click links in text for more info

Moreton Island National Park

Moreton Island National Park is a national park which covers 98% of Moreton Island in Queensland, Australia, 58 km northeast of Brisbane. It has three main townships, Cowan Cowan and Kooringal; the island is home to Queensland's oldest operating lighthouse located at Cape Moreton on the northern tip of the island. The township of Cowan was home to the Australian soldiers during WWII and many relics remain on the island. Access to the park was restricted during a clean-up of oil from the 2009 southeast Queensland oil spill. Activities such as bushwalking and watersports are popular in the park. Humpback whale can be seen in surrounding waters between late spring; the park contains heath and open forests of scribbly gum and pink bloodwood. Other areas contain mangroves and melaleuca swamps. Access to the island is via the MICAT vehicle ferry service from Lytton, near the Port of Brisbane, the Tangalooma Flyer launched from Pinkenba or the Kooringal Trader from Amity Point on North Stradbroke Island.

The Combie Trader barge service from Scarborough in Redcliffe City to Bulwer no longer operates. Camping is permitted in specified campsites as well as within zones along eastern and western beaches. Moreton Bay Marine Park Protected areas of Queensland Official website

Coffin Joe

Zé do Caixão, known in English-speaking countries as Coffin Joe, is a character created and nominally played by Brazilian writer and actor José Mojica Marins. An amoral undertaker with Nietzschian beliefs, he is driven by his desire to have a son by "the perfect woman", believing that immortality is achieved through procreation, a concept he refers to as "the continuation of blood", he resorts to murder and rape to achieve his means, with his violent nature and antagonism towards Christianity placing him into conflict with his Catholic neighbors. Despite his own disbelief in the supernatural, he finds himself experiencing paranormal phenomena, including encounters with ghosts and visions of Hell. Conceived of by Marins to serve as the antagonist in At Midnight I'll Take Your Soul, Brazil's first horror film, Coffin Joe has gone on to appear in nine more films, three television series, music videos, comic books; the character has been called "Brazil's National Boogeyman", is considered a horror icon and a cultural icon of Brazil, with his popularity resulting in descriptions of him as being the Brazilian equivalent of the United States' Freddy Krueger.

Coffin Joe is an undertaker by trade and runs his own funeral home, from which he sells caskets and wreaths. Unlike his neighbors, who dress in peasant or farming clothes, he wears a black top hat, black suit, black cape, he is an amoral character who considers himself superior to others and exploits them to suit his purposes. He believes in reason and materialism, eschewing all religion and superstition, believing them to be impediments to human evolution. Conversely, he accepts others who share his beliefs as "superior" women; the only individuals Joe considers to be pure are children, whom he believes have yet to be corrupted by the false moral codes of the adult world and towards whom he shows uncharacteristic displays of kindness. While Joe himself disbelieves in the paranormal, he oftentimes finds himself experiencing supernatural phenomena, including encounters with ghosts, visions of Hell, meeting otherworldly beings, including Death itself; the character comments on these experiences, they appear to have no lasting effect on his cosmology or personal beliefs.

Although none of the films in which he appears explore the character's backstory, Marins has outlined in interviews that Joe became jaded when he fought with the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in World War II, developed his attitudes towards women when he returned home to learn that his beloved had begun an affair in his absence. The dual experiences both forged Joe's beliefs about mankind, as well as his desire to find the "perfect" woman. At the time of the first film's production, Brazil had produced no horror films of its own. Marins was a lifelong fan of horror films, having grown up watching them in the theater that his family owned and lived above in an apartment. Marins states that the idea for the character came in a dream: "In a dream saw a figure dragging me to a cemetery. Soon he left me in front of a headstone, there were two dates of my death. People at home were frightened, called a priest because they thought I was possessed. I woke up screaming, at that time decided to do a movie unlike anything I had done.

