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Sword-and-sandal known as peplum, is a subgenre of fantasy, based on Italian-made historical or Biblical epics set in the Greco-Roman or medieval period. These films attempted to emulate the big-budget Hollywood historical epics of the time, such as Spartacus and Delilah and The Ten Commandments; these films dominated the Italian film industry from 1958 to 1965 being replaced in 1965 by the spaghetti Western and spaghetti spy films. The term "peplum", was introduced by French film critics in the 1960s; the terms "peplum" and "sword-and-sandal" were used in a condescending way by film critics. The terms were embraced by fans of the films, similar to the terms "spaghetti Western" or "shoot-'em-ups". In their English versions, peplum films can be differentiated from their Hollywood counterparts by their use of "clumsy and inadequate" English language dubbing. A 100-minute documentary on the history of Italy's peplum genre was produced and directed by Antonio Avati in 1977 entitled Kolossal: i magnifici Maciste.

Italian epic films set in antiquity that were produced before the peplum wave proper started in 1958, such as Fabiola and Ulysses, have been called proto-peplum. and recent films set in such Greco-Roman times have been called neo-peplum. The terms "sword-and-sandal" and "peplum" have sometimes been used by critics to refer to any film, regardless of whether it was Italian-made or not, from the silent era to the present, if the film was set in antiquity or medieval times, but the pepla attempted to emulate the big-budget Hollywood historical epics of the time. Sword-and-sandal films are a specific class of Italian adventure or fantasy films that have subjects set in Biblical or classical antiquity with plots based more or less loosely on mythology, legendary Greco-Roman history or the other contemporary cultures of the time, such as the Egyptians and Etruscans, as well as medieval times. Not all of the films were fantasy-based by any means. Many of the plots featured actual historical personalities such as Julius Caesar and Hannibal, although great liberties were taken with the storylines.

Gladiators and slaves rebelling against tyrannical rulers were popular subjects. As Robert Rushing defines it, peplum, "in its most stereotypical form, depicts muscle-bound heroes in mythological antiquity, fighting fantastic monsters and saving scantily clad beauties. Rather than lavish epics set in the classical world, they are low-budget films that focus on the hero's extraordinary body." Thus, most sword-and-sandal films featured a superhumanly strong man as the protagonist, such as Hercules, Goliath, Ursus or Italy's own popular folk hero Maciste. In addition, the plots involved two women vying for the affection of the bodybuilder hero: the good love interest, an evil femme fatale queen who sought to dominate the hero; the films featured an ambitious ruler who would ascend the throne by murdering those who stood in his path, it was only the muscular hero who could depose him. Thus, Maria Elena D'Amelio points out the hero's political goal: "to restore a legitimate sovereign against an evil dictator."Many of the peplum films involved a clash between two populations, one civilized and the other barbaric, which included a scene of a village or city being burned to the ground by invaders.

For their musical content, most films contained a colorful dancing girls sequence, meant to underline pagan decadence. Italian filmmakers paved the way for the peplum genre with some of the earliest silent films dealing with the subject, including the following: The Sack of Rome The Fall of Troy The Queen of Nineveh Quo Vadis Cabiria Saffo Attila Venere Il mistero di Osiris Giuliano l'Apostata Giuditta e Oloferne The Sack of Rome, Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei The 1914 Italian silent film Cabiria was one of the first films set in antiquity to make use of a massively muscled character, who served in this premiere film as the hero's slavishly loyal sidekick. Maciste became the public's favorite character in the film however, Pagano was called back many times to reprise the role; the Maciste character appeared in at least two dozen Italian silent films from 1914 through 1926, all of which featured a protagonist named Maciste although the films were set in many different time periods and geographical locations.

