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Mormon Tabernacle Choir

The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square known as the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, is an American choir, part of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It has performed in the Salt Lake Tabernacle for over 100 years; the Tabernacle houses an organ, consisting of 11,623 pipes, which accompanies the choir. The choir was founded in August 1847, one month after the Mormon pioneers entered the Salt Lake Valley. Prospective singers must be LDS Church members who are eligible for a temple recommend, between 25 and 55 years of age at the start of choir service, live within 100 miles of Temple Square; the choir is one of the most famous choirs in the world. It first performed for a U. S. President in 1911, has performed at the inaugurations of presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush, Donald Trump; the choir's weekly devotional program, Music & the Spoken Word, is one of the longest-running radio programs in the world, has aired every week since July 15, 1929.

The Tabernacle was completed in 1867 and the choir held its first concert there on July 4, 1873. The choir started out small and rather undisciplined. In 1869, George Careless was appointed as the choir's conductor and the Tabernacle Choir began to improve musically. Under Careless, the first large choir was assembled by adding smaller choral groups to the main Salt Lake Choir; this larger choir, just over 300, sang at the church's October 1873 general conference. It was at this point. On September 1, 1910, the choir sang the song, "Let the Mountains shout for Joy", as their first recording. Three hundred of the 600 members showed up for the recording. Since July 15, 1929, the choir has performed a weekly radio broadcast called Music & the Spoken Word, one of the longest-running continuous radio network broadcasts in the world. Directors brought more solid vocal training and worked to raise the standards of the choir; the choir began improving as an ensemble and increased its repertoire from around one hundred songs to nearly a thousand.

In July 1929, the choir performed its first radio broadcast of the Spoken Word. By 1950, the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square performed numerous concerts each year and had released its first long-playing recording. During the 1950s, the choir made its first tour of Europe and earned a Grammy Award for its recording of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic". Directors of the choir continued to hone and refine the choir's sound. At the end of the choir's 4,165th live broadcast on July 12, 2009, the show's host, Lloyd D. Newell, announced another milestone that the show had hit: the completion of its 80th year in existence; the show has been televised since the early 1960s and is now broadcast worldwide through 1,500 radio and television stations. On October 5, 2018, the choir retired the name "The Mormon Tabernacle Choir" and adopted the name "The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square" in order to align with the direction of LDS Church leadership regarding the use of terms "Mormon" and "LDS" in referencing church members.

The new name retains the reference to the historic Salt Lake Tabernacle, the choir's home for over 150 years, its location on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. Since its establishment, The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has performed and recorded extensively, not only in the United States but around the world; the following are some of its milestones: Visited 28 countries outside the United States. Performed at 13 World’s Fairs and Expositions. Released more than 130 musical compilations and several films and videotapes. Reached more than 100 million YouTube views on its channel; the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has performed for ten presidents of the United States beginning with William Howard Taft. The choir has performed at the inaugurations of United States presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, George W. Bush, Donald Trump. Other notable events the choir has performed at include the following: Performed over 20 times at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, including at the Opening Ceremony, where they sang the national anthem and the Olympic Hymn under the direction of John Williams.

The American Bicentennial in Washington, D. C; the Constitution's bicentennial celebration at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania It has participated in several significant events, including: National broadcasts honoring the passing of U. S. Presidents: Franklin D. Roosevelt John F. Kennedy From its first national tour in 1893, under the direction of Evan Stephens, to the Chicago World's Fair, the choir has performed in locations around the world, including: Los Angeles Hollywood Bowl. Chicago Century of Progress Exposition. San Diego California Pacific International Exposition. Western Europe Glasgow, Cardiff, Prince Albert Hall in London, Scheveningen, West Berlin, Bern, Palais de Chaillot in Paris. Sang at the dedication of the Bern Switzerland Temple on 11 September 1955 on this tour. Central America Western Europe Western Europe Bergen International Festival in Bergen, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Rotterdam, Royal Albert Hall in London. Central Europe and the former Soviet Union Frankfurt, Strasbourg, Zürich, Budapest, Dresden, Warsaw, Leningra

Interpersonal compatibility

Interpersonal compatibility or interpersonal matching is the long-term interaction between two or more individuals in terms of the ease and comfort of communication. Although various concepts of interpersonal compatibility have existed from ancient times, no general theory of interpersonal compatibility has been proposed in psychology. Existing concepts are contradictory in many details, beginning with the central point—whether compatibility is caused by matching psychological parameters or by their complementarity. At the same time, the idea of interpersonal compatibility is analyzed in non-scientific fields. Among existing psychological tools for studying and/or measuring interpersonal compatibility, the following are noteworthy: A test of interpersonal compatibility proposed by Timothy Leary A three-factor hypothesis by William Schutz Hans Jurgen Eysenck's hypothesis on compatibility between temperaments Social psychological research on similarity of interests and attitudes Compatibility test pamphlets of the 1930s and early computer dating of the 1950s, developed by George W. Crane Hypothesis of compatibility between personality attitudes by Russell Ackoff and Frederick Edmund Emery, DMO tool by Lyudmila Sobchik Socionics has proposed a theory of intertype relationships between psychological types based on a modified version of C.