He was born at that moment. The character began to take shape in my life; the cemetery gave me the name, completed the costume of Joe the cover of voodoo and black hat, the symbol of a classic brand of cigarettes. He would be a mortician." Although mentioned in the films, Coffin Joe's true name is Josefel Zanatas. Marins gives an explanation for the name in an interview for Portal Brasileiro de Cinema: "I was thinking a name: Josefel: "fel" for being bitter — and Zanatas as a last name, because backward it reads "Satanás"". Coffin Joe first appears in At Midnight I'll Take Your Soul as the sole undertaker of a small, rural town somewhere in the vicinity of São Paulo. Although the rest of the townspeople hold him in contempt for his anti-Catholic sentiments and violent nature, they live in fear of him for his physical prowess and ability to best any man in a fight; the only people with whom Joe shares a cordial relationship are his wife, best friend Anthony, Anthony's fiancee, whom Joe lusts for.

Believing himself to be of intellectual superiority to those around him, Joe's primary drive is "the continuity of blood" in the form of a son born from "the perfect woman". After learning that Lenita cannot conceive, Joe kills her with a venomous tarantula murders Anthony by drowning him in a bathtub. Both deaths are ruled accidental and Joe makes advances on Terezinha, who turns him down. An enraged Joe rapes her, but Terezinha commits suicide rather than report him, though she promises vengeance from beyond the grave. On Dia de Finados, Joe witnesses a procession of ghosts who chase him to Anthony and Terezinha's tomb, where he witnesses their bodies coming to life; the townspeople find Joe on the tomb steps dead, with his eyes bulging from their sockets. Joe returns in This Night I'll Possess Your Corpse, in which it is revealed that he survived his encounter with Terezinha and Anthony's ghosts, though he was temporarily blinded. After recovering and going to trial, he is found not guilty for his crimes and returns

Capillary surface

In fluid mechanics and mathematics, a capillary surface is a surface that represents the interface between two different fluids. As a consequence of being a surface, a capillary surface has no thickness in slight contrast with most real fluid interfaces. Capillary surfaces are of interest in mathematics because the problems involved are nonlinear and have interesting properties, such as discontinuous dependence on boundary data at isolated points. In particular, static capillary surfaces with gravity absent have constant mean curvature, so that a minimal surface is a special case of static capillary surface, they are of practical interest for fluid management in space, where both flow and static configuration are dominated by capillary effects. The defining equation for a capillary surface is called the stress balance equation, which can be derived by considering the forces and stresses acting on a small volume, bounded by a capillary surface. For a fluid meeting another fluid at a surface S, the equation reads n ^ = − γ n ^ + ∇ S γ.

Note that the quantity − ∇ S ⋅ n ^ is twice the mean curvature of the surface. In fluid mechanics, this equation serves as a boundary condition for interfacial flows complementing the Navier–Stokes equations, it describes the discontinuity in stress, balanced by forces at the surface. As a boundary condition, it is somewhat unusual in that it introduces a new variable: the surface S that defines the interface. It's not too surprising that the stress balance equation mandates its own boundary conditions. For best use, this vector equation is turned into 3 scalar equations via dot product with the unit normal and two selected unit tangents: ⋅ n ^ = − γ ∇ S ⋅ n ^ ⋅ t ^ 1 = ∇ S γ ⋅ t ^ 1 ⋅ t ^ 2 = ∇ S γ ⋅ t ^ 2 Note that the products lacking dots are tensor products of tensors with vectors, those with dots are dot products; the first equation is called the normal stress boundary condition. The second two equations are called tangential stress equations; the stress tensor is related to pressure. Its actual form will depend on the specific fluid being dealt with, for the common case of incompressible Newtonian flow the stress tensor is given by σ i j = − + μ

