Morning Edition

Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by NPR. It airs weekday mornings and runs for two hours, many stations repeat one or both hours; the show feeds live with feeds and updates as required until noon. The show premiered on November 5, 1979. Morning Edition and All Things Considered are among the highest rated public radio shows. Hosted by Bob Edwards from its inception until the show was retooled for a two-anchor format in 2004 with the introduction of Steve Inskeep and Renee Montagne. Montagne left the show in 2016, was replaced by Rachel Martin. Four regular anchors host the show on a rotating basis, including Inskeep and Martin, as well as David Greene and Noel King. A typical show includes both newscasts and in-depth reports; some regional public radio networks and local stations produce locally focused content under their Morning Edition banner. Bob Edwards a co-host of All Things Considered, hosted Morning Edition beginning with its first episode, a job he took on a temporary basis when a shake-up in production and on-air staff occurred ten days before the show's premiere.

Edwards was joined by Barbara Hoctor of Weekend All Things Considered. Hoctor departed after four months, his last day as host was April 30, 2004. From May 3, 2004 through November 11, 2016 the show was co-hosted by Steve Inskeep and Renée Montagne, with David Greene joining as co-host in 2012. Inskeep reports from NPR headquarters in Washington, D. C. and Montagne reported from the studios of NPR West in Culver City, California, a municipality within Los Angeles County. Montagne announced in July, 2016 that she would step down as co-host to become a special correspondent for NPR. On December 5, 2016, after Renée Montagne's departure, David Greene began broadcasting from NPR West, Rachel Martin, former host of Weekend Edition, joined Morning Edition, broadcasting alongside Inskeep from NPR's headquarters in Washington, D. C. Arbitron ratings show. It's the second most-listened-to national radio show, after The Rush Limbaugh Show, though some sources, among them Talkers Magazine, sometimes place the show third in audience rankings behind Limbaugh and The Sean Hannity Show, depending on the time.

In 1999, Morning Edition with Bob Edwards received the George Foster Peabody Award. The following describes the program format effective August 13, 2018. Morning Edition begins each hour with a sixty-second "billboard" highlighting stories to be covered in the hour. At least one birthday or anniversary of a major event is announced as well; some stations replace this billboard with a localized version, with a similar format, but with emphasis on local stories and read by a local announcer. The standard NPR newscast follows for five minutes. Many stations cut into the newscast at three minutes to deliver a local news brief. A twenty-second funding announcement is followed by a ninety-second music bed, allowing stations additional time to deliver news, weather, or funding credits; the first segment, "A", highlights the most important stories of the day. The "A" segments differ between hours, although when the topic is extraordinary, the "A" segment will cover the same topic, but in a different format between the first and second hour.

Between each segment, one- to three-minute breaks occur which are filled with promotions for other programs, sponsorship credits, station-provided content such as local traffic and weather reports. Segment A ends at nineteen minutes past the hour, a ninety-second break follows. Returning from the break at 21:50 past the hour, the second segment, or "B" segment contains features, commentaries, or long form interviews. Interviews can sometimes take up the entire segment. Segment "B" ends at 29:00 past the hour, a promotion for All Things Considered and a short music bed lead into a second full-length newscast at half past the hour. A one-minute music bed follows for a station break; the "C" segment is sometimes covered by stations with local reports as well. This segment features news or cultural reports running the segment length. At 42:30 past the hour a two-minute music bed is played which most stations cover with news updates or "modules" from other independent radio producers. At 44:30, a short humorous news item is introduced.

