Garland County, Arkansas
Garland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,024; the county seat is Hot Springs. Garland County comprises AR Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county includes Hot Springs National Park, the only national park in the state of Arkansas as well as the first property to be protected under federal legislation. This area was occupied by the historic Natchitoches people, who frequented the hot springs for their healing powers, their ancestors among regional indigenous peoples had been coming to this area for thousands of years. President Thomas Jefferson requested William Dunbar, a planter and amateur scientist of Natchez, to explore this area. Dunbar led small group of a dozen soldiers and friend George Hunter, a chemist, to the Ouachita Mountains to report on the Indian tribes and springs, they reached Hot Springs in December 1804, where they found a basic cabin used by visitors to the springs. The first European-American settler was Jean Pierre Emanuel Prudhomme, a descendant of French colonists.
An owner of a plantation at Red River, Prudhomme was suffering from illness and sought relief from the springs. In 1807 He built the first permanent European house by the springs. Isaac Cates and John Percival, two trappers from Alabama, joined him. Percival foresaw a great potential for the area and built log cabins in order to rent to visitors to the springs. In 1828, Ludovicus Belding came with wife and children to visit the hot springs. After a few months they built a small hotel for the visitors of the springs. In 1832 President Andrew Jackson signed legislation to protect the hot springs area for recreational use by American citizens as Hot Springs Reservation, the first time such action was taken; this was four years before Arkansas became a state, on June 15, 1836. A dispute among original settlers and their descendants over control of the property was settled by the US Supreme Court in 1877 in favor of the federal government. Hot Springs National Park is managed by the National Park Service.
Garland County is Arkansas' 68th county, formed on April 5, 1873, from portions of Hot Spring and Saline counties. It was named for eleventh governor of Arkansas, it is the only county in the United States with this name. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 735 square miles, of which 678 square miles is land and 57 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 270 Highway 5 Highway 7 Highway 88 Perry County Saline County Hot Spring County Montgomery County Yell County Hot Springs National Park Ouachita National Forest As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 88,068 people, 37,813 households, 25,259 families residing in the county; the population density was 130 people per square mile. There were 44,953 housing units at an average density of 66 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.85% White, 7.80% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races.
2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 37,813 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.20% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.30% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,724, the median income for a family was $38,079. Males had a median income of $28,117 versus $20,421 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,631.
About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. Hot Springs Fountain Lake Lonsdale Mountain Pine Hot Springs Village Lake Hamilton Piney Rockwell Royal Bear Jessieville Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Garland County are listed below. List of lakes in Garland County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Garland County, Arkansas Garland County government's website Hot Springs, Arkansas Community Guides • What to do and where to find it in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
Garland County Sheriff's Department]
GWR Star Class
The Great Western Railway Star Class of 2-2-2 broad gauge steam locomotives were used for passenger train work. Designed by Robert Stephenson, the class was introduced into service between November 1838 and November 1841, withdrawn between April 1864 and September 1871. A total of twelve Star Class locomotives were manufactured. Notably, they were given the colloquial names of astronomical bodies. By the time the last had been delivered, GWR engineer Daniel Gooch had designed and taken delivery of several of his larger Firefly Class. North Star North Star arrived at Maidenhead Bridge station by barge on 28 November 1837. In 1854 it was rebuilt with 16 in × 18 in the wheelbase lengthened by 1 foot, it was withdrawn in 1871 but kept at Swindon, along with Lord of the Isles, until 1906.'The north star' is one of two common alternative names for Polaris. It is the only visible polar star in either hemisphere, has long been used for navigation due to its constant fixed and unmoving appearance due north in the night sky.
The commercial park north of Swindon Station is called North Star after the engine and includes streets named North Star Avenue and Polaris Way. Morning Star This, the second Star Class, was not delivered until 14 months after the North Star, it had smaller 6 ft 6 in wheels, as had been intended when it was constructed for the 5 ft 6 in New Orleans Railway. Named after'the morning star', the common periodic name for the planet Venus when seen in the eastern sky just before sunrise, its motion appearing to "lead" the sun for many mornings. Bright Star A'bright star' is one visible in the night sky, denotes one of a few that appear to shine more than most. Dog Star After withdrawal, Dog Star was used as a stationary boiler at Paddington. Named after'the dog star', the common name for Sirius, brightest star in the night sky and found in the constellation Canis Major. Evening Star Named after'the evening star', the common periodic name for the planet Venus when seen in the western sky just before sunset, its motion appearing to "follow" the sun for many evenings.