Here is a complete list of the silent Maciste films in chronological order: Cabiria introduced the Maciste character Maciste a.k.a. "The Marvelous Maciste" Maciste bersagliere Maciste alpino Maciste atleta Maciste medium Maciste poliziotto Maciste turista Maciste sonnambulo La Rivincita di Maciste Il Testamento di Maciste Il Viaggio di Maciste Maciste I ("Maci

White & Nerdy

"White & Nerdy" is the second single from "Weird Al" Yankovic's album Straight Outta Lynwood, released on September 26, 2006. It parodies the song "Ridin"' by Krayzie Bone; the song both satirizes and celebrates nerd culture, as recited by the subject who cannot "roll with the gangstas" because he is "just too white and nerdy". It includes many references to activities stereotypically associated with nerds and white people, such as collecting comic books and action figures, playing Dungeons & Dragons, going to Renaissance Fairs, riding a Segway, programming computers, memorizing pi, editing Wikipedia, watching Happy Days and Star Trek, eating "sandwiches with mayonnaise." The song was Yankovic's first Billboard Hot 100 top 10 hit and third top 40 hit, peaking at #9 after debuting at #28. It was certified platinum by the RIAA, the first Yankovic single to achieve this feat. "White & Nerdy" — 2:50 "Don't Download This Song" — 3:54 While Yankovic records his songs together with his band, the backing tracks for "White and Nerdy" were recorded by guitarist Jim West—who handled the synthesizer production—and Jon "Bermuda" Schwartz—who was tasked with recording the drums.

The two musicians recorded their specific tracks at their home studios. The finished audio tracks were brought to Westlake Studio in Los Angeles, where Yankovic added his rap vocals; the single has an accompanying music video, recorded in high definition. The video, loosely parodying the video for Chamillionaire's "Ridin'" and following the song's lyrics, shows Yankovic, dressed as a stereotypical nerd with a buttoned-up polo shirt, dress slacks, horn-rimmed glasses, attempting to fit in with the "gangsters", but instead either scaring them away, causing them to flip him off, or to direct him away from their group and instead towards a herd of other nerds; these scenes include shots that directly parody the "Ridin'" video, including similar outfits by both artists. Yankovic is seen at night dancing in front of a set of road flares arranged in the form of Pac-Man, similar to the shot of Chamillionaire in front of the figure of a lizard, his personal logo. Another repeated scene shows Yankovic along with Donny Osmond—the "whitest guy I could think of", according to Yankovic—dancing in front of the Schrödinger equation, mimicking shots of Chamillionaire and Krayzie Bone from the "Ridin'" video.

Yankovic had found Osmond to be eager to be in the video, having memorized the song before recording as well as having his various moves figured out before filming. Whereas Chamillionaire's video ends with the artist throwing up "The H", a hand sign representing his hometown of Houston to the camera, "White & Nerdy" ends with Yankovic giving a mistaken version of the Vulcan salute. Further interspersed among these shots are additional shots of Yankovic demonstrating his "white and nerdy" life. One scene shows Yankovic vandalizing the Wikipedia page for Atlantic Records, replacing it with the words "YOU SUCK!", referencing his recent trouble with the company in getting permission to release "You're Pitiful", a parody of James Blunt's song "You're Beautiful". Fans of the video have replicated the action depicted in the video several times; the video shows a fictional Trivial Pursuit card, with questions that include the location of "The Biggest Ball of Twine in Minnesota", on what page Harry Potter would die in the next book, the number of Wicket men there are on a 43-Man Squamish team.

Yankovic is shown making a shady deal with a thug in a back alley to acquire a bootleg VHS copy of the Star Wars Holiday Special. When Yankovic is on his Myspace page in the video,'White and Nerdy has 27 friends' can be seen at the top of the computer screen; this is a continuation of his usual trend of putting the number 27 somewhere in his videos. The mayonnaise Al spreads on a sandwich in the video is labelled "Pest Foods" mayonnaise, parodying Best Foods mayonnaise; when Yankovic says, "Even made a homepage for my dog, yo," the music video shows a website devoted to his dog, Foofie. In addition to Osmond, there are other cameos in the video. Jordan Peele and Keegan-Michael Key of MADtv appear in the blue 1967 Chevrolet Impala convertible at the beginning of the video, two "gangsters" who are scared away by Yankovic's nerdiness; the license plate on the Impala reads "OG4LIFE", a reference to Ice-T's 1991 album Original Gangster. Seth Green, whom Yankovic had known for some time, appears in front of a wall display of action figures.

