The Victorian Railways operated in the Australian state of Victoria from 1859 to 1983. The first railways in Victoria were private companies, but when these companies failed or defaulted, the Victorian Railways was established to take over their operations. Most of the lines operated by the Victorian Railways were of 5 ft 3 in. However, the railways operated up to five 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge lines between 1898 and 1962, a 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge line between Albury and Melbourne from 1961. A Department of Railways was created in 1856 with the first appointment of staff. British engineer, George Christian Darbyshire was made first Engineer-in-Chief in 1857, steered all railway construction work until his replacement by Thomas Higginbotham in 1860; because of political turmoil in the Victorian Government, Higginbotham was one of 137 officials removed from office on Black Wednesday on 8 January 1878 when the Government was denied supply. He, like a number of other senior officers, was not reappointed.
Robert Watson took over as Engineer-in-Chief. But in 1880 a new Ministry expressed a wish to redress the injustice by re-instating Higginbotham. However, at the sudden death of Higginbotham in 1880, William Elsdon took over for two years before his retirement in 1882, Watson returned to his former position as Engineer-in-Chief, which he held up to the time of his death. On 1 November 1883 assent was given to the Victorian Railways Commissioners Act 47 Vic. No.767, to construct and manage the state's railways. The staff of the Department of Railways came under the authority of the Railway Commissioners, which became known as Victorian Railways; the elaborate headquarters at 67 Spencer Street were opened in 1893. Victorian Railways grew to service all parts of the state extending some lines into New South Wales under the 1922 Border Railways Act. In the late 19th century the railways became something of a political football with politicians demanding new lines to be built in places where traffic levels never justified it.
In 1864 there was just 254 miles of railway. The system expanded to reach 2,900 route miles by 1891 and to its greatest extent of 4,755 route miles in 1939; the result was that by the beginning of the 20th century, no Victorian were more than 25 miles from a railway line. The period from the end of the 1930s saw a slow decline in route mileage as unprofitable branches were closed. Conversion of the Melbourne suburban system to electric operation commenced in 1919 and was completed by 1930, creating what was claimed at the time to be the world's largest electric suburban rail system. 1937 saw the introduction of the streamlined Spirit of Progress passenger train, with air conditioning and all steel carriage construction. Diesel power was introduced in 1951 with ten F-class diesel-electric shunting locomotives, followed by B-class mainline diesel-electric locomotives in 1952/53. A standard gauge line connecting to the New South Wales system was constructed in 1961 allowing through trains to operate between Melbourne and Sydney, Australia's two largest cities, for the first time.
The last steam locomotive was withdrawn in 1972. In May 1973 the Railways Act 1972 passed the management of the Railways from the Victorian Railways Commissioners to a Victorian Railways Board. In 1974 the Victorian Railways was rebranded as VicRail, but the royal blue and gold livery used on rolling stock was retained until 1981. In 1983 VicRail was divided into two—the State Transport Authority taking responsibility for the provision of country rail and road and freight services, the Metropolitan Transit Authority taking over suburban passenger operations; the State Transport Authority traded under the V/Line name, while the Metropolitan Transit Authority used that name until the Public Transport Corporation was formed in 1989. Between 1996 and 1999 V/Line and The Met were privatised. V/Line Passenger was franchised to National Express, returning to government ownership in 2002; the V/Line Freight division is now owned by Pacific National. The infrastructure is now managed by VicTrack with the interstate rail freight infrastructure leased to the Australian Rail Track Corporation.
Metro Trains Melbourne now operates the suburban railway network. When first formed in 1857, the management of the Railways Department was vested in the President of the Board of Land and Works, this situation remaining until 1884. With the passing of the Victorian Railways Commissioners Act 1883, a board of four commissioners was put in charge, responsible to the Minister of Railways; the Chairman of Commissioners of the Victorian Railways were: Richard Speight: 1883 to 1892 Richard Hodge Francis: 1892 to 1894 James Syder: 1894 to 1896 John Mathieson: 1896 to 1901 William Francis Joseph Fitzpatrick: 1901 to 1903 Thomas James Tait: 1903 to 1910 William Francis Joseph Fitzpatrick: 1910 to 1915 Charles Ernest Norman: 1915 to 1920 Harold Winthrop Clapp: 1920 to 1939 Norman Charles Harris: 1940 to 1950 Robert George Wishart: 1950 to 1955 Edgar Henry Brownbill: 1956 to 1967 George Frederick Brown: 1967 to 1973After the Bland Report of 1972, in May 1973 the Railways Act 1972 passed the management of the Railways from the Victorian Railways Commissioners to a Victorian Railways Board.