Karan Anshuman

Karan Anshuman is an Indian film writer and producer. He is the director of Emmy-nominated drama film Inside Edge, he is the director and writer of Bangistan and the creator and writer of Mirzapur. He is the co-founder of two digital initiatives: Dreamscape Media, a web and mobile development agency. Anshuman was raised in Mumbai, after finishing his schooling at Jamnabai Narsee School, he went to St Xaviers' College and to Denison University in the United States to pursue an undergraduate degree in filmmaking. Though he studied film as an undergraduate, technologically-inclined Anshuman co-founded Dreamscape Media in 2004 – a digital agency in the business of creation of web and mobile apps, online marketing and communication. In 2011, Anshuman began his career as a film critic with Mumbai Mirror, where he was known for his innovative style of reviewing. Anshuman made his directorial debut with Bangistan in 2015, which released across 700 screens in India; the Guardian called it a "sly suicide-bomber comedy" with "always something to chuckle at in" and that Anshuman "approaches his task with smarts and sensitivity".

His next big project was Amazon Prime's first Indian web series Inside Edge. Produced by Excel Entertainment, the show aired its first season in 2017 with much fanfare; the series became the most watched show on Amazon Prime and won him the ITA Award for Best Director – Web Series along with Best Show. The show has been nominated for the 2018 International Emmy Award in the Best Drama category. Firstpost's review mentioned, "Kudos to Karan Anshuman for making some of best sequences I've seen on the small screen. Not only are they well edited, they are superbly shot too. Inside Edge has an IMDb rating of 8.2. Teaming up with Excel and Amazon again, Anshuman is the showrunner for Mirzapur, a hinterland gangster drama set in the badlands of eastern Uttar Pradesh, dealing with the illegal arms trade and drug smuggling. Mirzapur released worldwide on November 16, 2018. Anshuman made his literary debut with Kashmirnāmā, a fictionalised version of the Indo-Pak relationship and the Kashmir conundrum, published by Jaico Publishing House in 2017.

Anshuman was named by GQ in GQ’s 50 Most Influential Young Indians of 2018, recognising his talents as a writer and showrunner. ITA Award for Best Director – Web Series for Inside Edge. Karan Anshuman on IMDb Dreamscape Media

Battle of Khunan

The Battle of Khunan was fought in September 1222 between the Kingdom of Georgia, led by King George IV, the Mongol army led by Subutai and Jebe. The result was a Mongol victory. For further details, see the Mongol Invasions of Georgia; the Mongols made their first appearance in the Georgian possessions when this latter kingdom was still in its zenith, dominating most of the Caucasus. First contact occurred early in the fall of 1220, when 20,000 Mongols led by Subutai and Jebe pursued the ousted Shah Muhammad II of the Khwarazmian dynasty to the Caspian Sea. With the consent of Genghis Khan, the two Mongol generals proceeded west on a reconnaissance mission; the Mongols invaded from Nakhichevan. King Georgi IV "Lasha" of Georgia hastily assembled an army of about 10,000 men commanded by him and his atabeg Ivane Mkhargrdzeli but was defeated with heavy casualties in Northeast Armenia by the Mongol army; the Mongols returned to Arran as they had not intended this as a war of conquest. Thinking that the Mongols would stay in Arran until the Spring, the Georgians began gathering an army, asking for help from Malik Ashraf of Akhlat and Uzbek, the Atabag of Azerbaijan.

Conquering the Caucasus was not Subatai’s remit, but Mongol intelligence intercepted war plans by Georgia and their vassals, the Mongols attacked when least expected, in the freezing cold and snowbound passes of January 1221. Subotai and Jebe received reinforcements from Genghis Khan and recruited local Turkish and Kurdish forces under the command of Akush, a disloyal underling of Atabag Uzbek. Subutai and Jebe marched into Georgia towards Tibilisi, the Georgian Capital. Close to Tibilisi the Mongols attacked a Georgian force; the Georgians were slaughtered by the Mongol rearguard. In spring, after ravaging Southeast Georgia, the Mongols withdrew to the Karabakh, According to Kirakos Gandzaketsi, after this battle and Subutai dwelt in a safe place, between the cities of Barda and Beylagan; this they used as a base from. They invaded Tabriz, whose governor Shams Tabrizi paid a fortune to buy the city exemption. In August 1221 the Mongols slaughtered the population of Hamadan turned north, depopulating Nakhichevan and Ganja, from where they went again to Eastern Georgia.

