A moral is a message, conveyed or a lesson to be learned from a story or event. The moral may be left to the hearer, reader, or viewer to determine for themselves, or may be explicitly encapsulated in a maxim. A moral is a lesson in real life; as an example of an explicit maxim, at the end of Aesop's fable of the Tortoise and the Hare, in which the plodding and determined tortoise won a race against the much-faster yet arrogant hare, the stated moral is "slow and steady wins the race". However, other morals can be taken from the story itself; the use of stock characters is a means of conveying the moral of the story by eliminating complexity of personality and depicting the issues arising in the interplay between the characters, enables the writer to generate a clear message. With more rounded characters, such as those found in Shakespeare's plays, the moral may be more nuanced but no less present, the writer may point it out in other ways. Throughout the history of recorded literature, the majority of fictional writing has served not only to entertain but to instruct, inform or improve their audiences or readership.
In classical drama, for example, the role of the chorus was to comment on the proceedings and draw out a message for the audience to take away with them. Morals have been more obvious in children's literature, sometimes being introduced with the phrase: "The moral of the story is …"; such explicit techniques have grown out of fashion in modern storytelling, are now only included for ironic purposes. Some examples are: "Better to be safe than sorry", "The evil deserves no aid", "Be friends with whom you don't like", "Don't judge people by the way they look", "Slow and steady wins the race", "Once started down the dark path, forever will it hold your destiny", "Your overconfidence is your weakness". Aesop's Fables are the most famous of stories with strong moral conclusions. Morals were one of the main purposes of literature during 1780–1830 in children's literature. Part of the reason for this was the writings of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the 18th century, which brought attention to children as an audience for literature.
Following in their line of thought, Thomas Day wrote Sandford and Merton, elevating the outstanding morals of one young boy above the rapscallion nature of another. Maria Edgeworth was another prominent author of moral tales, writing about how a wise adult can educate a child. During this time, the theme of "a young heroine or hero gaining wisdom and maturity was taken up by many other writers"; the ability of children to derive moral lessons from stories and visual media develops around the age of 9 or 10 years. Allegory The dictionary definition of moral at Wiktionary
William Weston, a 15th-century merchant from Bristol, was the first Englishman to lead an expedition to North America, the voyage taking place most in 1499 or 1500. Evidence of Weston's leadership has been discovered only in the early 21st century, it changes interpretations of the discovery era, he is believed to have been part of John Cabot's landmark 1497 expedition, the first European expedition to North America since the Vikings 500 years before. William Weston is believed to have been born in Bristol, where he became a minor merchant, trading with Lisbon, he undertook one of the earliest English trading voyages to Madeira, a Portuguese archipelago in the Atlantic. This took place in 1480 and was intended as a way of gaining direct access to the sugar plantations of what was developing as an important Portuguese colony. In this period he seems to have served as a purser or factor on the Trinity of Bristol, used for an expedition looking for the'Isle of Brasil' in the Atlantic.. In February 1488 Weston was acting as the'attorney' to John Foster.
At this time Weston managed Foster's ship, the Anthony of Bristol, a vessel of about 380 tons burden. The greatest vessel in the Bristol fleet, the Anthony sank at Kingroad at the end of a voyage to Lisbon, with Weston on board. Bristol's merchants blamed the maritime disaster on the negligence of the master. While it is unclear whether Weston was blamed, he subsequently became embroiled in a legal dispute relating to the wreck. By 1492 Weston married Agnes Foster, daughter of merchant John Foster, her father was known in Bristol as the founder of Foster's Almshouses. Weston and his wife lived at, it appears that Foster did not approve of his daughter's marriage to Weston, as Foster's 1492 will left nothing to his son-in-law and comparatively little to his daughter. The will included clauses that ensured that, if Agnes died before William, her inherited property would go to the almshouse rather than her husband. By the late 1490s the Westons were in trouble for failing to pay the'quit rent' on the Corn Street property, which Foster had ordered should be paid to help fund the almshouse.