The board could have up to seven members, with six being appointed. This remained until 1983 when the board was discontinued under the Transport Act 1983; the Victorian Railways operated a wide variety of locomotives and rolling stock to provide passenger and goods services. This included equipment acquired from the private com
The Mornington Peninsula is a peninsula located south-east of Melbourne, Australia. It is surrounded by Port Phillip to the west, Western Port to the east and Bass Strait to the south, is connected to the mainland in the north. Geographically, the peninsula begins its protrusion from the mainland in the area between Pearcedale and an area south of Frankston; the area was home to the Mayone-bulluk and Boonwurrung-Balluk clans and formed part of the Boonwurrung nation's territory prior to European settlement. Much of the peninsula has been cleared for agriculture and settlements. However, small areas of the native ecology remain in the peninsula's south and west, some of, protected by the Mornington Peninsula National Park. In 2002, around 180,000 people lived on the peninsula and in nearby areas, most in the built-up towns on its western shorelines which are sometimes regarded as outlying suburbs of greater Melbourne. On the 30th of June 2017, the Mornington Peninsula population was recorded at 163,847 people.
However, in the peak of summer the population increases to 225,000-250,000 people each year becoming the most populous coastal holiday area in Victoria with a larger population than Hobart. The peninsula is a local tourist region, with popular natural attractions such as the variety of beaches both sheltered and open-sea and many scenic sights and views. Other popular attractions include the various wineries and the diverse array of water sports made available by the diversity of beaches and calm waters of Port Phillip and Western Port. Most visitors to the peninsula are residents of Melbourne who camp, rent villas and share houses or stay in private beach houses; the peninsula was formed by the flooding of Port Phillip Bay after the end of the glacial period about 10000 BC. It may have extended into Port Phillip at various times, most between 800 BC and 1000 AD when Port Phillip Bay may have dried out. Indigenous Australians of the Mayone-bulluk and Boonwurrung-Balluk clans lived on the peninsula as part of the Boonwurrung People's territory prior to European settlement.
The territory hosted six clans who lived along the Victorian coast from the Werribee River across to Western Port Bay and Wilsons Promontory. The peninsula may have been home to between 100 – 500 people prior to European settlement; the first European settlement on the Mornington Peninsula was the first settlement in Victoria, situated in what is now Sorrento. The Sullivan's Bay settlement was a short-lived penal colony established in 1803, 30 years before the establishment of Melbourne, by Lieutenant-Colonel David Collins. At the time of European settlement in 1803 much of the Mornington Peninsula was covered with she-oak forests; these were cleared to provide firewood for the growing city of Melbourne, much of the peninsula was covered with fruit orchards. Much natural vegetation still exists in an area of bushland in the south known as Greens Bush, the coastal fringe bordering Bass Strait and Western Port Bay. Most large areas of bushland are now included within the Mornington Peninsula National Park.
As serious farming has declined, hobby farmers with an interest in the aesthetic and the natural environment have taken over much of the peninsula. This has led to an expansion of natural bushland on private property, many native species, such as koalas, are becoming common; the local council has a slight lean towards sustainable practices. On 17 December 1967, Prime Minister Harold Holt went swimming at Cheviot Beach on what is now Point Nepean National Park. At the time, however, it was still a restricted area. Holt, 59 and had had a recent shoulder injury, plunged into the surf, he was never seen again. Despite an extensive search his body was never found, he was presumed dead on 19 December 1967. In 2016, 17.8% of people in Mornington Peninsula Shire were born overseas. 8.9% of the total population were born in the United Kingdom being the largest migrant group in the region.. 1.4% were born in New Zealand, 0.7% were born in Italy, 0.6% were born in Germany and 0.6% were born in the Netherlands.