Green provided a number of the props for the video. Judy Tenuta, a regular on The Weird Al Show who previously appeared in "Headline News", appears as the woman who receives a surge protector as a present. Other actors were recruited by Yankovic through a post on his MySpace page, from which he received several interested extras that said they would appear for free; the comic book store featured in the video is Golden Apple Comics, located in Los Angeles, while the Gap store is located on Wilshire Boulevard in Santa Monica. The video was leaked onto YouTube on September 17, 2006, just one day before the planned official release date at 9 PM Pacific time at Due to the leak, the premiere was canceled, AOL silently slipped the video onto their website hours before the premiere was set to take place. VH1 started airing the video in "large rotation" on Sep

Huntington Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania

Huntington Township is a rural township in Adams County, United States. The population was 2,369 at the 2010 census. Huntington Township is the oldest township in Adams County, it was founded in 1745. Latimore Township was formed out of Huntington Township in 1807; the Borough of York Springs was separated from Huntington in 1868, was a business and religious center for Huntington for centuries. Since the American Civil War, Huntington Township has been a Republican stronghold due to its social conservatism and rural character. Republican candidates for office obtain over 80% of the popular vote in general elections; the serving township supervisors are David Boyer, Paul Guise, Mark Leer. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 25.1 square miles, of which 25.1 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 0.20%, is water. Portions of the Pennsylvania State Game Lands Number 249 is located in Huntington Township; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,369 people, 895 households, 678 families residing in the township.

The population density was 94.4 people per square mile. There were 966 housing units at an average density of 38.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 95.44% White, 0.46% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 1.65% some other race, 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population. There were 895 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were headed by married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.2% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.0% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65, the average family size was 3.01. In the township the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.3 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. For the period 2007-2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the township was $53,657, the median income for a family was $58,846. Male full-time $23,353. About 2.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line

Gaighat, Ghazipur

Gaighat, sometimes spelled Gayghat, is a village in Zamania Tehsil in Ghazipur District of Uttar Pradesh State, India. It belongs to Varanasi Division. Gaighat is located 35 km south from district headquarters Ghazipur, 12 km from Zamania, 363 km from state capital Lucknow. Dhuska, Baruin Rural, Burhadih are the nearby villages to Gaighat. Gaighat is surrounded by Ramgarh Tehsil towards the east, Zamania Tehsil towards the north, Durgawati Tehsil towards the south, Nuaon Tehsil towards the east; this place is in the border of the Ghazipur Chandauli District. Chandauli District Berahani is west towards this place, it is in the border of other district Kaimur. It is near to the Bihar State Border and near the Karamnasha river and the Ganga river, sometimes experiences flooding from these rivers. Gaighat Pin code is 232331 and postal head office is Zamania RS. About 1800 people live in Gaighat. Hindi is the local language here. Zamania Railway Station, Bahora Chandil Railway Station are the nearby railway stations to Gaighat.

