocation of the Goolman Division to Boonah in 1888. Following devastating floods in 1887, the main commercial interests for the district relocated from the lower lying Dugandan, near the railway terminus, to the higher ground of Boonah.
The Post Office was renamed Boonah around 1888 and in 1895 the school changed its name from Dugandan to Boonah State School. By the end of 1900, the Fassifern Butter Factory owned by Mr. S. Dover was operating in Church Street. On 5 July 1916 a larger factory, known as the Boonah Butter Factory, was opened on a new site on the northern entry to the town; the Goolman Shire War Memorial was unveiled in Boonah on 19 May 1920 by General Birdwood and Councillor Alexander John Tait McKay. It is known as the Boonah War Memorial. Only a primary school, Boonah State School had a secondary class added in February 1955, which it retained until 25 January 1965 when Boonah State High School opened. Boonah was the centre of the Shire of Boonah local government area until council amalgamations occurred in 2008. Boonah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 8-10 Church Street: Christ Church Cossart Street and Macquarie Street: Boonah Showgrounds 32 High Street: Australian Hotel 39 High Street and Yeates Avenue: Commercial Hotel J Bell Road: Coochin Coochin Homestead Park Street: Boonah War Memorial and Memorial Park 1 Park Street: Boonah Post Office 8 Railway Street: former offices of the Qld Farmers Co-operative Association Boonah Butter Factory The Wyaralong Dam was constructed east of Boonah on Teviot Brook, a tributary of the Logan River.
At full supply level, water would have inundated parts of the road connecting Boonah and Beaudesert, so a new section of road has been built. Water for the town is supplied from Lake Moogerah on Reynold's Creek, a tributary of the Bremer River. Maroon Dam is another reservoir built 25 kilometres south of Boonah at the base of the McPherson Range. Boonah experiences sub-tropical climatic conditions with warm wet summers and mild dry winters. Boonah township is 80 metres above sea level. Average annual rainfall for the region is 866 mm, equating to an average of 89 days of rainfall. Temperatures range between daytime averages of mid thirty degrees Celsius in summer, to low twenty degrees Celsius in winter; the area produces vegetables for the nearby Brisbane Markets notably carrots and cereal crops. Beef and timber are produced locally. In the 2000/01 financial year the Shire of Boonah produced $67 million worth of agricultural products. More than 135,000 hectares of farmland were used to produce about $20 million worth of crop
Seqwater is a statutory authority of the Government of Queensland that provides bulk water storage and treatment, water grid management and planning, catchment management and flood mitigation services to the South East Queensland region of Australia. Seqwater provides irrigation services to about 1,200 rural customers in the region that are not connected to the grid and provides recreation facilities. Seqwater was established on 1 July 2008 pursuant to the South East Queensland Water Act 2007 alongside three other statutory authorities: Linkwater, the SEQ Water Grid Manager and WaterSecure. Since that time Seqwater has retained its bulk water storage and treatment, catchment management and flood mitigation assets and functions while acquiring additional assets and functions in two tranches: On 1 July 2011 the South East Queensland Water Regulation 2011 transferred to Seawater the assets and operating responsibilities of WaterSecure over the Western Corridor Recycled Water Scheme and the Gold Coast Desalination Plant, the assets of Queensland Water Infrastructure Pty Ltd, principally the Wyaralong Dam On 1 January 2013 further legislative changes gave Seqwater the following functions: the management and maintenance of potable bulk water pipelines provided by LinkWater.
Seqwater is managed by a chief Executive who reports to a Board of Management that are responsible to the Minister for Energy and Water Supply, presently Mark Bailey and the Treasurer and Minister for Employment and Industrial Relations and Minister for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships, presently Curtis Pitt. The Department of Energy and Water Supply provides administrative oversight of the statutory authority; the formation of Seqwater was part of the reform of water supply arrangements by the Queensland Government that commenced in 2007. As part of these reforms an integrated approach to catchment-sourced management across the South East Queensland region was adopted with the expectation that this approach would help to ensure the long term security and sustainability of the region's catchment-based water supply. Seqwater was established to manage bulk water facilities in the region, a function managed by 25 different local government, state government and corporate entities.
Seqwater is responsible for 25 dams, which provide as much as 90 per cent of South East Queensland’s drinking water supply. In addition, Seqwater owns 47 weirs, as well as operating 46 water treatment plant facilities and 14 groundwater borefields across South East Queensland. Seqwater is responsible for a range of new water infrastructure projects and initiatives, including raising the dam wall of the Hinze Dam on the Gold Coast, working with the Department of Infrastructure and Planning on the design phase of the Wyaralong Water Treatment Plant, the fluoridation of the region’s drinking water supply, it manages more than $10 billion worth of water supply assets, including 600 kilometres of bulk water pipelines connecting the water grid from the Sunshine Coast in the north to the Gold Coast in the south, the Western Corridor Recycling Scheme and the Gold Coast Desalination Plant. On 6 July 2015 Seawater released Water for life, a 30 year plan outlining measures to ensure a secure water supply for South East Queensland over the period to 2045.