This was followed by smaller migrant groups from Ireland, United States of America, South Africa and Greece. While 88.9% of the population speak English the Mornington Peninsula population can speak other popular languages. 1.0% speak Italian, 0.7% speak Greek, 0.4% speak German, 0.3% speak Mandarin and 0.2% speak French. The peninsula extends from the mainland between Pearcedale and Frankston in a south-westerly direction for about 40 km at a width of about 15–20 kilometres, it begins to extend 15 km in a west/north-westerly direction and tapers down to a width of about 2–3 km before terminating at Point Nepean. Much of the topography is flat in the north where it connects to the mainland, however moving south-west, it soon becomes hilly, culminating in the central hilly landscapes of Boneo, Main Ridge, Red Hill and Moorooduc; the highest point, Arthurs Seat, located unusually close to the shoreline, stands at 305 metres above sea level. The peninsula hosts around 190 km of coastline, its eastern shorelines meet many mangroves and mudflats in the waters of Western Port before it tapers down to form Crib Point, Stony Point and Sandy Point at the peninsula's most south-easterly point.
In the south-east between Sandy Point and West Head, the mudflats give way to sandy beaches which in turn become more and more rocky further south. In the south the peninsula meets Bass Strait and the coastline becomes rocky between West Head and Cape Schanck; the coast between Cape Schanck and P
707 Operations is a railway preservation group based in Melbourne, Australia. The volunteer organisation was established in 1980 to restore R class locomotive R707; the company has its own section of the Newport Workshops, used for storing carriages and locomotives when not in use for charter trips. They are located in roads 8 of the Newport West Block Workshops. 707 Operations run regular trips across the broad gauge rail network in Victoria and charter trains. In 1980, a committee of six men got together inspected withdrawn steam locomotive R707 at Newport Workshops, withdrawn in 1974. After close examinations of the locomotive, a proposal was put forward to VicRail for restoration with work commencing in 1981; the restored locomotive made its debut on a return trip to Bacchus Marsh in July 1985. Today 707 Operations run heritage special trains in Victoria. After the restoration of R707, the organisation expanded their fleet further with R753 being bought as well as diesel locomotives F204, T413 and Y127.
The organisation owns former West Coast Railways S and Z type carriages as well as South Australian Railways carriage 708 for use on special trips. One car remains in its former West Coast Railway livery still applied, with the remainder of the S and Z type cars having been repainted in 707 Operations red. A list of the entire fleet of rolling stock is shown below. R707, R753 W241, W244 F202, F204, F208 T413 Y108, Y127 H3, H5 Power Vans: PCP294, D318 S and Z carriages: ACZ255, BS205/212/215, BRS244, BZ270 ex The Overland and The Vinelander carriages: SJ284, Victoria ex South Australian Railways carriage 708, purchased from Northern Rivers Railroad E sleeping carriages: Wando, Buchan Official website
Tanti Park railway station
Tanti Park railway station is a single platform station located on Bungower Road, Victoria, Australia. It is the middle stop of three serviced by the tourist Mornington Railway. Since mid-2009, the station has been unmanned, it is now a drop-off point for passengers travelling on the tourist railway. The ticket office is not used. A former Railmotor Stopping Place platform is situated across the road from Tanti Park. Melway map at street-directory.com.au
Tourist and Heritage Railways Act
The Tourist and Heritage Railways Act 2010 is a law enacted by the Parliament of the State of Victoria, Australia and is the prime statute regulating the activities of tourist and heritage rail operators in the State. The Act covers the bulk of Victoria's operational tourist and heritage railways including many heavy and light rail operations and tramways, predominantly in regional areas of Victoria; the Tourist and Heritage Railways Act and the supporting regulations were developed by the Transport Legislation Review conducted by the Department of Transport. The Act was the first dedicated statute in Victoria for the tourist and heritage railways sector and is the only dedicated principal statute for the THR sector in Australia; the Act was passed in late 2010 and came into force on 1 October 2011. It replaced provisions regulating the THR sector in the Transport Act 1983; the Tourist and Heritage Railways Act is part of the transport policy and legislation framework in Victoria headed by the Transport Integration Act.