The executor of Foster's estate had prosecuted Weston, to result in William and Agnes' eviction. It was to avoid this fate that William Weston appealed to the King, asking for a suspension of the legal proceedings until after he had undertaken his expedition to the new found land, it is not certain that Weston accompanied Cabot on his expeditions but seems probable as his own expedition was related to Cabot's assigning patent rights to him for exploration in 1499. Moreover, in January 1498 Cabot and Weston received rewards from King Henry VII, following a royal audience; this suggests the two were working together by this time, with Weston being one of the'great seamen' and Bristol'companions' of the Venetian explorer, discussed in a diplomatic correspondence of December 1497.. In a letter to the Duke of Milan, the Milanese ambassador noted that some of Cabot's Bristol companions on his recent voyages had accompanied the Venetian to Court and had testified to the truth of the explorer's claims about the lands he had discovered in the summer of 1497.
While the exact year of Weston's independent voyage has yet to be determined and Condon suggest that it took place in 1499, a year after Cabot's final voyage. Dr Alwyn Ruddock had claimed that Weston's voyage went far up into the North West Atlantic reaching as far as the Hudson Strait. On her death in December 2005, however, Dr Ruddock left instructions for her research notes to be destroyed. Since the evidence on which she based this claim has not been located, scholars can not yet determine if she was correct about the extent of Weston's voyage. However, an article published in 2018 by Condon and Jones confirms that the voyage took place, for in 1500 Weston received a reward of £30 from the king,'pro expensis suis circa inuencionem noue terre'; this document was one of the ` new finds'. The main evidence for Weston's expedition is found in a letter from Henry VII to his Lord Chancellor, John Morton, discovered in the late 20th century and first published in 2009; the King's letter provides for a suspension of legal action against Weston because it was the King's intent that Weston would "shortly with goddes grace passe and saille for to serche and fynde if he can the new founde land".
Historian Evan Jones and his fellow researcher, Margaret Condon, suggest that William Weston was operating under the Letters patent granted to the Venetian explorer John Cabot, which could be assigned to third parties. In March 1496 Cabot had been awarded the monopoly right in England to undertake voyages across the Atlantic, in search of new lands or trade routes to China. One of the stipulations of the patent was, he reached North America in 1497 and is believed to have landed at Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island before his return. He was the first European to do; that Weston was a deputy or assign of Cabot, seems given the King's personal support for the Bristol explorer. That Cabot and Weston were working together is further supported Henry VII's having made a 40-shilling reward to Weston in January 1498. Historians take this to mean. At that time, Cabot was in London sorting out business related to a pension he had been granted by the King and making preparations for a new voyage. Details of the reward were first reported in the Canad
The Bunny the Bear is the debut studio album by experimental post-hardcore band The Bunny the Bear, self-released on February 4, 2010. The album's only single, "April 11" was released with an accompanying music video on June 8, 2010; the single's video was produced by an independent production company. On February 11, 2016, Tybor announced on Facebook that a remastered edition of the album would be released on April 11, 2016, which would feature two additional bonus tracks. However, the album will not be re-recorded, will therefore feature Chris Hutka's original vocals; the album featured Tybor's early vocal style, more of a standard scream/growl-technique, before he developed more of yell-type vocals as heard on the albums. The album is one of the few to feature screamed vocals from the clean vocalist Chris Hutka, as heard sparsely on tracks such as April 11th. However, Hutka stated that he disliked screaming and preferred to sing. Tybor explained the ideas behind the album's two interludes to a group of fans after a show in Buffalo: the first, "I.