Seawater desalination in Australia Water security in Australia Water supply and sanitation in Australia Seqwater SEQ Water Grid WaterSecure "South East Queensland Water Strategy". Queensland Water Commission; the State of Queensland. 2010. ISSN 1836-5051
Fassifern Valley is a valley of the Scenic Rim in South East Queensland. Towns found in the valley include Harrisville, Roadvale, Warril View and Aratula. Fassifern Valley is known as a carrot-producing area, as well as for growing potatoes, onions and melons, it is one of four vegetable-producing regions in southern Queensland, the others being the Lockyer Valley, the eastern Darling Downs and the Granite Belt. The Cunningham Highway passes through the town of Aratula and along ridges in the upper valley towards Cunninghams Gap, Mount Mitchell and parts of the Main Range National Park; the Moogerah Peaks are a series of mountain peaks in the southeast of the catchment. To the east lies the valleys of the Logan River. Further to the west is the dry catchment of Laidley Creek and Lockyer Creek in the Lockyer Valley while Amberley is located just to the north of the valley. Captain Patrick Logan was the first European to explore the valley in 1827, during which he climbed Mount French; the valley was first settled by pastoralists during the 1840s.
The first settlers in the area where John Cameron and his brother-in-law Robert Coulson. The pair had arrived on the Darling Downs only to find all the best land taken up, they established themselves in the Fassifern Valley where number of other pastoral runs were established in the following decades, nearly all with familial connections to John Cameron. Cameron named the valley Fassefern, a Scottish name. Many of the sheep and cattle stations names from the 19th century became the names of villages and towns in the valley, such as Moogerah and Dugandan, to become known as Boonah. In September 1887, the Dugandan railway line was opened connecting Dugandan to the main line in the north. Timber-cutting served at least five sawmills in the area; the Mount Edwards railway line, a branch line of the Dugandan railway, serviced a number of towns in the valley between 1922 and 1960. Warril Creek provides a reliable water source for irrigated crop vegetables. A weir has been constructed at Kents Lagoon.
A cattle tick clearing facility is located in Silverdale. In the aftermath of Cyclone Oswald severe flooding in the valley removed top soil from lands which may take a decade to recover from. Lake Moogerah was built on Reynolds Creek which runs into Warril Creek a tributary of the Bremer River which drains the slopes to the west of Fassifern Valley. Irrigation allowed local farmers to diversify crops. List of valleys of Australia Numinbah Valley Samford Valley
Mount Edwards (Queensland)
Mount Edwards is a mountain in South East Queensland, Australia. The mountain is part of the Moogerah Peaks National Park, it lies 100 km south west of Brisbane 17km from the town of Boonah. The mountain is the closest of the Moogerah Peaks to the Cunningham Highway and is 9 km south of Aratula. Other prominent peaks in this Scenic Rim group of mountains includes Mount French, Mount Moon and Mount Greville. Explorer John Oxley named the mountain Mount Banister in 1824. Renamed in 1828 by Alan Cunningham after Lieutenant George Edwards; the summit is accessed by walking track. The 2.7km walk to the top affords views across Fassifern Valley. Between Mount Edwards and Little Mount Edwards to the east, is Reynolds Creek which flows through a steeply sloped gorge. List of mountains in Australia DERM Page on Moogerah Peaks National Park
Swanbank Power Station
The Swanbank Power Stations are located in Swanbank within South East Queensland, Australia. The original power station was coal fired. By 2007 the site had consisted of the efficient 385 megawatts gas-fired Swanbank E Power Station and the smaller 28 megawatts gas-fired Swanbank C Power Station. Swanbank A was commissioned in 1967 and decommissioned in August 2005, it had six 66 megawatts steam turbines, was powered by coal. The three 133-metre high, 7,000-tonne concrete smoke stacks were collapsed on 20 August 2006. All three were collapsed at the same time with a 10 second delay between each stack; the deconstruction and demolition project, undertaken by Trio Industries, was scheduled to be completed in February 2007. Swanbank B was commissioned in 1971 with four 120 megawatts steam turbines, powered by coal. Four units of Swanbank B were decommissioned in April 2010, June 2010, 2011, May 2012, due to the plant reaching the end of its operational life; the coal for Swanbank B came from coalfields in South-East Queensland, including New Acland Mine, by road.
Water is supplied from Lake Moogerah and the Western Corridor Recycled Water Scheme began to supply the power station with water in August 2007. Swanbank C was a small gas turbine generating plant, rated at 28 megawatts, it had two Rolls-Royce Avon gas generators discharging into a power turbine which drove the generator. Middle Ridge Power Station was a similar design, with four gas generators discharging into two power turbines, one on each end of the 56 megawatts electrical generator, it was commissioned in 1969. Swanbank D was a small open cycle gas turbine. Delivering only 37 megawatts, it only ran for a few years; the much larger and more efficient Swanbank E was commissioned in 2002 with a single 385 megawatts combined cycle gas turbine. The gas turbine of Swanbank E was the largest of its type at the time of its commissioning. In 2011, Swanbank E set a world record for the continuous operation of an Alstom GT26 gas turbine, it had been running for 254 days. On 11 July 2008, four activists from Greenpeace Australia Pacific occupied the top of a 140-metre high Swanbank B smokestack for 33 hours.