These segments are called "returns", because many stations that air local news or announcements return to the national feed at this point. The return lasts thirty seconds, ends with the tagline "It's Morning Edition, from NPR News," or some variation thereon. At 45:35 past the hour, the "D" segment is composed of two to three stories focusing on health news, international events, or short updates on national stories. At 49:35 past the hour the segment ends, another two-minute station break begins; the "E" segment differs between hours. In the first hour, the "E" segment was dedicated to stories and features from the world of b

Ford Ranch Wagon

The Ford Ranch Wagon is a station wagon, built by Ford from 1952 to 1974. The Ranch Wagon was a full-size model, except in 1963 and 1964, when it was part of the intermediate-size Fairlane series, represented the lowest-priced selection in its respective line. In the early 1950s, the era of the wood-bodied station wagon was coming to an end; when Ford introduced a redesigned line of cars for the 1952 model year, its Country Squire continued to cater to buyers who still wanted a station wagon with the look of wood. But for other wagon buyers, Ford gave them two new choices that year, the first all-steel wagons in the firm's history; these were a four-door model in the mid-range Customline series. The Ranch Wagon ran with either the standard "Mileage Maker" six-cylinder engine or the long-familiar flathead V8, optional. After receiving cosmetic changes for 1953, a second Ranch Wagon model, a fancier version in the Customline series, was added for 1954, the year Ford's new Y-block V8 replaced the flathead unit.

The two models were renamed Ranch Wagon and Custom Ranch Wagon for 1955, when the entire Ford station wagon set became a series of its own. For 1957, the Del Rio Ranch Wagon was introduced; that same model was the basis for the new 1957 Ranchero, a Mercury version called the Mercury Commuter, a hardtop inspired wagon without a "B" pillar. There were three Ranch Wagons the following year, as the first four-door Ranch Wagon was added to the model range; the Del Rio was dropped for 1959, replaced by a one-year-only two-door Country Sedan. By this time, full-size two-door station wagons were fast fading in popularity, the 1961 two-door Ranch Wagon was the last full-size two-door wagon built, leaving the four-door as the sole Ranch Wagon model for 1962. In 1963 and 1964, no Ranch Wagon was included in Ford's full-size station wagon series, but the name was used for some station wagons in the intermediate-size Fairlane series, it was offered in the base and 500 trim levels, with the 500 marketed as the "Custom Ranch Wagon".

The 1963 models ran with a 200-cid six-cylinder or any of three optional V8 engines—221, 260- or 289-cid. The 221 was dropped for 1964; the Ranch Wagon returned to the full-size line for 1965. In 1966, it was the beneficiary of Ford's innovative new dual-action Magic Doorgate, which could be opened either down or sideways. In 1968, two new Ranch Wagon models, called the Custom 500 Ranch Wagons, were introduced. Ford wagons ceased to be a separate series when they were redesigned for 1969 becoming part of the respective series on which they were based. In 1970, for the first time, all Ranch Wagons were powered by a V8. A three-speed manual transmission continued as standard through the 1971 model year, with all cars fitted with a SelectShift automatic transmission starting with the 1972 models; the Custom series was dropped when Ford issued the next generation of full-size cars for 1973, meaning all Ranch Wagons were Custom 500s. The 1974 Ranch Wagon was the last available for sale to the general public.

From 1975 to 1977, small quantities of Custom 500 station wagons were produced for fleet buyers. Notes Sources"Encyclopedia of American Cars" Publications International "Standard Catalog of Ford, 1903-1998", Krause Publications

United Medical Center

United Medical Center Greater Southeast Community Hospital, is the only public hospital in Washington D. C; the 330-bed facility is located in Congress Heights. In 2016, the government of the District of Columbia awarded a no-bid contract to Veritas, a politically connected firm with limited experience in health care management. While receiving more than $800,000 monthly to manage the hospital, Veritas failed to improve the quality of care. Under Veritas management there were several cases of negligence; the only obstetrics ward east of the Anacostia river was closed by regulators because it could not meet minimum standards. In 2018, following a close vote in the D. C. Council, a new management firm was selected. In 1966, the hospital was founded as a community institution under the name Cafritz Memorial Hospital but after eight years became Greater Southeast. After two bankruptcies, the hospital was acquired by for-profit operator Specialty Hospitals of America in 2008 and renamed United Medical Center.