W.n. F. Y," stands for'I will not forget you' which can be heard in slow motion throughout the song; the second, "It's Only an Interlude" is based on the cycle of marriage: The calm pianos in the beginning represent ceremony, than the cricket noises come in to represent nighttime, as you can hear a woman moaning which indicates the intimacy after marriage. After, you hear a baby crying which signifies birth of a child, the coughing of the mother which explains the inevitable onset of sickness during progression to old age. We hear a some metal-clashing noises along with a abrupt explosion that represents pain and death at the end of the couple's lifelong bond. Four of the album's tracks have been re-recorded for future The Bunny The Bear albums. "Prelude to Pregnancy" and "Lust Touch Seed" were re-recorded for the band's following album and major label debut, If You Don't Have Anything Nice to Say. "Flying Like a Bird" was re-recorded for the band's fifth album Food Chain, "What Shade We Make" was re-recorded for the band's Acoustic EP.
The album was the band's only self-released effort, before being signed to Victory Records in early 2011. Chris "The Bear" Hutka – clean vocals Matthew "The Bunny" Tybor – unclean vocals, production, lyrics Erik Kogut – guitars Chris Cole – guitars Derek Anthony – bass Jim Kaczmarski – drums, percussion
Bells of Capistrano is a 1942 American Western film directed by William Morgan and starring Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette, Virginia Grey. Written by Lawrence Kimble, it is a story of a singing cowboy who helps out a beautiful rodeo owner when her competitor gets too rough; the film features the popular songs "Forgive Me", "At Sundown", "In Old Capistrano", "Don't Bite The Hand That's Feeding You". Bells of Capistrano was Autry's final film before entering the service for World War II; the World Wide Wild West Show is a struggling rodeo outfit about to be taken over by the powerful Johnson Brothers rodeo. Daniel "Pop" McCracken and Melinda "Ma" McCracken from World Wide get into a brawl with Jed and Stag Johnson after the brothers catch the desperate McCrackens vandalizing their advertisements. Singing cowboy Gene Autry and his sidekick Frog Millhouse come upon the brawl and try to break up the fight, but Frog's little brother Tadpole draws the sheriff's attention, soon they are all taken to jail, where Gene sings a song for his new friends.
The next day, Jennifer Benton, the owner of World Wide, bails Pop out of jail. After meeting Gene, she agrees to hire him hoping his singing will bring in people and improve business. Soon, Gene is drawing in the crowds eager to see the Singing Bronco Buster. Jed and Stag are not pleased with World Wide's new success, having planned to take over the company prior to their upcoming important engagements in Capistrano; as part of their efforts to acquire World Wide, Stag has been wooing Jennifer, telling his brother he will marry her in order to close the business deal. Gene tries to warn her about Stag's motives. Meanwhile and Jackie Laval, Stag's former girl friend, pay Gene a call and offer him a job with the Johnson Brothers rodeo for more money; when Gene declines, they warn him. When Gene gets into a fistfight with Jed, Jennifer mistakenly assumes. Determined to eliminate the competition, Jed returns to the World Wide camp with a gang of thugs, who proceed to destroy the camp's equipment; when Jennifer's horse bolts during the attack, Gene comes to her rescue, though she again blames him for the disturbance.
When Stag offers to pay for the damage, a grateful Jennifer decides to marry him and sell him World Wide. To prevent Jennifer from making a big mistake, Gene prevents the sale by having the deputy sheriff attach the rodeo for back wages. Broken-hearted by her failure as an owner, Jennifer hands the show over to Ma, the other rodeo workers, telling them that she was going to give them the proceeds of the sale anyway; when Jennifer tells Stag that she cannot sell the company after all, Stag's negative reaction convinces her that Gene was right about Stag's motives for romancing her. Jennifer returns to the World Wide camp; the World Wide Wild West Show travels to Capistrano and a big fiesta to celebrate their upcoming opening is organized. Unknown to Jennifer and the others, the Johnsons have planted one of their thugs, Jenkins, in Capistrano, Jennifer unwittingly hires him. On the night of the fiesta, Jenkins sets fire to their campground, Pop is injured while trying to rescue the horses; when Gene learns that a special doctor is needed to perform a delicate operation on Pop, he accepts a position with the Johnson Brothers who agree to advance him the money needed for Pop's operation—it's the only way he can raise that much money.
