Mool Nanakshahi Calendar

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The Mool Nanakshahi Calendar is gathering momentum[1] across the world as Sikhs yearn to follow fixed dates which are an accurate historic representation of the Sikh History;[2] this provides the platform for Sikhs to agree on a common calendar.[3] Sardar Pal Singh Purewal, the main architect of the calendar, has written scholarly articles on this issue[4] and explains the difference between the Mool Nanakshahi Calendar and Bikrami Calendars[5]. There is a difference between the Nanakshai Calendar and the Mool Nanakshahi Calendar as such as the Mool Nanakshahi Calendar fixes dates which were movable in the Nanakshahi Calendar.

Meaning of the Word Mool[edit]

The "Mool" prefix, means "original". SGPC released a calendar which was close to this one on the 300th year of Khalsa’s Creation in 1999.

In the News[edit]

The extensive 2 day Mool Nanakshahi Calendar Implementation Conference in Chicago detailed the significance of the changes. Several scholars and topics on this topic lead the presentations and discussions. [6]

  • Mool Nanakshahi Calendar gains momentum across the world.[7][8]

Significant Resolutions[edit]

Significant resolutions were adopted at the Chicago conference on conference in December 2017[9]. More importantly 3 dates were fixed for the upcoming years so that the Nanak’s Gurpurab, Bandee Chorrd Divas, and Holla-Muhalla fall on the same date each year; the fixed dates are:

  • Bandee Chorrd Divas – February 12th every year
  • Holla-Muhalla – March 14th every year
  • Guru Nanak's Gurpurab – April 14th every year


The months in the Mool Nanakshahi calendar are: [10]

No. Name Punjabi Days Gregorian Months Season[11]
1 Chet ਚੇਤ 31 14 March – 13 April Basant (Spring)
2 Vaisakh ਵੈਸਾਖ 31 14 April – 14 May Basant (Spring)
3 Jeth ਜੇਠ 31 15 May – 14 June Garikham (Summer)
4 Harh ਹਾੜ 31 15 June – 15 July Garisham (Summer)
5 Sawan ਸਾਵਣ 31 16 July – 15 August Rut Baras (Rainy season)
6 Bhadon ਭਾਦੋਂ 30 16 August – 14 September Rut Baras (Rainy season)
7 Assu ਅੱਸੂ 30 15 September – 14 October Sard (Autumn)
8 Katak ਕੱਤਕ 30 15 October – 13 November Sard (Autumn)
9 Maghar ਮੱਘਰ 30 14 November – 13 December Sisiar (Winter)
10 Poh ਪੋਹ 30 14 December – 12 January Sisiar (Winter)
11 Magh ਮਾਘ 30 13 January – 11 February Himkar (late Winter/early Spring)
12 Phagun ਫੱਗਣ 30/31 12 February – 13 March Himkar (late Winter/early Spring)


  1. ^
  2. ^ "World Sikh News".
  3. ^ Singh, Irwin Preet. "Mool Nanakshahi Calendar Plugs Bikrami Gaps".
  4. ^ Purewal, Pal. "Gurbani and Nanakshahi Calendar" (PDF).
  5. ^ Purewal, Pal. "Difference Between Nanakshahi and Bikrami Caldenar" (PDF).
  6. ^ "The Chicago Tribune".
  7. ^ "Parkash Purab Guru Gobind Singh Ji Gathers Momentum".
  8. ^ "World Sikh News".
  9. ^ "Adopt Mool Nanakshahi Calendar".
  10. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann (2010) Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, 2nd Edition [6 volumes]. ABC-Clio[1]
  11. ^ Kohli, Surindar Singh (1992) A Conceptual Encyclopaedia of Guru Granth Sahib.Manohar Publishers & Distributors [2]