This time King George IV and atabeg Ivane Mkhargrdzeli were waiting with about 70,000 men: The two armies met on the plain of Khunan in September. With 5,000 men, Jebe set up an ambush; the Mongol tactic was to attack with its main body and feign a retreat, after which a second Mongol army descended to encircle and destroy the enemy. Unprepared for this tactic, the Georgians chased them up to the river Kotman until Jebe’s sudden advance from the ambush ended the battle; the king and Ivane fled. George IV was badly wounded in the chest. Subutai, continuing to march his army north, had orders to conquer the Polovtian Khanate. Alexander, Bevin. How wars are won:the 13 rules of war from ancient greece to the war on terror P/117. Three River Press. ISBN 1-4000-4948-2. McLynn, Frank. Genghis Khan: His conquest, his Empire, his legacy. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-82396-1. Craughwell, Thomas J; the Rise and Fall of the Second Largest Empire in History: How Genghis Khan conquered the world. Fair Winds. ISBN 9781616738518.

Rayfield, Donald. 2012. Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia. London, UNITED KINGDOM: Reaktion Books, Limited

John McMullen (engineer)

John J. McMullen, Ph. D was an American naval architect and marine engineer, former owner of the New Jersey Devils and Houston Astros, he founded the engineering firm John J. McMullen & Associates, was the owner of Norton Lilly International a shipping agent now based out of Mobile, from 1972 until 2002. McMullen was born in 1918 in New Jersey, he grew up in Montclair, New Jersey, where he attended Montclair High School, graduating in 1936. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1940 and rose to the rank of commander during a 15-year naval career; the Naval Academy honored his naval and ice hockey backgrounds by naming their hockey team's rink after him. He received a master's degree in naval architecture and engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a doctorate in mechanical engineering from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, he had three children. He died at his Montclair, New Jersey home in September 2005, he bought the Colorado Rockies and in 1982 moved the team to East Rutherford, New Jersey renaming them the New Jersey Devils.

He instituted the Dr. John J. McMullen Award in 1984, presented annually to "an individual or individuals who have supported amateur hockey throughout the state"; the team won two Stanley Cups during his ownership, in 1995 and 2000. Just before winning the second Cup, McMullen sold the team to YankeeNets. After his death, the team dedicated the 2005–06 season to him, wearing a small "JM" patch on their jerseys. McMullen owned the Houston Astros for a period of time, buying the team from Ford Motor Company Credit in 1979. Under McMullen's ownership, the Astros signed Alvin, Texas native Nolan Ryan to Baseball's first $1 million free agent contract and reached the playoffs for the first time in franchise history in 1980. McMullen sold his interest in the Astros to grocery distribution magnate Drayton McLane in 1993. Prior to purchasing the Astros, McMullen had been one of George Steinbrenner's limited partners in owning the Yankees, he said, "Nothing is so limited as being one of George's limited partners."

McMullen had a close friendship with Yogi Berra. When Berra was fired as manager of the New York Yankees in 1985, McMullen offered him a job coaching the Astros, which Berra accepted. John J. McMullen is commemorated in the U. S. Naval Academy's McMullen Hockey Arena, the Academy's biennial McMullen Naval History Symposium, the McMullen Seapower Fellowship and Keynote McMullen Seapower Lecture that are associated with the naval history symposium. McMullen was awarded the Naval Academy's Distinguished Graduate Award in 2000. Picture of John McMullen's Name on the 1995 Stanley Cup Plaque Picture of John McMullen's Name on the 2000 Stanley Cup Plaque