The responsible Minister for the Act is the Minister for Public Transport, the Hon Terry Mulder MLA. The broad purpose of the Act is "... to promote the long term viability of the tourist and heritage railway sector and promote an improvement in the operations of that sector as part of an integrated and sustainable transport system..."The Act establishes a regulatory scheme with the following key elements: development of an asset register for tourist and heritage assets including state-owned assets provision for new lease agreements for the state rail assets used by tourist and heritage operators creation of a voluntary registration scheme establishment of a Tourist and Heritage Railways Registrar and advisory committee. The Tourist and Heritage Railways Act and the background to its development and passage was summarised by Ian Shepherd, Kate Williams and Jenny Gabriele in an article in the Railway Gazette International; the authors noted that "With around 60 tourist and heritage railways or tramways, Australia has more lines per capita that Europe or the USA.
A third of them are in Victoria, where Australia's railway preservation movement started with the formation of the Puffing Billy Preservation Society in 1955." The tourist and heritage railways sector in Victoria today consists of organisations which operate and preserve tourist and heritage railways and tramways. It is estimated that around 3,500 Victorians are involved in the industry; as of 1 January 2011 there were around 22 organisations across the State although only 17 are expected to be subject to the new statute. The THR organisations operate in various locations across Victoria in regional areas; the railways attract tourism and provide economic benefits to the regional areas where they operate with an estimated half a million people visiting the railways each year. The Act is divided into seven parts: Preliminary Administration Tourist and Heritage Rail Asset Register Lease Agreements Voluntary Accreditation Scheme General Consequential Amendments and Savings The Act regulates the majority of the operational tourist and heritage railways in Victoria.
To be covered by the Act, a tourist and heritage railway operator must be a not for profit organisation that provides historical and heritage-related rail services for tourists and in Victoria. The following railways are covered by the Act: Alexandra Timber and Tramway Museum Ballarat Tramway Museum Bellarine Railway Bendigo Tramways Daylesford Spa Country Railway Diesel Electric Railmotor Preservation Association of Victoria Melbourne Tramcar Preservation Society Mornington Railway Preservation Society Portland Cable Trams R707 Operations Red Cliffs Steam Railway Seymour Railway Heritage Centre South Gippsland Railway Steamrail Victoria Victorian Goldfields Railway Walhalla Goldfields Railway Yarra Valley Railway; the Act does not apply to Puffing Billy. Instead, the Puffing Billy Railway is regulated by its own statute, the Emerald Tourist Railway Act 1977; the Tourist and Heritage Railways Act does not extend to static rail exhibits such as the Williamstown Rail Museum. The prime regulator of the tourist and heritage railway sector in Victoria is the Director, Transport Safety or Transport Safety Victoria.
The prime regulators of the tourist and heritage railway sector in Victoria are VicTrack and the Public Transport Development Authority. VicTrack holds all State owned rail land and assets. VicTrack leases assets to tourist and heritage railway operators when they are not required for mainstream transport operations and therefore non operational. Public Transport Victoria provides general coordination and support to the THR sector and is a regulator under the Act. VicTrack is established under the Transport Integration Act and is required under that Act to "... provide or enable access to the non-operational transport-related land, infrastructure or assets where this supports the transport system... ". VicTrack is charged with considering providing this access for a variety of reasons including for "... tourist and heritage rail operations..." and "... through the granting of leases for business or community purposes... ". As part of this function, VicTrack is required to collaborate with the Secretary of the Department of Transport, or more Public Transport Victoria, in protecting land and assets which are registered on the Victorian Heritage Register.
VicTrack must do this "... whilst ensuring that reasonable access is provided for public enjoyment and historical appreciation and that support is provided to tourist and heritage operators... ". Part 2 of th
Mornington is a seaside town on the Mornington Peninsula, Australia, located 57 km south of Melbourne's central business district. It is in the local government area of the Shire of Mornington Peninsula. Mornington is known for its beautiful beaches. Mornington is a popular tourist destination with Melburnians who make day trips to visit the area's bay beaches and wineries; the town centre runs into local beach. The Post Office opened on 21 May 1856 as Schnapper Point and was renamed Mornington in 1864. In the 2016 Census, there were 23,989 people in Mornington. 72.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 9.8%, New Zealand 1.7%, Scotland 1.4%, Ireland 0.7% and Netherlands 0.7%. 89.3% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 0.8%, Greek 0.6% and German 0.4%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 36.5%, Catholic 23.0% and Anglican 16.6%. The town centre runs into the foreshore area and local beach, which features a yacht club and park with playground facilities.