G. Jung's theory of psychological types. Communication between types is described using the concept of information metabolism proposed by Antoni Kępiński. Socionic data are much more representative than, e.g. those of Emery. Socionics allocates 16 types of the relations -- from most comfortable up to disputed; the understanding of a nature of these relations helps to solve a number of problems of the interpersonal relations, including aspects of psychological and sexual compatibility. The researches of married couples by Aleksandr Bukalov et al. have shown that the family relations submit to the laws, which are opened by socionics. The study of socionic type allocation in casually selected married couples confirmed the main rules of the theory of intertype relations in socionics. So, the dual relations make the intraquadral relations make 64 % of investigated couples. Alternative hypotheses of intertype relationships were proposed by adherents of MBTI. Neither of these hypotheses are accepted in the Myers–Briggs type indicator theory.

MBTI in Russia is confused with socionics, although the 16 types in these theories are described differently and do not correlate exactly. The following problems may be reasons for the absence of a theory of psychological compatibility: Lack of accepted criteria for measuring compatibility The terms compatibility and matching, although not identical, are confused in common speech The problem's unclear status in social science Different psychological theories propose different parameters of personality, but only few of them are accepted among psychologists, it has been suggested that MHC plays a role in the selection via olfaction. MHC genes make molecules, it would therefore be beneficial to have evolved systems of recognizing individuals with different MHC genes and preferentially selecting them to breed with. Yamazaki et al. showed this to be the case for male mice, which show a preference for females of different MHC. Similar results have been obtained with fish. In 1995, Swiss biologist Claus Wedekind determined MHC influences both body odors and body odor preferences in humans, that the women's preferences depend on their hormonal status.

In an experiment, a group of female college students smelled T-shirts, worn by male students for two nights, without deodorant, cologne or scented soaps. Overwhelmingly, the women preferred the odors of men with dissimilar MHCs to their own. However, their preference was reversed; the hypothesis is that MHCs affect mate choice and that oral contraceptives can interfere with the preference for variation. A study in 2005 on 58 test subjects confirmed that taking oral contraceptives made women prefer men with MHCs similar to their own. Several follow up studies have confirmed the belief that paternally inherited HLA-associated odors influence odor preference and may serve as social cues. In 2008, Peter Donnelly and colleagues proposed that MHC is related to mating choice in some human populations. Complementarity in social psychology is defined on the basis of the interpersonal circle, according to which interpersonal behaviors fall on a circle with two dimensions, namely dominance and warmth, it states

Clay Township, Owen County, Indiana

Clay Township is one of thirteen townships in Owen County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,600 and it contained 1,083 housing units. Clay Township was named for Kentucky statesman Henry Clay; the Ennis Archaeological Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of all land. Braysville at 39.211712°N 86.77445°W / 39.211712. Spencer-Owen Community Schools State House District 46 State Senate District 39 "Clay Township, Owen County, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-10-23. United States Census Bureau 2009 TIGER/Line Shapefiles IndianaMap Indiana Township Association United Township Association of Indiana page for Clay Township

Candace Dempsey

Candace Dempsey is an American author and travel writer. She has written for several magazines in the United States, is the author of Murder in Italy, a study of the 2007 murder of Meredith Kercher and the trials of Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito. Dempsey has been interviewed about the Kercher investigation for CNN, including Anderson Cooper 360, MSNBC, the BBC, KOMO TV, Italian television, she maintains a blog about the case, "Let's Talk About True Crime," hosted by the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Dempsey's ancestry is Italian on her mother's side, German-Irish on her father's, she attended West Valley High School in Spokane, obtained her master's in journalism from the University of Oregon School of Journalism, began her career in 1976 as an intern at The Spokesman-Review in Spokane. In 1977 she married a New Yorker; the couple lived in Albany, New York, Boston, for a few years before moving to Seattle. Dempsey has worked as an editor and producer for MSN, an independent travel writer, has written for publications such as The Chicago Tribune, The Boston Phoenix and The New York Times.