They descended over two hours on the next day, leaving a message for Australia's leaders – "Go Solar"- painted on the side of the smoke stack. List of active power stations in Queensland YouTube videos of chimney demolition 26 seconds, emotional response 3 minutes 43 seconds, multiple angles
A reservoir is, most an enlarged natural or artificial lake, pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water. Reservoirs can be created in a number of ways, including controlling a watercourse that drains an existing body of water, interrupting a watercourse to form an embayment within it, through excavation, or building any number of retaining walls or levees. Defined as a storage space for fluids, reservoirs may hold gasses, including hydrocarbons. Tank reservoirs elevated, or buried tanks. Tank reservoirs for water are called cisterns. Most underground reservoirs are used to store liquids, principally either water or petroleum, below ground. Reservoir is most an enlarged natural or artificial lake. A dam constructed in a valley relies on the natural topography to provide most of the basin of the reservoir. Dams are located at a narrow part of a valley downstream of a natural basin; the valley sides act as natural walls, with the dam located at the narrowest practical point to provide strength and the lowest cost of construction.
In many reservoir construction projects, people have to be moved and re-housed, historical artifacts moved or rare environments relocated. Examples include the temples of Abu Simbel, the relocation of the village of Capel Celyn during the construction of Llyn Celyn, the relocation of Borgo San Pietro of Petrella Salto during the construction of Lake Salto. Construction of a reservoir in a valley will need the river to be diverted during part of the build through a temporary tunnel or by-pass channel. In hilly regions, reservoirs are constructed by enlarging existing lakes. Sometimes in such reservoirs, the new top water level exceeds the watershed height on one or more of the feeder streams such as at Llyn Clywedog in Mid Wales. In such cases additional side dams are required to contain the reservoir. Where the topography is poorly suited to a single large reservoir, a number of smaller reservoirs may be constructed in a chain, as in the River Taff valley where the Llwyn-on, Cantref and Beacons Reservoirs form a chain up the valley.
Coastal reservoirs are fresh water storage reservoirs located on the sea coast near the river mouth to store the flood water of a river. As the land based reservoir construction is fraught with substantial land submergence, coastal reservoir is preferred economically and technically since it does not use scarce land area. Many coastal reservoirs were constructed in Europe. Saemanguem in South Korea, Marina Barrage in Singapore and Plover Cove in China, etc are few existing coastal reservoirs. Where water is pumped or siphoned from a river of variable quality or size, bank-side reservoirs may be built to store the water; such reservoirs are formed by excavation and by building a complete encircling bund or embankment, which may exceed 6 km in circumference. Both the floor of the reservoir and the bund must have an impermeable lining or core: these were made of puddled clay, but this has been superseded by the modern use of rolled clay; the water stored in such reservoirs may stay there for several months, during which time normal biological processes may reduce many contaminants and eliminate any turbidity.
The use of bank-side reservoirs allows water abstraction to be stopped for some time, when the river is unacceptably polluted or when flow conditions are low due to drought. The London water supply system is one example of the use of bank-side storage: the water is taken from the River Thames and River Lee. Service reservoirs store treated potable water close to the point of distribution. Many service reservoirs are constructed as water towers as elevated structures on concrete pillars where the landscape is flat. Other service reservoirs can be entirely underground in more hilly or mountainous country. In the United Kingdom, Thames Water has many underground reservoirs, sometimes called cisterns, built in the 1800s, most of which are lined with brick. A good example is the Honor Oak Reservoir in London, constructed between 1901 and 1909; when it was completed it was said to be the largest brick built underground reservoir in the world and it is still one of the largest in Europe. This reservoir now forms part of the southern extension of the Thames Water Ring Main.
The top of the reservoir is now used by the Aquarius Golf Club. Service reservoirs perform several functions, including ensuring sufficient head of water in the water distribution system and providing water capacity to out peak demand from consumers, enabling the treatment plant to run at optimum efficiency. Large service reservoirs can be managed to reduce the cost of pumping, by refilling the reservoir at times of day when energy costs are low. Circa 3 000 BC, the craters of extinct volcanoes in Arabia were used as reservoirs by farmers for their irrigation water. Dry climate and water scarcity in India led to early development of stepwells and water resource management techniques, including the building of a reservoir at Girnar in 3000 BC. Artificial lakes dating to the 5th century BC have been found in ancient Greece; the artificial Bhojsagar lake in present-day Madhya Pradesh state of India, constructed in the 11th century, covered 650 square kilometres. In Sri Lanka large reservoirs were created by ancient Sinhalese kings in order to save the water for irrigation.
The famous Sri Lankan king Pa