Lode Star A'lodestar' denotes any found star, used to aid navigation. Now an archaic term, in Middle English it meant'course star' or'lead star'. Polar Star This locomotive was built with 15 1⁄2 in × 18 in cylinders, it was rebuilt as a 4-2-2T tank locomotive. Its name is assisted with navigation: a polar star is one that appears fixed and unmoving over the Earth's North or South Pole and is thus used for a guide; the only one visible is Polaris. Red Star This locomotive was rebuilt as a 4-2-2T tank locomotive, its name has no particular association with any specific star, although prominent red stars visible from the northern hemisphere include Aldebaran, Arcturus and Betelgeuse. Rising Star This locomotive had a 14 ft 6 in wheelbase. On 7 September 1841 it ran over an earthslip near Chippenham, but the rest of the train was derailed; the locomotive's name reflected the company's status: a'rising star' is the term for any star appearing to climb the sky, is used metaphorically to mean someone "new" whose reputation is increasing rapidly.
Royal Star This locomotive was built with 15 1⁄2 in × 19 in cylinders and a 12 ft 7 in wheelbase. The four Persian'royal stars' are Aldebaran, Regulus and Fomalhaut, said to guard the four quarters of the annual night sky. Shooting Star This locomotive was rebuilt as a 4-2-2T tank locomotive. A'shooting star' is the descriptive term for a meteor. Western Star This locomotive was built with 15 1⁄2 in × 19 in cylinders and a 12 ft 7 in wheelbase. After withdrawal it was used as a stationary boiler at Oxford, its name reflected the GWR's westerly direction:'the western star' has no particular association with any specific star. A non-working replica of North Star was constructed for the 1923 Cavalcade, is now housed at Swindon Steam Railway Museum, it made use of some of the parts of the original North Star, scrapped as as 1906, but is not capable of being steamed. Although it was featured in the railway's centenary film in 1935, it was pushed by another locomotive. Reed, P. J. T.. White, D. E. ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge.
Kenilworth: RCTS. pp. B11–B13. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. Sheppard, Geof. Broad Gauge Locomotives. Southampton: Noodle Books. ISBN 978-1-906419-09-7. Waters, Laurence; the Great Western Broad Gauge. Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-2634-3
Melkbosstrand is a coastal suburb and beach located on the South West Coast of South Africa, 35 km north of Cape Town. Named after the species of Euphorbiaceae bushes which grow on the dunes and give off a milky latex like substance, it is referred to as Melkbos; the town and its 7 kilometre stretch of white sand beach is situated on the Atlantic coast with the Blouberg mountain to the east. The beach is popular with surfers, it is notable for being one of the landing points for the South Africa-Far East and South Atlantic/West Africa submarine cable systems. Melkbosstrand is along the Atlantic Seaboard and is the northern-most suburb of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality within which it became incorporated when metropolitan boundaries were redrawn, following the advent of democracy in 1994, its nearest neighbouring towns are Bloubergstrand to the Atlantis to the North-East. Melkbos is protected from urban development owing to its location in an expansive nature conservation zone to the South, insulating it from the Bloubergstrand sprawl, the security buffer zones of Koeberg nuclear power station to the North.
It remains a pristine seaside resort. Melkbosstrand is the site of the famous Battle of Blaauwberg whereby the Cape ceased to be occupied by French-Batavian troops and became a Colony of the British Crown; the French had occupied the Cape from 1781-1783, after a fleet under the flag of celebrated admiral Bailli de Suffren anchored just north of Melkbosstrand. A cannon set on Melkbosstrand foreshore commemorates the battle itself. Numerous shipwrecks, some dating back to the Portuguese Discoverers of the Early Renaissance, are strewn along the coast of Melkbosstrand. Ancient Khoi-San middens and stone-age archeological findings have provided research with numerous artifacts. In terms of Colonial, Dutch vernacular architecture, the area boasts several fine examples; the farmhouse Melkbosch, the first established by the Dutch East India Company outside Cape Town, is still extant albeit in a rather poor condition following a fire. On Melkbos bay itself, much favored by the surfing community for its good swell and warmer currents, stands the Damhuis cottage, a late 18th-century fisherman house and the last one of its kind in the area.