She became known in particular for her research into the 2007 murder of Meredith Kercher in Perugia, Italy. Her blog on the investigation was one of the first to post court documents about the case, her book about the murder and criminal inquiry, Murder in Italy, received Best True Crime Book Reviews Editor's and Readers' awards for 2010. Dempsey was present in the courtroom in Perugia in October 2011 when Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito were acquitted of Kercher's murder.. Murder in Italy: The Shocking Slaying of a British Student, the Accused American Girl, an International Scandal. Penguin/Berkley Books.. "A Restless Night on the Mojave", Passionfruit.. "Girl Kayak Guides of Juneau," in Pamela Michael. Travelers Tales' A Woman's Passion for Travel. Travelers' Tales Books.. "Alone again," in Susan Fox Rogers. Solo: On Her Own Adventure. Seal Press. Gifts of the Wild: A Woman's Book of Adventure. Seal Press. Newspaper interviews with DempseyBaker, Jeff. "Candace Dempsey tracks a famous murder in Italy", The Oregonian, 13 May 2010.

Kershner, Jim. "Dempsey tells her side of ‘Murder’", The Spokesman-Review, 2 May 2010. Television interviewswith Alex Witt, MSNBC with Alex Witt, MSNBC King 5, 2010 King 5, 2011, from c. 01:22 mins. MiscellaneousPenguin trailer for Murder in Italy

Wallace Pratt

Wallace Everette Pratt was a pioneer American petroleum geologist. He is notable as the land donor of the McKittrick Canyon land parcel of Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Born in Phillipsburg, March 15, 1885, Pratt began his career in geology as an assistant with the Kansas Geological Survey shortly after he graduated from the University of Kansas in 1907 with a bachelor's degree. From 1909 to 1916, he worked in Philippines, becoming chief of the Division of Mines there in 1912, he returned to the U. S. in 1916, in 1918 joined Humble Oil & Refining Co. as the company's first geologist. Prior to that time the company had treated the search for oil as a hit or miss operation without scientific exploration, but Pratt, joined by 10 more geologists during 1918–19, proved that geology was an important factor in finding oil. Among the most notable early contributions made by Pratt and his staff were geological studies that led to the correct interpretation of the structure of the huge Mexia field, discovered in October 1920 in East Texas.

On the basis of these studies, Humble bought leases on the structure and developed substantial reserves and production. This work and leasing of large amounts of land that proved productive in Powell, Texas, in 1923 established Humble as an oil producer. Pratt played a prominent role in the scientific progress of his profession; as early as 1922, others were using geophysical instruments experimentally on the Texas Gulf Coast as a new method for finding salt domes. After studying results from this work, Pratt concluded that Humble should use geophysical instruments and methods. In line with these recommendations, in 1924, Humble set up a geophysics group and established a shop in Houston for geophysics research and development, the manufacture of a refraction seismograph recording in the field. Pratt served as Humble's chief geologist and director, vice president. In 1937 he joined Standard Oil Co. once again rising to director, executive committee member, vice president, a position he held until he retired from the company in 1945.

After retirement Pratt served on the National Security Resources Board for two years and began a long career as a consultant geologist. Pratt wrote more than 100 geological papers during his lifetime, including Oil in the Earth, one of the most read books in his profession. An repeated quote from this book is, "Gold is where you find it, according to an old adage, but judging from the record of our experience, oil must be sought first of all in our minds." There was a limited amount to find, though: at the University of Kansas, Pratt gave a lecture "Oil in the Earth", where he speculated that the total amount of oil in the United States was 100 billion barrels. One of the founders of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Pratt was elected fourth president of the association in 1920, he was the first recipient of the AAPG's Sidney Powers Memorial Award, awarded in 1945. In 1972 he received the AAPG's Human Needs Award, he received the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers' Anthony F. Lucas Medal in 1948, the American Petroleum Institute's Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement in 1954.

He was director of API for many years. Pratt was inducted into the Permian Basin Petroleum Museum's Hall of Fame in 1969 and was named Grand Old Man of Exploration in 1976 by directors of the International Petroleum Exposition. Wallace E. Pratt donated 5,632 acres, which included McKittrick Canyon, to the National Park Service, forming the core of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park; this land includes his former homes: Pratt Cabin, open to the public, Ship On The Desert, a home built to resemble an oil tanker, now used as a ranger station. Pratt died December 1981 in his Tucson, Arizona home, he was 96. McKittrick Canyon Guadalupe Mountains National Park Wallace Pratt Lodge Erick Devine is Wallace Pratt This information copied from National Park Service Guadalupe Mountains National Park web site. "Pratt, Wallace E". American National Biography. Oxford University Press. Subscription needed. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Foundation, Sept 1982, pp1412–1422 Toward a Philosophy of Oil-Finding Pay-per-view item