In 2010, following another bankruptcy of the hospital, the District government took over its management at a public auction. In 2013, a firm specializing in hospital turnarounds, Huron Consulting, deployed dozens of its employees and improved UMC's operating margins. After Huron's contract expired and a long term operator could not be found, in early 2016 the mayor decided the hospital board should invoke its emergency authority to select a new consultant. In March 2016, Veritas was awarded a no bid contract to run the hospital. In April 2017, the D. C. Department of Health assessed a $122,000 fine for poor patient care at the hospital's nursing home. In August 2017, a nursing home patient died of myocardial infarction under exceptional circumstances; the patient lay in his own waste and complained that he could not breathe while a nurse stood by, hours before his death. In another incident, the hospital failed to take routine steps to prevent HIV transmission to a newborn. In July 2017, after a patient expired in its care, the hospital lost track of the body.

In August 2017, regulators ordered UMC to stop delivering babies after a number of dangerous mistakes were made, leaving the District without an obstetrics ward east of the Anacostia River. In October 2017, the nurses union voted "no confidence" in the hospital's leadership and said that unsafe nurse-patient ratios and a lack of proper equipment remained unaddressed. D. C. officials and Health Department Director LaQuandra Nesbitt refused repeated requests to disclose the specific medical lapses that caused the closing of the only obstetrics ward east of the Anacostia River. Council member Vincent Gray, who chairs the DC Council's Health Committee, called the refusal "unacceptable." In November 2017, Julian Craig, the top doctor at UMC, was fired after leveling scathing charges about the state of the hospital. Craig accused illegal overbilling of federal insurance programs. Craig took the unusual step of appearing before DC Council's Health Committee, where he said that Veritas improperly cut his hours and disregarded hospital procedures that ensured patient safety.

To increase revenue, he stated that a Veritas employee encouraged doctors to admit patients who did not need treatment. Traci Hughes, head of D. C.'s government transparency entity, the Office of Open Government found that the UMC board broke the law when it held a secret discussion and vote over the obstetrics ward. Hughes' contract was not renewed, which activists said was punishment for enforcement of District regulations on government transparency. UMC Chairman May refused to testify before the D. C. Council, prompting Chairman of the Committee on Health, Vincent Gray, to request subpoena powers. May and the board sought to keep records private where the decision to close the obstetrics ward was discussed. UMC is governed by a board with 11 voting members; the mayor picks its chairman. Bowser appointed LaRuby May, a political ally who lost her seat on the Council of the District of Columbia, as chair. In 2016, Veritas received a no-bid contract to manage UMC. Veritas was headed by Chrystie Boucree, a member of a well-connected family with close ties to Mayor Muriel Bowser.

The husband of Boucree is Corbett Price, credited as "executive chairmen" or "senior advisor" to Veritas. In 1990, Price founded a consulting firm that soon took over the management of Interfaith Medical Center in Brooklyn. Two decades the company's management ended after the hospital filed for bankruptcy. Reviews of the hospital found the facility under Price's leadership was "chaotic and disorganized" and that Price should have been more engaged. Price's firm was barred from continuing hospital management. In 2014, Price and associates made over $35,000 in political contributions to Bowser, including $20,000 in contributions to Bowser's inaugural committee. In 2015, Price was appointed to the board of WMATA, the region's public transportation agency, despite having no experience in the field; the contract for Veritas, owned by Price's wife, followed soon after. Price donated to May, who would be charged with overseeing Veritas as Chairman of UMC. In September 2017, the Washington Post reported that Veritas had generated a tenth of the $9 million in extra revenue they had promised while collecting $5 million in taxpayer dollars.

Two Veritas managers received an average of more than $7,400 a month to fly back and forth to D. C. from their homes in different states and covered the costs of luxury apartment at National Harbor. In November 2017, the D. C. Council voted to cut ties with Veritas, though the decision was opposed by six members of the D. C. Council and the Mayor. In February 2018, the Council approved a $5 million con