In 1961, Melkbosstrand became the end point for the SAT-1 Copper cable between South Africa and Sesimbra, Portugal. In 1992, the cable was replaced by the SAT-2 fiber optic cable. Today, Melkbosstrand is still the landing point for the SAT-3/WASS undersea cable system, it owes much of its present-day infrastructure to two significant South African apartheid government developments in the late seventies. The first, Koeberg nuclear power station, constructed with the help of the British and French some 6 km north of Melkbosstrand, necessitated the creation of high quality housing for the foreign contractors; the second, the government subsidised creation of Atlantis Diesel Engines, a joint venture between the British Perkins-Elmer and famous brand German Daimler AG, to bypass international sanctions imposed by United Nations Security Council Resolution 418. Although ADE was in the industrial park of Atlantis, some 50 km north of Cape Town, subsidised housing was established in Melkbosstrand to help attract and retain the many German and South African, engineers and technicians.
These houses, both for Koeberg and ADE, have long since been sold off to the public and form an interesting housing development with paved lanes, quaint housing, a club and a library, not un-reminiscent of the famed British series The Prisoner. Melkbos features in Deon Meyer's best-selling crime novel 7 Days as the place where mad sniper, cop-killer, Solomon buys spray paint for camouflage; the touristic West Coast Region begins at Melkbosstrand with the "Cape to Namibia" scenic highway N7 and the West Coast Route R27 starting off there. World-famous surfing spot Big Bay lies five kilometres away, south of a continuous line of unspoiled beaches which are a popular location for international film shoots; the village is surrounded by a Nature Conservation Area. Its bay and warm waters are a favourite spot for whale watching, when the gracious cetaceans, on their way round the Cape, repair in the sound that separates the village from Robben Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned from 1964 to 1982.
Swimming across the sound is a sporting challenge taken up by local enthusiasts. Divers may attempt to look for a host of shipwrecks dating to the late 15th Century. Melkbosstrand boasts the Atlantic Beach Golf Resort, the oldest "fish and chips" restaurant and raw bar on the Atlantic seaboard North of Cape Town, Café Orca. Close to the resort, to the North, the keen tourist will find the West Coast National Park together with a major historical manor house and once upon a time a playground for the Johannesburg mining aristocracy of the 1900s. Not far, in a quiet vale, lies the beautifully preserved De Groene Kloof Mission of Mamre, established in 1808 and still serving the local community of faithful. A few kilometres to the East are located the artists' and food enthusiasts' village of Philadelphia, nearby German-owned Capaia wineyards, Morningstar Airfield and Flight Academy, the historic West Coast Ostrich Ranch - a favorite with Asian tourists - as well as The Cape Town Polo Club; the nearest airfield is Delta FADX, close to Koeberg.
The world-famous Spring Wild Flowers area begins in the outlying fiel
Morning Star (comics)
This article is about the occultist Morning Star. For the Russian superhero from Marvel Comics, see Morningstar. Morning Star is the alias of Schuyler Belial, a fictional Marvel Comics villain and Satanist, an enemy of Moon Knight and the Werewolf by Night, he first appeared in Moon Knight, Volume 1 #29. He was created by Bill Sienkiewicz. Morning Star was the leader of a group of Satanists known as the Followers of the Left Hand Path, he and his cult spent a year tracking Jack Russell, the feral Werewolf by Night, the blood of whom Belial thought could be used to "reinvigorate" his followers by turning them into werewolves. In Los Angeles, the cult captured the werewolf, who escaped shortly thereafter, but not before the cult had implanted a tracking device in the creature's skull; the Werewolf by Night fled to New York City. They were both captured by Morning Star and his cult, taken to Morning Star's offices in the penthouse of New York City's Tishman Building, at 666 Fifth Avenue. Morning Star planned to use Moon Knight as a human sacrifice, afterwards to have his followers drink the blood of the Werewolf by Night to give them "the power of the Beast".
However, Moon Knight helped the Werewolf by Night escape as well. Morning Star sent his men to recapture the two, but the cultists were defeated. Moon Knight and the Werewolf by Night infiltrated the cult, returning to Morning Star's offices, where they engaged in battle to defeat the rest of the members. During this melee, the Werewolf by Night threw Morning Star from the roof of the 41-story Tishman Building, killing him. Morning Star at the Appendix to the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
Jack of Shadows
Jack of Shadows is a science fantasy novel by American author Roger Zelazny. According to him, the name of the book was an homage to Jack Vance. In his introduction to the novel he mentioned that he tried to capture some of the exotic landscapes that are frequent in Vance's work. Zelazny wrote it with no rewrites; the novel was serialized in the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction in 1971 and published in book form that same year. It finished # 4 in the 1972 Locus Poll for Best Novel; the text of the serialization and the published book are different. A copy-editing error garbled a conversation between Jack and Morningstar in chapter 6; the novel is set in a world, tidally locked. Thus one side of the planet is always in light, the other in darkness. Science rules on the dayside, while magic holds sway in the night. Powerful magical entities live on the night side of the planet, for the most part the entities' magical powers emanate from distinct loci. Jack of Shadows, the main character, is unique among the magical beings in that he draws his power not from a physical location but from shadow itself.