Mornington is an attractive destination for shopping and features some excellent restaurants and cafes. The north of Mornington is home to several horse breeders and stables, it has a modern library and numerous parks and historical buildings, many of which are open to the public. It holds several annual festivals, holds a market day in the main street every Wednesday, which attracts hundreds of people. Mornington and its surrounding suburbs have many schools on offer including Mt Eliza Secondary College, Mornington Secondary College, Padua College, Toorak College and The Peninsula School. Mornington is served by Peninsula Link, Nepean Highway and Moorooduc Highway. All three are dual-carriageway arterial roads with varying speed limits of 80 km/h-100 km/h; the Melbourne bus routes 781, 784, 785, 788 services the area. The Mornington railway line closed in 1981 and reopened in 1991 as the heritage Mornington Railway with the aims of restoring the line in future; the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League.
Mornington has a horse racing club, the Mornington Racing Club, which schedules around twenty race meetings a year including the Mornington Cup meeting in February. Mornington has an active Yacht club, Mornington Yacht Club, located at Schnapper Point, catering for sailors of all levels abilities, from beginners "Tackers", through to those competing at ocean racing level; the club hosts many state, National, & International regattas, as it provides a good location in sheltered, pristine waters. 2014 saw the successful running of the largest single class Yachting regatta held in the Southern Hemisphere - the Optimist National Championships. The Optimist drew over 2000 people to the Club and Mornington shire. Golfers play at the course of the Mornington Country Golf Club on Tallis Drive. Mornington Peninsula Pony Club provides dressage, show jumping and cross-country facilities for young equestrian enthusiasts; the club holds rallies on the first Sunday of each month and is affiliated with the Pony Club Association of Victoria.
Mornington has a strong Field Hockey club competing in the Hockey Victoria Association known as the Mornington Peninsula Falcons. Terri Sawyer, the 18-year-old female driver who won the first AUSCAR race at the Calder Park Thunderdome in Melbourne in February 1988, is a resident of Mornington. Mornington has an oceanic climate with warm and hot summers and mild winters where temperatures below freezing are rare occasions. Finola Moorhead, writer Brodie Harper
Victorian Railways Y class
The Victorian Railways Y class was a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotives. The Y class was an example of the new policy of standard design principles being adopted by the railways of the time; the original pattern locomotive was built by Kitson & Co. at Leeds in England in 1885, was exhibited, along with E426, in 1888 at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition, held in the Melbourne Exhibition Building. The other 30 locomotives of this type were built by the Phoenix Foundry at Ballarat in 1888-1889, they were given road numbers 383 to 441, the pattern engine 445, 443 having been allotted to an'Old' R class. They were big locomotives for their time—in fact the largest and most powerful 0-6-0s to run in Australia; the class excelled in their acceptance by crews. They were seen on suburban passenger trains prior to electrification, finishing their lives as yard shunters. Withdrawal of the Y class began in 1926, only 20 were still in service when renumbered in 1940; the last in regular service was No. 108, withdrawn in 1963 after being a pilot engine at North Melbourne for many years.
Y109 was taken off the register 23 December 1954 and frame and wheels sold to the Brunswick Plaster Mills Pty. Ltd, which rebuilt it into a diesel-mechanical locomotive, to work the Millewa South Railway from Nowingi to Raak Plain in north-western Victoria, it carried the number Y413 for some of the time it operated in this form. Y108 is on static display at Newport. Y109/Y413 was acquired by Steamrail Victoria in the 1980s and moved to Ballarat East Locomotive Depot, where parts were used in the restoration of Y112; the remains were acquired by the Australian Railway Historical Society and donated to Millewa Pioneer Park at Meringur in 2008. Y112 was withdrawn from service in 1961 and was preserved on a plinth outside the Ballarat railway station, it was purchased by the Ballarat Historical Society and is now owned by Ballarat's Sovereign Hill Museum. The locomotive was leased to Steamrail Victoria and restored to operational condition with the help of West Coast Railway, it operates occasional rail tours.
Victorian Preserved Steam Locomotives detailed information about all surviving ex-VR steam locos VICSIG Y Class Information on the Y class Y class drawing Y class photo Side view Y 397