Denis Jenkinson

Denis Sargent Jenkinson, "Jenks" or "DSJ" as he was known in the pages of Motor Sport, was a journalist involved in motorsports. As Continental Correspondent of the UK-based Motor Sport magazine, he covered Formula One and other races all over Europe. Jenkinson became a motor sport enthusiast in the mid-1930s: "In 1936 I saw a racing car "in the flesh" or should I say "in the metal," for the first time, an E. R. A. at the schoolboys' Exhibition. In the year, whilst staying at Brighton, I found that the Lewes Speed Trials were quite near, so off I went to find the venue, it was there that I first saw racing-cars in action, what a thrill!" Jenkinson was studying engineering at the Regent Street Polytechnic when the Second World War broke out. As a conscientious objector, he served in a civilian capacity at the Royal Aircraft Establishment in Farnborough; this brought him into contact with Bill Boddy, editor of Motor Sport, other enthusiasts. In 1943 Motor Sport reported: "D. S. Jenkinson has constructed himself a nice motor-bicycle of Norton parts, with taper forks, much of the work being accomplished by torch-light in a small shed."

After the war Jenkinson started competing on two and four wheels, but he lacked the funds to race regularly. He found that acting as sidecar passenger to top riders enabled him to both enjoy top-level European competition himself while being paid and to scratch a living writing about it – he was passenger to Eric Oliver and Marcel Masuy, he competed as a sidecar passenger the following two seasons, latterly for BMW. He was'given" a BMW R67 motorcycle for his personal use by the factory and with a sidecar attached used this to travel to report on racing throughout Europe. Jenkinson wrote about his personal life but mentioned how he would pick up Mike Hawthorn, living nearby, who would ride it with Jenks as passenger. Jenkinson abandoned front-line competition to become Continental Correspondent for Motor Sport, he spent his summers touring his winters in a succession of ` digs' in England. He was legendary in the sport for the lack of basic domestic amenities in his home, he became accepted as the'elder statesman' of British racing journalists due to his closeness to the teams and drivers, his conversational writing style and his obvious and enduring passion for the sport.

DSJ loved to race and drive Porsche cars and coined the term wischening for the manner in which one may corner in a Porsche 356. He adopted an E-Type Jaguar as his work transport, although at home he had assorted decrepit vehicles including an elderly Mercedes-Benz saloon, a Citroën 2CV and others, his most famous competitive outing was as navigator for Stirling Moss during the 1955 Mille Miglia. His book The Racing Driver was based on his experience as navigator and is a true classic worthy of any motorsports literature collection, his "pacenotes" while on this event were pioneering, leading up to today's use of pacenotes in rallying. Jenkinson and Moss together went on to beat the five time Formula One World Champion Juan Manuel Fangio to win the race by 32 minutes, in a Daimler Benz AG with a Mercedes engine; this is one of the first examples of motoring journalists being an active part on what they are reporting. Jenkinson was one of the first ex drivers to go into reporting and journalism, a commonplace in today's coverage of Formula One with the likes of Jenson Button, Martin Brundle and Nico Rosberg.

One of Jenks' most famous exploits was road-testing an unregistered and much not road-legal Lotus Formula Two car on the roads near his Hampshire home on Christmas Day 1958, the logic being that the roads would be quiet and few police would be active. As well as his journalism, Jenkinson went on to write several other motorsports books about Porsche, Frazer Nash, the Jaguar E-type, the 2.5-litre Formula One, Juan Manuel Fangio, the Schlumpf Collection and a particular Maserati. A compilation of some of his best pieces, biographical articles about him, was published soon after his death as Jenks: A Passion For Motor Sport. For many years in the 1950s he produced an annual Racing Car Review for Motor Sport, but stopped doing so as he became disgruntled with the discrepancies between the chassis numbers teams quoted and what was being raced. Jenkinson developed the classification of a driver's effort into "tenths". 10/10ths being the highest, attained by only a few drivers in history. In the sixties Jenkinson did much to promote the sport of drag racing in the pages of Motor Sport magazine.

On 14 September 1963 he rode his NorBSA motorcycle, a BSA Gold Star 500 cc engine in a modified and lowered Norton frame, at the Brighton Speed Trials. He drove an Allard Dragon dragster and rode a 648 cc Triumph sprint motorcycle in the 1965 Drag Festival, he remained a motorcycle enthusiast, competed in hillclimbs and sprints on his own Tribsa hybrid well into his seventies. As DSJ he contributed regular columns and features for several decades to Motor Sport's sister magazine Motorcycle S