He is nearly incapacitated in complete light or complete darkness, but given access to a small area of shadow, his potency is unmatched. Jack's only friend, the creature Morningstar, is punished by being trapped in stone at the edge of the night, to be released when dawn comes, his torso and head protrude from the rock, he awaits the sun that will never rise. Jack seeks "Kolwynia; the Key itself and the consequences of its use parallel Jack's progress in his own endeavors. The Key will be responsible for Jack's salvation and his doom. Fleeing the dark side, Jack uses it to recover Kolwynia; this makes him unbeatable, but not all-powerful. Having made a mess of ruling with his new powers, he seeks the advice of Morningstar, who advises him to destroy The Machine at the Heart of the World, which maintains the world's stability, set it rotating. Lester del Rey received the novel unfavorably, noting that while the opening half was "minor Zelazny, quite enjoyable", the conclusion was "rather grim and ugly… dull".
He concluded that, with the essentials of the hero's biography left unrevealed, "the whole thing seems rather pointless". However, reader response was favorable, as evidenced by the fact that the novel was nominated for two major speculative fiction awards. Zelazny was pressured by fans to write a sequel but he declined, saying “I didn’t intend to continue that one. I liked ending it with that sort of ambiguous ending.” Instead, he wrote several prequels. The Illustrated Roger Zelazny includes a short story, "Shadowjack", a prequel to the events of the novel, it was illustrated by Gray Morrow. The Last Defender of Camelot reprints the tale "Shadowjack" but without the illustrations; this was in the Underwood-Miller edition of the collection, but not the Pocket Books version. It appears in Last Exit to Babylon: Volume 4: The Collected Stories of Roger Zelazny, NESFA Press, 2009. Wizards, edited by Bill Fawcett in 1983, contains the character biography entitled "Shadowjack"; this was written by Roger Zelazny and details aspects of the character's history that were not in the novel or in the short story of the same name.
It has been reprinted in Last Exit to Babylon. "Shadowland" was another prequel, written by Zelazny as the outline for an unproduced animated movie. It takes place prior to events of the novel and the short story, describes how the strange half magic/half science world of Jack of Shadows came into existence, it was developed and in production as a graphic novel before Zelazny died but the project was abandoned. The story first appears in The Road to Amber: Volume 6: The Collected Stories of Roger Zelazny, NESFA Press, 2009. A song, "Jack of Shadows", based on the novel and written by Dave Brock, Robert Calvert, Simon King and Simon House, appears on the 1979 Hawkwind album PXR5. In Daniel Keys Moran’s novel The Long Run, the protagonist Trent Castanaveras is rescued from a low Lunar orbit by a stealth spacecraft from the Spacefarers Collective called the "Jack of Shadows". Hugo Award nominee, 1972 Locus Award nominee, 1972 Levack, Daniel J. H.. Amber Dreams: A Roger Zelazny Bibliography. San Francisco: Underwood/Miller.
Pp. 46–48. ISBN 0-934438-39-0. Fredericks, S. C.. Roger Zelazny and the Trickster Myth: An Analysis of Jack of Shadows. Doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.1979.0202_271.x Jack of Shadows title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database A 2001 Usenet posting discussing changes in the book version in the dialog between Jack and Morningstar in chapter 6, based on the original version of the passage that appeared in F&SF
Morning Star Trust
The Morning Star Trust is a Christian sail training charity with the primary objective of providing personal development to young people through the adventurous experience of sailing at sea on the 62 ft, traditionally rigged sailing vessel Morning Star of Revelation. The boat was built by Tim Millward, a physics teacher at Dulwich College, over a period of nine years and was completed in 1981, he took pupils from the school to sea in small dinghies, but saw the potential to expand his work with a larger, purpose built vessel. She is built of ferro-cement, had wooden keel stepped masts, though the main was replaced with aluminium in the winter of 2015. Although Morning Star came first in its first Tall Ships race it was disqualified because one of the crew members was too young. Morning Star has competed in all of the Tall Ships' Races since including Tall Ships Race 2000 when she crossed the Atlantic. In July 2013 the vessel won the Aarhus to Hesinki Tall Ships race, coming in as the overall winner on corrected time.