Without revealing the seriousness of Pop's condition to Jennifer and the others, Gene leaves for the Johnson Brothers rodeo. When Gene discovers the connection between the Johnson Brothers and Jenkins, he agrees not to turn them in for arson if they pay Pop's medical expenses and buy new equipment for World Wide; the Johnson Brothers agree to Gene's proposal. Jennifer and the others are relieved to learn that Gene did not desert them. After Pop recovers from his operation, Gene performs in a special show attended by a booking agent from New York City; the agent is so impressed, he books the entire group for a rodeo at Madison Square Gardens. Gene Autry as Gene Autry Smiley Burnette as Frog Millhouse Virginia Grey as Jennifer Benton Lucien Littlefield as Daniel "Pop" McCracken Morgan Conway as Stag Johnson Claire Du Brey as Melinda "Ma" McCracken Charles Cane as Tex North Joe Strauch Jr. as Tadpole Millhouse Marla Shelton as Jackie Laval Tris Coffin as Jed Johnson Guy Usher as Sheriff Ken Christy as Deputy Robert J. Wilke as Roustabout Champion as Gene's Horse Bells of Capistrano was the only Gene Autry film to feature Virginia Grey.
Born March 22, 1917 in Los Angeles, Grey was the daughter of director Ray Grey. One of her early babysitters was film star Gloria Swanson. Grey made her first film appearance at the age of ten in the silent film Uncle Tom's Cabin. After a few years of acting, she left movies to finish her education. In the 1930s, Grey returned to the screen in bit parts and signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, appearing in several feature films, including Another Thin Man and The Big Store. In 1942, she signed with several different studios in the coming years. In the 1950s and 1960s, Grey appeared in popular melodramas, such as All That Heaven Allows, Back Street, Madame X. In the 1940s, Grey was romantically involved with Clark Gable. Following the death of Carole Lombard and Grey were seen together and many expected the two to marry, including Grey herself. In 1949, Gable married Lady Sylvia Ashley, report
Her Winning Way is a lost 1921 American silent comedy film directed by Joseph Henabery. The screenplay was written by Douglas Z. Doty based upon the novel Ann Annington by Edgar Jepson and the play Ann by Lechmere Worrall; the film stars Mary Miles Minter, Gaston Glass, Carrie Clark Ward, Fred Goodwins, Helen Dunbar, Grace Morse. The film was released by Paramount Pictures; as described in a film magazine, Ann Annington writes book reviews for a newspaper and when a reporter fails his assignment to get an interview with the noted author Harold Hargrave, she undertakes to meet the young man. She rents the room next door by impersonating a maid soon wins his good graces. Hargrave's fiancee breaks her engagement when she sees Ann on the premises, Ann's finance discovers that Hargrave has supplanted him in her affections. Mary Miles Minter as Ann Annington Gaston Glass as Harold Hargrave Carrie Clark Ward as Nora Fred Goodwins as Sylvester Lloyd Helen Dunbar as Mrs. Hargrave Grace Morse as Evangeline John Elliott as Mallon Omar Whitehead as Dr. Claude Gravat Her Winning Way on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Film still at IMBD
William Avery "Devil Bill" Rockefeller Sr. was an American businessman, herbalist and con-artist who went by the alias of Dr. William Levingston, he worked as a lumberman and a traveling salesman who identified himself as a "botanic physician" and sold elixirs. He was known to buy and sell horses, was known at one point to have bought a barge-load of salt in Syracuse. Land speculation was another type of his business, the selling of elixirs served to keep him with cash and aided in his scouting of land deals, he loaned money to farmers at twelve percent, but tried to lend to farmers who could not pay so as to foreclose and take the farms. Two of his sons were Standard Oil co-founders John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and William Avery Rockefeller Jr. William Avery Rockefeller was born in Ancram, New York, he was the eldest son of businessman/farmer Godfrey Lewis Lucy Avery. Godfrey and Lucy had married on September 1806, in Amwell, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Bill had two elder sisters -- Olympia -- as well as seven younger siblings.