However, Mughalsarai Junction railway station is major railway station 49 km near to Gaighat. College in Gaigaht is Baudh Sukhnanadan Inter College. There is a Government School till 8th. Colleges near Gaighat are Hindu Inter College and Hindu P. G. College. Http://

List of art cars

This is a list of art cars which have been exhibited in a notable gallery or museums, or become well known by their appearance in the media. One of the earliest examples are the Bottle Cars built in the 1920s to advertise Worthington Beer in England; the five cars were fitted out with boiler plate bodies to resemble the shape of a bottle laid on its side - each one weighed about 2.3 tons. Built on an International Harvester pickup truck as a community project during Reno, Nevada's Reno Days event under the direction of David Best. Features a "supercharger" on the hood, the motor head unit from a Kirby Sani-Tronic vacuum cleaner. Owned and driven by Patrick Dailey of Novato, who states: " Wherever we go people are always trying to give us more junk to put on it." And "...we hardly have to buy our own gas." As of summer 2005 the Nevada Car is stored in Nevada, in need of engine repairs. A 1987 Honda CRX, the Buddha Buggy features a 1.6 m high detachable Nepalese Buddhist stupa on the roof, with strings of prayer flags running up to the golden pinnacle of the stupa.

In back, a 300 mm golden Buddha, holding a miniature pagoda, is flanked by intent Laptop Buddhas. These are but a few of the 50 golden statuettes on Buddhist or Asian spiritual themes, that adorn the car and stupa. Adding to the effect are twirling yin-yang hubcaps, psychedelic-era stickers, the vanity license plates, TOOCOOL. Not visible are the image is a 330 mm high porcelain Amitabha Buddha in its niche in the stupa, paintings of the Buddha], comic dragons, a cartoon portrait of the owner, comets, a flying saucer with 2 green aliens, toothy, two-legged fishes; the car's interior includes a velvet altarcloth-draped dashboard with brass Tibetan incense burners and gold tassels. The Buddha Buggy is the work of its Seattle, Washington owner, Larry Neilson, his many collaborators, it has appeared at Art Car events all over the western U. S. and Canada, including the Tacoma Art San Jose Museum of Art. A van covered with photographic and videocameras and featuring a video display, built by filmmaker and art car guru Harrod Blank.

This vehicle has the distinction of being one of the few works of art that looks back at the viewer, as it photographs and videotapes them using some of the cameras mounted upon it, has the ability to play the video back on the external screen, allowing you to watch it - watching you as you are watching it watch you. More at This is an otherwise conventional VW Beetle but with aluminum arching skirts all around that make the platform circular. In place of the sun roof is somewhat hemispherical transparent plastic dome. A 1965 Volkswagen Beetle with the California license plate OMYGAWD, which features exotic plastic fruits and vegetables, a world globe and the phrase "Oh my God" painted in dozens of languages. A creation of Harrod Blank, this Beetle was featured in the 1992 documentary Wild Wheels. Created by Howard Davis to promote his phone company, it has been featured in various magazines including Motor Trend and Weekly World News, was in the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles for its exhibit on art cars.

The Phone Car is built on a 1975 Volkswagen Beetle frame and has a tinted glass windshield which allows the driver to see out of it. It has a telephone ringer as its horn, so instead of a honk, it rings! A car that looks like a Buck Rogers style art deco rocket ship, complete with a gauge-filled cockpit interior which appears to be suitable for a jet aircraft; the day-glo painted school bus Further is a'remake' of the original bus known as "Further", the actual real-life Merry Pranksters' hippie bus whose destination sign read "Further" and which "tootled the multitudes" in 1964 in'real life' and in Tom Wolfe's book The Electric Kool Aid Acid Test The bus is prominently mentioned in the Grateful Dead's song " The Other One", as "the bus to never-ever land" with "... Cowboy Neal at the wheel...". A "next generation" art car is the H-Wing Carfighter, a science fiction-themed 1995 Honda Civic del Sol SI two-seater. Designed after a Rebel Alliance A-Wing fighter from Star Wars, it features external laser cannons, lighting effects and an automated R2-D2 "Astromech droid".

The interior features other gadgetry. Many modifications are made from "found" parts including sports equipment, plumbing fixtures, toys; the overall design blends elements of real war machines through the ages, such as World War Two fighter planes, with the fictional. H-Wing is a member of Road Squadron, a collection of science fiction-related art cars, generated a great deal of web traffic when featured on and Slashdot