The sail training organisation, based in Chatham Historic Dockyard on the River Medway in Kent, England. They are a Royal Yachting Association training centre and member of the Association of Sail Training Organisations; the Trust is a Christian organisation, offering personal and spiritual development aboard their two vessels, Morning Star of Revelation and Dayspring. In a typical activity in 2004 a crew including five teenagers, given bursaries to allow them to take part, sailed Morning Star to Denmark from Chatham in the Tall Ships Race. Official site
Erica Rachelle Morningstar is a Canadian swimmer who has competed in international events including the 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics. Morningstar was born in Saskatchewan, she began swimming at the age of 9. She was unsure about the sport and her parents had to give her a small push to join a competitive club, she joined the Calgary Patriots and continued to swim with them until the 2008 Olympic Games, when afterwards she joined the University of Calgary Varsity Swim Team. The 2006 Commonwealth Games, held in Melbourne, were Morningstar's debut on the Canadian national team. After setting a Canadian record in the 100-metre freestyle at the Canadian trials, she had a successful showing at the Commonwealth Games, she finished 5th in the 100-metre freestyle, won two bronze medals in the 4x100-metre freestyle relay, as well as the 4x100-metre medley relay. The 2006 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, held in Victoria, British Columbia, were Morningstar's second event as a part of the Canadian National Team.
These were held as a trials for the 2007 World Championships for the Canadian team. Morningstar's was able to reach the standard in order to compete in the 2007 World Championships in the 100m Freestyle; the 4 X 100m Freestyle relay, anchored by Erica won a silver medal, defeating the Australians by 0.01 seconds. The 2007 World Aquatics Championships, held in Melbourne, were Erica's World Championship debut, her most successful event was the 100m Freestyle. She set a new Canadian record in a time of 54.08 in the semi finals of the event. She went on the finish 5th in the finals; the 2008 Olympic Games, held in Beijing, were Morningstar's first Olympics. She competed in 5 events at the games. Including the 100m Freestyle, 200 Individual Medley, 4 X 100m Freestyle Relay, 4 X 200m Freestyle Relay, the 4 X 100m Medley Relay; the 4 X 100m Freestyle Relay and 4 X 100m Medley Relay finished 8th and 7th at the games. After returning from the 2008 Olympics, Morningstar joined the University of Calgary Varsity Swim Club, started pursuing a degree in Communications.
The 2009 CIS Championships, hosted by the University of British Columbia proved to be successful for Morningstar as she won 7 golds, including 4 individual in the 50 Freestyle, 100 Freestyle, 200 Freestyle, 200 Individual Medley. She won gold in the 3 relays, leading her Dinos team to their first Women's CIS Championship banner, she picked up Rookie of the Meet and that year won Rookie of the Year at the University of Calgary Awards Banquet, for her performance at the CIS Championships. Morningstar competed in her second World Aquatic Championships in 2009 when they were held in Rome, Italy, she finished 14th. 2010 proved to be a rather exceptional season for Morningstar. She excelled at the varsity level with the University of Calgary, went on to represent Canada in the 2010 Pan Pacific Championships, the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Morningstar won Female athlete of the year at the U of C for the first time and once again was unbeatable in the CIS Championships with another 7 gold medals added.
She made the final in the 200IM and won a bronze medal in the 4X100m Freestyle relay at the Pan Pacific Championships. At the 2010 Commonwealth Games, she reached the semi-finals of the 100 metre freestyle, finished seventh in the 200 metre individual medley, was a member of the team representing Canada, disqualified from the 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay while lying in fourth place when Geneviève Saumur started her leg too early, they would have been awarded a silver medal. Morningstar continued into 2011 building on the momentum she had gained from 2010, she once again won Female athlete of the year at the U of C, this time posting 6 golds and 1 silver at the CIS Championships. In the 100m Breaststroke, Morningstar showed her versatility in the water by swimming the 5th fastest short course time in the world in 2011. Morningstar continued her success into the World Championship trials where she set a new Canadian record in the 200IM, asserted herself as one of the premier Canadian swimming talents once again.
She went into the 2011 World Aquatics Championships as the 6th fastest competitor in the 200IM but finished a disappointing 12th. She is sponsored by Speedo Canada, appears in their annual catalog. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, she competed in the women's 200 m individual medley