The Rockefellers trace their patrilineal line to Goddard Rockefeller of Fahr, today part of Neuwied, Germany. The first Rockefeller to emigrate to America was Johann Peter Rockenfeller, who changed his name to Rockefeller. Godfrey Lewis Rockefeller was a son of distant cousins William Rockefeller and Christina Rockefeller. Lucy Avery was born to Miles Avery and Melinda Pixley, New England Yankees of English descent. Rockefeller married his first wife, Eliza Davison, a daughter of farmer John Davison and Cynthia Selover, on February 18, 1837 in Niles, Cayuga Co. New York. John opposed the union. Since Cynthia had died when Eliza was twelve, Eliza had been raised by her elder sister, Mary Ann Davison, father John. Rockefeller met Eliza on one of his business trips in Upstate New York, it is said that Rockefeller pulled out a slate and chalk to communicate when he arrived at the Davison residence, as he pretended to be deaf and dumb on his selling trips. Eliza is to have remarked, "If that man were not deaf and dumb, I'd marry him."Bill and Eliza were the parents of three sons and three daughters: Lucy Rockefeller, married Pierson Briggs John Davison Rockefeller Sr. married Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman William Avery Rockefeller Jr. married Almira Geraldine Goodsell Mary Ann Rockefeller Franklin "Frank" Rockefeller Frances Rockefeller Bill once bragged, "I cheat my boys every chance I get.
I want to make'em sharp." Although Bill abandoned the family while Lucy and William Jr. were teenagers, he remained married to Eliza until her death. In 1856, having assumed the name Dr. William Levingston, he married Margaret Allen in Norwich, Canada. Bill and Margaret had no children together. Before leaving his first wife, he had two daughters with his mistress and housekeeper Nancy Brown: Clorinda Rockefeller Cornelia Rockefeller Before marrying Eliza, Bill had been in love with Nancy. However, he ended up marrying Eliza since her father was to give her $500 when she married, Nancy was poor; when John D. Rockefeller started his own produce commission business with Maurice B. Clark in 1859, Clark initiated the idea of the partnership and offered $2,000 towards the goal. John D. Rockefeller had only $800 saved up at the time and so borrowed $1,000 from his father, "Big Bill" Rockefeller, at 10 percent interest. Bill visited with his grandchildren at the Forest Hill estate in Cleveland and at Pocantico Hills in Tarrytown.
He played fiddle in the evenings for them. Prior to Bill's visits, John D. would invite some of Bill's Upstate New York friends. On July 26, 1849, in the city of Auburn, New York, William was indicted for a rape which had occurred at gunpoint, his victim had worked in the Rockefeller household. In the 1905 book Memoirs of an American Citizen, Robert Herrick says an improper relationship had been rumoured to exist; the court document reads, "That William A. Rockefeller late of the Town of Moravia in the County of Cayuga, on the first day of May in the year of the Lord Thousand Eight hundred and forty eight, with force and arms at the Town of Moravia in said County, in and upon one Ann Vanderbeak in the Peace of God with the People of the State of New York and there being, violently did make and assault on her, the said Ann Venderbeak and there make violently and against her will feloniously did ravish and carnally know ". William Cooper, the Rockefeller family Doctor indicated with the assault and battery with the intention of raping Ann Vanderbeak.
Because of the allegations, William sold the Moravia home and moved to Owego, New York to avoid trial, under the pretence of providing better opportunities for the boys. Four days Eliza's father sued Bill in the Supreme Court of Cayuga for failure to pay a $1,175 debt, his plea states that Bill had asked him for help with his bail for the rape charges, but that Eliza's father had not seen Bill since. Eliza informed authorities that her husband had "absconded and cannot now be found within the state." William worked as a travelling snake oil specialist. A